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Irish Civil War

The Irish Civil War was a conflict that followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State, an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire. The civil war was waged between two opposing groups, the pro-treaty Provisional Government and the anti-treaty IRA, over the Anglo-Irish Treaty; the forces of the Provisional Government supported the Treaty, while the anti-treaty opposition saw it as a betrayal of the Irish Republic. Many of those who fought on both sides in the conflict had been members of the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence; the Civil War was won by the pro-treaty Free State forces, who benefited from substantial quantities of weapons provided by the British Government. The conflict may have claimed more lives than the War of Independence that preceded it, left Irish society divided and embittered for generations. Today, two of the main political parties in the Republic of Ireland, Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil, are direct descendants of the opposing sides of the war.

The Anglo-Irish Treaty was agreed to end the 1919–1921 Irish War of Independence between the Irish Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The treaty provided for a self-governing Irish state, having its own police; the Treaty allowed Northern Ireland to opt out of the new state and return to the United Kingdom – which it did immediately. However, rather than creating the independent republic favoured by most nationalists, the Irish Free State would be an autonomous dominion of the British Empire with the British monarch as head of state, in the same manner as Canada and Australia; the British suggested dominion status in secret correspondence before treaty negotiations began, but Sinn Féin leader Éamon de Valera rejected the dominion. The treaty stipulated that members of the new Irish Oireachtas would have to take the following "Oath of Allegiance" I... do solemnly swear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the Irish Free State as by law established, that I will be faithful to His Majesty King George V, his heirs and successors by law in virtue of the common citizenship of Ireland with Great Britain and her adherence to and membership of the group of nations forming the British Commonwealth of nations.

This oath was objectionable to many Irish Republicans. Furthermore, the partition of Ireland, decided by the Westminster parliament in the Government of Ireland Act 1920, was confirmed in the Anglo-Irish treaty; the most contentious areas of the Treaty for the IRA were the disestablishment of the Irish Republic declared in 1919, the abandonment of the First Dáil, the status of the Irish Free State as a dominion in the British Commonwealth and the British retention of the strategic Treaty Ports on Ireland's south western and north western coasts which were to remain occupied by the Royal Navy. All these issues were the cause of a split in the IRA and civil war. Michael Collins, the republican leader who had led the Irish negotiating team, argued that the treaty gave "not the ultimate freedom that all nations aspire and develop, but the freedom to achieve freedom". However, anti-treaty militants in 1922 believed that the treaty would never deliver full Irish independence; the split over the treaty was personal.

Many of the leaders on both sides had been close friends and comrades during the War of Independence. This made their disagreement over the treaty all the more bitter. Michael Collins said that Éamon de Valera had sent him as plenipotentiary to negotiate the treaty because he knew that the British would not concede an independent Irish republic and wanted Collins to take the blame for the compromise settlement, he said that he felt betrayed when de Valera refused to stand by the agreement that the plenipotentiaries had negotiated with David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill. De Valera, for his part, was furious that Collins and Arthur Griffith had signed the treaty without consulting him or the Irish cabinet as instructed. Dáil Éireann narrowly passed the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64 votes to 57 on 7 January 1922. Following the Treaty's ratification, in accordance with article 17 of the Treaty, the British-recognised Provisional Government of the Irish Free State was established, its authority under the Treaty was to provide a "provisional arrangement for the administration of Southern Ireland during the interval" before the establishment of the Irish Free State.

In accordance with the Treaty, the British Government transferred "the powers and machinery requisite for the discharge of its duties". Before the British Government transferred such powers, the members of the Provisional Government each "signified in writing acceptance of ". Upon the Treaty's ratification, de Valera resigned as President of the Republic and failed to be re-elected by an closer vote of 60–58, he challenged the right of the Dáil to approve the treaty, saying that its members were breaking their oath to the Irish Republic. Meanwhile he continued to promote a compromise whereby the new Irish Free State would be in "external association" with the British Commonwealth rather than be a member of it. In early March, de Valera formed the Cumann na Poblachta party while remaining a member of Si


Valavayal is a small town in Wayanad district of Kerala, the people depend on agriculture for a living. The town has the Meenangadi-Pulpally road passing through it; the town is near to the Narasipuzha which will join in Panamaram puzha after that it will known as Kabani. Sulthan Battery is the nearest town, situated at about 930 metres above mean sea level. One can find beautiful folded hills across the horizon; the climate is pleasant throughout the year. Wayanad district stands first in the case of adivasi population among other districts in the state. There are people from all parts of Kerala who migrated to this fertile land for building up their lives. Valavayal has a salubrious climate. Lakkidi and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. Annual rain falls in these high rainfall areas ranges from 3000 to 4000 m.m. High velocity winds are common during the southwest monsoon and dry winds blow in March–April. High altitude regions experience severe cold. In Wayanad the mean maximum and minimum temperature for the last five years were 29 °C and 18 °C respectively.

