It Happened One Night is a 1934 pre-Code American romantic comedy film with elements of screwball comedy directed and co-produced by Frank Capra, in collaboration with Harry Cohn, in which a pampered socialite tries to get out from under her father's thumb and falls in love with a roguish reporter. The plot is based on the August 1933 short story "Night Bus" by Samuel Hopkins Adams, which provided the shooting title. Classified as a "pre-Code" production, the film is among the last romantic comedies created before the MPPDA began rigidly enforcing the 1930 Motion Picture Production Code in July 1934, it Happened. It Happened One Night is the first of only three films to win all five major Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Adapted Screenplay. In 1993, It Happened One Night was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress, being deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant." In 2013, the film underwent an extensive restoration.
Spoiled heiress Ellen "Ellie" Andrews has eloped with pilot and fortune-hunter King Westley against the wishes of her wealthy father, Alexander Andrews, who wants to have the marriage annulled because he knows that Westley is interested only in Ellie's money. Jumping ship in Florida, Ellie runs away and boards a Greyhound bus to New York City to reunite with her husband, she meets fellow passenger Peter Warne, a newspaper reporter who lost his job. Soon, Peter gives her a choice. If she gives him an exclusive on her story, he will help her reunite with Westley. If not, he will tell her father. Ellie agrees to the first choice; as they go through several adventures together, Ellie loses her initial disdain for Peter and begins to fall in love. When the bus breaks down and they begin hitchhiking, they fail to secure a ride until Ellie displays a shapely leg to Danker, the next driver; when they stop en route, Danker tries to steal their luggage, but Peter chases him down and seizes his Model T. Near the end of their journey, Ellie confesses her love to Peter.
The owners of the motel in which they stay notice. Believing Peter has deserted her, Ellie telephones her father, who agrees to let her marry Westley. Meanwhile, Peter has obtained money from his editor to marry Ellie but he misses her on the road. Although Ellie has no desire to be with Westley, she believes that Peter has betrayed her for the reward money and so agrees to have a second, formal wedding with Westley. On the wedding day, she reveals the whole story to her father; when Peter comes to Ellie's home, Andrews offers him the reward money, but Peter insists on being paid only his expenses, a paltry $39.60 for items that he had been forced to sell to buy gasoline. When Andrews presses Peter for an explanation of his odd behavior and demands to know if he loves her, Peter first tries to dodge the questions but admits that he loves Ellie and storms out. Westley arrives for his wedding via an autogyro, but at the ceremony, Andrews reveals to his daughter about Peter's refusal of the reward money and tells her that her car is waiting by the back gate in case she changes her mind.
At he last minute, just before she says ``", she decides not to go through with the wedding. Ellie dumps Westley at the altar, bolts for her car, drives away as the newsreel cameras crank. A few days Andrews is working at his desk when Westley calls to tell him that he will take the financial settlement and not contest the annulment, his executive assistant brings him a telegram from Peter: "What's holding up the annulment, you slowpoke? The walls of Jericho are toppling!" That is a reference to a makeshift wall to give them privacy made of a blanket over a wire, tied across the rooms that they slept in between them. With the annulment in hand, Andrews sends the reply, "Let'em topple." The last scene has Peter's battered Model T parked in a motor court in Michigan. The mom-and-pop owners talk and wonder why, on such a warm night, the newlyweds wanted a clothesline, an extra blanket, the little tin trumpet that he had gotten for them; as they look at the cabin, the toy trumpet sounds a fanfare, the blanket falls to the floor, the lights in the cabin go out.
Gable and Colbert were both not the first choice to play the lead roles. Miriam Hopkins first rejected the part of Ellie. Robert Montgomery and Myrna Loy were offered the roles, but both turned down the script. Loy noted that the final story as filmed bore little resemblance to the script that she and Montgomery had been given for their perusal. Margaret Sullavan rejected the part. Constance Bennett was willing to accept the role if she could produce the film herself, but Columbia Pictures would not agree to that condition. Bette Davis wanted the role, but she was under contract with Warner Brothers, Jack L. Warner refused to lend her. Carole Lombard was unable to accept, because Columbia's proposed filming schedule would conflict with her work on Bolero at Paramount. Loretta Young turned it down. Harry Cohn suggested Colbert, who turned down the role. Colbert's first film, For the Love of Mike, had been directed by Capra and had been such a disaster that she vowed to never make another with him.
