Joanne Rowling, better known by her pen name J. K. Rowling, is a British author, film producer, television producer and philanthropist, she is best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series, which has won multiple awards and sold more than 500 million copies, becoming the best-selling book series in history. The books are the basis of a popular film series, over which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and was a producer on the final films, she writes crime fiction under the name Robert Galbraith. Born in Yate, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990; the seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband, relative poverty until the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, was published in 1997. There were six sequels, of which the last, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was released in 2007.
Since Rowling has written five books for adult readers: The Casual Vacancy and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction Cormoran Strike series, which consists of The Cuckoo's Calling, The Silkworm, Career of Evil, Lethal White. Rowling has lived a "rags to riches" life in which she progressed from living on benefits to being the world's first billionaire author, she lost her billionaire status after giving away much of her earnings to charity but remains one of the wealthiest people in the world. She is the UK's best-selling living author, with sales in excess of £238 million; the 2016 Sunday Times Rich List estimated Rowling's fortune at £600 million, ranking her as the joint 197th richest person in the UK. Time named her a runner-up for its 2007 Person of the Year, noting the social and political inspiration she has given her fans. In October 2010, Rowling was named the "Most Influential Woman in Britain" by leading magazine editors, she has supported multiple charities, including Comic Relief, One Parent Families, Multiple Sclerosis Society of Great Britain, as well as launching her own charity, Lumos.
Although she writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling, her name, before her remarriage, was Joanne Rowling. Anticipating that the target audience of young boys might not want to read a book written by a woman, her publishers asked that she use two initials rather than her full name; as she had no middle name, she chose K as the second initial of her pen name, from her paternal grandmother. She calls herself Jo. Following her remarriage, she has sometimes used the name Joanne Murray when conducting personal business. During the Leveson Inquiry she gave evidence under the name of Joanne Kathleen Rowling and her entry in Who's Who lists her name as Joanne Kathleen Rowling. Joanne Rowling was born on 31 July 1965 in Yate, the daughter of science technician Anne and Rolls-Royce aircraft engineer Peter James Rowling, her parents first met on a train departing from King's Cross Station bound for Arbroath in 1964. They married on 14 March 1965. One of Rowling's maternal great-grandfathers, Dugald Campbell, was a Scottish man from Lamlash.
Her mother's French paternal grandfather, Louis Volant, was awarded the War Cross for exceptional bravery in defending the village of Courcelles-le-Comte during World War I. Rowling believed Volant had won the Legion of Honour during the war, as she said when she received it herself in 2009, she discovered the truth when featured in an episode of the UK genealogy series Who Do You Think You Are? in which she found out it was a different Louis Volant who won the Legion of Honour. When she heard her grandfather's story of bravery and discovered that the War Cross was for "ordinary" soldiers like her grandfather, a waiter, she stated the War Cross was "better" to her than the Legion of Honour. Rowling's sister Dianne was born at their home; the family moved to the nearby village Winterbourne. As a child, Rowling wrote fantasy stories which she read to her sister. Aged nine, Rowling moved to Church Cottage in the Gloucestershire village of Tutshill, close to Chepstow, Wales; when she was a young teenager, her great-aunt gave her a copy of Jessica Mitford's autobiography and Rebels.
Mitford became Rowling's heroine, Rowling read all of her books. Rowling has said, her home life was complicated by her mother's diagnosis with multiple sclerosis and a strained relationship with her father, with whom she is not on speaking terms. Rowling said that she based the character of Hermione Granger on herself when she was eleven. Sean Harris, her best friend in the Upper Sixth, owned a turquoise Ford Anglia which she says inspired a flying version that appeared in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Like many teenagers, she became interested in rock music, listening to the Clash, the Smiths, Siouxsie Sioux, adopting the look of the latter with back-combed hair and black eyeliner, a look that she would still sport when beginning university; as a child, Rowling attended St Michael's Primary School, a school founded by abolitionist William Wilberforce and education reformer Hannah More. Her headmaster at St Michael's, Alfred Dunn, has been suggested as the inspiration for the Harry Potter headmaster Albus Dumbledore.
She attended secondary school at Wyedean School and College, where her mother worked in the science department. Steve Eddy, her first secondary school English teacher, remembers her as "not exceptional" but "one of a group of girls who were bright, quite goo
Lydia Lassila is an Australian Olympic freestyle skier gold medalist who competed in the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, the 2006 Winter Olympic Games in Turin, the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi and the 2018 Winter Olympic Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea. She is the 2014 bronze medalist. On 20 October 2010, Lassila was awarded the prestigious'The Don' award by the Sport Australia Hall of Fame, which recognised her ability to inspire as well as her achievements during 2010, including her gold medal performance at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. Lydia Lassila was born 17 January 1982 in Australia, she is of Italian descent. Her mother is her father Cypriot. Lassila completed her primary schooling at Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Primary School in Sunshine and completed her secondary education at Methodist Ladies' College and Westbourne Grammar School, she completed a bachelor's degree in Applied Science at RMIT University. She is married to Lauri Lassila, a Finnish former professional freestyle skier, whose career included placing 2nd in moguls at the FIS Freestyle Skiing World Championships in 1999.
