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Jane Byrne

Jane Margaret Byrne was an American politician, the first woman to be elected mayor of a major city in the United States. She served as the 50th Mayor of Chicago from April 16, 1979, until April 29, 1983. Byrne won the Chicago mayoral election on April 3, 1979, becoming the first female mayor of the city, the second largest city in the United States at the time. Prior to her tenure as mayor, Byrne served as Chicago's commissioner of consumer sales from 1969 until 1977, the only woman to be a part of Mayor Richard J. Daley's cabinet. Byrne was born Jane Margaret Burke on May 24, 1933, at John B. Murphy Hospital in the Lake View neighborhood on the north side of Chicago, Illinois, to Katherine Marie Burke, a housewife, Edward Patrick Burke, vice president of Inland Steel. Raised on the city's north side, Byrne graduated from Saint Scholastica High School and attended St. Mary of the Woods for her freshman year of college. Byrne transferred to Barat College, where she graduated with a bachelor's degree in chemistry and biology in 1955.

Byrne entered politics to volunteer in John F. Kennedy's campaign for president in 1960. During that campaign she first met Chicago Mayor Richard J. Daley. After meeting Daley, he appointed her to several positions beginning in 1964 with a job in a city anti-poverty programIn June 1965, she was promoted and worked with the Chicago Committee of Urban Opportunity. In 1968, Byrne was appointed head of the City of Chicago's consumer affairs department. In 1972, Byrne served as a delegate to the 1972 Democratic National Convention and chairperson of the DNC resolutions committee in 1973. Byrne was appointed co-chairperson of the Cook County Democratic Central Committee by Daley, despite her rejection by the majority of Democratic leaders, in 1975; the committee ousted Byrne shortly after Daley's death in late 1976. Shortly thereafter, Byrne accused the newly appointed mayor Michael Bilandic of being unfair to citizens of the city by approving an increase in regulated taxi fares, which Byrne charged was the result of a "backroom deal".

Byrne was fired from her post of head of consumer affairs by Bilandic Months after her firing as head of the consumer affairs department, Byrne challenged Bilandic in the 1979 Democratic mayoral primary. Announcing her mayoral campaign in August 1977, Byrne partnered with Chicago journalist and political consultant Don Rose, who served as her campaign manager. At first, political observers believed her to have little chance of winning. A memorandum inside the Bilandic campaign said it should portray her as, "a shrill, vindictive person—and nothing makes a woman look worse." However, the Chicago Blizzard of 1979 in January paralyzed the city and caused Bilandic to be seen as an ineffective leader. Jesse Jackson endorsed Byrne. Many Republican voters voted in the Democratic primary to beat Bilandic. Infuriated voters in the North Side and Northwest Side retaliated against Bilandic for the Democratic Party's slating of only South Side candidates for the mayor and treasurer; these four factors combined to give Byrne a 51% to 49% victory over Bilandic in the primary.

Positioning herself as a reformer, Byrne won the main election with 82.1% of the vote, still the largest margin in a Chicago mayoral election. Byrne made inclusive moves as mayor, such as hiring the first African-American and female school superintendent Ruth B. Love, she was the first mayor to recognize the gay community. In her first three months in office, she faced strikes by labor unions as the city's transit workers, public school teachers and firefighters all went on strike, she banned handgun possession for guns unregistered or purchased after the enactment of an ordinance instituting a two-year re-registration program. Byrne used special events, such as ChicagoFest, to revitalize Navy Pier and the downtown Chicago Theatre. Byrne and the Cook County Democratic Party endorsed Senator Edward Kennedy for president in 1980, but incumbent President Jimmy Carter won the Illinois Democratic Primary and carried Cook County and the city of Chicago. Byrne and the Cook County Democratic Party's candidate for Cook County State's Attorney, 14th Ward Alderman Edward M. Burke, lost in the Democratic primary to Richard M. Daley, the son of her late mentor.

