Osino is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Elko County, Nevada. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 709. Osino is located on Interstate 80 9 miles northeast of Elko and 41 miles southwest of Wells
U.S. Route 93 in Idaho
U. S. Route 93 is a north–south U. S. Highway in the U. S. state of Idaho. US 93 enters southern Idaho from Nevada north of the border casino town of Jackpot. Heading northbound in Twin Falls County, it passes through Rogerson and Hollister towards Twin Falls. West of the city, US 93 turns and runs east–west for a few miles, parallel with US 30; this section is Pole Line Road. North of Twin Falls, US 93 crosses the Snake River Canyon via the Perrine Bridge, 486 feet above the water. 3 miles north of the bridge, the highway intersects with Interstate 84 at exit 173. Further north in Shoshone, US 93 connects with the southern terminus of State Highway 75, the former route of US 93 to Ketchum and over Galena Summit8,701 to Stanley and Clayton. Present-day US 93 diverts in a northeasterly route to Richfield, the Craters of the Moon, Arco. Between Shoshone and Arco the highway runs concurrently with the east–west US 26, with US 20 between Carey and Arco. From Arco, the highway climbs the Big Lost River valley through Mackay.
This section provides views of the Lost River Range to the northeast of the highway, including Borah Peak, the highest point in the state at 12,662 feet above sea level. Mackay Dam and reservoir are on the southwest side of the highway; the highway crosses the Willow Creek Summit at 7,161 feet and descends into Grand View Canyon and heads into the city of Challis. US 93 creates the northern terminus of State Highway 75 just south of Challis and takes over as the northern leg of the Salmon River Scenic Byway, it descends with the Salmon River as it winds north around the edge of the Lost River and Lemhi mountain ranges into the city of Salmon at 4,004 feet. Continuing north, the US 93 runs along portions of the Clark Trail; the highway follows the descending northbound river until North Fork at 3,620 feet, where the Salmon River makes a left turn to flow west across the state to Riggins. US 93 continues north, climbing the North Fork of the Salmon River into the Bitterroot Range, passing through the Salmon-Challis National Forest and Gibbonsville.
The highway exits Idaho at Lost Trail Pass at 7,014 feet and enters Montana toward the Bitterroot Valley. West of the highway at the pass is the Lost Trail Powder Mountain ski area, with terrain in both states. US 93 was established in 1926 using the modern-day route of SH-75 between Shoshone and Challis; the highway was re-aligned to its modern route via Arco in 1977, replacing an alternative route. In 2010, the 5.5-mile Pole Line Road bypass around Twin Falls opened to traffic. US 93 was re-routed to the new bypass. Idaho Transportation Dept. – Milepost log – U. S. 93 Roadcams – U. S. 93 David Rumsey Map Collection – Historic road map – Idaho, Wyoming – Texaco Idaho highway map – Shell
Carlin is a small city located near the western border of Elko County in northeast Nevada, 23 miles west of the city of Elko. It is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area. Carlin sits along Interstate 80 at an elevation of 4,900 feet; as of the 2010 census, its population was 2,368, up from 2,161 at the 2000 census. The city was named for Civil War general William Passmore Carlin, its slogan is "Where the Train Stops... And the Gold Rush Begins". Carlin is located at 40°42′51″N 116°6′47″W. To the northwest is the Carlin Trend, one of the most productive gold mining areas in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.0 square kilometres, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,161 people, 792 households, 579 families residing in the city; the population density was 234.6 people per square mile. There were 1,014 housing units at an average density of 110.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.90% White, 0.05% African American, 1.76% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.79% from other races, 1.85% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.38% of the population. There were 792 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,571, the median income for a family was $51,716. Males had a median income of $47,396 versus $21,813 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,377. About 4.1% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
On August 12, 1939, the City of San Francisco train derailed while crossing a bridge near Carlin, killing 24 and injuring 121. The wreck remains unsolved to this day; the train was operated by a joint partnership of the Chicago and North Western Railway, the Southern Pacific Railroad, the Union Pacific Railroad. Carlin was the home of the Native American medicine man John "Rolling Thunder" Pope, who had worked as a brakeman on the railway. Carlin Tunnel Gold mining in Nevada Newmont Mining Corporation has a large gold-mining operation near Carlin City of Carlin official website
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Charleston is a ghost town in Elko County, United States. It lies along the Bruneau River just south of the Mountain City and Jarbidge Ranger Districts of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest and is near the southwest edge of the Jarbidge Wilderness; the Charleston settlement was established in 1876 when gold was discovered in Seventy-Six Creek, at the southwestern base of Copper Mountain. The camp was called Mardis, but was soon named Charleston after a local prospector, Tom Charles; the settlement grew with the building of a hotel, schools, stores and an icehouse. By 1884, most mining operations had stopped. A post office was established at Charleston in 1895, remained in operation until 1951; the camp revived in 1905. A five-stamp mill was built at the time. Another re-opening of the mines occurred during the period 1932 to 1937; the mines are now abandoned and the two remaining builds from the settlement are on private property. List of ghost towns in Nevada
Oasis is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located in eastern Elko County, United States, at the junction of State Route 233 and Interstate 80, 31 miles northwest of the Utah border and 77 miles east of Elko. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 29. Oasis is a high desert community located in the Goshute Valley between the Pequop Mountains and the Toano Range at an elevation of 5,870 feet; the community is part of the Elko Micropolitan Statistical Area. Nevada Department of Forestry Nevada Department of Transportation, Pequop Maintenance Station