Dame Florence Marjorie Wilcox, known professionally as Anna Neagle, was an English stage and film actress and dancer. Neagle was a successful box-office draw in the British cinema for 20 years and was voted the most popular star in Britain in 1949, she was known for providing glamour and sophistication to war-torn London audiences with her lightweight musicals and historical dramas. All of her films were produced and directed by Herbert Wilcox, whom she married in 1943. In her historical dramas Anna Neagle was renowned for her portrayals of British historical figures, including Nell Gwynn, Queen Victoria and Edith Cavell. Neagle was born in Forest Gate, daughter to Herbert William Robertson, a Merchant Navy captain, his wife, the former Florence Neagle, her older brother was actor Stuart Robertson. Robertson attended primary school in Glasgow and St Albans High School for Girls, she made her stage debut as a dancer in 1917, appeared in the chorus of C. B. Cochran's revues and André Charlot's revue Bubbly.
While with Cochran she understudied Jessie Matthews. In 1931 she starred in the West End musical Stand Up and Sing, with actor Jack Buchanan, who encouraged her to take a featured role. For this play she began using the professional name of Anna Neagle; the play was a success with a total run of 604 performances. Stand Up and Sing provided her big break when film producer and director Herbert Wilcox, who had caught the show purposely to consider Buchanan for an upcoming film, but took note of her cinematic potential. Forming a professional alliance with Wilcox, Neagle played her first starring film role in the musical Goodnight, again with Jack Buchanan. With this film Neagle became an overnight favourite. Although the film cost a mere £23,000 to produce, it was a hit at the box office, with profits from its Australian release alone being £150,000. After her starring role in The Flag Lieutenant, directed by and co-starring Henry Edwards, she worked under Wilcox's direction for all but one of her subsequent films, becoming one of Britain's biggest stars.
She continued in the musical genre. This first version of Noël Coward's tale of ill-fated lovers was obscured by the better known Jeanette MacDonald–Nelson Eddy remake in 1940. Neagle had her first major success with Nell Gwynn, which Wilcox had shot as a silent starring Dorothy Gish in 1926. Neagle's performance as the woman who became the mistress of Charles II prompted some censorship in the United States; the Hays Office had Wilcox add a scene featuring the two leads getting married and a "framing" story resulting in an different ending. Graham Greene a film critic, said of Nell Gwynn: "I have seen few things more attractive than Miss Neagle in breeches". Two years after Nell Gwynn, she followed up with another real-life figure, portraying Irish actress Peg Woffington in Peg of Old Drury; that same year she appeared in Limelight, a backstage film musical in which she played a chorus girl. Her co-star was Arthur Tracy, who had gained fame in the United States as a radio performer known as'The Street Singer'.
The film featured Jack Buchanan in an uncredited cameo. Performing "Goodnight Vienna". Neagle and Wilcox followed with a circus trapeze fable Three Maxims, released in the United States as The Show Goes On; the film, with a script featuring a contribution from Herman J. Mankiewicz, had Neagle performing her own high-wire acrobatics. Although now successful in films, Neagle continued acting on stage. In 1934, while working under director Robert Atkins, she performed as Rosalind in As You Like It and Olivia in Twelfth Night. Both productions earned her critical accolades, despite the fact that she had never performed Shakespearean roles before. In 1937 Neagle gave her most prestigious performance so far – as Queen Victoria in the historical drama Victoria the Great, co-starring Anton Walbrook as Prince Albert; the script by Robert Vansittart and Miles Malleson alternated between the political and the personal lives of the royal couple. The Diamond Jubilee sequence that climaxed the film was shot in Technicolor.
Victoria the Great was such an international success that it resulted in Neagle and Walbrook playing their roles again in an all-Technicolor sequel entitled Sixty Glorious Years, co-starring C. Aubrey Smith as the Duke of Wellington. While the first of these films was in release, Neagle returned to the London stage and entertained audiences with her portrayal of the title role in Peter Pan; the success of Victoria the Great and Sixty Glorious Years caused Hollywood studios to take notice. Neagle and Wilcox began an association with RKO Radio Pictures, their first American film was Nurse Edith Cavell, a remake of Dawn, a Wilcox silent that starred Sybil Thorndike. In this, another Neagle role based on an actual British heroine, she played the role of the nurse, shot by the Germans in World War I for alleged spying; the resulting effort had a significant impact for audiences on the eve of war. In a turnabout from this serious drama, the couple followed with three musical comedies, all based on once-popular stage plays.
