SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jack Nicholson

John Joseph Nicholson is an American actor and filmmaker whose career has spanned more than 60 years. He is known for playing a wide range of starring or supporting roles, including comedy and darkly comic portrayals of anti-heroes and villainous characters. In many of his films, he played the "eternal outsider, the sardonic drifter", someone who rebels against the social structure, his most known and celebrated films include the road drama Easy Rider. He has directed three films, including The Two Jakes, the sequel to Chinatown. Nicholson's 12 Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy's history, he has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice: one for the drama One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and the other for the romantic comedy As Good as It Gets. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for the comedy-drama Terms of Endearment, he is one of only three male actors to win three Academy Awards, one of only two actors to be nominated for an Academy Award for acting in every decade from the 1960s to the 2000s.

He has won six Golden Globe Awards and received the Kennedy Center Honor in 2001. In 1994, at 57, he became one of the youngest actors to be awarded the American Film Institute's Life Achievement Award. Nicholson had a number of high-profile relationships, most notably with Anjelica Huston and Rebecca Broussard, was married to Sandra Knight from 1962 to 1968, he has five children: one with Knight, two with Broussard, one each with Susan Anspach and Winnie Hollman. Nicholson was born on April 22, 1937, in Neptune City, New Jersey, the son of a showgirl, June Frances Nicholson. Nicholson's mother was of Irish, English and Welsh descent, she married Italian-American showman Donald Furcillo in 1936, before realizing that he was married. Biographer Patrick McGilligan stated in his book Jack's Life that Latvian-born Eddie King, June's manager, may have been Nicholson's biological father, rather than Furcillo. Other sources suggest; as June was only seventeen years old and unmarried, her parents agreed to raise Nicholson as their own child without revealing his true parentage, June would act as his sister.

In 1974, Time magazine researchers learned, informed Nicholson, that his "sister", was his mother, his other "sister", was his aunt. By this time, both his mother and grandmother had died. On finding out, Nicholson said it was "a pretty dramatic event, but it wasn't what I'd call traumatizing... I was pretty well psychologically formed". Nicholson grew up in Neptune City, he was raised in his mother's Roman Catholic religion. Before starting high school, his family moved to an apartment in New Jersey. "When Jack was ready for high school, the family moved once more—this time two miles farther south to old-money Spring Lake, New Jersey's so-called Irish Riviera, where Ethel May set up her beauty parlor in a rambling duplex at 505 Mercer Avenue." "Nick", as he was known to his high school friends, attended nearby Manasquan High School, where he was voted "Class Clown" by the Class of 1954. He was in detention every day for a whole school year. A theatre and a drama award at the school are named in his honor.

In 2004, Nicholson attended his 50-year high school reunion accompanied by his aunt Lorraine. In 1957, Nicholson joined the California Air National Guard, a move he sometimes characterized as an effort to "dodge the draft". After completing the Air Force's basic training at Lackland Air Force Base, Nicholson performed weekend drills and two-week annual training as a firefighter assigned to the unit based at the Van Nuys Airport. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, Nicholson was called up for several months of extended active duty, he was discharged at the end of his enlistment in 1962. Nicholson first came to Hollywood in 1954, he took a job as an office worker for animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera at the MGM cartoon studio. They offered him an entry-level job as an animator, but he declined, citing his desire to become an actor. While accepting the Cecil B. DeMille Award at the 56th Golden Globe Awards, he recalled that his first day as a working actor was May 5, 1955, which he considered lucky, as "5" was the jersey number of his boyhood idol, Joe DiMaggio.

He trained to be an actor with a group called the Players Ring Theater, after which time he found small parts performing on the stage and in TV soap operas. He made his film debut in a low-budget teen drama The Cry Baby Killer. For the following decade, Nicholson was a frequent collaborator with the film's producer, Roger Corman. Corman directed Nicholson on several occasion

Central Mountain

Central Mountain is a mountain in Columbia County, Sullivan County, Luzerne County, in Pennsylvania, United States. Its elevation is 2,247 feet above sea level; the mountain is part of the Allegheny Front. Rock formations on the mountain include the Pocono Formation and the Duncannon Member of the Catskill Formation, it was known as North Mountain, but it was renamed Central Mountain in the late 1800s. The mountain is one of the most important sites on the Columbia County Natural Areas Inventory and it is inhabited by dozens of trees and herbaceous plants. Numerous birds and several amphibians and mammals are found in the area. Central Mountain has an official elevation of 2,247 feet, making it the second-highest mountain in Columbia County, after Red Rock Mountain, it is the northernmost mountain in Columbia County. The mountain is on the Allegheny Front. A creek known as East Branch Fishing Creek flows along the base of Central Mountain. Morainic topography consisting of knobs and kettles occurs on the lowest 200 to 500 feet of the side of the mountain.

Central Mountain's official coordinates are in the United States Geological Survey quadrangle of Red Rock. The mountain is located in northeastern Sugarloaf Township and in Sullivan County and Luzerne County. A rock formation known as the Duncannon Member of the Catskill Formation occurs on Central Mountain, it is 500 to 600 feet thick at this location. Additionally, the Pocono Formation, a rock formation from the Mississippian Period, occurs on the mountain; the soils on Central Mountain are deep-muck soils. Central Mountain was known as North Mountain due to the fact that it is the northernmost mountain in Columbia County. Between 1860 and 1900, it came to be known after the village of Central. Central Mountain became the most common name for the mountain by the 1890s, during the period where the lumber industry was prevalent in the area. A school district and geographical district named Central District existed in the 1800s in Sugarloaf Township, it was named after the village of Central. In the 21st century, potential threats to the natural habitats on the mountain include logging and all terrain vehicle trails.