Other events in her mayoralty include Pope John Paul II's debut papal visit that October and the finding of Soviet Ukrainian escapee Walter Polovchak the following year—1980—and his announcement of his desire to stay in America permanently and not go back to the USSR with his parents. On November 11, 1981, Dan Goodwin, who had climbed the Sears Tower the previous spring, battled for his life on the side of the John Hancock Center. William Blair, Chicago's fire commissioner, had ordered the Chicago Fire Department to stop Goodwin by directing a full-power fire hose at him and by using fire axes to break window glass in Goodwin's path. Mayor Byrne ordered the fire department to stand down. Through a smashed out 38th floor window, she told Goodwin, hanging from the building's side a floor below, that though she did not agree with his climbing of the John Hancock Center, she opposed the fire department knocking him to the ground below. Byrne allowed Goodwin to continue to the top. In 1982, she supported the Cook County Democratic Party's replacement of its chairman, County Board President George Dunne, with her city-council ally, Alderman Edward Vrdolyak.

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2013 in archosaur paleontology

The year 2013 in Archosaur paleontology was eventful. Archosaurs include the only living dinosaur group — birds — and the reptile crocodilians, plus all extinct dinosaurs, extinct crocodilian relatives, pterosaurs. Archosaur palaeontology is the scientific study of those animals as they existed before the Holocene Epoch began about 11,700 years ago; the year 2013 in paleontology included various significant developments regarding archosaurs. This article records new taxa of fossil archosaurs of every kind that have been described during the year 2013, as well as other significant discoveries and events related to paleontology of archosaurs that occurred in the year 2013. Mesoeucrocodylian fossils, which might be the first recorded Cenozoic fossils of atoposaurids, are described from the Eocene Kaninah Formation of Yemen by Stevens et al.. A study on the reproductive strategies of dinosaurs is published by Griebeler. A re-analysis of prior studies on the dinosaur growth rates is published by Myhrvold.

A study on an assemblage of specimens of Aniksosaurus darwini from the Upper Cretaceous Bajo Barreal Formation evaluating whether the assemblage is monospecific and whether or not all the individuals died at the same time based on taphonomic data, is published by Ibiricu et al.. Redescription of Lusotitan atalaiensis and a study on the phylogenetic relationships of basal titanosauriform sauropods is published by Mannion et al.. A review of all fossil specimens referred to Euoplocephalus tutus, as well as specimens that were referred to Euoplocephalus but subsequently were assigned to different genera, is published by Arbour & Currie. Eleutherornis is re-examined and classified as a member of Phorusrhacidae by Angst et al

Semyon Bobrov

Semyon Sergeyevich Bobrov — was a Russian poet and civil servant. Bobrov's father was a church minister. At the age of nine Bobrov entered a religious seminary at Moscow. In 1780 he enrolled in the secondary school attached to Moscow University from which he graduated in 1785, his first published writing appeared in 1784. After graduation from the university he moved to St. Petersburg. In 1787 he was hired by the Heraldry department of the Governing Senate, he worked as a translator at the committee on legislature. Beginning in 1792 he served in the admiralty office of the Black Sea Fleet under admiral Nikolay Mordvinov, he spent about ten years in southern Russia. In the early 1800s Bobrov published in magazines associated with the Free Society of Lovers of Literature and the Arts: "Northern Herold", "Lyceum", "Flowergarden", in 1807 became associated with the Society. 1805 he took part in the language controversy on the side of the "archaists" with his work "Events in the shadow-land, or the fate of the Russian language", which of course provoked negative reactions from the "karamzinists", by whom he was denounced as a "bibris".

Through the responses to his ideas by P. A. Vyazemsky, K. N. Batyushkov and Pushkin, who called him "the heavy bibrus", Bobrov’s name was saved from complete oblivion. Toward the end of his life, Bobrov lived in poverty, he was buried at the Volkovo Cemetery. Bobrov wrote heavy material, as witnessed by the titles of his huge books, e.g.. "The Coming of Midnight, or Contemplation of the Fame and Wisdom of the Crowned and Civil Geniuses of Russia, Followed by Accounts of Didactic, Erotic or Various Other Natures in Verse and Prose". In addition to long poems such as "Taurica, or My Summer Day at the Taurian Chersonesus“, the mentioned "Coming of Midnight", "The Old Night of the Universe, or the Fartravelling Blind“, Bobrov wrote and translated odes as well as works of moral instruction, he was one of the first in Russia to take an interest in English literature. He was a mystic. Bobrov's poetic prowess was taken note of by many of his contemporaries. Derzhavin "was in raptures" about his works, Krylov wrote in 1822 on the "wilful and unbridled" within "Bobrov’s genius", Küchelbecker spoke of the "greatness" of his talent, Griboyedov sharpened his own artistic mastership by reading and rereading the famous "Taurica".

