SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Irreligion

Irreligion is the absence, indifference to, or rejection of religion. According to the Pew Research Center's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are affiliated. Irreligion may include some forms of theism, depending on the religious context it is defined against. According to cross-cultural studies, since religion and fertility are positively related while secularism and fertility are negatively related, secularism is expected to decline throughout the 21st century. By 2060, according to their projections, the number of unaffiliated will increase by over 35 million, but the percentage will decrease to 13% because the total population will grow faster; the term irreligion is a combination of the noun religion and the prefix ir-, signifying "not". It was first attested in French as irréligion in 1527 in English as irreligion in 1598, it was borrowed into Dutch as irreligie in the 17th century, though it is not certain from which language.

Secular humanism embraces human reason, social justice, philosophical naturalism while rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism and superstition as the bases of morality and decision making. Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or a god. Freethought holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic and empiricism, rather than authority, revelation, or other dogma. In particular, freethought is tied with rejection of traditional religious belief. "Spiritual but not religious" rejects organized religion as the sole or most valuable means of furthering spiritual growth. In contrast to religion, spirituality has been associated with the interior life of the individual. Theological noncognitivism is the argument that religious language – words such as God – are not cognitively meaningful, it is sometimes considered as synonymous with ignosticism. Antireligion is opposition to religion of any kind, it can describe opposition to organized religion, religious practices, religious institutions, or specific forms of supernatural worship or practice, whether organized or not.

Atheism is the rejection of belief that any deities exist or, in a narrower sense, atheism is the position that there are no deities. There are ranges from positive atheism. Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable. Agnostic atheism is a philosophical position that encompasses both agnosticism. Agnostic atheists are atheistic because they do not hold a belief in the existence of any deity and agnostic because they claim that the existence of a deity is either unknowable in principle or unknown in fact. Apatheism is the attitude of apathy towards the non-existence of god. Deism is the philosophical position that rejects revelation as a source of religious knowledge and asserts that reason and observation of the natural world are sufficient to establish the existence of a Supreme Being or creator of the universe. In 1993, the UN's human rights committee declared that article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights "protects theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief."

The committee further stated that "the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief entails the freedom to choose a religion or belief, including the right to replace one's current religion or belief with another or to adopt atheistic views." Signatories to the convention are barred from "the use of threat of physical force or penal sanctions to compel believers or non-believers" to recant their beliefs or convert. Most Western democracies protect the freedom of religion, it is implied in respective legal systems that those who do not believe or observe any religion are allowed freedom of thought. A noted exception to ambiguity, explicitly allowing non-religion, is Article 36 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, which states that "No state organ, public organization or individual may compel citizens to believe in, or not to believe in, any religion. Article 46 of China's 1978 Constitution was more explicit, stating that "Citizens enjoy freedom to believe in religion and freedom not to believe in religion and to propagate atheism."

Although 11 countries listed below have nonreligious majorities, it does not mean that the majority of the populations of these countries don't belong to any religious group. For example, 68% of the Swedish population belongs to the Lutheran Christian Church, while 59% of Albanians declare themselves as religious. Though Scandinavian countries have among the highest measures of nonreligiosity and atheism in Europe, 47% of atheists who live in those countries are still members of the national churches. A Pew 2015 global projection study for religion and nonreligion, projects that between 2010 and 2050, there will be some in

Copley Society of Art

The Copley Society of art is America's oldest non-profit art association. It was founded in 1879 by the first graduating class of the School of the Museum of Fine Arts and continues to play an important role in promoting its member artists and the visual arts in Boston; the Society is named after the renowned John Singleton Copley. The gallery represents over 400 living artist members, ranging in experience from students to nationally recognized artists and in style from traditional and academic realists to contemporary and abstract painters, photographers and printmakers. Several of the artists working in the tradition of the Boston School of painters exhibit at the Copley Society of Art, along with the Guild Of Boston Artists a few doors down from the Copley Society of Art's Newbury Street location; the gallery hosts between 15 and 20 exhibitions each year, including solo exhibitions, thematic group shows, juried competitions, fundraising events. The most well known of these events is the annual "Fresh Paint" auction.

Several artist members are chosen by the gallery to spend one day together painting outside in the city. The paintings are brought back to the gallery while still wet, placed directly into frames and mounted on the walls for sale through silent auction; the final night of the week-long event, A few selected pieces are included in a live auction. Although usual commission split for the gallery is 60 percent to the artist and 40 percent to the Copley Society, for this event the artists are required to donate 50 percent of the sale, encouraged to donate up to 100 percent of the selling price to the non-profit organization; the Copley Society has helped establish the careers of many of Boston's prominent full-time professional fine artists. Dianne Panarelli-Miller Sergio Roffo Janis Saunders Charles Tersolo Sam Vokey Wheeler Williams John Wilson - Instructor Mikel Wintermantel Candace Whittemore Lovely Rick Fleury Grundmann Studios, home of the society 1890s-1920s

