click links in text for more info

Jack Brabham

Sir John Arthur Brabham, was an Australian racing driver, Formula One World Champion in 1959, 1960, 1966. He was a founder of the Brabham racing race car constructor that bore his name. Brabham was a Royal Australian Air Force flight mechanic and ran a small engineering workshop before he started racing midget cars in 1948, his successes with midgets in Australian and New Zealand road racing events led to his going to Britain to further his racing career. There he became part of the Cooper Car Company's racing team, he contributed to the design of the mid-engined cars that Cooper introduced to Formula One and the Indianapolis 500, won the Formula One world championship in 1959 and 1960. In 1962 he established his own Brabham marque with fellow Australian Ron Tauranac, which in the 1960s became the largest manufacturer of customer racing cars in the world. In the 1966 Formula One season Brabham became the first – and still, the only – man to win the Formula One world championship driving one of his own cars.

He was the last surviving World Champion of the 1950s. Brabham retired to Australia after the 1970 Formula One season, where he bought a farm and maintained business interests, which included the Engine Developments racing engine manufacturer and several garages. John Arthur'Jack' Brabham was born on 2 April 1926 in Hurstville, New South Wales a commuter town outside Sydney. Brabham was involved with mechanics from an early age. At the age of 12, he learned to drive the family car and the trucks of his father's grocery business. Brabham attended technical college, studying metalwork and technical drawing. Brabham's early career continued the engineering theme. At the age of 15 he left school to work, combining a job at a local garage with an evening course in mechanical engineering. Brabham soon branched out into his own business selling motorbikes, which he bought and repaired for sale, using his parents' back veranda as his workshop. One month after his 18th birthday on 19 May 1944 Brabham enlisted into the Royal Australian Air Force.

Although he was keen on becoming a pilot, there was a surplus of trained aircrew and the Air Force instead put his mechanical skills to use as a flight mechanic, of which there was a wartime shortage. He was based at RAAF Station Williamtown, where he maintained Bristol Beaufighters at No. 5 Operational Training Unit. On his 20th birthday, 2 April 1946, Brabham was discharged from the RAAF with the rank of leading aircraftman, he started a small service and machining business in a workshop built by his uncle on a plot of land behind his grandfather's house. Brabham started racing after an American friend, Johnny Schonberg, persuaded him to watch a midget car race. Midget racing was a category for small open-wheel cars racing on dirt ovals, it was popular in Australia, attracting crowds of up to 40,000. Brabham records that he was not taken with the idea of driving, being convinced that the drivers "were all lunatics" but he agreed to build a car with Schonberg. At first Schonberg drove the homemade device, powered by a modified JAP motorcycle engine built by Brabham in his workshop.

In 1948, Schonberg's wife persuaded him to stop racing and on his suggestion Brabham took over. He immediately found that he had a knack for the sport, winning on his third night's racing. From there he was a regular competitor and winner in Midgets at tracks such Sydney's Cumberland Speedway, the Sydney Showground, the Sydney Sports Ground, as well as interstate tracks such as Adelaide's Kilburn and Rowley Park speedways and the Ekka in Brisbane. Brabham has since said. You had to have quick reflexes: in effect you lived—or died—on them." Due to the time required to prepare the car, the sport became his living. Brabham won the 1948 Australian Speedcar Championship, the 1949 Australian and South Australian Speedcar championships, the 1950–1951 Australian championship with the car. After running the midget at some hillclimbing events in 1951, Brabham became interested in road racing, he bought and modified a series of racing cars from the Cooper Car Company, a British constructor, from 1953 concentrated on this form of racing, in which drivers compete on closed tarmac circuits.

He was supported by his father and by the Redex fuel additive company, although his commercially aware approach—including the title RedeX Special painted on the side of his Cooper-Bristol—did not go down well with the Confederation of Australian Motor Sport, which banned the advertisement. Brabham competed in Australia and New Zealand until early 1955, taking "a long succession of victories", including the 1953 Queensland Road Racing championship. During this time, he picked up the nickname "Black Jack", variously attributed to his dark hair and stubble, to his "ruthless" approach on the track, to his "propensity for maintaining a shadowy silence". After the 1954 New Zealand Grand Prix, Brabham was persuaded by Dean Delamont, competitions manager of the Royal Automobile Club in the United Kingdom, to try a season of racing in Europe the international centre of road racing. Upon arriving in Europe on his own in early 1955, Brabham based himself in the UK, where he bought another Cooper to race in national events.

