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Ishinomaki

Ishinomaki is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city has an estimated population of 141,725, a population density of 256 persons per km² in 61,233 households; the total area of the city is 554.58 square kilometres. Ishinomaki is in northeastern Miyagi Prefecture; the city borders on Matsushima Bay to the south and Kesennuma Bay to the north, with the Kitakami Mountains to the west. Its coastline forms part of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park, which stretches north to Aomori Prefecture. Ishinomaki includes Tashirojima and Kinkasan, three islands off the south coast of Oshika Peninsula. Miyagi Prefecture Tome Higashimatsushima Wakuya Misato Onagawa Minamisanriku Matsushima Ishinomaki has a humid climate characterized by mild summers and cold winters; the average annual temperature in Ishinomaki is 11.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1174 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.2 °C, lowest in January, at around 0.6 °C.

Per Japanese census data, the population of Ichinomaki has declined over the past 40 years. The area of present-day Ishinomaki was part of ancient Mutsu Province. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period; the town prospered as a major port and transshipment center for coastal shipping between Edo and northern Japan. The town of Ishinomaki was established within Oshika District on June 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system; the modern city was founded on April 1, 1933. On April 1, 2005, Ishinomaki absorbed the neighboring towns of Kahoku, Kitakami and Ogatsu, the town of Oshika to more than quadruple its area and add nearly 60,000 people to its population; the town of Ogatsu is regionally famous for its inkstones and has an annual scallop festival in the summer. Ayukawa, a town in Oshika, was a base for several ships in Japan's whaling fleet.

Ishinomaki was among the municipalities most affected by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. Several tsunamis, up to about 10 metres high, traveled inland up to 5 kilometres from the coast; the tsunami destroyed around 80% of the 700 houses in the coastal port of Ayukawa, the Kadonowaki neighborhood was leveled. 46% of the city was inundated by the tsunami. Following the tsunami, a Kamen Rider statue was found intact despite damage to the surrounding area. Many public schools were destroyed, including Ishinomaki Okawa Elementary School, which lost 70 of 108 students and nine of 13 teachers and staff. There is still anger among some of the parents of the dead students because the teachers had wasted precious time in debating whether to evacuate to higher ground, and when the decision was made, the teachers had decided to get to higher ground further away from the school which necessitated crossing a nearby river bridge. It was here while crossing the bridge that both the teachers and students were swept away by the tsunami.

This decision is deemed unreasonable by many of the parents because there is a hill right behind the school, which they could have reached quickly. One of the teachers had tried to persuade the other teachers to bring the students to safety uphill soon after the earthquake. One of the teachers who survived the tsunami at the bridge committed suicide; as of 17 June 2011, a total of 3,097 deaths had been confirmed in Ishinomaki due to the tsunami, with 2,770 unaccounted for. 29,000 city residents lost their homes. Ishinomaki employs several foreigners to teach English in all of its elementary and junior high schools, as well as the two municipal high schools. American teacher Taylor Anderson was killed by the tsunami. Since her death, her family has been active in supporting the Ishinomaki school district, has set up programs to further English education; the earthquake shifted the city southeast and downward, lowering it by as much as 1.2 metres in some areas and causing it to flood twice daily at high tide.

A once sandy beach in the Kadonowaki area disappeared and tides now reach the wall that once separated the beach from the road. Near the Mangakan Island, a walkway with benches was submerged in the river. Since 2011, Ishinomaki and other municipalities have been focussing on rebuilding and attracting residents back into the area. In 2019, eight years after the tragedy, Okawa Elementary School remains in ruins, as a memorial to those that were lost in the tsunami. Numerous parents who lost children due to staff errors remain in pursuit of a lawsuit against the school. Ishinomaki and other neighboring cities started construction on levees and large walls along the coast to protect against future tsunamis. Ishinomaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 30 members. Ishinomaki traditionally has been a center for commercial fishing for the cultivation of oysters. Ishinomaki Senshu University Ishinomaki has 36 public elementary schools, 20 public junior high schools and one public high school operated by the city government, seven public high schools operated by the Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education.