She agreed to appear in It Happened One Night only if her salary was doubled to $50,000 and if the filming of her role was completed in four weeks so that she could take her well-planned vacation. According to Hollywood legend, Gable was lent to Columbia Pict
Richard Allen Karp, better known by his stage name Cole Tucker, was an American actor in gay pornography. Tucker was born in New York, he started making appearances in gay pornography in 1996 at the age of 43 working as a realtor. In 1998, he appeared in Sex/Life in L. A. Jochen Hick's adult documentary about the sex lives of the men who make L. A. adult movies. In 1999, he revealed in a story published in the London Standard that he was HIV-positive and had a relationship with former British Conservative Party MEP Tom Spencer. In 2000 he was one of the celebrity gay porn stars taking part in the "Pillage & Plunder" cruise to benefit Pride Tampa Bay, he died of an AIDS-related illness on June 2015 in Palm Springs. 1997 Men in Video Awards winner of Best Top. 1998 Men in Video Awards winner of Best Actor. 1998 Grabby Awards winner Best performer. 1998 GayVN Awards winner of Gay performer of the year and Best supporting actor. 2000 GayVN Awards winner of Special Achievement Award for AIDS causes. 2000 Grabby Awards Hall of Fame.
List of male performers in gay porn films Cole Tucker on IMDb Cole Tucker at the Internet Adult Film Database
The Battle of Chojnice occurred on 18 September 1454 near the town of Chojnice, between Poland and the Teutonic Knights during the Thirteen Years' War. The battle was won by the Teutonic Knights; the Teutonic army had 6,000 infantry under Bernhard von Zinnenberg. The Polish army had 16,000 cavalry, a few thousand servants, a few hundred infantry plus 500 mercenaries and burghers from Gdańsk and 2,000 mercenaries hired by the Prussian Confederacy, all under the command of King Casimir IV, advised by chancellor Jan Koniecpolski and Piotr from Szczekociny; the Polish commanders were counting on the battle being won by the Polish heavy cavalry, not caring much about either artillery or infantry. They had not thought that their opponents could change their traditional strategy, or that the Teutonic soldiers besieged in Chojnice could be anything more than spectators. Bernard von Zinnenberg, had planned a different kind of battle. At the beginning everything went as expected, following the pattern of many other battles between the Poles and Teutonic Knights.
The Polish cavalry charged, breaking the Teutonic lines, killing Duke Rudolf of Sagan and capturing Bernhard von Zinnenberg. The Teutonic cavalry tried to escape to Chojnice. A sudden sally from Chojnice at the back of the Polish army caused panic. Bernhard von Zinnenberg organised the pursuit; the Polish King fought on with great personal courage and his knights had to force him to leave the battlefield. The Polish defeat was complete. 3,000 bodies were left on the battlefield, 300 knights were captured by the Teutonic Knights, including three main commanders: Mikolaj Szarlejski, Łukasz Górka, Wojciech Kostka from Postupice. The Teutonic Knights lost only around 100 men. Bernhard von Zinnenberg, was however, formally a Polish prisoner. Jacek Knopek, Bogdan Kuffel: Bitwa pod Chojnicami 18 IX 1454 r. W tradycji historycznej i regionalnej. Chojnice: Biblioteka Chojnicka, 2004
KUVN-DT, virtual channel 23, is a Univision owned-and-operated television station licensed to Garland, United States and serving the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex. The station is owned by the Univision Local Media subsidiary of Univision Communications, as part of a duopoly with Irving-licensed UniMás owned-and-operated station KSTR-DT; the two stations share studios on Bryan Street in downtown Dallas. The UHF channel 23 allocation in the Dallas–Fort Worth market had been allocated for KDTX. Lakewood Broadcasting, who signed on KGKO in January 1953, was issued a construction permit to sign on the station in 1952; the Richardson Independent School District signed on an educational television station on channel 23 on February 29, 1960, KRET-TV. It was the first television station in the United States to be owned by a school district. Licensed to nearby Richardson, KRET only broadcast on weekdays during the school year for only two hours a day before expanding to the entire school day. Costing only $70,000 to build, it operated out of Richardson Junior High School, before moving to Richardson High School in 1963.