His crowd-pleasing driving style betrayed his dirt track origins: as he put it, he took corners "by using full lock and lots of throttle". Visits to the Cooper factory for parts led to a friendship with Charlie and John Cooper, who told the story that after many requests for a drive with the factory team, Brabham was given the keys to the transporter taking the cars to a race. Brabham soo

A. J. Iversen

Andreas Jeppe Iversen known as A. J. Iversen, was a Danish furniture designer. From the 1920s, his collaboration with architects and designers paved the way for the style which became known as Danish modern. Born in Sønder Bjert near Kolding in the south of Jutland, Iversen first worked as a fisherman like his father. In 1906, he became an apprentice in A. L. Søn's furniture factory in Kolding, he worked in various workshops both in Copenhagen and abroad, examining with interest the furniture he discovered in museums and castles. As a result of his evening classes with Frederik Poulsen and Rasmus Berg, he qualified as a cabinetmaker in 1916. Although Iversen designed furniture himself, he soon began to collaborate with artists. At the Paris World Exhibition in 1925, he exhibited furniture designed by the architect Kaj Gottlob, earning himself an honorary award. From 1927, Iversen was a regular exhibitor at the Cabinetmakers Guild's annual furniture exhibitions in Copenhagen, for which he held the chairmanship from 1930–34.

Above all, he exhibited furniture designed by Ole Wanscher with whom he had a fruitful relationship for the rest of his life. He made furniture for Viggo Boesen and Mogens Lassen and for the Swedish designer, Torsten Johansson. Iversen's simplified designs built on historical models while maintaining sensitivity and refinement. Always intent on pursuing the high quality norms of Danish cabinetmaking, he took advantage of the latest developments in production technology. One of the few Danish modern cabinetmakers who both designed and manufactured his own furniture, he is remembered above all for realizing many of Ole Wanscher's finest pieces including his Ming Round Occasional Table. Other items of note include his Egyptian Stool. Commenting on the difficulty of entering the exhibition environment in the early days, Iversen explains: "The older cabinetmakers maintained a strong hand on existing practice, they looked on Functionalism's simple lines like the plague. These old masters had position and experience, you owed them your respect, their opinions held weight and most of our colleagues tended to be their faithful followers.

On the other hand, we had the support of young designers and most of the critics." Iversen was an exceptionally fine cabinetmaker, devoted to his profession. He was alderman of the Copenhagen Cabinetmakers Guild from 1951 to 1961. In 1950, his son Gunnar Iversen became co-owner of his furniture factory. For his achievements, he was awarded both the Danish Order of the Dannebrog and the Swedish Order of Vasa. Danish modern

4th G7 summit

The 4th G7 Summit was held at Bonn, West Germany between 16 and 17 July 1978. The venue for the summit meeting was at the former official residence of the Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in Bonn, the Palais Schaumburg; the Group of Seven was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States and the President of the European Commission. The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; the G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, West Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The 4th G7 summit was the last summit for British Prime Minister James Callaghan and Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda; these summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum: The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.

This was the first summit where rather than issuing joint statements, participants committed themselves to policy decisions. G8 Bayne and Robert D. Putnam.. Hanging in There: The G7 and G8 Summit in Maturity and Renewal. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-1185-1. Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-16486-3. University of Toronto: G8 Research Group, G8 Information Centre G7 1978, delegations & documents

André Bier Gerdau Johannpeter

André Johannpeter is a Brazilian businessman serving as CEO of Gerdau, the largest steel producer of Latin America. He is a former Olympic equestrian. André Bier Gerdau Johannpeter was born in Porto Alegre, March 17, 1963, he is the son of businessman Jorge Gerdau Johannpeter, chairman of the Board of Directors of Gerdau, Erica Bier. Johannpeter obtained a bachelor's degree in Business Administration from Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul and completed his academic training with courses in General Business Administration from University of Toronto, Marketing from Ashridge Business School and the Advanced Management Program from Wharton School, in University of Pennsylvania, United States. Johannpeter began his career as an assistant plant operator in the Gerdau Group, he has worked for Gerdau since 1980. In 1989, he was appointed Executive Officer of Gerdau SA where he served until he became Director of Information Systems in 1998. After a year, he became Director of New Business Development before he was appointed as Vice President, North American Operations.

In November 2003, he served as Vice President of Business Development. From July 2004 to March 2006, Johannpeter served as the Chief Operating Officer. Since January 2007, he has served as Chief Executive Officer. At the beginning of 2008, he became a member of the Board of Directors, he is a member of the Strategy Committee of the Board of Directors. In addition, since January 1, 2007, he has served as President Officer and president of the Executive Committee of the parent company Metalurgica Gerdau S. A. and President Officer of the subsidiary Seiva S. A Florestas Industrias. In 2018, Johannpeter stepped down as CEO, he was succeeded by Gustavo Werneck. First in March 2015 and again in February 2016, Gerdau's offices in São Paulo, Brasília, Rio de Janeiro and Porto Alegre, the company's headquarters, were raided by the Brazilian federal police; as part of Operation Zealots, a probe into tax fraud, Gerdau was summoned to testify on suspicion that "executives bribed tax authorities, defrauded Brazil's tax revenue service of $429 million, laundered illegal funds and carried out influence peddling".

