Ivory Coast The Ivory Coast and formally Côte d'Ivoire the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country located on the south coast of West Africa. Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro in the centre of the country, while its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan, it borders Guinea to the northwest, Liberia to the west, Mali to the northwest, Burkina Faso to the northeast, Ghana to the east, the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The official language of the republic is French, with local indigenous languages being used that include Baoulé, Dan and Cebaara Senufo. In total, there are around 78 different languages spoken in Ivory Coast; the country has large populations of Muslims and various indigenous religions. Before its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire and Baoulé; the area became a protectorate of France in 1843 and was consolidated as a French colony in 1893 amid the European scramble for Africa. It achieved independence in 1960, led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny, who ruled the country until 1993.
Stable by regional standards, Ivory Coast established close political and economic ties with its West African neighbors while at the same time maintaining close relations to the West France. Ivory Coast experienced a coup d'état in 1999 and two religiously-grounded civil wars, first between 2002 and 2007 and again during 2010–2011. In 2000, the country adopted a new constitution. Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive power vested in its president. Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s, though it went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil, it was not until around 2014 that the gross domestic product again reached the level of its peak in the 1970s. In the 21st century, the Ivorian economy has been market-based, it still relies on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being predominant. Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa roughly, into four "coasts" reflecting local economies.
The coast that the French named the Côte d'Ivoire and the Portuguese named the Costa Do Marfim —both mean "Coast of Ivory"— lay between what was known as the Guiné de Cabo Verde, so-called "Upper Guinea" at Cap-Vert, Lower Guinea. There was a Pepper Coast known as the "Grain Coast", a "Gold Coast", a "Slave Coast". Like those, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of the coast: the export of ivory. Other names included the Côte de Dents "Coast of Teeth", again reflecting the trade in ivory. One can find the name Cote de Dents used in older works, it was used in Duckett's Dictionnaire and by Nicolas Villault de Bellefond, for example, although Antoine François Prévost used Côte d'Ivoire. In the 19th century, usage switched to Côte d'Ivoire; the coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" or "Ivory" coast, considered to stretch from Cape Palmas to Cape Three Points and, thus now divided between the modern states of Ghana and Ivory Coast.
It retained the name through French rule and independence in 1960. The name had long since been translated into other languages, which the post-independence government considered troublesome whenever its international dealings extended beyond the Francophone sphere. Therefore, in April 1986, the government declared that Côte d'Ivoire would be its formal name for the purposes of diplomatic protocol, since officially refuses to recognize or accept any translation from French to another language in its international dealings. Despite the Ivorian government's request, the English translation "Ivory Coast" is still used in English by various media outlets and publications; the first human presence in Ivory Coast has been difficult to determine because human remains have not been well preserved in the country's humid climate. However, newly found weapon and tool fragments have been interpreted as a possible indication of a large human presence during the Upper Paleolithic period, or at the minimum, the Neolithic period.
The earliest known inhabitants of Ivory Coast have left traces scattered throughout the territory. Historians believe that they were all either displaced or absorbed by the ancestors of the present indigenous inhabitants, who migrated south into the area before the 16th century; such groups included the Kotrowou, Zéhiri, Ega and Diès. The first recorded history appears in the chronicles of North African traders, from early Roman times, conducted a caravan trade across the Sahara in salt, slaves and other goods; the southern terminals of the trans-Saharan trade routes were located on the edge of the desert, from there supplemental trade extended as far south as the edge of the rain forest. The more important terminals—Djenné, T
Greg Steven Tabor is a former right-handed Major League Baseball second baseman and pinch runner who played for the Texas Rangers in 1987. Drafted by the Rangers 10th overall in the January Regular phase of the 1981 amateur draft, Tabor split time with the GCL Rangers and Asheville Tourists that year. Combined, he hit.193 in 161 at-bats that season. In 1982, Tabor played for the Burlington Rangers and Tulsa Drillers, he hit.240 with 32 stolen bases in 392 at-bats. He spent 1983 with the Drillers. Again with the Drillers in 1984, he hit.299 with 22 stolen bases in 462 at-bats. Tabor spent all of 1986 and 1987 with the Oklahoma City 89ers. With the 89ers in 1985, he hit.222 in 81 at-bats. He hit.284 in 401 at-bats in 1986, in 1987 he hit.303 with 22 stolen bases in 528 at-bats. He made his major league debut that year on September 10, he pinch ran for Larry Parrish against the California Angels, in his sole at-bat he popped out. He did. Tabor appeared in nine games in 1987. Used as a pinch runner, he scored four runs.
He played his final game on October 4. On March 17, 1988, he was traded to the Chicago Cubs with Ray Hayward for Dave Meier. Tabor and Paul Noce battled for the 25th roster spot in spring training of 1988, however the Cubs signed Angel Salazar, gave him the 25th spot, he played in 130 games for their Triple-A team the Iowa Cubs in 1988, hitting.267, walking only 19 times in 469 at-bats. Overall, he hit.272 with 145 stolen bases in 800 minor league games. He drove 310 in. Baseball Reference The Baseball Cube
Hersden is a village and civil parish east of Canterbury in Kent, South East England. It is established as a planned coalmining village dating from the 1920s, on the A28 road between Canterbury and the Isle of Thanet. Work in Kent Coalfield was the main source of employment for the male residents of the village until the closure of the Kent colliery in the 1980s; the parish was formed on 1 April 2019 from Sturry and Westbere. A 5th-6th century cemetery of Frisians and Jutes was discovered nearby in 1931. Exploratory works for a Channel Tunnel at Shakespeare Cliff near Dover led to the identification of the Kent Coalfield in 1890, its northern extension came after coal was discovered at Chislet in 1918. The miners lived in Ramsgate but in 1924 the Chislet Colliery Housing Society was formed to build a mining village of 300 houses, which became Hersden; the mine closed in 1969 but the Chislet Colliery Welfare Club remains. Now, there is a Chinese restaurant, the village hall which houses a social club and a large and impressive B.
M. X track was built. There are two churches in Hersden. Sturry Parish Council