Italian General Confederation of Labour

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Full nameItalian General Confederation of Labour
Native nameConfederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro
FoundedJune 1944
Members5.686.010 (2013)
AffiliationITUC, ETUC, TUAC
Key peopleSusanna Camusso
(General Secretary)
Office locationRome, Italy

The Italian General Confederation of Labour (Italian: Confederazione Generale Italiana del Lavoro; CGIL) is a national trade union centre in Italy. It was formed by agreement between socialists, communists, and Christian democrats in the "Pact of Rome" of June 1944. But in 1950, socialists and Christian democrats split forming UIL and CISL, and since then the CGIL has been influenced by the Communist Party (PCI) and until recent years by the parties that succeeded the PCI.

It has been the most important Italian trade union since its creation. It has a membership of over 5.5 million. Along with the decline of membership within its political equivalent, the Democratic Party, its membership is in steep decline since 2013, with the percentage of pensioners in constant rise. On July 1, 2015, the number of working adults reached a ceiling at 2.185.099. The CGIL is currently the second largest trade union in Europe, after the German DGB, which has over 6 million members.

The CGIL is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation and the European Trade Union Confederation, and is a member of the Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD.

General secretaries[edit]

Term of office
1 Giuseppe Di Vittorio
February 1945 November 1957
2 Agostino Novella
November 1957 March 1970
3 Luciano Lama
March 1970 March 1986
4 Antonio Pizzinato
(1932– )
March 1986 November 1988
5 Bruno Trentin
November 1988 November 1994
6 Sergio Cofferati
(1948– )
November 1994 September 2002
7 Guglielmo Epifani
(1950– )
September 2002 November 2010
8 Susanna Camusso
(1955– )
November 2010 Incumbent

Affiliated union federations[edit]

FIOM Federazione Impiegati Operai Metallurgici (Metalworkers)
SPI Sindacato Pensionati Italiani (Pensioners)
FLAI Federazione Lavoratori dell'Agro-Industria (Farmworkers)
FILLEA Federazione Italiana dei Lavoratori del Legno, dell'Edilizia, Industrie affini ed Estrattive
FILT Federazione Italiana Lavoratori Trasporti (Transport)
FILTEA Federazione Italiana Lavoratori Tessili e Abbigliamento (Fabric trade)
FILCEM Federazione dei Lavoratori della Chimica, dell'Energia e delle Manifatture (Chemical, Energy, and manufacturing)
FILCAMS Federazione Italiana Lavoratori Commercio, Albergo, Mensa e Servizi
FISAC Federazione Italiana Sindacale Lavoratori Assicurazione e Credito (Insurance and Credit)
NIDIL Nuove Identità di Lavoro
SLC Sindacato Lavoratori Comunicazione (Communications)
FLC Federazione dei Lavoratori della Conoscenza (Education)
FP Federazione dei Lavoratori della Funzione Pubblica (Public sector workers)

Formally Associated Bodies[edit]

Auser Autogestione servizi SPI associacion for the self-employed
SUNIA Sindacato Unitario Inquilini e Assegnatari
Federconsumatori Consumer federation
RdSM Rete degli Studenti Medi, Secondary School Student Union
UdU Unione degli universitari, University Student Union

See also[edit]


  • ICTUR et al.,, ed. (2005). Trade Unions of the World (6th ed.). London, UK: John Harper Publishing. ISBN 0-9543811-5-7.

External links[edit]