James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon

James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, PC, PC DL, was a prominent Irish unionist politician, leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. He was created a baronet in 1918 and raised to the Peerage in 1927. Craig was born at Sydenham, the son of James Craig, a wealthy whiskey distiller who had entered the firm of Dunville & Co as a clerk: by age 40 he was a millionaire and a partner in the firm. James Craig Snr. owned a large house called Craigavon, overlooking Belfast Lough. His mother, Eleanor Gilmore Browne, was the daughter of Robert Browne, a prosperous man who owned property in Belfast and a farm outside Lisburn. Craig was the seventh child and sixth son in the family, he was educated at Merchiston Castle School in Scotland. After school he began work as a stockbroker opening his own firm in Belfast. Craig enlisted in the 3rd battalion of the Royal Irish Rifles on 17 January 1900 to serve in the Second Boer War, he was seconded to the Imperial Yeomanry, a cavalry force created for service during the war, as a lieutenant in the 13th battalion on 24 February 1900, left Liverpool for South Africa on the SS Cymric in March 1900.

After arrival he was soon sent to the front, was taken prisoner in May 1900, but released by the Boers because of a perforated eardrum. On his recovery he became deputy assistant director of the Imperial Military Railways, showing the qualities of organisation that were to mark his involvement in both British and Ulster politics. In June 1901 he was sent home suffering from dysentery, by the time he was fit for service again the war was over, he was promoted to captain in the 3rd Royal Irish Rifles on 20 September 1902, while still seconded to South Africa. Military life suited him well, but he became impatient with what he saw as the lack of professionalism and efficiency in the British Army. On his return to Ireland, having received a £100,000 legacy from his father's will, he turned to politics, serving as Member of the British Parliament for East Down from 1906-18. From 1918-21 he represented Mid Down, served in the British government as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions and Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty.

Craig rallied Ulster loyalist opposition to Irish Home Rule in Ulster before the First World War, organising the paramilitary Ulster Volunteers and buying arms from Imperial Germany. The UVF became the nucleus of the 36th Division during the First World War, he succeeded Edward Carson as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party in February 1921. In the 1921 Northern Ireland general election, the first he was elected to the newly created Northern Ireland House of Commons as one of the members for County Down. On 7 June 1921, Craig was appointed the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; the House of Commons of Northern Ireland assembled for the first time that day. A dedicated member of the Orange Order and staunchly Protestant, he famously stated, in April 1934, in response to George Leeke's question regarding Craig's Protestant Parliament: The hon. Member must remember, they still boast of Southern Ireland being a Catholic State. All I boast of is that we are a Protestant State.

It would be rather interesting for historians of the future to compare a Catholic State launched in the South with a Protestant State launched in the North and to see which gets on the better and prospers the more. It is most interesting for me at the moment to watch. I am doing my best always to be ahead of the South; this speech is misquoted, intentionally or otherwise, as: "A Protestant Parliament for a Protestant People", conflated with an incident which occurred respective to the naming of the New City of Craigavon. Knockmena was the preferred name nationalists hoped would be used, which might have attracted broad acceptance on both sides. On 6 July 1965, it was announced. A noted nationalist, Joseph Connellan, interrupted the announcement with the comment, "A Protestant city for a Protestant people"; that year, speaking in the House of Commons at Stormont on 21 November 1934 in response to an accusation that all government appointments in Northern Ireland were carried out on a religious basis, he replied: "... it is undoubtedly our duty and our privilege, always will be, to see that those appointed by us possess the most unimpeachable loyalty to the King and Constitution.

That is my whole object in carrying on a Protestant Government for a Protestant people. I repeat it in this House", he was made a baronet in 1918, in 1927 was created Viscount Craigavon, of Stormont in the County of Down. He was the recipient of honorary degrees from The Queen's University of Belfast and Oxford University. Craig had made his career in British as well as Northern Irish politics, he became intensely parochial, suffered from his loss of intimacy with British politicians in 1938, when the British government concluded agreements with Dublin to end the Anglo-Irish economic war between the two countries. He never tried to persuade Westminster to protect Northern Ireland's industries the linen industry, central to its economy, he was anxious not to provoke Westminster, given the precarious sta

