click links in text for more info

Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Joliot-Curie was a French scientist with Polish ancestry, the daughter of Marie Sklodowska Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, Joliot-Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity; this made the Curies the family with the most Nobel laureates to date. Both children of the Joliot-Curies, Hélène and Pierre, are esteemed scientists. Irène was the first of Marie and Pierre's two daughters, they lost their father early on in 1906 due to a horse-drawn wagon incident and Marie was left to raise them. Education was important to Marie and Irène's education began at a school near the Observatory; this school was chosen because it had more challenging curriculum than the school nearby the Curie's home. In 1906, it was obvious Irène was talented in mathematics and Marie chose to focus on that instead of public school. Marie joined forces with a number of eminent French scholars, including the prominent French physicist Paul Langevin to form "The Cooperative", which included a private gathering of nine students that were children of the most distinguished academics in France.

Each contributed to educating one. The curriculum of The Cooperative was varied and included not only the principles of science and scientific research but such diverse subjects as Chinese and sculpture and with great emphasis placed on self-expression and play. Irène studied in this environment for about two years. Irène and her sister Ève were sent to Poland to spend the summer with their Aunt Bronya when Irène was thirteen. Irène's education was so rigorous that she still had a German and trigonometry lesson every day of that break. Irène re-entered a more orthodox learning environment by going back to high school at the Collège Sévigné in central Paris until 1914, she went onto the Faculty of Science at the Sorbonne to complete her baccalaureate until 1916 where her studies were interrupted by World War I. Irène took a nursing course during college to assist her mother, Marie Curie, in the field as her assistant, she began her work as a nurse radiographer on the battlefield aside her mother, but after a few months she was left alone at a radiological facility in Belgium.

She taught doctors how to locate shrapnel in bodies using radiology and taught herself how to repair the equipment. She moved throughout facilities and battlegrounds including two bombsites and Ypres, Amiens, she received a military medal for her assistance in x-rays facilities in Belgium. After the war, Irène returned to the Sorbonne in Paris to complete her degree in mathematics and physics in 1918. Irène went to work as her mother's assistant at the Radium Institute, built by her parents, her doctoral thesis was concerned with the alpha decay of polonium, the element discovered by her parents and named after Marie's country of birth, Poland. Irène became Doctor of Science in 1925; as she neared the end of her doctorate in 1924, Irène Curie was asked to teach the precise laboratory techniques required for radiochemical research to the young chemical engineer Frédéric Joliot, whom she would wed. From 1928 Joliot-Curie and her husband Frédéric combined their research efforts on the study of atomic nuclei.

In 1932, Joliot-Curie and her husband Frédéric had full access to Marie's polonium. Experiments were done with the use of gamma rays to identify the positron. Though their experiments identified both the positron and the neutron, they failed to interpret the significance of the results and the discoveries were claimed by Carl David Anderson and James Chadwick respectively; these discoveries would have secured greatness indeed, as together with J. J. Thomson's discovery of the electron in 1897, they replaced John Dalton's model of atoms as solid spherical particles. However, in 1933, Joliot-Curie and her husband were first to discover the accurate weight measurement of the neutron; the Joliot-Curies continued trying to get their name into the scientific community, in doing so they developed a new theory from an interesting experiment they conducted. During an experiment of using alpha rays against aluminum, they discovered only protons were detected. Based on the undetectable electron and positron pair they proposed the protons changed into neutrons and positrons.

In October 1933, this new theory was taken to the Seventh Solvay Conference. The Solvay Conference consisted of prominent scientists in the chemistry community. Irene and her husband presented their theory and results to the fellow scientists, but they received criticism from their finding from most of the 46 scientists attending; however they were able to build on the controversial theory on. In 1934, the Joliot-Curies made the discovery that sealed their place in scientific history. Building on the work of Marie and Pierre Curie, who had isolated occurring radioactive elements, the Joliot-Curies realised the alchemist's dream of turning one element into another: creating radioactive nitrogen from boron, radioactive isotopes of phosphorus from aluminium, silicon from magnesium. Irradiating the natural stable isotope of aluminium with alpha particles results in an unstable isotope of phosphorus: 27Al + 4He → 30P + 1n; this first discovery is formally known as positron emission or beta decay, where a proton in the radioactive nucleus changes to a neutron and releases a positron and an electron neutrino.

