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Jan de Bray

Jan de Bray, was a Dutch Golden Age painter. He worked in Haarlem until the age of 60, when he went bankrupt and moved to Amsterdam. Jan de Bray was influenced by his father Salomon de Bray, the portraitists Bartholomeus van der Helst, Frans Hals. De Bray's works are portraits of groups, history paintings, he specialised in combining the two genres in the portrait historié, portraits of historical figures using contemporary figures, including himself and his family. Among his finest works are two versions of the Banquet of Cleopatra, using his own family, including himself, as models; the second version has great pathos, as most of those depicted had died in the plague of 1663–4. Jan de Bray was born in Haarlem. According to Houbraken he was the most famous pupil of his father, the architect and poet Salomon de Bray. Houbraken called Jan the "pearl in Haarlem's crown". Houbraken saw a painting by de Bray of David and the Return of the Ark of the Covenant in the collection of Arnoud van Halen in Amsterdam, dated 1697, that he admired for its realistic flesh tones in the forms of David playing the harp and the Levites behind him.

Houbraken mentioned some black and red chalk drawings by him that he saw at the Amsterdam home of Isaak del Court. He spent most of his career working in Haarlem, where he was for many years dean of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke, his brother Dirck de Bray was a flower painter who became a monk in the monastery at Gaesdonck near Goch. His brother Joseph was a painter, his mother was Anna Westerbaen, the sister of the painter Jan Westerbaen and the poet Jacob Westerbaen. His sister Cornelia married Jan Lievens. De Bray survived most of his family during an outbreak of the plague in Haarlem in 1664, he lost his father and two siblings within a month of each other. His wives - Maria van Hees whom he married 21 October 1688, Margaretha de Meyer whom he married in 1672, Victoria Stalpert van der Wielen whom he married 30 January 1678, each died before him. In 1689 he was declared bankrupt as a Haarlem citizen and moved to Amsterdam, where he died, though he was buried in Haarlem. Jan de Bray on Artnet Works and literature on PubHist Murray, P. & L..

Dictionary of art and artists. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051300-0. Jan De Bray and the Classical Tradition at the National Gallery of Art, Washington - 16pp pdf exhibition brochure Entry for Jan de Bray in the RKD, the Netherlands Institute for Art History

Church of St Margaret of Antioch, Bygrave

The Church of St Margaret of Antioch is the Anglican parish church for the village of Bygrave in Hertfordshire. Dedicated to St Margaret of Antioch, the church has been a Grade II* listed building since 1968 and comes under the Diocese of St Albans; the site of the church dates from at least Saxon times with two phases of Saxon construction from the 8th to 10th centuries. Some Romano-British pottery, pre-dating the present church by several centuries, was found under the north nave wall during excavations in 1993 indicating a much earlier settlement on this site. Pevsner states; the walls are plastered. The chancel measures 25 ft. 6 in. by 14 ft. 6 in. The nave 31 ft. by 20 ft. 6 in. and the south porch 6 ft. by 5 ft. with all dimensions being measured internally. The nave is the earliest part of the church, belongs to the 12th century, the chancel to the latter part of the 14th century, the west turret to the 15th century, at which time windows were altered and the rood stair was built. On the south side of the chancel is a 14th-century moulded and arched piscina, on the north side is an arched niche for a tomb.

The church has carvings of the ancient game of nine men's morris on the frames of the chancel windows. There are fragments of wall paintings on the West and North chancel walls that date from the 14th century; the nave has a window in each of its north and west walls consisting of two cinquefoiled lights under square heads. The glass includes a stained glass Millennium Window of 2001 by Michael Lassen; the north doorway has been blocked while the south doorway is of the 12th century, but has been restored. The south porch dates to the 18th century; the small semioctagonal turret against the west wall on the south side of the west window gives access to the bell, dated 1718. The octagonal baptismal font is 15th century and stands on a square base; the sides of the basin have rectangular sunk panels, carved with the instruments of the Passion of Christ while round the stem are displayed angels holding shields. The font's wooden cover is Gothic of about the 18th century; the rood screen dates to the 15th century and has a carving of the Royal Arms on the cornice dating to the end of the 17th century.