The first of these was Irene. It included a Technicolor sequence, which featured Neagle singing the play's most famous son
Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour, its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea; the district is within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, although Chelsea gives its name to nearby locations, such as Chelsea Harbour in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Chelsea Barracks in the City of Westminster. From 1900, until the creation of Greater London in 1965, it formed the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea in the County of London; the exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has resulted in the term Sloane Ranger being used to describe its residents.
Since 2011, Channel 4 has broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the lives of affluent young people living there. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea residents being born in the U. S; the word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for "landing place for chalk or limestone". Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD; the first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King's Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor, gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, it passed into private ownership. By 1086 the Domesday Book records that Chelsea was in the hundred of Ossulstone in Middlesex, with Edward of Salisbury as tenant-in-chief. King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536. Two of King Henry's wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House.
In 1609 James I established a theological college, "King James's College at Chelsey" on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682. By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, once described as "a village of palaces" – had a population of 3,000. So, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis; the street crossing, known as Little Chelsea, Park Walk, linked Fulham Road to King's Road and continued to the Thames and local ferry down Lover's Lane, renamed "Milmans Street" in the 18th century. King's Road, named for Charles II, recalls the King's private road from St James's Palace to Fulham, maintained until the reign of George IV. One of the more important buildings in King's Road, the former Chelsea Town Hall, popularly known as "Chelsea Old Town hall" – a fine neo-classical building – contains important frescoes.
Part of the building contains the Chelsea Public Library. Opposite stands the former Odeon Cinema, now Habitat, with its iconic façade which carries high upon it a large sculptured medallion of the now almost-forgotten William Friese-Greene, who claimed to have invented celluloid film and cameras in the 1880s before any subsequent patents. According to Encyclopædia Britannica, "the better residential portion of Chelsea is the eastern, near Sloane Street and along the river; this is no longer the case, although Council property do remain. The areas to the west attract high prices; this former fashionable village was absorbed into London during the eighteenth century. Many notable people of 18th century London, such as the bookseller Andrew Millar, were both married and buried in the district; the memorials in the churchyard of Chelsea Old Church, near the river, illustrate much of the history of Chelsea. These include Lady Dacre; the intended tomb Sir Thomas More erected for himself and his wives can be found there, though More is not in fact buried here.
In 1718, the Raw Silk Company was established in Chelsea Park, with mulberry trees and a hothouse for raising silkworms. At its height in 1723, it supplied silk to Caroline of Ansbach Princess of Wales. Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns, made from a long strip of sweet dough coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, topped with sugar; the Chelsea Bun House was patronised by the Georgian royalty. At Easter, great crowds would assemble on the open spaces of the Five Fields – subsequently developed as Belgravia; the Bun House would do a great trade in hot cross buns and sold about quarter of a million on its final Good Friday in 1839. The area was famous for its "Chelsea China" ware, though the works, the Chelsea porcelain factory – thought to be the first workshop to make porcelain in England – were sold in 1769, moved to Derby. Examples of the original Chelsea ware fetch high values; the best-known building is Chelsea R
Royal Warrant of Appointment (United Kingdom)
Royal warrants of appointment have been issued since the 15th century to those who supply goods or services to a royal court or certain royal personages. The warrant enables the supplier to advertise the fact that they supply to the royal family, so lending prestige to the brand and/or supplier. In the United Kingdom, grants are made by the three most senior members of the British royal family to companies or tradesmen who supply goods and services to individuals in the family. Suppliers continue to charge for their goods and services – a warrant does not imply that they provide goods and services free of charge; the warrant is advertised on billboards, letter-heads and products by displaying the coat of arms or the heraldic badge of the royal personage as appropriate. Underneath the coat of arms will appear the phrase "By Appointment to..." followed by the title and name of the royal customer, what goods are provided. No other details of what is supplied may be given; the granting of royal patronage or royal charter was practised across Europe from the early Medieval period.