The prefectural operates one special education school. JR EastIshinomaki Line Maeyachi - Kakeyama - Kanomata - Sobanokami - Ishinomaki - Rikuzen-Inai - Watanoha - Man

Plunder (serial)

Plunder is a 1923 American drama film serial directed by George B. Seitz. During the production of this serial, on August 10, 1922, John Stevenson, a stuntman for Pearl White, was killed doing a stunt from a moving bus to an elevated platform; the film survives in the UCLA Film and Television Archive and a trailer is preserved at the Library of Congress. Pearl White as Pearl Travers Warren William as Mr. Jones Harry Semels as Jud Deering Tom McIntyre William Nally Wally Oettel Edward J. Pool Charles'Patch' Revada The Bandaged Man Held By the Enemy The Hidden Thing Ruin To Beat a Knave Heights of Hazard Mocked from the Grave The Human Target Game Clear Through Against Time Spunk Under the Floor Swamp of Lost Souls The Madman A King's Ransom List of film serials List of film serials by studio Plunder on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Stills at silenthollywood.com

Christian of the Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1752–1817)

Christian Graf von Forbach Christian Marquis de Deux-Ponts and Christian Freiherr von Zweibrücken was an officer of the French army and a general of the Royal Prussian and of the Bavarian Army, at last in the rank of General der Infanterie. He may not be confused with his nephew Christian Freiherr von Zweibrücken, a Bavarian General of Cavalry. Christian von Zweibrücken, was the first of six children of Christian IV Herzog von Pfalz-Zweibrücken and Maria Johanna Camasse Gräfin von Forbach, he was born in Zweibrücken. The children, were unable to succeed to their father's Duchy due to the morganatic nature of their parents' marriage at first, but were allowed to wear the name Freiherr von Zweibrücken in 1792. Due to a former business agreement of Louis XV of France and his father from March 1751, who promised to the French king to raise a battalion of infantry for France when and if needed, the Infantry Regiment "Royal Deux-Ponts" of two battalions to the French crown after the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, when it was at first deployed in the Battle of Rossbach.

The commander of the regiment at this time was Christian von Forbach, his brother Philippe Guillaume was deputy commander. As part of De Rochambeau's expedition corps he led the "Royal Deux-Ponts" during the American Revolutionary War, where the regiment proved in the Battle of Yorktown called the "German Battle", on October 4, 1781. In 1783 he married Adélaïde-Françoise de Béthune-Pologne; the couple had three daughters. The first of them Maria Amalia Charlotte Auguste died in her year of birth 1784; the others were Maria Amalia Charlotte Franziska Auguste Eleonore and Kasimira Maria Louise Antoinette. Because of the French Revolution, he left the French forces in the rank of a Colonel, meanwhile titled Freiherr von Zweibrücken, was taken over by the Prussian Army in the rank of a Major General, where he took part in the campaigns against France during 1794 and 1797. In the end of the century he was taken over on his request by the Bavarian Army, where he became Lieutenant General and provincial commander of the Palatinate region.

In spring of 1800 he became commander of a division, merged from the brigades of Von Deroy and Von Wrede, fought under the Austrian Feldzeugmeister Kray and under Archduke John of Austria against France for the British crown. In 1808 he became Geheimer Rat, in January 1811 he was promoted to the rank of General der Infanterie. Von Zweibrücken had plans to replace Von Montgelas by his son-in-law Graf Karl Ernst von Gravenreuth, married to his daughter Kasimira, he died in Munich, where his brother Wilhelm are buried in the Old Southern Cemetery. In the European Rosegarden in Zweibrücken a memorial remembers his brother. Cincinnati Order Order of the Red Eagle Kurpfalz-Bavarian Military Honour Award Grand Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph

George Gilbert Swell

George Gilbert Swell was a college professor, an Indian politician, an ambassador to several countries, a former Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and its member from Shillong in Meghalaya. Over a span of more than 35 years, he represented India at high levels nationally and internationally. Though arising from a modest and rural background in far Northeast India, Swell rose to prominence in every field he entered, he was born at Laitkynsew Village near Cherrapunji in the present-day state of Meghalaya. He completed his earlier years of schooling at the Ramakrishna Mission School at Cherrapunji. After passing the Bachelor of arts examination from the Scottish Church College, Kolkata, he completed his Master of Arts degree in English from the University of Calcutta in 1946. Within months thereafter, he married a Shillong beauty, Lajopthiaw Lyngdoh, second daughter of Phrolibon Lyngdoh and Wellington Kearney. Soon after, their first child, was born, followed by a son, Sanbor, in 1950. In 1952, they moved to Ethiopia, part of a cadre of instructors recruited to teach in Ethiopia in the early nineteen fifties.