By the application of radioactive materials for use in medicine was growing and this discovery allowed radioactive materials to be created cheapl

Tarina Patel

Tarina Patel is a South African actress, film producer and model, born in Cape Town and raised in Durban. Patel has appeared on numerous magazine covers including Elle, Dossier, FHM, The Real Housewives Of and Glamour. Patel was raised in a suburb called The Bluff, Durban situated in KwaZulu-Natal province, she is the only daughter of Raman Patel, a doctor specialising in family and emergency medicine, Veena Patel a teacher of English and History. Patel was raised as a Hindu and credits her paternal grandmother with instilling her with faith and strength, she attended Durban Girl's College. She studied English, Afrikaans and Latin, she went to India to study medicine. She returned to South Africa to complete her studies in psychology at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein, she graduated summa cum laude. Patel returned to India after competing her degree in psychology and learned Hindi - a prerequisite for an actor in the Indian film industry, she made her film debut in 2006 with the film One Night With The King alongside Omar Sharif and Peter O'Toole.

She followed with the Bollywood film Just Married, released on March 16, 2007. She had a special appearance in Dhol, she performed a small role in the movie Bhagam Bhag and in Bhool Bhulaiyaa, the year's highest grossing motion picture, in which she had the supporting role of Nandini Upadhyay. She next appeared 2007's Dus Kahaniyaan. In 2008, Patel had a small role in Karzzzz as Julie. In addition, she starred in Khallbali-Fun Unlimited, released on November 28, 2008. In 2010, Patel starred in Chase, she portrayed a diverse range of characters. She was signed to one of the Top 5 agencies in Hollywood, during 2010 where she auditioned for movie roles during the competitive and challenging pilot season, she is represented in the UK by Independent. She was working on a film entitled Mandela's Gun as executive producer. In February 2015 she joined Generations: The Legacy, she has appeared on numerous magazine covers and was one of the few South African women to feature on an Elle cover. She was chosen to feature in Chopard's "Some Of The World's Most Beautiful Women Wear Chopard" campaign.

She featured in Burberry's trench coat campaign in India. In 2010 she walked the ramp for Gitanjali Jewels during their show for India International Jewellery Week and has appeared in advertisements for the jewellery line, she has endorsed products for Cremebelle Ice Cream, Hyundai, ICICI Bank, Polo Mints, Cadbury's Chocolate, Kingfisher, VIP Suiting, Fair & Lovely, Maruti Car, Mentor Sportswear, TBZ Jewellery, Blue Film airconditioning and Airtel. She has appeared in many music videos. Tarina Patel on IMDb

Joseph Gosnell

Joseph Arthur Gosnell, Sr. is a distinguished leader of the Nisga'a people of northern British Columbia, Canada. The son of Eli and Mary Gosnell, he was born at Arrandale Cannery and grew up in the village of New Aiyansh where he still lives, he received his formal education at St. Michael's Residential School in Port Alberni, British Columbia; as a young man he worked as a fisherman. He served as band councillor and became active in the Native Brotherhood of British Columbia, of which he became chairman, he was a member of the Pacific Salmon Commission. He served for many years on the Nisga'a Tribal Council, of which he was elected President in 1992. In these various positions he was instrumental in bringing modern medical care and resource management to the Nass River Valley, he was the chief Nisga'a representative in the negotiations that led to the signing of the Nisga'a Treaty on 4 August 1998, the first modern treaty between a British Columbia First Nation and British Columbia. In November, 2000 he was elected President of the new Nisga'a Lisms government.