This place experiences a high relative humidity, which goes up to 95 per cent during the Southwest monsoon period. The year is classified in four seasons, cold weather, hot weather, Southwest monsoon and Northeast monsoon. Valavayal has a good road connectivity with other towns; the major Road is Meenagadi-Pulapally road. Valavayal is a part of Poothadi panchayath. Valavayal High School Valavaya Library Panjayathu ground Vattathany Mahavishnu Temple Valavayal Church Papplessery Masjid Valavayal has Government Primary Health Center: Government Homeopathic Hospital: Stationary,Agriculture products. Sulthan Bathery the nearest town. Http://

Mammen Mathew

Mammen Mathew is present Chief Editor and Managing Director of Malayala Manorama. He is the eldest son of the late K. M. Mathew, the Chief Editor of Malayala Manorama until 1 August 2010. Mathew has more than 45 years of experience in the field of publication. Mathew completed a BA and MA in Medieval Indian History St. Stephen's College in Delhi, worked as trainee in editing in The Times of India. Subsequently, he joined Malayala Manorama as its Delhi correspondent. In 1968, he became a reporter for the Western Mail in Cardiff in the United Kingdom, he worked at The Sunday Times in London, under Harold Evans. Mathew joined the Oklahoma City Times, worked for The Daily Oklahoma as reporter in 1969. In 2010, he succeeded K. M. Mathew, as Chief Editor of Malayala Manorama. 2005 — Padma Shri in the field of Literature & Education, awarded by the Government of India. 2014 — Lokmanya Tilak National Award for Excellence in Journalism, instituted by Kesari-Mahratta Trust

Operation Mongoose (Once Upon a Time)

"Operation Mongoose" is a 2-part story comprising the twenty-first and twenty-second episodes of the fourth season of the American fantasy drama series Once Upon a Time, both of which aired on May 10, 2015. Both episodes served together as the fourth-season finale. In this episode, Isaac becomes a wild card in Gold's scheme to change everyone's destiny as Emma, Mary Margaret and David attempt to stop them; when Gold and Isaac forge ahead with their plans, they alter the destiny of everyone involved. Now, it's up to Henry to reverse the outcome and restore the destiny of his family, after he is drawn into the chaos, before it is too late; the tower where Emma Swan is held is featured in the Forest in Part 1. In our world, 1966, Isaac Heller is working at a television shop as a struggling writer trying to sell color tvs, until he gets a letter from Star Publishing saying that he is wanted for hire, he arrives to find a empty room, with the Apprentice at the desk, who lays out a selection of different writing materials and demands that Isaac choose one as a test.

Isaac picks the magic quill. The Apprentice creates a magic door to another realm, both he and the Author go through it. Emma, Henry, Mary Margaret, David and Robin are in the library of the mansion, searching for a way to stop Gold and Isaac from enacting a new reality with the newly activated ink, they are joined by August, who shows them a drawing of the Sorcerer's Apprentice, who might be able to help them. Hook remembers the Apprentice from. With the help of the Blue Fairy, they release the Apprentice, who says that there’s no time to waste, he tells them that they must find the storybook page depicting the door, as well as the door's key, for only will they be able to lock Isaac back into the book where he belongs. The group splits up, with Henry, Hook and Mary Margaret heading back to the loft for the book and key, while Emma and the Apprentice head to Gold's pawnshop. At the shop, Gold is clinging to life as Isaac finishes up writing the new book, titled Heroes & Villains, he plans on a new universe in the Enchanted Forest for the inhabitants of Storybrooke, while he writes a new ending for himself in the Land Without Magic.