In its defense, the company said in a securities filing it had hired external experts for technical advise. However, Johannpeter agreed to appear in court voluntarily. In September 2018, the World Steel Association elected Johannpeter als chairman of the board; as an equestrian, Johannpeter won a bronze medal in show jumping, with horse Calei, at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney he again won a bronze medal, once again with horse Calei, with the Brazilian team, placed fourth in the individual contest. Johannpeter is married to Maria Teresa Campos, they have three children

Anton Wilhelm Brøgger

Anton Wilhelm Brøgger was a Norwegian archaeologist. He was born in Stockholm as a son of professor of geology Waldemar Christofer Brøgger and Antonie Scheel Siewers, he was a grandson of the book printer Anton Wilhelm Brøgger. In September 1909 he married Inger Ursin, he had the sons Waldemar Christofer Brøgger and Niels Christian Brøgger, through the former, the grandson Jan Brøgger. Brøgger finished his secondary education in 1903. Without a formal examination, he wrote the paper Øxer av Nøstvettypen, published in 1905 by the Norwegian Geological Survey, he participated in the archaeological investigations of Svarthola outside Stavanger, wrote a report on the first paleolithic kitchen midden found in Norway, published in the Annals of Stavanger Museum for 1907. In 1909 he completed his Dr.philos. Degree with the thesis Den arktiske stenalder i Norge. From 1909 to 1913 he worked as a curator at Stavanger Museum, he wrote a book on the city's medieval history and founded the local branch of the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Norwegian Monuments.

He became involved in Stavanger Aftenblad and contributed to Dagbladet and Tidens Tegn. He was hired at Universitetets Oldsaksamling at the Royal Frederick University in 1913, became its director and a professor in 1915, he contributed via the Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture, was a driving force in establishing the Viking Ship Museum. From 1918 to 1934 he chaired a forerunner of Norges Museumsforbund, he edited the journals Oldtiden, St. Hallvard and Acta Archaeologica, was a co-editor for volumes seven through ten of the biographical dictionary Norsk biografisk leksikon, he contributed to the encyclopedia Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon, where he wrote the chapter on the prehistory of Norway. Among his most important works is Ertog og øre, where he combined archeological findings with law texts from the Gulating and Frostating, he wanted to become rector of the university. His father had been rector from 1907 to 1911. Brøgger was involved in politics as well—again like his father.

He became a deputy central board member of the Liberal Left Party in 1929, advanced to deputy chairman in 1930. The elected chairman, Karl Wefring, was not able to function, Brøgger was therefore acting party chairman until 1931, he continued as a central board member until 1933 a deputy member. Representing the constituency of Oslo, he served as a deputy representative to the Parliament of Norway during the 1928–1930 term, participated in sessions of the Standing Committee on Finance in May 1928 and April 1930. In 1930 he headed the party ballot, above Ragna Hørbye. Neither was elected. Brøgger was a member of the Committee for Cultural War Preparedness, established in 1938 under supervision of the Director for Cultural Heritage, Harry Fett. Shortly after the Second World War broke out in 1939, Brøgger initiated a rescue operation to save the most important items from Oldsaksamlingen, which were secretly evacuated and placed in a bank safe at Fagernes. Brøgger was a board member of the National Theatre.

In 1941, during World War II and the occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany, the National Theatre board at one point did not abide by the directions of the Nazi government. Several board members were arrested, including Brøgger, first suppleant to the board. Unlike the ordinary board members Harald Grieg, Johannes Sejersted Bødtker and Francis Bull, he was not sent to Grini concentration camp, but was held at the prison on Åkebergveien between 28 June and his release on 2 July. However, Brøgger was arrested for a second time in September 1941, together with fellow academics Otto Lous Mohr and Didrik Arup Seip, he spent from 11 to 30 September in the prison at Møllergata 19, was at Grini until 22 October 1942. Both his sons spent time at Grini as well. Brøgger was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters from 1914 and the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters from 1927, was decorated with the Order of St. Olav in 1932, he was a co-founder of the Norwegian Archaeological Society, served as secretary-general until his death.

He was declared an honorary member of Norske Museers Landsforbund. Brøgger's health declined during his time in the concentration camp. After the war he returned as a professor, but retired in 1949, his last publication of importance came in 1950: Vikingeskipene. Deres forgjengere og etterfølgere, written together with Haakon Shetelig, he died in August 1951. A street in Stavanger, Anton Brøggers gate, is named after him

Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad: Stuart Passenger Station

The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad: Stuart Passenger Station is a historic building located in Stuart, United States. The town of Stuart was laid out by Charles A. Stuart, for whom it is named, in concert with the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad; the railroad reached this point in 1868 and the depot was completed the following year. It is frame structure covered with brick veneer; the segmentally-arched widows are capped with brick hoods and limestone keystones. It contains four rooms that housed a baggage room, men's waiting room, ticket office, the ladies waiting room; this was one of several buildings constructed in Stuart by the Rock Island Line, which placed a divisional headquarters here from the beginning. Other facilities included a brick shops that replaced wood frame structures. In 1897 the railroad moved its facilities to Valley Junction, now West Des Moines; the depot, abandoned by the railroad in 1977, is the only structure that remains in Stuart from its heyday as a railroad town.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980