However, royal patronage was granted to those working in the arts. Royal charters began to replace royal patronage in around the 12th century; the earliest charters were granted to the trade guilds, with the first recorded British royal charter being granted to the Weavers’ Company in 1155 by Henry II of England. By the 15th century, the Royal Warrant of Appointment replaced the Royal Charter in England, providing a more formalised system of recognition. Under a Royal Warrant, the Lord Chamberlain appointed tradespeople as suppliers to the Royal household; the printer William Caxton was one of the first recipients of a Royal Warrant when he became the King's printer in 1476. One of the early monarchs to grant a warrant was King Charles II of England. A Royal warrant sent a strong public signal that the holder supplied goods of a quality acceptable for use in the Royal household, by inference, inspired the confidence of the general public. At a time when product quality was a public issue, a royal warrant imbued suppliers with an independent sign of value.
By the 18th century, mass market manufacturers such as Josiah Wedgwood and Matthew Boulton, recognised the value of supplying royalty at prices well below cost, for the sake of the publicity and kudos it generated. Royal Warrants became keenly sought-after and manufacturers began displaying the royal arms on their premises and labelling. By 1840, the rules surrounding the display of royal arms were tightened to prevent fraudulent claims. By the early 19th century, during the reign of Queen Victoria, the number of Royal Warrants granted rose with the granting of 2,000 warrants. Since 1885, an annual list of warrant holders has been published in the London Gazette. Food and drink manufacturers have been some of the most important warrant holder suppliers to the palace. High profile food and beverage suppliers with a Royal Warrant include Cadbury. Non-food suppliers with Royal Warrants include: Aston Martin. Warrants are granted for the Queen, the Duke of Edinburgh and the Prince of Wales. Warrants issued by the Queen Mother automatically expired no than 2007, five years after her death.
Royal Warrants are only awarded to tradesmen, such as carpenters, cabinet makers, dry-cleaners chimney sweeps. Some are well-known companies; the professions, employment agencies, party planners, the media, government departments, "places of refreshment or entertainment" do not qualify. Today, some 850 individuals and companies, including a few non-UK companies, hold more than 1,100 warrants to the British Royal Family; the Royal Warrant signifies there is a satisfactory trade relation in place between the grantor and the company and that the goods nominated are suitable for supply to the Royal household. Within the company, there is a nominated person called the grantee; that person is in all respects responsible for all aspects of the Royal Warrant. It takes at least five years of supplying goods or services to the member of the Royal Family before a company is eligible to have its application considered for recommendation; that application is presented to the Royal Household and goes to the buyer who makes its recommendation for inclusion.
It goes in front of the Royal Household Warrants Committee, chaired by the Lord Chamberlain, which decides whether to accept the recommendation. It goes to the grantor, who signs it; the grantor is empowered to reverse the Committee's decision, therefore the final decision to accept or withhold a grant is a personal one. Some Royal Warrants have been held for more than a hundred years. Goods need not be for the use of the grantor. For example, cigarettes were only bought for the use of guests of the Royal Family, but these Warrants were cancelled in 1999 as a matter of public policy. For business, the granting of a Royal Warrant is a huge boost, because royal approval may be displayed in public with the coat of royal arms of the grantor, indicating that their services or products are of high quality. Most Warrant holders are members of the Royal Warrant Holders Association, which liaises with the palace, its secretary, Richard Peck, is a former submarine commander. Royal warrant of appointment, warrant to tradespeople who supply goods or services to a royal court Royal charter, a formal document issued by a monarch to es
Rolls-Royce Phantom II
The Rolls-Royce Phantom II was the third and last of Rolls-Royce's 40/50 hp models, replacing the New Phantom in 1929. It used an improved version of the Phantom I engine in an all-new chassis. A "Continental" version, with a short wheelbase and stiffer springs, was offered; the Phantom II used a refinement of the Phantom I's 7.7 L pushrod-OHV straight-6 engine with a new crossflow cylinder head. Unlike on previous 40/50 hp models, the engine was bolted directly to the 4-speed manual transmission. Synchromesh was added on gears 3 and 4 in 1932 and on gear 2 in 1935. Power was transmitted to the rear wheels using an open driveshaft, a hypoid bevel final drive, Hotchkiss drive, replacing the torque tube from a remotely mounted gearbox used on earlier 40/50 hp models; the chassis of the Phantom II was new. The front axle was mounted on semi-elliptical leaf springs as on earlier 40/50 hp models, but the rear axle was now mounted on semi-elliptical springs instead of cantilever springs. This, along with the drivetrain changes, allowed the frame to be lower than before, improving the handling.