When he writes the final words, "The End," magic appears out of the book and begins to distort space and time. Henry awakens with the key in his hand at the loft, but runs downstairs to find that Hook and Mary Margaret have disappeared, along with the rest of the people of Storybrooke, he drives himself to a restaurant in search of help, but notices a best-selling book on a shelf: a paperback version of Heroes & Villains by Isaac Heller. Henry is able to locate Isaac at a book signing event, surprised to see him. Henry demands answers and Isaac reveals that his family is alive, but now exists in a different universe inside of his Heroes & Villains story, presenting Henry with the original storybook. Henry wasn't trapped along with the others because he wasn't born in a magical realm and he is told that Emma wasn't either, as Isaac did not write a "savior" into the story. Isaac explains that he is unable to alter events anymore, since he is no longer the Author after violating the Author's Code, which he did by writing himself a happy ending.

After Isaac refuses to undo the events, Henry takes the key and uses it on a page of the book, transporting himself and Isaac into the altered Enchanted Forest. Henry and Isaac find themselves trapped in the setting of the final chapter of Villains. After Henry finds out that a happy ending for a hero in this universe will return things to the reality that he knows, Isaac knocks him out and binds him to a cart, leaves him to be killed by an ogre. However, Henry is rescued by the "Ogre Slayer" Rumplestiltskin, now a heroic knight. Using a copy of Isaac's book as a guideline, Henry seeks out Regina, living life as a bandit "Snow White" in this reality, he tries to convince her that he is her son, but Regina does not believe him, since she does not have her memories of her time as the Evil Queen, throws the book into a fire. Convinced that a true love's kiss between Regina and Robin could solve the problem, he suggests that she seek him out, although Regina knows him as a fellow thief and rival.

Isaac, having escaped the ogres, searches for Henry. He ends up falling into a trap and is found by the evil dwarves, led by Grumpy, who take him to Snow White, now the Evil Queen. Snow holds the heart that belongs to Prince Charming and uses it to command him with orders to behead Isaac, but Isaac schemes his way out of it by convincing them that he knows some of their secrets, since he wrote them in the first place. Isaac tells Snow that she can get her happy ending again, if she agrees to kill Henry along with Regina. Ignoring Henry's advice, Regina proceeds to rob the royal carriage, but when she opens the door, she is confronted by Snow. Regina is asked about Henry's whereabouts, but after she offers no intel, Snow prepares to kill Regina with a fireball, until Robin Hood shows up and rescues her at the last second on horseback, he tends to her wounds. The two drink to becoming new friends and declare their mutual respect for one another as outlaws in the forest, with Robin offering her leadership of his Merry Men.

Regina starts to fall for him, but he admits that he's leaving the thieving business in honor of his bride-to-be, who turns out to be Zelena. As she leaves the bar, she runs into Henry and informs him about the impending nuptials, which he realizes will mark the permanence

PopStar Guitar

PopStar Guitar is a music game for the Wii and PlayStation 2 developed by British studio Broadsword Interactive and published by XS Games. In PopStar Guitar, players embark on a journey as a budding guitarist with aspirations of becoming the ultimate pop music sensation. Throughout the game, players develop skills to help them achieve their goal of success on the main stage of a worldwide Battle of the Bands competition, which will bring them international stardom; the career mode will see the player starting as a member of a garage band before touring across the 25 different in game venues before performing at the Battle Of The Bands. The game features 12 playable characters to choose from, players are able to customize their look and the instruments they play; the game is played similar to other music games with players trying to press buttons as they follow scrolling notes onscreen. The PlayStation 2 version supports guitar controllers for play, while the Wii version will come packaged with one AirG controller shell allowing players to play air guitar-style using only the Wii Remote and Nunchuk.

The game features a line-up of 60 songs, which includes original mastered tracks from pop and rock artists. These songs include: IGN called the Wii version of the game "a wholly unnecessary piece of shovelware", "clunky, fugly" and with a "bottom-of-the-barrel" soundtrack, though they believed the AirG peripheral worked well, they gave it 3.5/10. Rock Band Guitar Hero Rock Revolution Ultimate Band PopStar Guitar trailer at Eurogamer PopStar Guitar at IGN

Wish I Knew You

"Wish I Knew You" is a song by American rock band The Revivalists. The song was produced by Ben Ellman; the song peaked at number 1 on the Billboard Adult Alternative Songs chart, becoming the band's first chart-topper on the chart. The song found success on a number of other rock radio formats, as well as adult contemporary stations; this song had set a record in May 2017 for the most plays recorded during a week's time for any track on Alternative/Modern Rock radio since the inception of Mediabase tracking systems in 1988. The music video was released on February 24, 2016; the song was featured in a 2017 commercial for Blue Moon. List of Billboard number-one adult alternative singles of the 2010s Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics