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Jay Leno

James Douglas Muir Leno is an American comedian, writer and former late-night television host. After doing stand-up comedy for years, he became the host of NBC's The Tonight Show with Jay Leno from 1992 to 2009. Beginning in September 2009, Leno started a primetime talk show, titled The Jay Leno Show, which aired weeknights at 10:00pm ET on NBC. After The Jay Leno Show was canceled in January 2010 amid a host controversy, Leno returned to host The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on March 1, 2010, he hosted his last episode of The Tonight Show on February 6, 2014. That year, he was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame. Since 2014, Leno has hosted Jay Leno's Garage. Leno was born April 1950 in New Rochelle, New York, his homemaker mother, was born in Greenock and came to the United States at age 11. His father, was an insurance salesman, born in New York, to immigrants from Flumeri, Italy. Leno grew up in Andover and graduated from Andover High School. Leno obtained a bachelor's degree in speech therapy from Emerson College, where he started a comedy club in 1973.

His older brother, was a Vietnam War veteran who worked as an attorney. Leno made his first appearance on The Tonight Show on March 1977, performing a comedy routine. During the 1970s, Leno appeared in minor roles in several television series and films, first in the 1976 episode "J. J. in Trouble" of Good Times and the same year in the pilot of Holmes & Yo-Yo. After an uncredited appearance in the 1977 film Fun with Dick and Jane, he played more prominent roles in 1978 in American Hot Wax and Silver Bears. Other films and television series from that period include Almost Heaven, "Going Nowhere" from One Day at a Time, Polyester, "The Wild One" from Alice, both "Feminine Mistake" and "Do the Carmine" from Laverne & Shirley. Leno's only starring film role was the 1989 direct-to-video Collision Course, opposite Pat Morita, he appeared numerous times on Late Night with David Letterman. Starting in 1986, Leno was a regular substitute host for Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show. In 1992, he replaced Carson as host amid controversy with David Letterman, hosting Late Night with David Letterman since 1982, whom many—including Carson himself—had expected to be Carson's successor.

The story of this turbulent transition was turned into a book and a movie. Leno continued to perform as a stand-up comedian throughout his tenure on The Tonight Show. In 2004, Leno signed a contract extension with NBC which would keep him as host of The Tonight Show until 2009. In 2004, Conan O'Brien signed a contract with NBC under which O'Brien would become the host of The Tonight Show in 2009, replacing Leno at that time. During the 2007–08 Writers Guild of America strike, Leno was accused of violating WGA guidelines by writing his own monologue for The Tonight Show. While NBC and Leno claim there were private meetings with the WGA where there was a secret agreement allowing this, the WGA denied such a meeting. Leno answered questions in front of the Writers Guild of America, West trial committee in February 2009 and June 2009, when the WGAW published its list of strike-breakers on August 11, 2009, Leno was not on the list. On April 23, 2009, Leno checked himself into a hospital with an undisclosed illness.

He was released the following day and returned to work on Monday, April 27. The two subsequently canceled Tonight Show episodes for April 23 and 24 were Leno's first in 17 years as host; the illness that caused the absence was not disclosed, but Leno told People magazine it was for exhaustion. During the 2005 trial of Michael Jackson over allegations of child molestation, Leno was one of a few celebrities who appeared as a defense witness. In his testimony regarding a call by the accuser, Leno testified that he never called the police, no money was asked for, there was no coaching – but the calls seemed unusual and scripted; as a result, Leno was not allowed to tell jokes about Jackson or the case, a fixture of The Tonight Show's opening monologue in particular. But he and his show's writers used a legal loophole by having Leno step aside while stand-in comedians took the stage and told jokes about the trial. Stand-ins included Roseanne Barr, Drew Carey, Brad Garrett, Dennis Miller, among others.

The gag order was challenged, the court ruled that Leno could continue telling jokes about the trial as long as he did not discuss his testimony. Leno celebrated by devoting an entire monologue to Michael Jackson jokes; because Leno's show continued to lead all late-night programming in the Nielsen ratings, the pending expiration of Leno's contract led to speculation about whether he would become a late-night host for another network after his commitment to NBC expired. Leno left The Tonight Show on Friday, May 29, 2009, Conan O'Brien took over on June 1, 2009. On December 8, 2008, it was reported that Leno would remain on NBC and move to a new hour-long show at 10 p.m. Eastern Time five nights a week; this show followed a similar format to The Tonight Show, was filmed in the same studio facility and retained many of Leno's most popular segments. Late Night host Conan O'Brien was his successor on The Tonight Show. Jay Leno's new show, titled The Jay Leno Show, debuted on September 14, 2009, it was announced at the Television Critics Association summer press tour that it would feature one or two celebrities, the occasional musical guest, keep the popular "Headlines" segments, which would air near the end of the show.

First guests included Jerry Seinfeld, Oprah Winfrey

Offenheim

Offenheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The municipality, which lies in the middle of the Rhenish-Hessian Switzerland, has 842 ha of woodland, giving it the biggest and the only wooded area in Rhenish Hesse. In the Vorholzwald is found Rhenish Hesse’s highest elevation at 358 m above sea level, the Kappelberg. Offenheim belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Alzey-Land. In 786, Offenheim had its first documentary mention in Lorsch Abbey’s donation directory; the council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the honorary mayor as chairman. The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results: The municipality’s arms might be described thus: Argent an oak eradicated leafed of eleven vert, fretted in the boughs a bow unstrung in fesse Or on each end of which an inescutcheon, the dexter sable in bend sinister charged with a lion rampant sinister Or langued and crowned gules, the sinister gules in bend charged with the head of a bishop’s crozier Or, the point of the crook in the shape of a trefoil in bend sinister.

Municipality’s official webpage Offenheim in the collective municipality’s Web pages

Wild Choir

Wild Choir was an American country music band. It consisted of Gail Davies, Larry Chaney, Pete Pendras, Denny Dadmun-Bixby, Bob Mummert. Davies thought of the idea upon returning from a trip to London, England in 1985. Upon speaking with RCA executive Joe Galante, the band signed a recording contract with RCA Nashville. Along with a self-titled studio album, the band released three singles in 1986. Although the lead single, "Safe in the Arms of Love", did not chart, it would become a major hit for both Michelle Wright and Martina McBride in 1995 respectively. Two singles from the album followed, the highest-charting being "Heart to Heart", which reached number forty on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart. Wild Choir's singles received major criticism from country music radio. Many stations found the recordings to be too associated with rock music, believing it would not respond well with listeners. Although they did not achieve major chart success, Wild Choir has been cited as the forerunner of today's Americana movement and has influenced other country bands, including Highway 101 and Foster & Lloyd.

After Wild Choir disbanded, Gail Davies signed with MCA Records and produced an album with label president, Jimmy Bowen. She proceeded to form her own record label - Little Chickadee Productions. Guitarist Larry Chaney went on to work with Edwin McCain. Pete Pendras teamed up with Neil Andersson from the Northwest band The Wailers to record several albums. Drummer Bob Mummert became a session musician. Denny Dadmun-Bixby joined a country group Great Plains and appeared as a background vocalist on Suzy Bogguss' 1998 album Nobody Love, Nobody Gets Hurt