Isaac Bashevis Singer was a Polish-American writer in Yiddish, awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1978. The Polish form of his birth name was Icek Hersz Zynger, he used his mother's first name in an initial literary pseudonym, Izaak Baszewis, which he expanded. He was a leading figure in the Yiddish literary movement and publishing only in Yiddish, he was awarded two U. S. National Book Awards, one in Children's Literature for his memoir A Day Of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing Up in Warsaw and one in Fiction for his collection A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories. Isaac Bashevis Singer was born in 1902 in Leoncin village near Warsaw, capital of Congress Poland in the Russian Empire - lands that were a part of the Russian partition territories of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A few years the family moved to a nearby Polish town of Radzymin; the exact date of his birth is uncertain, but most it was November 11 a date similar to the one that Singer gave both to his official biographer Paul Kresh, his secretary Dvorah Telushkin, Rabbi William Berkowitz.
The year 1902 is consistent with the historical events that his brother refers to in their childhood memoirs, including the death of Theodor Herzl. The often-quoted birth date, July 14, 1904 was made up by the author in his youth, most to make himself younger to avoid the draft, his father was a Hasidic rabbi and his mother, was the daughter of the rabbi of Biłgoraj. Singer used her name in his pen name "Bashevis". Both his older siblings, sister Esther Kreitman and brother Israel Joshua Singer, became writers as well. Esther was the first of the family to write stories; the family moved to the court of the Rabbi of Radzymin in 1907, where his father became head of the Yeshiva. After the Yeshiva building burned down in 1908, the family moved to a flat at ul. Krochmalna 10. In the spring of 1914, the Singers moved to No. 12. The street where Singer grew up was located in the impoverished, Yiddish-speaking Jewish quarter of Warsaw. There his father served as a rabbi, was called on to be a judge, religious authority and spiritual leader in the Jewish community.
The unique atmosphere of pre-war Krochmalna Street can be found both in the collection of Varshavsky-stories, which tell stories from Singer's childhood, as well as in those novels and stories which take place in pre-war Warsaw. In 1917, because of the hardships of World War I, the family split up. Singer moved with his mother and younger brother Moshe to his mother's hometown of Biłgoraj, a traditional shtetl, where his mother's brothers had followed his grandfather as rabbis; when his father became a village rabbi again in 1921, Singer returned to Warsaw. He entered the Tachkemoni Rabbinical Seminary and soon decided that neither the school nor the profession suited him, he returned to Biłgoraj, where he tried to support himself by giving Hebrew lessons, but soon gave up and joined his parents, considering himself a failure. In 1923 his older brother Israel Joshua arranged for him to move to Warsaw to work as a proofreader for the Jewish Literarische Bleter, of which the brother was an editor.
In 1935, four years before the German invasion, Singer emigrated from Poland to the United States. He was fearful of the growing Nazi threat in neighboring Germany; the move separated son Israel Zamir. The three met again twenty years in 1955. Singer settled in New York City, where he took up work as a journalist and columnist for The Jewish Daily Forward, a Yiddish-language newspaper. After a promising start, he became despondent and for some years felt "Lost in America". In 1938, he met a German-Jewish refugee from Munich, they married in 1940, their union seemed to release energy in him. In addition to his pen name of "Bashevis," he published under the pen names of "Warszawski" during World War II, "D. Segal." They lived for many years in the Belnord apartment building on Manhattan's Upper West Side. In 1981, Singer delivered a commencement address at the University at Albany, was presented with an honorary doctorate. Singer died on July 24, 1991 in Surfside, after suffering a series of strokes.
He was buried in Cedar Park Cemetery, New Jersey. A street in Surfside, Florida is named Isaac Singer Boulevard in his honor; the full academic scholarship for undergraduate students at the University of Miami is named in his honor. Singer's first published story won the literary competition of the literarishe bletter and garnered him a reputation as a promising talent. A reflection of his formative years in "the kitchen of literature" can be found in many of his works. IB Singer published his first novel, Satan in Goray, in installments in the literary magazine Globus, which he had co-founded with his life-long friend, the Yiddish poet Aaron Zeitlin in 1935; the book recounts events of 1648 in the village of Goraj, where the Jews of Poland lost a third of their population in a wholesale attack by Cossacks. It explores the effects of the seventeenth-century faraway false messiah, Shabbatai Zvi, on the local population, its last chapter imitates the style of a medieval Yiddish chronicle. With a stark depiction of innocence crushed by circumstance, the novel appears to foreshadow coming danger.
In his work, The Slave, Singer returns
Abdul Rahman Baba, known as Baba Rahman, is a Ghanaian professional footballer who plays as a left-back for La Liga club RCD Mallorca, on loan from Chelsea and the Ghana national team. Beginning his career at Dreams FC, he played in the Ghanaian Premier League with Asante Kotoko. In 2012, he signed for Bundesliga club Greuther Fürth, he played for FC Augsburg before joining Chelsea in 2015 for a fee of £14 million rising to £22 million. Rahman made his international debut in 2014 and was part of their squad which were runners-up at the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations. Rahman began his career at Dreams FC of the Ghana Division Two. After impressive performances, he was transferred on loan to Asante Kotoko of the Ghanaian Premier League for one season. For the 2012 season, Rahman was a finalist for the league's Discovery of the Year Award losing to Joshua Oniku. After becoming a sought after player during his time with the Kumasi-based club, serious enquiries were made about the player by Manchester City and Arsenal of the Premier League and Parma of Serie A. However, Rahman signed with newly promoted Greuther Fürth in the Bundesliga on 12 June 2012.