The altar and communion rails date to the 17th century. The church has some 15th-century bench. A few fragments of 15th-century glass have been set in the nave windows; the pulpit is Victorian but incorporates panels dating to the 15th century, while fixed to it is a 17th-century wrought-iron hour-glass stand. By the west wall of the churchyard is an old stone coffin without a lid. A notable rector here was George Coke; the Church is open at weekends only and the key is available from the churchwardens. History of St Margaret's Church, Bygrave - Bygrave Croquet Club Church of St Margaret of Antioch, Bygrave - Hertfordshire Churches in Photographs

Richard Sundeleaf

Richard Wilhelm Sundeleaf was an American architect from Portland, United States. A number of the buildings he designed are listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Sundeleaf was born in Portland's Goose Hollow neighborhood in 1900, moved at age 6 to a neighborhood just north of Sellwood, known as City View Park. After graduating from Washington High School in 1918 he attended the University of Oregon's School of Architecture, in Eugene, graduating in 1923, he trained in the Beaux Arts style of traditional design. After graduation, Sundeleaf returned to Portland, he remained with Doyle for a year. He worked for four years with the firm of Sutton and Whitney. After working for other architecture firms, he decided to open his own firm in 1928. During the Great Depression, he worked for the Historic American Buildings Survey. During this time he became known for his imaginative work in industrial architecture, he combined his decorative training with a rugged functionalism in a series of distinctive warehouses and offices.

In the 1940s, his style changed somewhat when he became a proponent of the Streamline Moderne style, "in which the spirit of the machine age and the concepts of aerodynamics shaped the design of the building", The Oregonian wrote in its obituary of Sundeleaf. He designed numerous public buildings around Portland. Sundeleaf carried out several projects for Portland-based Jantzen Knitting Mills, including design of a new headquarters building and factory building in Portland, as well as buildings in Australia and England. In 1935, Sundeleaf designed a Tudor-style English cottage for the University of Oregon chapter of Chi Psi in Eugene, Oregon; the Chi Psi Fraternity House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. Many of Sundeleaf's English cottages would be constructed in suburban Portland. Sundeleaf lived in Lake Oswego, from 1940 until his death, he designed many homes in that area. One of the latter, the Dr. Walter Black House, is listed on the NRHP. Around 1930, Jantzen Knitting Mills co-founder Carl Jantzen commissioned Sundeleaf to design his home in Oswego, the now-NRHP-listed Carl C.

Jantzen Estate used Sundeleaf's designs for its bridge. Sundeleaf designed the NRHP-listed 1934 Paul F. Murphy House, in Northwest Portland. With his wife, Mildred, to whom he was married from 1925 until his death, Sundeleaf owned a 160-acre ranch in southwestern Montana, acquired in 1956. Sundeleaf died on March 1987, at his home in Lake Oswego, his career included over 3000 projects. Dr. Walter Black House, 1125 Maple St. Lake Oswego, Oregon, NRHP-listed Chi Psi Fraternity House, 1018 Hilyard St. Eugene, Oregon, NRHP-listed Clarence E. Francis House, 9717 SE. Cambridge Ln. Milwaukie, Oregon, NRHP-listed Carl C. Jantzen Estate's boathouse, 1850 N. Shore Rd. Lake Oswego, Oregon, NRHP-listed Paul F. Murphy House, 850 NW. Powhatan Terr. Portland, Oregon, NRHP-listed E. J. O'Donnell House, 5535 SW. Hewett Blvd. Portland, NRHP-listed Oregon Portland Cement Building, 111 SE Madison, Portland, NRHP-listed Headquarters of Jantzen, 1929.