E3 2019

The Electronic Entertainment Expo 2019 was the 25th Electronic Entertainment Expo, during which hardware manufacturers, software developers, publishers from the video game industry presented new and upcoming products to the attendees retailers and members of the video game press. The event, organized by the Entertainment Software Association, took place at the Los Angeles Convention Center from June 11–13, 2019. Many companies held its press conferences in the days prior, with the exception of Sony, which for the first time in its history skipped E3. No new gaming hardware was revealed, though Microsoft announced it was starting work on the next-generation Xbox, whereas Sony had discussed its own preparatory work for the next PlayStation consoles, both which are expected to arrive in 2020. Most announcements at E3 were focused on new games, many set to release from late 2019 through early 2020. A strong emphasis was made on subscription services, such as Xbox Game Pass and Uplay Plus, as well as streaming services such as Stadia.

E3 2019 ran from June 11 -- 2019 in the Los Angeles Convention Center. In the days prior, major publishers held press conferences as a live presentation in a large theater with streaming broadcast, or through streaming pre-recorded segments, highlighting the new games that are planned for the next year. During the show proper and publishers ran exhibition booths that allowed industry members, the press, retail representatives, the public to try out the new games and talk with the creators. Several side events were held including video game tournaments; as with E3 2017 and E3 2018, the ESA offered up to 15,000 public-access badges to the event. The ESA's prior contract with the Los Angeles Convention Center had expired with E3 2019, the ESA has stated they may be looking to other venues for E3 2020 and beyond. ESA has asked the Convention Center and city for additional space nearby, while there are plans to open up more by 2020, the ESA remained unsure if this will be sufficient for the next show.

The ESA renegotiated with the Convention Center through 2023, though have left the option to break their contract if desired. Sony Interactive Entertainment announced that they would not be attending E3 2019, after having been a presence in all shows since the show's inception. Sony's CEO Shawn Layden stated in a February 2019 interview that with changes in retailer procurement, their own switch to fewer but more quality titles, the rapid spread of news via the Internet that having a trade show as late as June was no longer helpful, that Sony had to create its own Destination PlayStation experience in February as to secure retailer sales. Both Microsoft and Nintendo stated they would still attend E3. Due to the lack of Sony's presence, the show drew about 3,000 fewer attendees from E3 2018, for a total attendance of 66,100. Microsoft held its press conference at the Microsoft Theater on June 9, 2019, they demonstrated games through Inside Xbox on June 10, 2019. Among games promoted during the presentation included The Outer Worlds, Bleeding Edge and the Will of the Wisps, Minecraft Dungeons.

Star Wars Jedi: Fallen Order, Blair Witch, Cyberpunk 2077, Battletoads, The Legend of Wright, Microsoft Flight Simulator, Age of Empires II: Definitive Edition, Wasteland 3, Psychonauts 2, Lego Star Wars: The Skywalker Saga, Dragon Ball Z: Kakarot, 12 Minutes, Way to the Woods, Gears 5, Dying Light 2, Forza Horizon 4: Lego Speed Champions, State of Decay 2: Heartland, Phantasy Star Online 2, CrossFire X, Tales of Arise, Borderlands 3, Elden Ring. Microsoft announced its acquisition of Double Fine Productions and the publishing rights to its upcoming Psychonauts 2. Service and hardware announcements by Microsoft included a Windows 10 version of the Xbox Game Pass subscription service, that its "Project xCloud" cloud gaming platform would receive a public beta in late-2019, as well as an updated version of the Elite controller. Microsoft teased "Project Scarlett", a successor to Xbox One. During the presentation for Cyberpunk 2077, Keanu Reeves took the floor revealing that he was voicing for a character in his likeness for the game.

As he came out, one fan yelled out "You're breathtaking!", to which Reeves pointed and replied back to the audience, "You're breathtaking! You're all breathtaking!" Reeves' phrase since became an Internet meme. In planning for E3 2020, ESA president Stanley Pierre-Louis said that the unexpected Reeves moment was something they were inspired by and wanted to help set the potential for in E3 2020 and future expositions. Bethesda Softworks had its press conference on June 9, 2019. Featured games included Fallout 76, The Elder Scrolls: Blades, GhostWire: Tokyo, The Elder Scrolls Online, Commander Keen Mobile, The Elder Scrolls: Legends, Rage 2, Wolfenstein: Cyberpilot, Wolfenstein: Youngblood and Doom Eternal, they revealed their Orion software, a middleware package, aimed to help improve the speed and latency for playing games over a stream. Devolver Digital presented its third "Big Fancy Press Conference"—continuing on from the storyline of previous installments with a "Devolver Direct" presentation directly parodying those of Nintendo.

The pre-recorded video showcased several games, including Carrion, Fall Guys: Ultimate Showdown, a new free DLC for The Messenger, Devolver Bootleg—a compilation of several "bootleg" versions of existing Devolver titles. Devolver announced Enter the Gungeon: House of the Gundead, a spin-off arcade light gun shooter game. PC Gamer presented its PC Ga