Israeli–Palestinian conflict

The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century. Various attempts have been made to resolve the conflict as part of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process, with only partial success, as at the end of 2019; the origins to the conflict can be traced back to Jewish immigration and sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine between Jews and Arabs. It has been referred to as the world's "most intractable conflict," with the ongoing Israeli occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip reaching 53 years. Despite a long-term peace process and the general reconciliation of Israel with Egypt and Jordan and Palestinians have failed to reach a final peace agreement; the key issues are mutual recognition and security, water rights, control of Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian freedom of movement, Palestinian right of return. The violence of the conflict, in a region rich in sites of historic and religious interest worldwide, has been the subject of numerous international conferences dealing with historic rights, security issues and human rights, has been a factor hampering tourism in and general access to areas that are hotly contested.

Many attempts have been made to broker a two-state solution, involving the creation of an independent Palestinian state alongside the State of Israel. In 2007, the majority of both Israelis and Palestinians, according to a number of polls, preferred the two-state solution over any other solution as a means of resolving the conflict. Within Israeli and Palestinian society, the conflict generates a wide variety of opinions; this highlights the deep divisions which exist not only between Israelis and Palestinians, but within each society. A hallmark of the conflict has been the level of violence witnessed for its entire duration. Fighting has been conducted by regular armies, paramilitary groups, terror cells, individuals. Casualties have not been restricted to the military, with a large number of fatalities in civilian population on both sides. There are prominent international actors involved in the conflict. A majority of Jews see the Palestinians' demand for an independent state as just, thinks Israel can agree to the establishment of such a state.

The majority of Palestinians and Israelis in the West Bank and Gaza Strip have expressed a preference for a two-state solution. Mutual distrust and significant disagreements are deep over basic issues, as is the reciprocal skepticism about the other side's commitment to upholding obligations in an eventual agreement; the two parties engaged in direct negotiation are the Israeli government, led by Benjamin Netanyahu, the Palestine Liberation Organization, headed by Mahmoud Abbas. The official negotiations are mediated by an international contingent known as the Quartet on the Middle East represented by a special envoy, that consists of the United States, the European Union, the United Nations; the Arab League is another important actor. Egypt, a founding member of the Arab League, has been a key participant. Jordan, having relinquished its claim to the West Bank in 1988 and holding a special role in the Muslim Holy shrines in Jerusalem, has been a key participant. Since 2006, the Palestinian side has been fractured by conflict between two major factions: Fatah, the traditionally dominant party, its electoral challenger, which operates as a militant organization.

After Hamas's electoral victory in 2006, the Quartet conditioned future foreign assistance to the Palestinian National Authority on the future government's commitment to non-violence, recognition of the State of Israel, acceptance of previous agreements. Hamas rejected these demands, which resulted in the Quartet's suspension of its foreign assistance program, the imposition of economic sanctions by the Israelis. A year following Hamas's seizure of the Gaza Strip in June 2007, the territory recognized as the PA was split between Fatah in the West Bank and Hamas in the Gaza Strip; the division of governance between the parties had resulted in the collapse of bipartisan governance of the PA. However, in 2014, a Palestinian Unity Government, composed of both Fatah and Hamas, was formed; the latest round of peace negotiations began in July 2013 and was suspended in 2014. The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has its roots in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the birth of major nationalist movements among the Jews and among the Arabs, both geared towards attaining sovereignty for their people in the Middle East.

The collision between those two movements in southern Levant upon the emergence of Palestinian nationalism after the Franco-Syrian War in the 1920s escalated into the Sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine in 1930s and 1940s, expanded into the wider Arab–Israeli conflict on. The return of several hard-line Palestinian Arab nationalists, under the emerging leadership of Haj Amin al-Husseini, from Damascus to Mandatory Palestine marked the beginning of Palestinian Arab nationalist struggle towards establishment of a national home for Arabs of Palestine. Amin al-Husseini, the architect of the Palestinian Arab national movement marked Jewish national movement and Jewish immigration to Palestine as the sole enemy to his cause, initiating large-scale riots against the Jews as early as 1920 in Jerusalem and in 1921 in Jaffa. Among the results of the violence was the establishment of the Jewish paramilitary force Haga

