Jacques Derrida was an Algerian-born French philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, developed in the context of phenomenology. He is one of the major figures associated with post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy. During his career Derrida published more than 40 books, together with hundreds of essays and public presentations, he had a significant influence upon the humanities and social sciences, including philosophy, law, historiography, applied linguistics, sociolinguistics and political theory. His work retains major academic influence throughout continental Europe, South America and all other countries where continental philosophy has been predominant in debates around ontology, ethics, aesthetics and the philosophy of language. In the Anglosphere, where analytic philosophy is dominant, Derrida's influence is most presently felt in literary studies due to his longstanding interest in language and his association with prominent literary critics from his time at Yale.
He influenced architecture, music and art criticism. In his writings, Derrida addressed ethical and political themes in his work; some critics consider Phenomena to be his most important work. Others cite: Of Grammatology and Difference, Margins of Philosophy; these writings influenced political movements. He became a well-known and influential public figure, while his approach to philosophy and the notorious abstruseness of his work made him controversial. Derrida was born on July 15, 1930, in a summer home in El Biar, into a Sephardic Jewish family that became French in 1870 when the Crémieux Decree granted full French citizenship to the indigenous Arabic-speaking Jews of Algeria, his parents, Haïm Aaron Prosper Charles Derrida and Georgette Sultana Esther Safar, named him "Jackie", "which they considered to be an American name", though he would adopt a more "correct" version of his first name when he moved to Paris. He was given the middle name Élie after his paternal uncle Eugène Eliahou, at his circumcision.
Derrida was the third of five children. His elder brother Paul Moïse died at less than three months old, the year before Derrida was born, leading him to suspect throughout his life his role as a replacement for his deceased brother. Derrida spent his youth in El-Biar. On the first day of the school year in 1942, French administrators in Algeria —implementing antisemitism quotas set by the Vichy government—expelled Derrida from his lycée, he secretly skipped school for a year rather than attend the Jewish lycée formed by displaced teachers and students, took part in numerous football competitions. In this adolescent period, Derrida found in the works of philosophers and writers an instrument of revolt against family and society, his reading included Camus and Sartre. In the late 1940s, he attended the Lycée Bugeaud, in Algiers. At that time he prepared for his entrance exam to the prestigious École Normale Supérieure. On his first day at ENS, Derrida met Louis Althusser. After visiting the Husserl Archive in Leuven, Belgium, he completed his master's degree in philosophy on Edmund Husserl.
He passed the competitive agrégation exam in 1956. Derrida received a grant for studies at Harvard University, he spent the 1956–57 academic year reading James Joyce's Ulysses at the Widener Library. In June 1957, he married the psychoanalyst Marguerite Aucouturier in Boston. During the Algerian War of Independence of 1954–1962, Derrida asked to teach soldiers' children in lieu of military service, teaching French and English from 1957 to 1959. Following the war, from 1960 to 1964, Derrida taught philosophy at the Sorbonne, where he was an assistant of Suzanne Bachelard, Georges Canguilhem, Paul Ricœur and Jean Wahl, his wife, gave birth to their first child, Pierre, in 1963. In 1964, on the recommendation of Louis Althusser and Jean Hyppolite, Derrida got a permanent teaching position at the ENS, which he kept until 1984. In 1965 Derrida began an association with the Tel Quel group of literary and philosophical theorists, which lasted for seven years. Derrida's subsequent distance from the Tel Quel group, after 1971, has been attributed to his reservations about their embrace of Maoism and of the Chinese Cultural Revolution.
With "Structure and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences", his contribution to a 1966 colloquium on structuralism at Johns Hopkins University, his work began to gain international prominence. At the same colloquium Derrida would meet Jacques Lacan and Paul de Man, the latter an important interlocutor in the years to come. A second son, was bo
Victoria Azarenka was the defending champion but lost to Marion Bartoli in the quarterfinals, which ended Azarenka's 26 match winning streak to start the 2012 season. Agnieszka Radwańska won her second Premier Mandatory title and first Miami Masters title, defeating defending finalist Maria Sharapova in straight sets. Radwańska didn't drop a set the whole tournament; this tournament marks the first WTA main draw appearance of two-time Grand Slam champion, Garbiñe Muguruza, where she made the fourth round before losing to eventual champion, Radwanska. All seeds received a bye into the second round. Click on the seed number of a player to go to their draw section. Main Draw Qualifying Draw
The Michigan Association for Justice the Michigan Trial Lawyers Association is a professional association of over 1,400 plaintiff's attorneys and staff, with offices in Lansing, Michigan. MAJ provides members with professional networking, online listserves, a data bank of relevant court documents and legal experts, a member directory; the organization provides an extensive continuing legal education program in locations throughout Michigan. Additionally, MAJ's Lansing-based government affairs staff lobbies legislators and state agencies to advance a pro-civil justice legislative agenda, intended to preserve and enhance the rights of injured people. MAJ states that it "promotes justice and fairness for injured persons, safeguards victims' rights--particularly the right to trial by jury--and strengthens the civil justice system through education and disclosure of information critical to public health and safety." It provides information and professional assistance to its members. It is headquartered in Michigan.