The 4-wheel servo-assisted brakes from the Phantom I were continued, the Bijur centralized lubrication system from the Springfield-built Phantom I was included on all Phantom II chassis. The standard wheelbase of the Phantom II was 150 inches. A 144 inches short-wheelbase chassis was available. A total of 1,281 Phantom II chassis of all types were built. Royce had body designer Ivan Evernden build him a one-off short-wheelbase Phantom. Designated 26EX, the car had a tuned engine, five-leaf springs that were stiffer than standard and a Barker four-seat lightweight close-coupled saloon body painted with an artificial pearl lacquer made from ground herring scales; the sales department showed no interest in 26EX but, when Evernden returned to the office from the 1930 Biarritz Grand Concours d'Elegance, where 26EX had won the Grand Prix d'Honneur, he found that the sales department had announced the new "Phantom II Continental Saloon", prepared a brochure for it, costed it. According to Evernden, neither he, nor the Rolls-Royce sales department had written specifications for the "Continental" model, although he and Royce had a clear specification in mind.
Based on Evernden's writings and examination of company records, historian Ray Gentile determined that the common specifications of the Continental chassis were the short wheelbase and stiffer, five-leaf springs. By this definition, two hundred and eighty-one Continental Phantom II's were produced, including 125 left-hand drive versions. Regarded as the two most important P-II Continentals are 20MS and 2SK, the only two P-II Continental Roadsters built. 20MS has been in a private Mid-Atlantic collection since 1989, 2SK, the Thrupp and Maberly Roadster once owned by Tyrone Power, was in the Fred Buess collection since 1958 but was sold at auction in 2010. All Phantom II rolling chassis were built at Rolls-Royce's factory in Derby; the factory in Springfield, Massachusetts was closed upon ending production of the US-market Phantom I in 1931. Two US-market series, AJS and AMS, were built at Derby; when Marlene Dietrich went to the USA in 1930, the Blue Angel director Josef von Sternberg welcomed her with gifts including a green Rolls-Royce Phantom II.
The car appeared in their first US film Morocco. The Phantom II was featured in the films The Sorcerer's Apprentice and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade; when its specifications are quoted during the scene in the Kingdom of Hatay, the Sultan states that the Rolls-Royce Phantom II has a "4.3 litre, 30 horsepower, six cylinder engine, with Stromberg downdraft carburetor" and "can go from zero to 100 kilometers an hour in 12.5 seconds." However, the car used in the film was a Rolls-Royce Barker Saloon, with 20/25 hp. It is the star of the 1964 movie The Yellow Rolls-Royce where its engine specifications are given as the engine having a bore of 4.5" and stroke of 5.5", which would equate to 525 cubic inches A remarkable survivor on display at the Technisches Museum, Germany, is a 1933 Phantom II, which made its way to the Kenya Tea Company of British East Africa. As the rear wood section of the vehicle was worn, a local shipwright, under the design guidance of Hooper of London and built a boat tail rear end.
The car has been on display since. Phantom II: 1402 Phantom II Continental: 278 Rolls-Royce Motors List of Rolls-Royce motor cars Rolls-Royce Phantom II. Pictures
John Polwhele Blatchley
John Polwhele Blatchley was a London-born car designer known for his work with J Gurney Nutting & Co Limited and Rolls-Royce Limited. He began his career as designer with Nutting in 1935, moving up to Chief Designer before leaving in 1940 to join Rolls-Royce. There he served as a draughtsman, stylist in the car division, chief styling engineer. Blatchley was born in Hendon. At twelve years of age he was diagnosed with rheumatic fever and spent the next three years bedridden. During this time he built models of them. Blatchley failed his entrance examinations to Cambridge University. While still a student, Blatchley's ability was recognized by A. F. McNeil of J Gurney Nutting & Co Limited. McNeil became Blatchley's teacher and friend for many years. Gurney Nutting hired Blatchley upon his graduation in 1935. Blatchley started at Gurney Nutting by preparing concept drawings for customer approval. In 1936, at the age of twenty-three, he replaced McNeil as Chief Designer when McNeil left Gurney Nutting for James Young & Co.