Marc Diakiese

Marc Diakiese is an English mixed martial artist of Congolese descent competing in the Lightweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship. Diakiese began training in mixed martial arts in 2010, he won three British amateur titles -- 0 before turning pro. After earning four wins in his professional MMA career in regional promotions, Diakiese joined the BAMMA organization in 2014, he fought five times for the promotion over the course of the next year, bringing his record to 9-0 and in the process winning the BAMMA Lonsdale British Lightweight Championship, which he defended twice before signing with the UFC. Diakiese made his UFC debut against Lukasz Sajewski on 8 October 2016 at UFC 204. After being smothered by his opponent in the first round, Diakiese came back to win the fight by TKO due to knees and punches near the end of the second round. Diakiese returned to face Frankie Perez on 9 December 2016 at UFC Fight Night: Lewis vs. Abdurakhimov. Despite losing the second round, Diakiese would go on to win the bout by unanimous decision.

Diakiese faced Teemu Packalen on 18 March 2017 at UFC Fight Night: Manuwa vs. Anderson. Diakiese defeated Packalen via 30 seconds into the first round; the win earned Diakiese his first Performance of the Night bonus. Diakiese faced Drakkar Klose on 7 July 2017 at The Ultimate Fighter 25 Finale, he lost the fight by split decision. Diakiese faced Dan Hooker on 30 December 2017 at UFC 219, he lost the fight via guillotine choke submission in the third round. Diakiese faced Nasrat Haqparast on 22 July 2018 at UFC Fight Night 134, he lost the fight via unanimous decision. Diakiese faced Joseph Duffy on 16 March 2019 at UFC Fight Night 147, he won the fight by unanimous decision. In May 2019, Diakese revealed on his social media that he had signed a new, multi-fight contract with the UFC. Diakiese faced Lando Vannata on 28 September 2019 at UFC on ESPN+ 18, he won the fight via unanimous decision. Diakiese was scheduled to face Stevie Ray on 21 March 2020 at UFC Fight Night 171. However, Ray was removed from the card late-January for undisclosed reasons.

Diakiese is expected to remain on the card against promotional newcomer Jai Herbert. Diakiese was the first UFC fighter to pose for Gay Times Magazine, an LGBT publication where his view on LGBT community was "As people, we are all one". Ultimate Fighting Championship Performance of the Night vs. Teemu PackalenBAMMA BAMMA Lonsdale British Lightweight Championship Two successful title defensesCage Kumite Cage Kumite Lightweight Championship MMA Total Combat MMATC Lightweight Championship 2016 European Newcomer of the Year. Marc Diakiese at UFC Professional MMA record for Marc Diakiese from Sherdog


Gonyaulax is a genus of dinoflagellates with the type species Gonyaulax spinifera Diesing. Gonyaulax belongs to red dinoflagellates and causes red tides. Gonyaulax is a genus of dinoflagellates that are aquatic organisms with two separate flagella: one extends backward and the other wraps around the cell in a lateral groove helping to keep the organism afloat by rotational motility; the plate formula in the genus Gonyaulax Diesing was redefined as Po, 3', 2a, 6", 6c, 4-8s, 5'", 1p, 1"". All species are marine, except for Gonyaulax apiculata, it included several species, which are now considered to belong to a separate genus, e.g.: Gonyaulax tamarensis Gonyaulax grindleyi Gonyaulax polyedra Gonyaulax dinoflagellates have evolved a type of resting spore, to enable it to survive harsh weather conditions. Resting cysts can be formed when salinity changes in the surrounding water; these cysts are round mucous covered bodies. Gonyaulax catenella has been recorded forming vegetative cysts in response to cold water.

Gonyaulax are protists that may grow in long chains when faced with turbulent water conditions. These chains allow for clustering of organisms for increased mating, protection of weakly swimming organisms that could otherwise be washed away. Although Gonyaulax is predominantly found in seawater, it can have a detrimental effect on humans. Filter feeding organisms e.g. mussels, clams etc. can accumulate these dinoflagellates in their bodies. When humans eat these shellfish after dinoflagellate accumulation during Red Tide season during the warmer months of the year, it can poison the person who eats it. Red tide is a discoloration of the sea water by pigmented cells like Gonyaulax spp. some of which may produce toxins. Gonyaulax spinifera has been connected to the production of yessotoxins, a group of structurally related polyether toxins, which can accumulate in shellfish and produce symptoms similar to those produced by paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins