Jackson Pollock

Paul Jackson Pollock was an American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was noticed for his technique of pouring or splashing liquid household paint onto a horizontal surface, enabling him to view and paint his canvases from all angles, it was called'action painting', since he used the force of his whole body to paint in a frenetic dancing style. This extreme form of abstraction divided the critics: some praised the immediacy of the creation, while others derided the random effects. In 2016, Pollock's painting titled Number 17A was reported to have fetched US $200 million in a private purchase. A reclusive and volatile personality, Pollock struggled with alcoholism for most of his life. In 1945, he married the artist Lee Krasner, who became an important influence on his career and on his legacy. Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related single-car accident. In December 1956, four months after his death, Pollock was given a memorial retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.

A larger, more comprehensive exhibition of his work was held there in 1967. In 1998 and 1999, his work was honored with large-scale retrospective exhibitions at MoMA and at The Tate in London. Paul Jackson Pollock was born in Wyoming, in 1912, the youngest of five sons, his parents, Stella May and LeRoy Pollock, were born and grew up in Tingley and were educated at Tingley High School. Pollock's mother is interred at Ringgold County, Iowa, his father had been born with the surname McCoy, but took the surname of his adoptive parents, neighbors who adopted him after his own parents had died within a year of each other. Stella and LeRoy Pollock were Presbyterian. LeRoy Pollock was a farmer and a land surveyor for the government, moving for different jobs. Stella, proud of her family's heritage as weavers and sold dresses as a teenager. In November 1912, Stella took her sons to San Diego, he subsequently grew up in Chico, California. While living in the Vermont Square neighborhood of Los Angeles, he enrolled at Manual Arts High School, from which he was expelled.

He had been expelled in 1928 from another high school. During his early life, Pollock explored Native American culture while on surveying trips with his father. In 1930, following his older brother Charles Pollock, he moved to New York City, where they both studied under Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League. Benton's rural American subject matter had little influence on Pollock's work, but his rhythmic use of paint and his fierce independence were more lasting. In the early 1930s, Pollock spent a summer touring the Western United States together with Glen Rounds, a fellow art student, Benton, their teacher. Pollock was introduced to the use of liquid paint in 1936 at an experimental workshop in New York City by the Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros, he used paint pouring as one of several techniques on canvases of the early 1940s, such as Male and Female and Composition with Pouring I. After his move to Springs, he began painting with his canvases laid out on the studio floor and he developed what was called his "drip" technique.

From 1938 to 1942 Pollock worked for the WPA Federal Art Project. During this time Pollock was trying to deal with his established alcoholism. Henderson engaged him through his art. Jungian concepts and archetypes were expressed in his paintings; some historians have hypothesized. Pollock signed a gallery contract with Peggy Guggenheim in July 1943, he received the commission to create the 8-by-20-foot Mural for the entry to her new townhouse. At the suggestion of her friend and advisor Marcel Duchamp, Pollock painted the work on canvas, rather than the wall, so that it would be portable. After seeing the big mural, the art critic Clement Greenberg wrote: "I took one look at it and I thought,'Now that's great art,' and I knew Jackson was the greatest painter this country had produced." The catalog introducing his first exhibition described Pollock's talent as "volcanic. It has fire, it is unpredictable. It is undisciplined, it spills out of itself in a mineral prodigality, not yet crystallized." Pollock's most famous paintings were made during the "drip period" between 1947 and 1950.

He became famous following an August 8, 1949 four-page spread in Life magazine that asked, "Is he the greatest living painter in the United States?" Thanks to the mediation of Alfonso Ossorio, a close friend of Pollock and the art historian Michel Tapié, the young gallery owner Paul Facchetti, from March 7, 1952, managed to realize the first exhibition of Pollock's works from 1948 to 1951 in his Studio Paul Facchetti in Paris and in Europe. At the peak of his fame, Pollock abruptly abandoned the drip style. Pollock's work after 1951 was darker in color, including a collection painted in black on unprimed canvases; these paintings have been referred to as his'Black pourings' and when he exhibited them at the Betty Parsons Gallery in New York, none of them sold. Parsons sold one to a friend at half the price; these works show Pollock attempting to find a balance between abstraction and depictions of the figure. He returned to using color and continued with figurative elements. During this period, Pollock had moved to a more commercial gallery.

London Buses route 52

London Buses route 52 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. It runs between Willesden garage and Victoria bus station, is operated by Metroline. Route 52 began on 28 March 1923; the service was changed many times, on 13 Feb 1924 it ran from Wormwood Scrubs to Tooting and on, on 9 April 1924 the route was revised to run Ladbroke Grove to Victoria. It was extended to Mill Hill in 1932; some services were extended on to Borehamwood on Monday to Saturday peak journeys where it was changed several times: in 1951, it was withdrawn from Warwick Road and Drayton Road to Elstree Way Hotel, but extended back on 3 February 1953, further extended to Brook Road on 3 February 1954. Another extension took the route to Rossington Avenue on Sundays from 1956. Seven years this was extended to include Monday to Friday peak workings. In 1967 the Mill Hill terminus was changed from Mill Hill Green Man to the new Mill Hill Broadway Station; the route was withdrawn beyond Mill Hill Broadway in 1969, the Borehamwood - Mill Hill section being replaced by route 292.