Central Mountain is listed on the Columbia County Natural Areas Inventory. It is one of the most important sites on the inventory, with a priority rank of 1 on a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being the most important; the only other sites in Columbia County with a rank of 1 are South Branch Roaring Creek and the Susquehanna River. The entire northern part of Columbia County, including Central Mountain, is covered in northern hardwood forests. Ecosystems on the mountain include an Ephemeral/Fluctuating Pool Natural Community and a Hemlock Palustrine Forest Natural Community; the mountain contains forested wetlands consisting of hemlock trees. There are open sedge meadows in some places. Sphagnum mosses and other herbaceous plants grow on Central Mountain; the federally endangered northeastern bulrush grows on it. Numerous species use the mountain as a habitat. In addition to hemlock, the main tree species on the mountain include yellow birch, black birch, black gum, sugar maple, red maple, white oak, chestnut oak, red oak, white pine, basswood, tulip poplar, pignut hickory, mockernut hickory, shagbark hickory, ash.

Numerous shrub species inhabit Central Mountain. These include mountain laurel, black huckleberry, highbush blueberry, low sweet blueberry, swamp dewberry witch-hazel and striped maple. Many herbaceous plants inhabit the mountain; these include various sedges and ferns, such as Christmas fern, sweet fern, hay-scented fern, interrupted fern. Other herbaceous plant species include black bulrush, false hellebore, partridgeberry, soft rush, false Solomon's seal, stinging nettle, swamp milkweed, Sphagnum moss, sweet vernal grass, trailing arbutus, whorled loosestrife, woolgrass. Numerous bird species inhabit Central Mountain; these include four warbler species, three vireo species, the hermit thrush, the dark-eyed junco, the veery, the black-capped chickadee, the ovenbird, the gray catbird, the common yellowthroat, the scarlet tanager, the eastern towhee, the eastern wood pewee. Amphibians inhabiting the mountain include wood frogs, pickerel frogs, dusky salamanders, red spotted newts. Mammals inhabiting the mountain include black bears.

North Mountain

Tom Dooher

Tom Dooher is a teacher and labor union activist in the United States, former president of the 70,000-member teachers union, Education Minnesota, AFT, NEA, AFL-CIO. Dooher grew up in a suburb of Minneapolis, he graduated from Robbinsdale Armstrong High School in 1981, received a bachelor's degree from the University of St. Thomas in 1985. Dooher returned to the Robbinsdale School District, where he grew up and became a middle school physical education teacher and high school coach, overseeing Armstrong's boys' soccer and girls' track and field teams. In 1995, he led his unranked Armstrong Falcons boys' soccer team to the Minnesota state semi-finals, losing on a disputed goal to top-ranked and unbeaten Stillwater. Dooher became active in the 1,200-member Robbinsdale Federation of Teachers, AFT, soon after becoming a teacher. In time, he was elected building vice president, he was elected president of the local union in 1997, resigned his post as a high school soccer coach. While president, he negotiated a contract.

When the AFT and NEA affiliates in Minnesota proposed merging in 1998, Dooher was a strong proponent of the merged, dually affiliated state federation. In 2000, Dooher earned a master's degree in education from Hamline University. In March 2007, Dooher won a contested race to become only the second president in Education Minnesota’s history, he succeeded Judy Schaubach. Dooher took office July 1, 2007 and was re-elected in 2009, he was defeated by Denise Specht. In February 2014, Dooher was hired as Executive Director of the Arkansas Education Association, AEA, his contract with the AEA was terminated in late September 2014. Dooher is a strong advocate for higher state funding for higher teacher salaries, he is a strong opponent of school vouchers. Tom Dooher is a third-generation union member, his father, Bob Dooher, worked at Northwestern Bell and was a member of the Communications Workers of America. His grandfather, Patrick Corcoran, was a Teamsters leader who helped found Teamsters Joint Council 32 and acted as a mediator and liaison between the more radical Teamsters Local 574 and the national Teamsters unions.

His grandfather was murdered in 1937 for his labor-related activities. His grandfather had returned from a union meeting when one or more assailants attacked him as he walked from the garage to his home, his skull was crushed and he was shot in the head. Law enforcement authorities suspected thugs under the control of Bugs Moran, head of the Chicago Mafia. Moran opposed Corcoran's efforts to organize workers at Walgreens, had severely beaten Corcoran several times while warning him to stop organizing workers; the Teamsters declared a holiday for Corcoran's funeral, the event at the Basilica of St. Mary flowed into the street. Draper, Norman. "New Education Minnesota Chief Sizes Up the Issues Ahead." Minneapolis Star Tribune. March 20, 2007. Draper, Norman. "New Union Leader Seeks to Define Teachers' Role." Minneapolis Star Tribune. July 16, 2007. Draper, Norman. "Teachers Unions On Verge of Merger." Minneapolis Star Tribune. August 31, 1998. Drew, Duchesne Paul and O'Connor, Anne. "Schools to Test Pay For Performance."

Minneapolis Star Tribune. September 19, 1999. Galenson, Walter; the CIO Challenge to the AFL: A History of the American Labor Movement. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1960. ISBN 0-674-13150-9 Leighton, Tim. "Stillwater, Spa Get Last Kicks." St. Paul Pioneer Press. November 2, 1995. Share, Steve. "Tom Dooher, New Education Minnesota President, Brings Labor Legacy." Minneapolis Labor Review. July 29, 2007