Swell taught English at the high school level. They returned to Shillong in 1956, G. G. Swell threw himself into his new positions as a professor of English at several Shillong area colleges, it wasn't long before he entered into the political world of the Jaintia Hills. His contribution to the formation of the state of Meghalaya, breaking away from the parent state of Assam, is incontrovertible. He, with his wife's uncle, Brington B Lyngdoh, Stanley Nichols Roy, as well as other community leaders, conducted a fierce campaign for the separate identity of their proposed state which would combine the peoples of the Khasi and Janintia Hills and other tribes from the Garo Hills and adjacent areas. To their credit, the campaign was bloodless and successful, it was not long before G. G. Swell moved into national politics, having earned recognition for his intellect and passion for leadership, for his principled and ethical way of life, he was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Autonomous Districts constituency in 1962, 1967 and 1971 and from the Shillong constituency in 1984 and 1996.

He was the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 9 December 1969 to 27 December 1970 in the 4th Lok Sabha and again 27 March 1971 to 18 January 1977. Swell served as India's ambassador to Norway and Iceland,1977 to 1980, Burma, 1980 to 1984. Subsequently, he was appointed as ambassador-designate to Canada Spain, but instead chose to return to national political life in India. In 1985, as a member of parliament, he served as the head of the Indian delegation to the United National General Assembly, New York. In 1992 he contested the Indian presidential election as a joint opposition candidate against Shankar Dayal Sharma but lost, he was member of the Rajya Sabha from Meghalaya during 1990-1996. The worsening health of his wife, who passed away in early 1998, was a factor in his withdrawal from political life, he died on 25 January 1999. To honor his many years of public service, his daughter, Lakyntiew Lyngdoh Watrous, his granddaughter, Yarissa Lyngdoh Sommer, established a museum in the town of his birth, Laitkynsew, in 2016.

Through photography and documentary films it depicts the chronology and achievements of his lengthy career. Official Biographical Sketch in Lok Sabha Website

Manius Aquillius (consul 101 BC)

Manius Aquillius was Roman politician and general during the late Roman Republic. He was a member of the ancient Roman gens Aquillia. Aquillius served as Consul of Rome with Gaius Marius in 101 BC. Before his consulship, during the Cimbrian War, he had served as a legate under Marius in Gaul, he played a pivotal role during the Battle of Aquae Sextiae where he surprised the Teutones by attacking them from behind. As consul he crushed a slave revolt in Sicily. At the start of the First Mithridatic War he was defeated and captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus who had him executed by pouring molten gold down his throat. A son of Manius Aquillius, consul in 129 BC, Aquillius was a loyal follower of Gaius Marius, he served Marius as a legate during his campaign against the Teutones in Gaul. During the election campaign for Marius's fourth consulship, Aquillius was left in command of the army in case the migrating Cimbri and Teutones attacked before Marius could return to command the army himself. Manius Aquillius played a major part during the battle of Aquae Sextiae in 102 BC.

On the first day of battle Marius defeated the Ambrones. After this victory Marius had to wait for the Teutones to arrive, he used this time to send Manius Aquillius with 4,000 troops across the river with the intention to fall on the barbarians from behind during the coming engagement. The following day, when the Teutones and Marius' legions had engaged and his troops attacked the barbarians in the rear and caused a lot of confusion after which the battle became a rout; as a reward for his loyal services, Gaius Marius ran with Aquillius under a joint ticket for the consulship of 101 BC. In gratitude for their victory against the Teutones they were both elected with Aquillius as Junior Consul and Marius as Senior Consul. During his consulship, with Rome struggling with a famine caused by the slave revolt in Sicily, Aquillius was sent to Sicily to put down the revolt. Aquillius subdued the insurgents and was rewarded an ovation in Rome in 100 BC. In 98 BC, Aquillius was accused by Lucius Fufius of maladministration in Sicily.