Amsterdamsche Hockey & Bandy Club

Amsterdamsche Hockey & Bandy Club is the oldest field hockey club of the Netherlands, based in Amstelveen. AH&BC is the largest field hockey club in the city; the team is a powerhouse of both international hockey. Both its men's and women's teams are annual contenders for the Dutch titles; the men's team won its maiden European Cup in 2005. The club was playing bandy, as is still reflected in the club's name; the club was founded in 1892 and is seen as the oldest hockey club of the Netherlands and the European mainland. In the early years bandy was the most important sport, when there was no ice in the summer they would play field hockey; because of the 1928 Summer Olympics the regard towards hockey changed, the Netherlands national hockey team won the silver medal at the field hockey tournament. From this moment onwards field hockey became the most important sport for the club. National Title / Hoofdklasse Winners: 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1927–28, 1928–29, 1931–32, 1932–33, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1974–75, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2011–12 Hoofdklasse runners-up: 1973–74, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1988–89, 1997–98, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2015–16, 2017–18Gold Cup Winners: 2018–19KNHB Cup Winners: 1995–96 Runners-up: 1994–95Euro Hockey League Runners-up: 2011–12, 2015–16European Cup Winners: 2005 Runners-up: 1995, 1996, 1998Cup Winners' Cup Winners: 1999, 2003Hoofdklasse Indoor Winners: 1987–88, 1988–89, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2019–20EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup Runners-up: 1990EuroHockey Indoor Club Trophy Winners: 2016 National title / Hoofdklasse Winners: 1936–37, 1937–38, 1948–49, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1990–91, 1991–92, 2008–09, 2012–13, 2018–19 Hoofdklasse runners-up: 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1992–93, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18European Cup Winners: 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 2014, 2019 Runners-up: 1993Cup Winners' Cup Winners: 1998, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2009Hoofdklasse Indoor Winners: 1971–72, 1986–87, 2012–13, 2016–17, 2017–18 Head coach: Robert Tigges As of 13 September 2019 Head coach: Santi Freixa As of 13 September 2019 Pol Amat Santi Freixa Helen van der Ben Carina Benninga Truid Blaisse-Terwindt Jacques Brinkman Marten Eikelboom Paul van Esseveldt Marjolein Eijsvogel Floris Evers Pierre Hermans Taco van den Honert Jacob van der Hoeven Timme Hoyng Bart Looije Jesse Mahieu Tycho van Meer Maartje Scheepstra Lisette Sevens Clarinda Sinnige Taeke Taekema Carole Thate Klaas Veering Sander van der Weide Bas Nieuwe Weme Valentin Verga Cecilia Rognoni


The Nevėžis is the sixth longest river in Lithuania and one of the main tributaries of the Nemunas. Its length is 209 km, it flows only within the geographical confines of Lithuania, it is the second longest river in Lithuania, after the Šventoji, that flows within its borders. Its source is in the Anykščiai District Municipality, the river first flows in a northwesterly direction, but at Panevėžys turns towards the southwest, passing Kėdainiai, flows into the Neman just west of Kaunas near Raudondvaris. There is a popular misconception that the name Nevėžis means "a river without crayfishes" because vėžys is the Lithuanian word for crayfish and ne means "no". In fact, the Nevėžis is known for its variety of fauna; the name Nevėžis is derived from a Finnic word nevo meaning "swamp". The river gave name to many things including Panevėžys, the fifth largest city in Lithuania, its name means " near Nevėžis." FK Nevėžis and KK Nevėžis are named after the river. The Nevėžis is important in Lithuanian culture.

During the Middle Ages, the river was considered to be a natural border between two regions of Lithuania: Samogitia and Aukštaitija. Nevėžis has about seventy tributaries; the largest are: left: Alanta, Upytė, Brasta, Žalesys, Obelis, Šerkšnys, Ašarėna, Barupė, Gynia. In 1992, the Krekenava Regional Park was established in order to preserve the Middle Nevėžis ecosystem and natural surroundings; the park is unique because it breeds and tries to protect from extinction wisents, the European bison. With two canals supplying Nevėžis with water, it becomes shallow during a drier summer, it is between 4 and 9 meters deep. In more recent years, a number of grass carp was introduced to the river for aquatic weed control; the Nevėžis, due to its low level of water, slow current, influx of the run-off of fertilizers from agriculture, was becoming more and more overgrown with weeds. It was hoped. Critics argued that the fish would not survive in the cold climate. However, local fishermen still catch; the Nevėžis is connected with two other large rivers by canals.

In order to reduce floods on the Lėvuo river, the Sanžilė Canal was dug in 1930. A draft to connect these rivers was first written in 1797; the location was convenient: about 9,000 years ago Nevėžis was a tributary to Lėvuo. The land between the rivers was low and there was a small Sanžilė rivulet which could serve as the basis for the new canal. In the 19th century the Neman delta belonged to the Germans; this was an obstacle in trading. The Russian Empire was looking for ways to direct ships from the Neman directly to the port of Riga; the plan was abandoned because of insufficient funds. The idea was revisited again in 1914, the preparations for construction started but were interrupted by World War I. After reclaiming the origin of the Lėvuo, heavy rains would cause the flood of as many as twenty villages, it was decided to dig an 8 km length canal. In 1961-63 another canal connecting the Nevėžis with the Šventoji was finished, it is 12 km in length. There is a pumping station near Kavarskas to supply the canal with water.

Krekenavos regioninis Lithuanian State Department of Tourism, Ministry of Economy. Accessed May 20, 2006. Upių pertvarkymas, Lithuania: Electronic Encyclopedia, 2005, Šviesa. Accessed May 20, 2006. Petras Juknevičius, Laura Vasiliauskaitė, Sanžilė, Panevėžys district municipality, Panevėžys, 2003. Accessed May 20, 2006. Neringa Martinkutė, Nevėžio baltieji amūrai plušės be pamainos, Panevėžys Voice,, May 12, 2006. Accessed May 20, 2006. Krašto istorija, Kėdainiai district municipality, 2005. Accessed May 21, 2006. Жучкевич В. А. Краткий топонимический словарь Белоруссии. Minsk, 1974. P. 253. Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона. St. Petersburg, 1897. Vol. 20, p. 810. Niewiaża in the Geographical Dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland Gallery of underwater pictures and video from Nevėžis Map of Nevėžis basin