Unable to fight during World War II due to a heart murmur, Blatchley was moved to Rolls-Royce Aero Design headquarters in Hucknall, where he was responsible for the cowling for Merlin engines used in Hurricane and Spitfire fighter aircraft. He described the work as "intensely boring". Towards the end of the war, Rolls-Royce's Car Division had prepared a postwar car, to have its own factory-supplied bodywork, all-steel so it could be exported all over the world. Blatchley, who had moved to the Design office in their Experimental Department in Belper, refined the new body's design externally and designed the passenger compartment; this design first appeared in 1946 as the Bentley Mark VI. It appeared in 1949 as the first Rolls-Royce with the Silver Dawn. Enlarged with an extended boot and wings, the Bentley R Type followed in 1952, the updated rear end appearing on the Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn at the same time; these postwar cars took the top-people's-carriage trade away from Daimler. Work began on the Corniche II project in 1950.
After his retirement, Blatchley disclaimed any involvement in the final design though he admitted to having worked on some initial suggestions. He said. Ivan worked with George Moseley of H. J. Mulliner & Co. on the final details. In September 1951 the Styling Office was formed as a separate department from the Experimental Department. Blatchley was appointed Chief Styling Engineer and moved to the Styling Department's offices at the Crewe works. In 1952 the responsibility for external styling of Park Ward coachwork was transferred to Crewe. Development of new models continued but the designs presented to the board meeting which would decide on the new model to be introduced in 1955 were rejected as being too modern. In the space of a week Blatchley produced a complete new concept to the board's requirements and it was accepted; this became the Silver Cloud and S Type, Rolls-Royce's last standard models based on a separate chassis. The last standard model car he was associated with was the unitary construction Silver Shadow and Bentley T Type.
As Chief Stylist of Park Ward he designed what proved to be a short run of half a dozen of their bodies on the Bentley Continental chassis. He is credited with the design of the Rolls-Royce Corniche announced after his retirement by Mulliner Park Ward in 1971; as at 2009, one of these Corniches remained in use as the Imperial Processional Car of the Emperor of Japan. Blatchley and his team developed the shape of the following designs, the two brands being identical over the span: Bentley Mark VI Bentley R Type and Rolls-Royce Silver Dawn Bentley S1 and Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud Bentley T-series and Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow Rolls-Royce CornicheOf Blatchley's leadership qualities, his deputy Bill Allen recalls "I had only five bosses during my career of 49 years and John was the best, he had that quality of leadership. Whatever problems he had with those superior in rank to him were never allowed to disturb the temperament and quiet confidence with which he dealt with us". Inevitable changes in management style frustrated Blatchley and he missed his former freedom of action.