A fluent speaker of the Nisga'a language, he is a member of the Gitlaxt’aamiks Ceremonial Dancers. He holds the noble name Sim'oogit Hleek, he is married to the former Audrey Adele Munroe with whom he has seven children: Marilyn Arlene, Joseph Wayne, Sharon Marjorie, Theodore Allen, Frank Curtis, Keith Andrew and Kevin Wesley. He has received four Honorary Doctorate of Laws degrees — from Royal Roads University in Colwood, near Victoria on October 17, 1997, he received the Humanitarian Award from the Canadian Labour Congress in Toronto on May 6, 1999. In 1999 he received the Order of British Columbia. In 2000, Chief Gosnell received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Aboriginal Achievement Foundation, now Indspire. 2001, he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 2006. In 2002 he received the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal; as of 2012, he is serving as the first Visiting Distinguished Indigenous Scholar in Residence at the Vancouver School of Theology.

On May 31, 2019 he was sworn in the as the University Of Northern British Columbia's seventh Chancellor. Gosnell speech of 1998-12-02 Order of British Columbia citation Canada Gazette Part I, Vol. 135, No. 13 Gosnell speech on signing of treaty Joseph Gosnell Biography Rose, Alex Spirit Dance at Meziadin: Chief Joseph Gosnell and the Nisga'a Treaty. Madeira Park, British Columbia: Harbour Publishing. ISBN 1-55017-244-1


Cybernoid: The Fighting Machine is a shoot'em up developed and published in 1987 by Hewson Consultants for the ZX Spectrum, was ported to the Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, NES, Amiga. It was programmed by Raffaele Cecco; the Sinclair ZX Spectrum and Atari ST versions featured a main theme by Dave Rogers, while the Commodore C64 version featured a different theme by Jeroen Tel. In Cybernoid, pirates have raided the storage depots of the Federation and stolen minerals, jewels and the latest battle weaponry; the Cybernoid ship has been dispatched with instructions to retrieve the stolen booty and to return it to storage within a specified time limit. The Cybernoid needs to battle the pirates and their planetary defense systems in order to retrieve the stolen booty. Cybernoid is split into three levels, with each level consisting of several screens that are traversed via a flip-screen system of play rather than scrolling; the hazards in each screen can be different - some will have just enemy pirate ships, some homing missiles, some gun turrets, some indestructible enemies on fixed-paths that have to be traversed and some a mixture of these.

The Cybernoid ship can collect power-ups for assistance and use a variety of built-in special weapons such as shields and homing missiles. Shooting pirate ships leaves power-ups or jewels that Cybernoid can collect; the NES version was made by Studio 12 productions, consisting of Chris Harvey as the programmer and Adrian Carless for the graphics. They put a few in-jokes into the title page, the main one being that the Cybernoid ship was designed by "M. Sugden", referencing the British Actress Molly Sugden, who played Mrs Slocombe on the TV series Are You Being Served?. Cybernoid achieved great critical success. CRASH magazine awarded an overall score of 96%, with one reviewer exclaiming: "Fantastic! Who needs 16-bit machines when Hewson and Raffaele Cecco can produce games like this on the 8-bit Spectrum?", referring to the smooth animation and addictive gameplay. Your Sinclair awarded the game 9 out of 10, the reviewer highlighting the excellent graphics, fast gameplay and the fact that tactics are required to pass each screen.