The MAJ is an affiliated member of the American Association for Justice. 1945 - 49 Samuel Charfoos 1949 - 53 Hon. Theodore R. Bohn 1953 - 55 Benjamin Marcus 1955 - 56 Carl Gussen 1956 - 57 James A. Markle 1957 - 58 Saul M. Leach 1958 - 59 Duane S. Van Benschoten 1959 - 60 I. Goodman Cohen 1960 - 61 D. Charles Marsten 1961 - 62 Dean Robb 1962 - 63 Max Dean 1963 - 64 George L. Downing 1964 - 65 Lee C. Dramis 1965 - 66 Howard Silver 1966 - 67 James E. Burns 1967 - 68 Cassius E. Street 1968 - 69 James W. Baker 1969 - 70 Eugene D. Mossner 1970 - 71 Irving Kroll 1971 - 72 Morton E. Schneider 1972 - 74 Harry M. Philo 1974 - 75 George Bedrosian 1975 - 76 Sheldon L. Miller 1976 - 77 James F. Logan 1977 - 78 Clifford H. Hart 1978 - 79 George M. Maurer, Jr. 1979 - 80 Jack H. Bindes 1980 - 81 Jeffrey N. Shillman 1981 - 82 Paul A. Rosen 1982 - 83 George T. Sinas 1983 - 84 Beverly Clark 1984 - 85 Sherwin Schreier 1985 - 86 Nicholas J. Rine 1986 - 87 Hon. William B. Murphy 1987 - 88 Carl R. Edwards 1988 - 89 Charles J. Barr 1989 - 90 Sheldon D. Erlich 1990 - 91 Barry Waldman 1991 - 92 Thomas Hay 1992 - 93 Marjory Cohen 1993 - 94 Michael Pianin 1994 - 95 Dave Getto 1995 - 96 Mark Weiss 1996 - 97 Richard Skutt 1997 - 98 Kathy Bogas 1998 - 99 Carol McNeilage 1999 - 2000 Barry Goodman 2000 - 01 Jules Olsman 2001 - 02 Norman Tucker 2002 - 03 Alan Helmkamp 2003 - 04 Brian Waldman 2004 - 05 Michael Pitt 2005 - 06 Linda Miller Atkinson 2006 - 07 Jesse Reiter 2007 - 08 Robert Raiit 2008 - 09 Judy Susskind 2009 - 10 Richard Warsh 2010 - 11 Barry J. Gates 2011 - 12 Michael J. Behm 2012 - 13 Marc E. Lipton 2013 - 14 Gerald H. Acker 2014 - 15 Scott A. Goodwin 2015 - 16 Ven R. Johnson 2016 - 17 Thomas W. Waun 2017 - 18 Brian J. McKeen 2018 - 19 Debra A. Freid 2019 - 20 Robert J. MacDonald The MAJ is presided over by President Robert J. MacDonald.
He works with the other officers and MAJ Executive Director Steve Pontoni, who oversees the day-to-day operation of the organization. The executive board, which meets throughout the year, is made up of 120 members including all past presidents
The Integrated Transport Information System is a traffic management system in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The system began operation on 2005 with the cooperation of Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Malaysian Highway Authority, Malaysian Public Works Department and the Ministry of Transport Malaysia; the system is used for traffic monitoring, accident and other situations that happen on the roads and highways in Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley. The main ITIS headquarters and traffic operation centre is located at Bukit Jalil Highway near Technology Park Malaysia in Bukit Jalil; the ITIS is a system made up of two core components, which are Advance Traffic Management System and Advance Travellers Information System. The ATMS acts as the ears of the ITIS where all traffic information are collected; the ATMS is made up of data collection units, which are CCTVs, Automatic Incident Detection System and Automatic Vehicle Location System. The data collection units relays the data to Transport Management Center in Bukit Jalil for analysis and processing.
Automatic Incident Detection System One of its components, Automatic Incident Detection System, is capable to detect incidents happening around the coverage area. The Automatic Incident Detection system relies on video image processing to calculate the average speed, occupancy etc. of each lane of travel. The data from these detectors forms the basis for the development of the congestion map which relate flow speed and occupancy over a specific road link. Intelligent image processing enables the detectors to automatically alert operators of prescribed incidents such as stopped vehicles and reverse flows. Automatic Vehicle Location System AVLS encompasses vehicles which are fitted with global positioning system tracking devices that allow these vehicles to be tracked 24-hours a day; these vehicles are used as traffic probes and the data collected is used to build speed profiles for a road network. The speed profiles are to be used to develop congestion maps for medium to long-term transport planning and for traffic engineering purposes.