She gave birth to her first son in 2011 after winning Gold at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics. Her second son was born in 2015 after the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Lassila is a motivational speaker and founded her company BodyICE in 2007 after her own experience with managing injury. Lassila is sponsored by Suzuki. Lassila supports the Essendon Bombers in the AFL. In June 2005, Lassila suffered a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament and underwent radical knee reconstruction in which a cadaver's achilles tendon was grafted into her knee to replace her damaged ACL; this allowed for a faster recovery and a swift return to the slopes in time for the start of the 2006 Winter Olympic Games in February. During the second qualifying round of the Torino aerials competition, Lassila's knee collapsed on impact after she attempted to land a difficult jump, re-rupturing her ACL and forcing her to withdraw. However, taking inspiration from compatriots and teammates Jacqui Cooper and Alisa Camplin, both of whom have suffered similar knee injuries, the 24-year-old Lassila vowed to return to the sport when she recovered.
Lassila made her comeback to World Cup competition 16 months in China in December 2007, collecting a silver medal in her first event. She ended the 2007/08 season ranked second in the World Cup standings, went on to win her first World Cup title in the following 2008/09 season. At the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Lassila won gold in the aerials, getting Australia's second gold medal for the games after snowboarder Torah Bright won gold in the halfpipe at Cypress Mountain; this medal was the second gold for an Australian in the aerials at all Winter Olympic Games, after Alisa Camplin in 2002. There was a lot of pressure and hype from the Australian press for Lassila to do well as world number one, she was in second position after the first jump of the final, before posting the highest scoring second round jump. The leader after the first jump, Xu Mengtao, had the last jump, but scored more than 25 points below Lassila's second jump to fall down the rankings into sixth, due to a failed landing.
Lassila had a combined score of 214.74. Australian team-mates Jacqui Cooper and Elizabeth Gardner finished 5th with 194.29 and 12th with 86.70 respectively. Lassila achieved a Bronze medal in the Freestyle Skiing Women's Aerials event, her jump was a quad-twisting triple somersault. If she had'landed' it she would have been the first woman to do so, but she landed hard and'slapped' down on her back on landing, her score for the aerial was 72.12. Lassilas' prior jumps were scored at 95.76 and 99.22. At the beginning of 2017, Lassila returned to competition in a bid to return to the Winter Olympics for 2018. On 3 February 2017 she won her first World Cup event since 2014, clinching a close fought victory ahead of Kiley McKinnon and Xu Mengtao at Deer Valley, she went on to obtain the second and the third World Cup wins at the end of February in Minsk and in the beginning of March 2017 in Moscow. Apart from her sporting medals, Lassila has received other honours and awards: 2010 Australian Institute of Sport'Athlete of the Year' 2010 Sport Australia Hall of Fame,'The Don' Award 2010 Governor's Award for the Victorian Sportsperson of the Year 2010 Victorian Female Athlete of the Year- Kitty McEwan Award 2010 Ski and Snowboard Australia Athlete of the Year Lydia is the subject of a feature documentary film called The Will To Fly that chronicles her life and sport pursuits.
The film was released in Australia in 2016 to much critical acclaim. The international release is intended for 2017. In 2018, Lassila appeared as a contestant on Australian Survivor: Champions vs. Contenders, competing in the fifth season of the competitive reality television series Australian Survivor as part of the Champions tribe. In the beginning of the game, Lassila dominated in challenges, winning for her tribe in many instances. Lassila made strong relationships in the game, notably with fellow contestants Mat Rogers and Shane Gould. Come the merge, Lassila was seen as a physical threat by many contestants and was voted out in 12th place
During the 1991–92 English football season, Cambridge United competed in the Football League Second Division. Cambridge had returned to English football's second tier after an absence of seven seasons, following two successive promotions. Few expected Cambridge to succeed at a high level after their rapid rise, five years after having to reapply for Football League status, but Cambridge managed to make the play-offs for promotion to the inaugural Premiership season with a fifth-place finish - their highest-ever placing in the Football League. Cambridge lost in the semi-finals to Leicester City - following a 1-1 draw at home in the first leg, they were hammered 5-0 at Filbert Street for a 6-1 aggregate loss - but this cruel end to their promotion hopes did little to detract from what Cambridge had achieved in such a short period of time. Crucial to Cambridge's success was free-scoring striker Dion Dublin. Influence became Cambridge's new kit manufacturers, introduced a new home kit for the season.
The kit saw a return to tradition for Cambridge, with the club returning to its tradition dark orange shirts and black shorts, with black socks worn. Fujitsu retained their sponsorship for away kits and, following the end of Cambridge's sponsorship deal with Howlett, became the home sponsors too. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Devon White - Bristol Rovers, March 1992 John Taylor - Bristol Rovers, £90,000, March 1992 17 August: Port Vale 2–1 Oxford United attendance 6,984 5 October: Ipswich Town 2-1 Oxford United attendance 9,922 26 October: Oxford United 1–2 Leicester United attendance 5,206 9 November: Portsmouth 2-1 Oxford United 18 January: Oxford United 2–2 Port Vale attendance 4,199 8 February: Leicester City 2–1 Oxford United attendance 12,128 21 March: Oxford United 2-1 Portsmouth 25 April: Oxford United 1-1 Ipswich Town attendance 10,525 Derby County 2-2 Oxford United Oxford United 2-0 Derby County 10 May: Cambridge United 1–1 Leicester City attendance 9,225 13 May: Leicester City 5–0 Cambridge United attendance 21,024 4-6 January: Oxford United 3–1 Tranmere Rovers 25-27 January: Cambridge United 0–3 Swindon Town