Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It was composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore, it was written in sadhu Bengali or tatsama Bengali, sanskiritised. The first stanza of the song Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the National Anthem on 24 January 1950. A formal rendition of the national anthem takes 52 seconds. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines is staged occasionally, it was first publicly sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. The poem was first publicly recited on the second day of the annual session of the Indian National Congress in Calcutta on 27 December 1911, again in January 1912 at the annual event of the Adi Brahmo Samaj, however, it was unknown except to the readers of the Adi Brahmo Samaj journal, Tattwabodhini Patrika; the poem was published in February 1905 under the title Bharat Bhagya Bidhata in the Tatwabodhini Patrika, the official publication of the Brahmo Samaj with Tagore the Editor.
In 1912 Song was performed by Sarala Devi Chowdhurani, Tagore’s niece, along with a group of school students, in front of prominent Congress members like Bishan Narayan Dhar, Indian National Congress President, Ambika Charan Majumdar. Outside of Calcutta, the song was first sung by the bard himself at a session in Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh on 28 February 1919 when Tagore visited the college and sung the song; the song enthralled the college students while Margaret Cousins vice-principal of the college, both requested Tagore to create an English translation of the song and set down the musical notation to the national anthem, followed only when the song is sung in the original slow rendition style. Tagore translated the work into English while at the college on 28 February 1919, titled The Morning Song of India – via Wikisource; the college adopted Tagore's translation of the song as their prayer song, sung till today. The song was selected as national anthem by Subhas Chandra Bose.
On the occasion of the founding meeting of the German-Indian Society on September 11, 1942 in the Hotel Atlantic in Hamburg, Jana Gana Mana was played for the first time by the Hamburg Radio Symphony Orchestra as the national anthem of an independent India. Before it became the national anthem of India, "Jana Gana Mana" was heard in the 1945 film Hamrahi, it was the official song of The Doon School, Dehradun. On the occasion of India attaining freedom, the Indian Constituent Assembly assembled for the first time as a sovereign body on 14 August 1947, midnight and the session closed with an unanimous performance of Jana Gana Mana; the members of the Indian Delegation to the General Assembly of the United Nations held at New York in 1947 gave a recording of Jana Gana Mana as the country’s national anthem. The song was played by the house orchestra in front of a gathering consisting of representatives from all over the world; the National Anthem of India is sung on various occasions. Instructions have been issued from time to time about the correct versions of the Anthem, the occasions on which these are to be played or sung, about the need for paying respect to the anthem by observance of proper decorum on such occasions.
The substance of these instructions has been embodied in the information sheet issued by the government of India for general information and guidance. The approximate duration of the Full Version of National Anthem of India is 52 seconds and 20 seconds for shorter version; the poem was composed in a literary register of the Bengali language called sadhu bhasa, sanskritised. The song has been written entirely using nouns that can function as verbs A short version consisting of the first and last lines of the National Anthem is played on certain occasions, it reads as follows Translation by Tagore, dated 28 February 1919 at the Besant Theosophical College. In Kerala, students belonging to the Jehovah's Witnesses religious denomination were expelled by school authorities for their refusal to sing the national anthem on religious grounds, although they stood up respectfully when the anthem was sung; the Kerala High Court concluded that there was nothing in it which could offend anyone's religious susceptibilities, upheld their expulsion.
On 11 August 1986, the Supreme Court reversed the High Court and ruled that the High Court had misdirected itself because the question is not whether a particular religious belief or practice appeals to our reason or sentiment but whether the belief is genuinely and conscientiously held as part of the profession or practice of a religion. "Our personal views and reactions are irrelevant." The Supreme Court affirmed the principle that it is not for a secular judge to sit in judgment on the correctness of a religious belief. The Supreme Court observed in its ruling that "There is no provision of law which obliges anyone to sing the National Anthem nor is it disrespectful to the National Anthem if a person who stands up respectfully when the National Anthem is sung does not join the singing. Proper respect is shown to the National Anthem by standing up, it will not be right to say. Standing up respectfully when the National Anthem is sung but not singing oneself does not either prevent the singing of the National Anthem or cause disturbance to an assembly engaged in such singing so as to constitute the offence mentioned in s. 3 of the Prevention of Insults t
The Modruš-Rijeka County was a historic administrative subdivision of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, the Hungarian part of the dual Austro-Hungarian Empire, its territory is now in western Croatia. Modruš is a small town near Ogulin. However, Rijeka was not part of the Modruš-Rijeka County, but under the direct administration of Hungary; the capital of the county was Ogulin. The Modruš-Rijeka County shared borders with the Austrian lands Istria and Bosnia-Herzegovina and the counties of Zagreb and Lika-Krbava; the county had a strip of Adriatic Sea coast. Its area was 4879 km² around 1910; the territory of the county was part of the Kingdom of Croatia when it entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, with it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1526. The county was created in the late 18th century. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon the county became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes.
Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the county has been part of Croatia. In 1900, the county had a population of 228,452 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:Total: Croatian: 150,982 Serbian: 73,604 Hungarian: 601 German: 512 Slovak: 58 Ruthenian: 4 Romanian: 3 Other or unknown: 2,688 According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:Total: Roman Catholic: 154,276 Greek Orthodox: 73,632 Jewish: 335 Lutheran: 128 Calvinist: 66 Greek Catholic: 8 Unitarian: 0 Other or unknown: 7 In 1910, the county had a population of 231,654 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:Total: Croatian: 152,210 Serbian: 74,894 Hungarian: 899 German: 592 Slovak: 64 Romanian: 6 Ruthenian: 4 Other or unknown: 2,985 According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:Total: Roman Catholic: 156,060 Greek Orthodox: 74,941 Jewish: 382 Lutheran: 117 Calvinist: 101 Greek Catholic: 39 Unitarian: 4 Other or unknown: 10 In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Modruš-Rijeka county were
Don't Forget You're Going to Die is a 1995 French drama film directed, co-written by and starring Xavier Beauvois. The film tells the story of an HIV positive man. Xavier Beauvois as Benoit Chiara Mastroianni as Claudia Roschdy Zem as Omar Bulle Ogier as Benoit's Mother Jean-Louis Richard as Bennoit's Father Emmanuel Salinger as Military Doctor Jean Douchet as Jean-Paul Pascal Bonitzer as Psychiatrist Cédric Kahn as Benoit's Friend Stanislas Nordey as Benoit's Friend Patrick Chauvel as Military Commander Denis Psaltospoulos as Patient The film won the Jury Prize at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival. Don't Forget You're Going to Die on IMDb
Queen's Blade: Rebellion is a 2012 anime television series based on the Queen's Blade series of gamebooks by Hobby Japan. Set after the events of the original Queen Blade and the entire Continent have fallen under a tyrannical rule led by Claudette, the Thundercloud Queen; the series focuses on Annelotte, an exiled knight who leads a band of rebels in her fight to overthrow the Queen. The anime is produced by Arms under the directorship of Yousei Morino, with the script written by Hideki Shirane, music by Masaru Yokoyama, characters by Rin-Sin, Takayuki Noguchi, Yukiko Ishibashi; the anime aired on AT-X from April 3, 2012 to June 19, 2012, with subsequent broadcasts on Tokyo MX, Chiba TV, Sun Television, BS11. AT-X airings are uncensored, while the airings on Tokyo MX and other channels are censored. Six DVD and Blu-ray volumes will be released by Media Factory, starting from June 27, 2012; each DVD/BD volume will contain an OVA short entitled "What Will It Look Like When It Smashes Through Restrictions!?".
An OVA anime adaptation of Rebellion was bundled with the Queen's Blade Premium Visual Book and Queen's Blade Rebellion Premium Visual Book on DVD prior to the anime's official announcement. Serving as prologues, the OVAs take place after the events of Queen's Blade: Beautiful Fighters; the first set of OVAs were released on October 29, 2011, while the second set of OVAs were released on January 28, 2012. Simulcasts of the Rebellion anime are provided by Crunchyroll, starting from April 12, 2012; the anime is licensed in North America by Sentai Filmworks. The opening theme for the series is "I Can Hear the Song of Life" by Naomi Tamura, while the ending theme is "future is serious" by Aika Kobayashi. Both songs were released as CD singles on April 25, 2012. Official website
Michael Ballhaus, A. S. C. was a German cinematographer who had collaborated with directors such as Rainer Werner Fassbinder, Martin Scorsese, Mike Nichols and James L. Brooks, he was a member of both the Academy of Arts and the American Society of Cinematographers. Ballhaus was born in Germany as the son of German actors Lena Hutter and Oskar Ballhaus. Ballhaus was influenced by family friend Max Ophüls, appeared as an extra in Ophüls' last film Lola Montès, he came to prominence with his work with Rainer Werner Fassbinder beginning with Whity, in addition to The Bitter Tears of Petra von Kant, Chinese Roulette and The Marriage of Maria Braun. In 1990, he was the Head of the Jury at the 40th Berlin International Film Festival. After settling in the United States, he worked on many American films such as Baby It's You for John Sayles. Ballhaus was nominated three times for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Broadcast News, The Fabulous Baker Boys and Gangs of New York, but never won any.
Despite this, he did win the Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Bram Stoker's Dracula. Ballhaus's documentary, In Berlin, which he made with Ciro Cappelari, was released in May 2009. Ballhaus's final film was Sherry Hormann's 3096 in 2013. Helga Maria Betten Ballhaus, Ballhaus' first wife from 1958, appeared in a handful of films, such as those directed by Fassbinder, their son Florian is a cinematographer who worked on Flightplan and The Devil Wears Prada. In 2011, he married German-American film director Sherry Hormann, known for Desert Flower. Ballhaus was the nephew of German stage and film actor Carl Balhaus, who starred in The Blue Angel and M. Ballhaus died at his home in Berlin, Germany after a short illness on 12 April 2017, at the age of 81. 2007 Bavarian Film Awards Honorary Award List of German-speaking Academy Award winners and nominees Michael Ballhaus on IMDb Cinemascope interview Michael Ballhaus in Genealogy Wiki
Senapati is the district headquarters of Senapati district in the state of Manipur in India. Senapati District is located in the northern part of Manipur bordered by Phek district on the North, Tamenglong District on the West, Imphal East and West District on the South and Ukhrul district on the east; the general topography of the district is hilly. The hills run in the north to south alignment sloping down to south meeting the plain of Manipur valley. National Highway 39 stretches through the heart of the district. Sekmai is the South of the district. Mao bordered the Nagaland in the North end. Total land area of 60 % of the district is 40 % is arable land; the land is rich of fauna. The forest is adorned with centuries old trees; the district comes under humid Sub-tropical climate. The Senapati District has a total population of 2,83,621 according to the 2001 census. Senapati is a district having various ethnic communities; the majority are of the Mao, Thangal and Zeliangrong Naga tribes. There exist minorities of Tangkhul and Maring Nagas, Kukis and others.
Meitei is the lingua-franca of the various communities in the district. The religious makeup of the city is 2 % Hindu. Paddy, potato and cereals are the main economic crops of the district. Rice is the main food of people. Cattle, buffalo and goats are the main animals reared in the district