Blatchley retired on 21 March 1969 at the age of 55, being succeeded by Fritz Feller an Austrian-born engineer. In 1970, he moved to Hastings, East Sussex, where he remained in retirement for 40 years. Before BMW put their Rolls-Royce Phantom into production, they asked Blatchley for his opinion on the car, he approved. "BMW showed me their possible designs. I think they've done a marvellous job." Blatchley married Willow Sands in 1939. The couple had two sons. Blatchley died in Hastings, East Sussex, on 16 February 2008. Bennett, Martin. Bentley Continental: Corniche & Azure 1951-2002. Foreword by John Blatchley. Dorchester, UK: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84584-210-9. Retrieved 16 October 2014. Chapman, Giles. "Obituary–John Blatchley: Shaper of the modern Rolls-Royce". The Independent. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Craig, John H.. "The Design and Development of the Silver Cloud & S Series". Towcester, UK: Rolls-Royce Enthusiasts' Club. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
Owen, David. "Short and sweet: the sto
King's Road or Kings Road, is a major street stretching through Chelsea and Fulham, both in west London. It is associated with fashion figures such as Mary Quant and Vivienne Westwood. Sir Oswald Mosley's Blackshirt movement had a barracks on the street in the 1930s. King's Road runs for just under 2 miles through Chelsea, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, from Sloane Square in the east and through the Chelsea Design Quarter on the border of Chelsea and Fulham. Shortly after crossing Stanley Bridge the road passes a slight kink at the junction with Waterford Road, where it becomes New King's Road, continuing to Fulham High Street and Putney Bridge. King's Road derives its name from its function as a private road used by King Charles II to travel to Kew, it remained a private royal road until 1830. Some houses date from the early 18th century. No. 213 has a blue plaque to film director Sir Carol Reed, who lived there from 1948 until his death in 1976. Thomas Arne is believed to have composed "Rule Britannia" there.
Ellen Terry lived in the same house from 1904 to 1920, Peter Ustinov. Photographer Christina Broom was born in 1862 at No. 8. The world's first artificial ice rink, the Glaciarium, opened just off King's Road in 1876, that year it relocated to a building on the street. During the 1960s the street became a symbol of mod culture, evoking "an endless frieze of mini-skirted, fair-haired angular angels", one magazine wrote. King's Road was home in that decade to the Chelsea Drugstore, in the 1970s to Malcolm McLaren's boutique Let It Rock, renamed SEX in 1974, Seditionaries in 1977. During the hippie and punk eras it has since been gentrified, it serves as Chelsea's high street and has a reputation for being one of London's most fashionable shopping streets. Other celebrated boutiques included Granny Takes a Trip, The Sweet Shop in Blantyre Street, Stop The Shop, a fashion boutique with a revolving floor. 484 King's Road was the headquarters of Swan Song Records, owned by Led Zeppelin. The company was closed and the building vacated in 1983.
King's Road was the site of the first UK branch of Starbucks, which opened in 1999. 535 King's Road was the headquarters of Cube Records, an independent record label of the late 1960s and early 1970s. The label folded in the mid-1970s; the building has since been demolished but the new building on the same site still houses a record company. The road has been represented in popular culture on various occasions: "King's Road" is the title of a song by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers from the 1981 album Hard Promises and is name-checked in the song "Dick a Dum Dum", a hit for Des O'Connor in 1969. In Ian Fleming's novels, James Bond lives in a fashionable unnamed square just off King's Road. In the 1960s radio series Round the Horne, in the'Jules and Sandy' section, their establishment, is located in the King's Road. PlanningThe eastern part of King's Road is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London. BusBuses 11, 19, 22, 49, 211, 319, 328, C3 all go down King's Road, yet most of these turn off the street at one point or another.
The 11 and the 22 are the only routes which run the entirety of King's Road, with the 22 being the only route that runs all the way from Sloane Square to the end of New King's Road in Fulham. Rail and TubeThe western end of King's Road is close to Imperial Wharf railway station on the London Overground network, with connections to Willesden Junction and Clapham Junction. Southern run direct rail services to Milton Keynes Central and East Croydon from this station. At the eastern end of the street is Sloane Square, Fulham Broadway lies at the western end, on the boundary between Chelsea and Fulham. King's Road, the area of Chelsea as a whole, is known for having poor links to the London Underground. Due to this, the route of Crossrail 2 is proposed to have an underground station in this area, called King's Road Chelsea. RiverChelsea Harbour Pier is within easy reach of the western end of King's Road, with river bus services provided by London River Services and Thames Executive Charters to Putney and Blackfriars.