In the subsequent trial, he was defended by Marcus Antonius the orator, the consul of 99. Gaius Marius showed his support. If there was sufficient evidence of his guilt, he was acquitted because of his bravery in the war. In 90 BC, Aquillius was sent as ambassador to Asia Minor to restore Nicomedes IV of Bithynia, expelled from his kingdom by Mithridates VI of Pontus. However, after achieving this, Aquillius encouraged Nicomedes to raid Pontic territory; this prompted a furious backlash from Mithridates in 89 BC, whose counter-attack began the First Mithridatic War. Aquillius marched with one "legion" of auxiliaries, the only troops available in Asia province, against Mithridates from the west while Quintus Oppius, the governor of Cilicia, invaded with two legions from the south. Aquillius soon found out he was outnumbered. Mithridates' forces tracked and defeated Aquillius near Protostachium. Aquillius attempted to make his way back to Italy, he managed to make it to Lesbos, where he was delivered to Mithridates by the inhabitants of Mytilene.

After being taken to the mainland, he was placed on a donkey and paraded back to Pergamon. On the trip, he was forced to confess his supposed crimes against the peoples of Anatolia. Aquillius's father, the elder Manius Aquillius, was a former Roman governor of Pergamon and was hated for the egregious taxes that he imposed, it was thought that Manius Aquillius the younger would follow in the footsteps of his father as a tax profiteer and was hated by some of the local peoples. Aquillius was executed by Mithridates by having molten gold poured down his throat; the method of execution became famous and, according to some unreliable accounts, was repeated by Parthian contemporaries to kill Marcus Licinius Crassus, at the time the richest man in Rome and a member of the First Triumvirate. Life of Marius by Plutarch Smith, William; the Poison King The Life and Legend of Mithradates, p. 166-171. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. ISBN 978-0-691-12683-8; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed..

"Aquillius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

Biella San Paolo railway station

Biella San Paolo railway station is the main station serving the town and comune of Biella, in the Piedmont region, northwestern Italy. It is the junction of the Biella -- Santhià -- Biella railways; the station is managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana. However, the commercial area of the passenger building is managed by Centostazioni. Train services are operated by Trenitalia; each of these companies is a subsidiary of Italy's state-owned rail company. A second station, the Biella Chiavazza railway station, is in the district of Chiavazza, a short distance along the line towards Novara; the station was opened along with the rest of the line from 18 May 1939, by the which inaugural convoy would descend Benito Mussolini, becoming however operation only since 20 July 1940 because of the need to complete several systems and the absence of the rolling stock. The 23 February 1958 was inaugurated the variant of track between Candelo and Biella that allowed him to leave the station to Piazza Vittorio Veneto, opened in 1856 and railway terminus Samthià–Biella railway, considered to be exceeded.

The day after the station Biella San Paolo was the terminus of the lines to Novara and Santhià. From 21 January 1961, in advance to the end of the concession to the "Società Ferrovia Biella-Novara" company, the management of the railway line passed to the state and the exercise of the stations was assumed by Ferrovie dello Stato. In the year 2000, the plant management passed to Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, classified in the category "Silver"; the station has been affected by modernization works for the deployment of an ACEI train control system, the lengthening of station platforms, the construction of a 40 metres railway bridge serving tracks 2-3-4. About € 7 million was spent, jointly funded by the Region of Piedmont. In September 2008, a local health unit analysis had revealed small amounts of asbestos, originating from Balangero in the 1970s, in some stones at the station, but this was though not to cause particular danger to the health of travelers and workers. Four tracks, three of which are equipped with platforms, pass through the station.

The station has about 1.2 million passenger movements each year. The station is served by the following services: Regional services Santhià - Biella San Paolo Regional services Biella San Paolo - NovaraUntil 2013, the station was served by direct links, including: Torino Porta Nuova railway station, regional train, until 11 December 2011 Milano Porta Garibaldi railway station, regional train, from 11 December 2011 to 15 December 2013 Pavia railway station, regional train, until 15 December 2013 Albenga railway station, until 15 December 2013In the past, the station was served daily express trains to Genoa; this service was suppressed 1° June 1986, for reduction of passengers. History of rail transport in Italy List of railway stations in Piedmont Rail transport in Italy Railway stations in Italy Media related to Biella San Paolo railway station at Wikimedia Commons This article is based upon a translation of the Italian language version as at December 2010