However, beside such praise, he met with the opposite: long before Vyazemsky and Pushkin, Radishchev mentioned him with derision in his poem "Bova". His contemporaries could not find value in Bobrov the literary theorist with strong and farreaching views. In his time Bobrov felt the full harshness of the struggle between the perception of thought and its adequate expression in language. "Speech is light, but how delusive! Reaching us through our ears it looses its rightful sense." He boldly coined neologisms, declaring that "Usual and worn-out expressions, it seems, might not give to the word such strength as fresh, bold expressions invented with patriotic endeavour." Many new words were coined in bad taste. Most he used slavianisms, which brought him the sympathies of Shishkov, but made him the laughing stock of the karamzinists, he upheld that "rhyme should never hold up the musical qualities of a poem... serves as a deflection of the most beautiful feelings and the most refined thoughts, but always destroys the soul of the work", if the author makes the slightest concession to it.

Long before Benediktov and the symbolists of the end of the 19th century, Bobrov felt the yearning for the "awful sound" and the "unknown speech" and was among the first to uphold the beauty of blank verse. Imperial Moscow University: 1755-1917: encyclopedic dictionary. Moscow: Russian political encyclopedia. A. Andreev, D. Tsygankov. 2010. Pp. 79–80. ISBN 978-5-8243-1429-8

Chavismo: The Plague of the 21st Century

Chavismo: The Plague of the 21st Century is a 2018 documentary film directed by Gustavo Tovar-Arroyo. The film is an analysis of the causes, social and economic that caused the rise of Hugo Chávez as president of Venezuela; the documentary film was awarded as the best documentary in the New York International Films Infest Festival. In 2019, after a campaign in media outlets and social media by progovernment movements, the pro-government Supreme Tribunal of Justice of Venezuela, through a Caracas court, ordered the ban of the screening of the documentary at the Simón Bolívar University as well as at public universities and other public spaces in general, in response to the request of a prosecutor investigating it as an alleged hate crime or as inciting hate crimes, established in the Law against Hatred approved by the Constituent Assembly; the USB Teachers' Association responded by saying: "The regime's tribunal is a pretender and silences the freedom of speech once more in Venezuela. USB academics are affected.

We expect domestic and international support." Tovar-Arroyo described the ban of his documentary as a "success without precedent", because now students would want to watch the documentary more. Chavismo: la peste del siglo XXI on IMDb Chavismo: la peste del siglo XXI in YouTube

Goregaon (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Goregaon Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India. Goregaon constituency is one of the 26 Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in the Mumbai Suburban district. Goregaon is part of the Mumbai North West Lok Sabha constituency along with five other Vidhan Sabha segments, namely Dindoshi, Jogeshwari East, Andheri West and Andheri West in the Mumbai Suburban district. Key PSP INC Janata Party INC Shiv Sena BJP Goregaon List of constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha

Elaine Phillips

Elaine Phillips is an American politician who represented the New York State Senate's 7th district. She is a Republican. Phillips was defeated in her 2018 re-election bid. Phillips was raised in Pennsylvania, she is the daughter of John Reidman, a steel worker who died when she was 12, Betty Reidman, who worked as a cook at a local American Legion post. Phillips attended Penn State University, where she earned both her bachelor's degree and an M. B. A. in Finance. A former financial analyst, Phillips worked for large financial institutions for over 20 years, including Met Life and JP Morgan Securities, she served as a Vice President in Institutional Sales at Goldman Sachs. Phillips and her husband, are the parents of three daughters. Phillips served as the Mayor of Flower Hill, New York from 2012 to 2016. During her tenure as Mayor, she stabilized the village's finances. Phillips implemented an environmental policy to expand the number of trees in the village, an effort which led the Village to be named Tree City USA by the national Arbor Day Committee.

In 2016, State Senator Jack Martins decided to run for Congress, foregoing re-election to the Senate to do so. Phillips was supported by Martins. Phillips ran on a platform which included cutting taxes, combating the heroin epidemic and strengthening state ethics laws in response to corruption scandals in Albany. Phillips was unopposed for the Republican nomination. With the Seventh district being one of the most competitive districts in the state, the race was projected to be close. In the end, Phillips defeated Democrat Adam M. Haber by a 51% to 49% margin, she was sworn in on January 1, 2017. In 2018, Phillips lost her re-election bid to Democrat Anna Kaplan. November 2016 general election, New York State Senate, 7th Senate District Senator Elaine Phillips official site