Rahman stated that his decision to join Fürth was because the club offered, "the best conditions in which to develop my career." In the derby against 1. FC Nürnberg on 11 August 2014 he scored his first two goals for Fürth in a 5–1 home victory; the next day he signed with FC Augsburg of the same division. In Rahman's 2014–15 season with Augsburg, he made 108 tackles, more than any other player in the Bundesliga that season. Using aspects of his strength and pace, he was able to win 90 of those tackles, coming out to an 83% successful tackle rate; that season, Rahman had 83 interceptions and won 80 contested aerial balls. On 16 August 2015, Rahman signed for Chelsea on a five-year deal for an undisclosed fee, reported to be an initial £14 million, rising to a potential fee of £22 million, he made his debut on 16 September in a UEFA Champions League tie, playing the full 90 minutes in a 4–0 win at home to Maccabi Tel Aviv. He made his Premier League debut in a 2–0 win over Aston Villa at Stamford Bridge on 17 October.
Rahman has played an important role at left-back in a couple of Chelsea's victories including their 2–1 Champions League win over Dynamo Kyiv. Rahman played the full 90 minutes against French side Paris Saint-Germain in Chelsea's 2–1 Champions League defeat on 16 February 2016. Rahman was presented with this opportunity following the injuries to centre-backs Kurt Zouma and John Terry. Although Chelsea failed to stop PSG from scoring twice, "Rahman looked like a class full back" according to Kristian Downer for Metro.co.uk. On 27 February, Rahman made an error which allowed Southampton's Shane Long to score in the 42nd minute. On 2 August 2016, FC Schalke 04 confirmed that Baba Rahman has moved on a season-long loan to the club after failing to impress the new Chelsea manager Antonio Conte during pre-season. Baba was given the number 14 jersey for the upcoming season, his return to Bundesliga links him back with Markus Weinzierl. After the completion of this loan move, Rahman told the local paper Ruhr Nachrichten, Antonio Conte advised him to leave on loan because he was focused on a defensive philosophy.
With the defensive focus, Rahman was told his playing-time would be limited due to his attacking-style. Rahman made his competitive debut for the Gelsenkirchen team on 20 August, as a winger instead of a defender in a 4–1 victory against FC 08 Villingen in the first round of the DFB-Pokal, he made his league debut on 27 August, coming on for Sead Kolašinac in the 62nd minute of an eventual 1–0 loss at Eintracht Frankfurt on the first day of the season. Rahman scored his first goal for Schalke on 15 September, the game's only in a Europa League victory at OGC Nice. In January 2018, Rahman joined Schalke 04 on loan for a second time agreeing an 18-month stay until summer 2019. In January 2019, he returned early to Chelsea and was loaned to Stade de Reims until the end of the season. On 2 September 2019, the last day of transfer window, Baba Rahman was again loaned out in a season-long deal, this time to newly promoted La Liga side Mallorca. Rahman played every minute of Ghana's campaign at the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations in Equatorial Guinea, providing the cross from which André Ayew headed in the winner against South Africa to win Group C.
In the final against the Ivory Coast, Rahman scored in the penalty shootout in which his team lost 9–8. Rahman has "Baba" on the back of the name of his Chelsea-supporting father. Baba went to the prestigious Notre Dame Seminary Senior High School in Navrongo for his second cycle education. In May 2016, Baba married his longtime childhood girlfriend, Selma, in their hometown of Tamale in northern Ghana; as of match played on 21 January 2020 As of 15 July 2019
David J. "Chip" Brightbill is a former member and Majority Leader of the Pennsylvania State Senate. He is a member of the Republican Party, he was born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania to Jonathan and Verda Brightbill and attended Pennsylvania Military College for two years before graduating from Pennsylvania State University in 1964. He went on to obtain a law degree at Duquesne University School of Law in 1970. Prior to being elected to the Senate in 1982, he served as Lebanon County District Attorney from 1977 to 1981, he was elected Majority Whip in 1989 and 1997 by the Republican caucus and became the Majority Leader in 2001 after Senator Joseph Loeper resigned in December 2000. Brightbill served the 48th district, including all of Lebanon County, portions of Berks and Lancaster Counties, the Chester County borough of Elverson, he was named runner up for the 2003 Politician of the Year by the political website PoliticsPA, who noted his growing influence in the 2003 budget negotiations. Brightbill was defeated in the May 2006 Republican primary election by tire salesman Mike Folmer, receiving 36.8% of the vote.
Brightbill's defeat was attributed to anger generated over a legislative pay raise vote in July 2005. At the end of his term, Brightbill joined the Reading law firm of Stevens & Lee in their government affairs practice. Prior to joining Stevens & Lee, Brightbill was a partner of Siegrist, Brightbill & Long for 30 years. On May 19, 2007, he received an honorary doctorate degree from Elizabethtown College. 2005 Pennsylvania General Assembly pay raise controversy Pennsylvania State Senate Appearances on C-SPAN