Frequency cuts led to over 2,000 passengers signing a petition for the improvement of route 52 in the same year. In December 1993 the contract to run the route was won by London Coaches, who in July 1994 transferred the route to its Atlas Bus & Coach subsidiary as it had a garage in Willesden, close to the route's terminus. Atlas operated the route with Leyland Titans in a route-specific livery. In November 1994, route 52 was included in the sale of Atlas Coach to Metroline. On 8 December 2012, route 52 was retained by Metroline. On 17 November 2016, 14 people were injured as a bus on route 52 mounted a pavement and crashed into Kensal House on Ladbroke Grove. Route 52 operates via these primary locations: Willesden bus garage Kensal Rise station Ladbroke Grove Sainsbury's Ladbroke Grove station Notting Hill Gate station Kensington Church Street for High Street Kensington station Kensington Palace Royal Albert Hall Knightsbridge station Hyde Park Corner station Victoria bus station for Victoria station Media related to London Buses route 52 at Wikimedia Commons Timetable


Baie-Comeau is a city located 420 kilometres north-east of Quebec City in the Côte-Nord region of the province of Quebec, Canada. It is located on the shores of the Saint Lawrence River near the mouth of the Manicouagan River, is the seat of Manicouagan Regional County Municipality. There are two urban area population centres within the city limits: Baie-Comeau proper, with a population of 9,610, Hauterive, with a population of 11,549, as of the 2016 Canadian Census; the city is named after the adjacent Comeau Bay, named in honour of Napoléon-Alexandre Comeau, a Québécois naturalist. Former Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney is a native of the town; the oldest part of Baie-Comeau is the area known as Vieux-Poste near the mouth of the Amédée River where in 1889, the Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan Mission was founded by Eudists. In 1898, the first sawmill in the Côte-Nord region was built there by the brothers Damase and Henri Jalbert, but it closed in 1907 after their timber stock was swept into the St. Lawrence.

In 1916, Route 138 was extended to Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan and in 1929, its post office opened with the English name of Comeau Bay. Baie-Comeau itself was founded in 1936 when a paper mill was constructed by Colonel Robert R. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune. Arthur A. Schmon oversaw the project, which included housing. Experiencing remarkable growth, the Town of Baie-Comeau was incorporated the following year; the area continued to see economic development with the establishment of the hydro-electric power stations on the Manicouagan and Outardes Rivers beginning with the Chutes-aux-Outardes Station in 1952, an aluminum smelter in 1958, grain warehouses in 1959. In 1950, the village of Saint-Eugène-de-Manicouagan was incorporated as the Municipality of Hauterive. In June 1982, Hauterive was merged into Baie-Comeau, taking effect on January 1, 1983. Baie-Comeau is the seat of the judicial district of Baie-Comeau; the population was 25,554 at the 1996 census, declining to 22,402 according to the census of 2006.

This decrease in population over the span of a decade is explained by the fact that many baby-boomers not born in the city retire move elsewhere. The absence of university and many college-level courses forces young people to get their education elsewhere. Knowledge of official languages: English: 4,415 French: 20,840 Other languages: 550 The region is a major forestry center for the pulp and paper industry, owned by Abitibi Consolidated as of October 2006. Alongside hydro-electricity and the paper industry, an aluminum plant has fed employment for decades. Cargill has a large elevator there, used to transfer grain from great lakes boats to ocean-going ships; the town is along Route 138 about 100 kilometres east of Forestville and about 230 kilometres west of Sept-Îles. A ferry service and rail ferry service links the town to Matane on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River; the town is the southern terminus of Route 389, which leads to the Daniel-Johnson Dam, the town of Fermont, the Labrador region of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Baie-Comeau Airport, located in neighbouring Pointe-Lebel, has scheduled flights by Air Canada, Air Liaison, Pascan Aviation. The Baie-Comeau city council consists of the mayor of Baie-Comeau and eight elected city councilors, four from each of the two sectors of town; the current mayor of Baie-Comeau is Yves Montigny. Baie-Comeau is home to several French language public elementary schools, two French language public high schools and one English language public school that includes both the elementary and high school level of education; the town is home to one French language CEGEP called the Cégep de Baie-Comeau. List of schools in Baie-Comeau: Although at the same latitude as Vancouver or Paris, Baie-Comeau has a borderline humid continental climate, just above the subarctic climate; the cold Labrador Current makes the Gulf of St. Lawrence cold and tends to cool the weather during summer much more than the marginal warming of the winters resulting from its maritime location. With the moist northeasterly winds coming in from the Icelandic Low, snowfall is heavy, averaging around 3.6 metres per year with a peak depth of around 0.63 metres in March typical.

The extreme snow depth was 2.26 metres on 10 January 1969. The 1993 Quebec Winter Games were played in Baie-Comeau. Many different sports are played in Baie-Comeau: Baie-Comeau is home to the Baie-Comeau Drakkar, an ice hockey team playing in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since 1997; the team plays in the Centre Henry-Leonard located in the eastern sector of the town. The Centre de ski du Mont-Tibasse is an alpine ski centre located a few kilometers north of the town where it offers twelve slopes. Cross-country skiing is popular. Students frequent Mont-Tibasse as part of their school programs. An 18-hole golf course is available in the western sector of the town, it is open for most of the summer. The two major high schools of the city each offer an indoor swimming pool and are open to the public year-round. Two outdoor swimming pools are available to the public; these are open from the end of June until the middle of August each summer. Some beaches are available in the summer. There are other beaches are along the shore of the St. Lawrence river such as: The Plage Champlain and the Plage Pointe-Lebel, among others