Further east, the same services are provided at Cadogan Pier, only a few blocks south of King's Road near the Albert Bridge. 213 and 215 King's Road 190 New King's Road Carlyle Square King's Highway Sloane Ranger World's End, Chelsea List of eponymous roads in London Fulham Parsons Green Sands End Audio Walking Tour of King's Road The King's Road Cricket & Social Club – King's Road London – Local news and shopping – Kingsroad.co.uk
Weymann Fabric Bodies
Weymann Fabric Bodies is a patented design system for fuselages for aircraft and superlight coachwork for motor vehicles. The system used a patent-jointed wood frame covered in fabric, it was popular on cars from the 1920s until the early 1930s as it reduced the usual squeaks and rattles of coachbuilt bodies by its use of flexible joints between body timbers. The system when used on cars provided quieter travel, improved performance because of the body's light weight. Fabric provided the framework sharp corners. Supporting metal corner-inserts were employed to smooth corners and the fabric could be finished with layer upon layer of hand-sanded paint, called Tôle Souple, giving the impression of polished metal panelling. Introduced to the market in 1921, Weymann's bodies fell out of popularity within a decade; the Weymann system comprises an ultra-light wood framework with special metal joints so that timber does not touch timber. Small metal panels are inserted between the fabric and the framework to make rounded external corners.
Straining wires are fitted to hold the doors in shape when they are stressed by acceleration or bumps. The frame is covered with muslin over chicken wire with a thin layer of cotton batting used to span large open areas and over this a top layer of fabric a pigmented synthetic leather, is placed. Any exposed joints in the fabric are covered with aluminium mouldings; the seats are fixed directly to the chassis. Passengers were therefore in direct contact with the mounted engine. Where the market permitted some isolation was provided by luxuriously sprung passenger-seating topped with inflated pneumatic cushions. For the luxury market it further encouraged the development of inherently smoother multi-cylinder engines in place of sixes and eights and, too late for Weymann, the introduction of flexible engine mounts and better chassis suspension systems in place of primitive leaf springs. J Gurney Nutting of Chelsea, assured purchasers of his Weymann bodies, including The Prince of Wales: Absolute silence As durable as any other body Withstands rough roads and speed No squeaks, rattles, or draughts Absence of drumming and rumbling Lightness increases operating economy and speed Most luxurious Perfect comfort in any weather Less expensive than coachbuilt composite bodies of similar quality Easily cared for Easy to wash and clean Easily repaired in case of accident The system was invented by Charles Weymann.
An early portrait may be seen in the archives of FLIGHT magazine. Weymann's Paris coachbuilding business was located at Carrossier Weymann, 20 rue Troyon and their elegant and luxurious Bugatti, Rolls Royce, Hispano-Suiza, etc. bodied limousines and cars bore the label Les Carrosseries C. T. Weymann, 18-20 rue Troyon, Paris. Daimler had always built their own bodies though as usual in that period to suit customers they provided a large number of chassis to external coach builders. In the second quarter of 1924 Daimler began building Weymann flexible framed fabric bodies for their "natural silence, the entire absence of drumming and all those attributes which make for comfortable long-distance touring with a minimum of fatigue". Seats were Dryad basket-chairs of wicker button-quilted in Bedford cord. Daimler chose to name its Weymann bodies Construction Z; the licensing company which provided customers with permits to make Weymann fabric bodies for fitting to chassis was based in Paris. Weymann that he received payment for around 70,000 bodies.
Licensed manufacturers included: Weymann Motor Bodies limited, founded in England in 1922 with the first licences issued in 1923 to, amongst others, the Rover Company. In 1925 a move was made into actual body production as well as licensing and the Cunard coachbuilding company based in Putney, South London, was purchased; the enterprise was a success and a move was made to larger premises at what had been the Blériot aircraft factory, Addlestone near Weybridge, England. By 1930 the company had turned its attention to bus body construction and in 1932 became part of the Metro Cammell Weymann organisation. Weymann American Body Company of Indianapolis, USA Carrozzeria Touring, Milan Lombardy Italy and its own development, Superleggera. See detail in Wikipedia en français From a joint advertisement by the following Makers of Genuine Weymann bodies, placed by Weymann Motor Bodies Limited, 47 Pall Mall, London, SW1 Body-on-frame Spaceframe Monocoque Senior, John A; the Weymann Story: Part One - 1923-1945.
Venture Publications. ISBN 1-898432-36-8. Coachbuilt Weymann American webpage, including numerous technical illustrations, the following references to Weymann bodies: May, 1927 issue of MoToR. Voisin C7 under restoration