The game was voted number 36 in the Your Sinclair Official Top 100 Games of All Time. Following Cybernoid a sequel, titled Cybernoid II: The Revenge, was published the following year on the Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum. In 2004 it was one of the games featured on the C64 Direct-to-TV; the plot of the sequel revolved around the return of the pirates in a new Battlestar, again plundering Federation storage depots. In October of 2018, the game's rights were acquired by Canadian production company Liquid Media Group along with other titles owned by Acclaim Entertainment. Cybernoid at MobyGames Cybernoid at

Crib talk

Crib talk or crib speech is pre-sleep monologue made by young children while in bed. This starts somewhere around one-and-a-half years and ends by about two-and-a-half years of age, though children can continue longer, it consists of conversational discourse with turn-taking containing semantically and syntactically coherent question-answer sequences. It may contain word play and bits of nursery rhyme. Crib talk has been found in deaf children in their early sign language, it occurs in autistic children. Crib talk has been divided into three somewhat overlapping varieties; this occurs most in early monologues and is done in a low tone. It concerns using language to bring about action and occurs when playing with toys and dolls as “friends” with language embedded in ongoing play. Whilst like conversational speech, it can occur in long uninterrupted sequences in which the child describes what they are doing. In this a child creates a story about events that have happened or imaginary events in temporal-causal sequences that can be as short as five words or as long as 150.

They may include the reciting of stories. They occur throughout the period; these concern what happened in the past, what will happen in the future and how events are organized. They incorporate descriptions used by others to enable prediction; such monologues have been argued to play a key role in providing a practice space for developing complex connected discourse, aiding a child to use language as a tool to categorize and know the world, to “clarify what may have been problematic or troublesome”. Such talk is more complex than that done by children in interactions with others, this has been suggested to be due to the freedom to control what they say and so not have their cognitive abilities stretched by having to work out how to respond to what someone has just said. While similar to private speech which starts after 3 and ends about 7, crib talk lacks its self-regulatory instructions. Crib talk is difficult to transcribe because such young children have poor pronunciation, because there may be little context to infer the meaning of a child's words with the help of a parent.

This has limited the number of children studied and the length of time over which the development of crib talk monologues have been researched. The children studied are atypical in that they are the offspring of researchers or their close colleagues, so are from educated backgrounds; the child studied by Katherine Nelson, for example, was precocious in her language abilities, which raises questions about the generality of findings on that one child. Crib talk was first studied by Ruth Hirsch Weir on her son Anthony and published in 1962. Two other studies have been carried out by Stan Kuczaj on 14 children between 15–30 months - published in 1983 - and Katherine Nelson on Emily in 1989. Anthony is here between 30 months playing at grammatical transformations and combinations. George Miller has noted that the last two verses of A. A. Milne's poem "In the Dark" in Now We Are Six echoes the verbal play of crib talk. Babbling Baby talk Bedtime Imaginary friend

Carmanah Point Light Station

Carmanah Point Light Station is a lighthouse on the southwest coast of Vancouver Island at the entrance from the Pacific Ocean to the Strait of Juan de Fuca. The Carmanah Point Light Station was established in 1891; the first light was attached to the keeper's housing. The present tower remains in operation; the area is said to be named for the upstream Nitinaht village. It is said the name means "thus far upstream". James Douglas William Phillip Daykin 1891–1912) George Woodley 1912 Robert S. Daykin 1912–1917 James W. Davies 1917–1924 Thomas A. McNabb 1924–1930, 1944 John Alfred Hunting 1930–1931 Henry Seymour Briggs 1931–1934 Henry I. McKenzie 1935 G. M. Clark 1935 William Charles Copeland 1935–1940 Walter Calverly, 1940–1941 F. A. Mountain 1941-1946 Francis George Copeland 1946–1952 G. D. Wellard 1952-1958 Bert Pearce 1964–1969 Arthur Britton 1970–1976 Robert W. Noble 1976–1979 Don DeRousic 1979–1983 Dieter Losel 1983–1986 Jerry K. Etzkorn 1986–2016 Justine J. Etzkorn 2016- List of lighthouses in British Columbia Gibbs, Lighthouses of the Pacific, Philadelphia 1986 Schiffer ISBN 0-88740-054-X List of lighthouses in Canada Rowlett, Russ.

"Lighthouses of British Columbia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Aids to Navigation Canadian Coast Guard