Although operating on a full-power license, the station only provided a signal up to 20 miles from its transmitter. KRET-TV ceased operations in May 1970, on August 31, was transitioned to the "TAGER" closed-circuit television system used for high school and college telecourses; the current television station licensed to channel 23 first signed on the air on September 25, 1986 as KIAB. The station carried a mix of English-language religious programs sourced from the Christian Television Network during the morning hours, Spanish language programming from the Spanish International Network during the afternoon and evening hours, programming from the Home Shopping Network during the overnight hours; the station operated from studios located on Marquis Street in Garland. Vaughan sold KIAB to Univision in 1988, becoming the second commercial network owned-and-operated station in the Dallas market—after KDAF. At that point, channel 23 began running Univision programming 24 hours a day. KUVN-CD's construction permit was owned by the American Christian Television System and was transferred to Bill Trammell in 1990.
In 1994, the station's license was transferred to Rodriguez-Heftel-Texas. The license was transferred to KESS-TV License Corporation on May 16, 1996; the last transfer to date was in 1996. The station relocated its signal from UHF channel 31 to channel 47 in 2001. KUVN-LP was designated as a Class A low-power station and changed its call letters to KUVN-CA on March 1, 2002. A construction permit was issued by the FCC on August 4, 2008 to allow then-KUVN-CA to operate a digital signal on channel 47, with an effective radiated power of 190 watts; the station was licensed for digital operation on June 3, 2015, changed its call sign to KUVN-CD. KUVN-CD is not a repeater or a translator, as a Class A station cannot act as a repeater or translator; the stations' digital signals are multiplexed: KUVN shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 23, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 24 to channel 23.
Prior to the shutdown of its analog signal, KUVN presented live coverage from Times Square showing the countdown to the nationwide digital transition. KUVN-DT broadcasts 12 hours of locally produced newscasts each week. Following its acquisition by Univision, the network invested in a news department for the station and began producing nightly Spanish language local newscasts at 5:00 and 10:00 p.m. In the summer of 2010, KUVN introduced a new high-definition-ready graphics package for its newscasts, began using a new news theme, shared among many Univision affiliates in the United States and Puerto Rico. On April 11, 2011, KUVN began broadcasting Primera Edicion and Vive La Mañana on Telefutura affiliate KSTR. Like its newscasts at different times, it is broadcast in 480i standard definition, within their old studio set. Sister station KXLN-DT in Houston uses the same titles for their newscasts. In 2011, a new set for KUVN's newscasts was introduced. In 2012, KUVN began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.
On March 27, 2015, Univision announced it will replace Univision 23's morning newscast and Univision 45's Vive La Mañana with a regionalized morning newscast called Noticias Texas Primera Edicion that will air on Univision's stations in Dallas, San Antonio, Austin from 4 am to 6 a.m. meaning that Univision 23's morning show would be cancelled.
Shravya is an Indian film actress who has appeared in Telugu and Tamil language films. After making her debut as a child actress, Shravya has since played lead roles in Love You Bangaram and Vellikizhamai 13am Thethi. Shravya began her career as a child artist in the Telugu film industry, featuring in projects including Sandade Sandadi and Arya. In 2014, she made her debut as a leading actress with Govi's Love You Bangaram and also worked on Kai Raja Kai; the films both received mixed reviews from critics. In 2016, Shravya made her debut in Tamil language films through a role in Pugazh Mani's Vellikizhamai 13am Thethi. Featuring alongside Rathan Mouli and Suza Kumar, the film garnered mixed reviews and had a low profile release at the box office
The Lanchester Valley Railway was an English railway line, developed by the North Eastern Railway to run between Durham to Consett. Extending 12 miles along the valley of the River Browney, it opened on 1 September 1862. Closed under the Beeching Axe, it has been redeveloped by Durham County Council as a foot and cycle path as the Lanchester Valley Railway Path. In 1842, the Derwent Iron Company had taken over the southern part of the former Stanhope and Tyne Railway. After the West Durham Railway constructed a line to Crook, the Stockton and Darlington Railway began construction of the Weardale Extension Railway to Crook, which opened on 8 November 1843, from a junction on its leased Weardale Railway; as a result, the DIC proposed an extension from Crook to the foot of the Meeting Slacks incline, which became Waskerley, to provide a southern shipping route for their lime and iron products. Having obtained an extension of their right of way from the Bishop of Durham, the DIC submitted the plans to the S&DR, who agreed to the extension as long as the DIC leased the entire southern section of the former S&TR to them.