The Advanced Traveller Information System delivers real-time information of the traffic conditions to the public so that the congestion in the city would be reduced. The data are disseminated via Variable Message Signs, radio stations, the Internet and the ITIS Call Centre. There are widespread of criticisms citing. In 2007, the Ministry of Transport Malaysia implemented the Automated Enforcement System. However, the sophisticated ITIS is not part of the AES. Malaysian expressway system Malaysian Federal Roads system Road signs in Malaysia Automated Enforcement System Intelligent Transportation System ITIS Homepage Official Website
The NMBS/SNCB Type 1 was a class of 4-6-2 steam locomotives built in 1935 and 1938 for working heavy express passenger trains operated by the National Railway Company of Belgium. Thirty five type 1 locomotives were built by the Société Anonyme la Métallurgique at its Tubize factory, they had a high degree of superheat, a firebox, so wide, it had two firehole doors. The members of the class were retired in 1962. One locomotive, no. 1.002, has been preserved by the NMBS/SNCB. It is displayed at the Treignes railway museum of heritage railway CFV3V in the far south of Belgium. History of rail transport in Belgium List of SNCB/NMBS classes Rail transport in Belgium
Sisowath Monivong was the King of Cambodia from 9 August 1927 until his death in 1941. During his reign, Cambodia was a French protectorate. Monivong was the grandson of the poet-king Ang Duong, grandfather of Norodom Sihanouk and the great-grandfather of the current king, Norodom Sihamoni, his full regnal title and style was ព្រះបាទសម្តេចព្រះសិរីមុនីវរ្ម័នក្រុមហ្លួងចៅចក្របាងស្ស ស៊ីសុវត្ថិ មុនីវង្ស នៃព្រះរាជាណចក្រកម្ពុជា which can be translated from Khmerized Sanskrit as "His majesty, glorious lord scholar-protector. Born in Phnom Penh in 1875, Sisowath Monivong was the sixth child and the second son of King Sisowath, his mother was Neak Moneang Van titled Samdeach Preah Voreachini, the fifth child-bearing wife of Sisowath. At that time his uncle King Norodom ruled from the capital of Cambodia. Norodom was a puppet king for the French colonial protectorate. In 1884, after the French conquered Laos and occupied Vietnam, Cambodia became a direct colonial possession; the royal family moved from Odong to the new capital of Phnom Penh, where Sisowath Monivong resided.
In 1904, both of his uncles and his elder brother Essaravong died, resulting in Sisowath Monivong becoming the Crown Prince of Cambodia. In 1906, he traveled with King Sisowath, to France. There he was admitted to the Military School of Saint-Maixent, he graduated two years with the rank Sous Lieutenant in the Foreign Legion. He was posted to Brive and to Paris. In 1909, he returned to Cambodia. In 1910, he was promoted to Lieutenant, in 1916 to Captain, in 1922, to Chief of Battalion; the same year he was released from military service. During the First World War, he recruited volunteer military personnel and workers; these services were recognized with the Cross of Commander of the Foreign Legion and the Cambodian title of Samdech Preah Keofea. He was appointed Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers and President of the Council of the Royal Family. Monivong had many consorts, at least six of whom were granted official recognition, having borne children to him. One of these was a woman named Meak, a member of the Royal Ballet, given the title Khun Preah Moneang Bopha Norleak Meak.
Meak bore Monivong's son, Prince Sisowath Kusarak, in 1926. Around 1934-1935, two of her young cousins came to live with a common Cambodian custom; the youngest, 6–7 years old, had been given the name Saloth Sar at birth, but would adopt the name Pol Pot. Monivong died on 24 April 1941 at the age of 65 at Bokor Mountain, renamed Preah Monivong National Park in his honour. In 1927, Sisowath Monivong's father died, so at age 52 Sisowath Monivong ascended to the throne. Like his father and his uncle, Monivong was a figurehead for the French administration and, in the words of one author, Monivong "caused the French no trouble"; the real power was in the hands of the French Resident General. The King was surrounded by his Royal Council composed of his cousins: Sisowath Rathary, Sisowath Watchayavong, Norodom Phanouvong, Norodom Suramarit and Norodom Singhara, it was during Monivong's rule. In 1930, the Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh founded the Indochina Communist Party which subsequently obtained popularity in Cambodia.
The Cambodian communists' primary objective was to overthrow the French. In 1940, when France fell to Nazi Germany, the "Vichy France" regime took power in the unoccupied parts of France in its overseas colonies, including Cambodia. In the late 1930s, a powerless Monivong noticed. Japan invaded and occupied Cambodia in early 1941; the Japanese allowed Cambodian Vichy French officials to administer, but only under Japanese protection. The Cambodian king was beholden to the Vichy French. In western Cambodia, now an ally of the Japanese, occupied territory; as the Japanese and Thai oppression of Cambodians became evident, Sisowath Monivong retired to Kampot in late 1941 and died at Bokor the same year. He died taking the posthumous title of Preah Karuna Preah Sisowath Monivong Preah Khatiyakot His son Sisowath Monireth was the heir to the throne, but the French authorities chose Sisowath Kosamak's nineteen-year-old son Norodom Sihanouk to succeed him instead, mistakenly believing that he would be more pliable than Monireth.
Media related to Sisowath Monivong at Wikimedia Commons