The Stanhope to Carrhouse section passed into the possession of the S&DR on 1 January 1845, with the completed 10 miles Weardale Extension Railway from the Wear Valley Junction to Waskerley opening on 16 May 1845. After the opening of the Weardale Extension Railway and the completion of Hownes Gill Viaduct under Thomas Bouch in 1858, the DIC had pressured the newly formed NER to link Consett with the River Tyne via Gateshead. After the North Eastern Railway was formed in 1854, they looked for commercially sound new projects within their territory; the proposed Derwent Valley Line would give great commercial value to the DIC, but its potential value to the NER was unknown. The NER hence proposed a larger scale plan, to connect Durham to Gateshead and onwards to Newcastle Central via a second route. At this time, the NER had only the Leamside Line connecting the two major cities, so a secondary line seemed promising. Further, it was known that there was coal in the valley of the River Browney, so developing a railway through it would show speculators that low-cost and reliable transport was available.
By the 1860s the DIC needed better access to the iron town of Middlesbrough and the neighbouring ironstone of the Cleveland Hills to feed its furnaces. At this time they were accessed by various circuitous rail links between the two towns, but a direct route was required. Construction commenced in February 1861 from Durham in the south, with all infrastructure built to double-track standards, but the line was built only as a single track; the line opened a year with stations at: Consett Knitsley Lanchester Witton Gilbert Durham The NER built a number of substantial stone bridges along the line to span the River Browney, but the largest was located 1.5 miles east of Knitsley over Kitsley Burn. Needing to span a valley, 700 feet across, the railway chose a wooden structure, which when finished was a maximum of 70 feet high. At the outbreak of World War I, the bridge was found to be in need of major repairs, so under instruction from the Ministry of War and with assistance from the army, the NER replaced the structure with an embankment using colliery slag and old ballast.
In 1870, Lord Lambton accepted an application to search for coal, the following year it was found. After the agreement of suitable mineral rights leases, the NER in anticipation double-tracked the entire length of the line. Collieries subsequently opened at Bearpark, Malton and Langley Park, all served by the railway. Passenger numbers were always light on the line from coal miners taking early morning and late night works trains, from workers travelling to Consett; the expansion of the coal mines in the late Victoria era resulted in the additional opening of a station at Aldin Grange in 1883. The line became part of the London and North Eastern Railway during the Grouping of 1923. Passenger numbers fell as the various collieries closed, the LNER ceased regular passenger services at the outbreak of World War II. Occasional excursions to the Durham Miners Gala continued until 1954, after the line had passed to the Eastern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. Goods traffic to the various stations continued until 1965, but the branch was closed under the Beeching Axe.
Consett Steelworks traffic was diverted by British Railways via the former Stanhope and Tyne Railway, allowing the Lanchester Railway to close on 20 June 1966. Contractors removed the track the following year. Closed under the Beeching Axe, today 12 miles has been redeveloped by Durham County Council the Lanchester Valley Railway Path, suitable for walking and horse riding. At the western end of the path south of Consett, the route links with the Sea to Sea cycle route; the eastern end of the path at Broompark Picnic Area near Stonebridge meets up with the Walney to Wear route. There are many beautiful sites along the ruins of Beaurepaire at Bearpark being one. List of rail trails Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd.
ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 2