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Jean-Paul Marat

Jean-Paul Marat was a French political theorist and scientist. He was a politician during the French Revolution, he seen as a radical voice. He published his views in pamphlets and newspapers, his periodical L'Ami du peuple made him an unofficial link with the radical Jacobin group that came to power after June 1793. His journalism was renowned for its fierce tone, advocacy of basic human rights for the poorest members of society, uncompromising stance toward the new leaders and institutions of the revolution. Responsibility for the September massacres has been attributed to him, but the collective mentality that made them possible resulted from circumstances and not from the will of any particular individual. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday, a Girondin sympathizer, while taking a medicinal bath for his debilitating skin condition. Corday was executed four days for his assassination, on 17 July 1793. In death, Marat became an icon to the Jacobins as a revolutionary martyr, he is portrayed in The Death of Marat.

Marat was born in Boudry, in the Prussian Principality of Neuchâtel on 24 May 1743. He was the second of nine children born to Jean Mara, a native of Cagliari and Louise Cabrol, a French Huguenot from Castres, his father was religious refugee. Marat left home in search of new opportunities, he was aware of the limited opportunities for those seen as outsiders as his educated father had been turned down for several college teaching posts. At the age of seventeen he applied for the expedition of Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche to Tobolsk to measure the transit of Venus, he was turned down. His first patronage was fulfilled with the wealthy Nairac family in Bordeaux, where he stayed for two years, he moved to Paris and studied medicine, without gaining any formal qualifications. He worked, informally, as a doctor after moving to London in 1765 due to a fear of being "drawn into dissipation". While there he befriended the Royal Academician artist Angelica Kauffman, his social circle included Italian architects who met in coffee houses around Soho.

Ambitious, but without patronage or qualifications, he set about inserting himself into the intellectual scene. Around 1770, Marat moved to Newcastle upon Tyne, his first political work, Chains of Slavery, inspired by the extra-parliamentary activities of the disenfranchised MP and Mayor of London John Wilkes, was most compiled in the central library there. By Marat's own colourful account, he lived on black coffee for three months, during its composition, sleeping only two hours a night, after finishing, sleeping soundly for thirteen days in a row, he gave it the subtitle, "A work in which the clandestine and villainous attempts of Princes to ruin Liberty are pointed out, the dreadful scenes of Despotism disclosed." This work earned him honorary membership of the patriotic societies of Berwick-upon-Tweed and Newcastle. The Newcastle Literary and Philosophical Society Library possesses a copy, Tyne and Wear Archives Service holds three presented to the various Newcastle guilds. Marat published "A philosophical Essay on Man," in 1773 and political theory "Chains of Slavery," in 1774.

Voltaire's sharp critique of "De l'Homme" in defence of his protégé Helvétius, reinforced Marat's growing sense of a widening gulf between the philosophes, grouped around Voltaire on one hand, their "opponents," loosely grouped around Rousseau on the other. After a published essay on curing a friend of gleets he secured medical referees for an MD from the University of St Andrews in June 1775, he published Enquiry into the Nature and Cure of a Singular Disease of the Eyes on his return to London. In 1776, Marat moved to Paris following a brief stopover in Geneva to visit his family. In Paris, his growing reputation as a effective doctor along with the patronage of the Marquis de l'Aubespine secured his appointment as physician to the bodyguard of the comte d'Artois, Louis XVI's youngest brother, to become king Charles X in 1824, he began this position in June 1777. The position paid 2,000 livres a year plus allowances. Marat set up a laboratory in the marquise de l'Aubespine's house with funds obtained by serving as court doctor among the aristocracy.

His method was to describe in detail the meticulous series of experiments he had undertaken on a problem, seeking to explore and exclude all possible conclusions but the one he reached. He published works on fire and heat and light, he published a summary of his scientific views and discoveries in Découvertes de M. Marat sur le feu, l'électricité et la lumière in 1779, he published three more extensive works that expanded on each of his areas of research. The first of Marat's large-scale publications detailing his experiments and drawing conclusions from them was Recherches Physiques sur le Feu, published in 1780 with the approval of the official censors; this publication describes 166 experiments conducted to demonstrate that fire was not, as was held, a material element but an "igneous fluid." He asked the Academy of Sciences to appraise his work, it appointed a commission to do so, which reported in April 1779. The report avoided endorsing Marat's conclusions but did speak of his "new

Sherfield on Loddon

Sherfield on Loddon—formerly Sherfield upon Loddon—is a village and civil parish in the English county of Hampshire. It is located at grid reference SU680580 12 miles south of Reading and 6 miles north of Basingstoke. At the 2011 census it had a population of 1,505; this increased to 3,107 at the 2011 Census due to the Sherfield Park development on the edge of Basingstoke. In 2016, Sherfield Park was separated to form a parish of its own. Sherfield on Loddon formed part of the Manor of Odiham. In the 12th century the manor was granted by Henry II to William Fitz Aldelin, reputed to have built the original Manor House. Sherfield was held in the reign of Edward I by Thomas de Warblington, High Sheriff of Hampshire, tenant-in-chief from the king in serjeanty by the services providing laundresses, of dismembering malefactors and measuring the gallons and bushels in the royal household; the manor passed by marriage from the Warblingtons to the Puttenham family. The reputed 1589 author of The Arte of English Poesie, George Puttenham, grew up at Sherfield Court but, as an adult, disputed its ownership with his niece.

The Manor was purchased by the Duke of Wellington in 1838. The present village developed about one mile north of the Manor house and church from around the 14th century. By the start of the twentieth century there were about forty homes surrounding the main village green with more homes around the Manor and Church. In 1917 Bramley Camp opened to the southwest of the Village creating employment opportunities for both Sherfield on Loddon and Bramley. A bypass was built around the village in 1974, moving the main Reading to Basingstoke road to the east. From 2004 to 2014, the Sherfield Park development was built on the edge of Basingstoke within the boundaries of the civil parish. By the time it was completed, the new development's population outnumbered that of the original village. In 2016, Sherfield Park was separated to become a civil parish of its own. Sherfield is located 6 miles north of Basingstoke; the village is between Reading and Basingstoke. The parish includes the hamlets of Church Wildmoor.

Sherfield School The Loddon School North Foreland Lodge Sherfield on Loddon parish council Sherfield on Loddon Village Hall website Sherfield Park Community website The White Hart, Sherfield on Loddon Media related to Sherfield on Loddon at Wikimedia Commons

P. V. R. K. Prasad

P. V. R. K. Prasad was a former Indian Administrative Service officer from Andhra Pradesh, he held several important posts in the center and state including Information advisor to former Indian prime minister P. V. Narasimha Rao, executive officer of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams, he brought a lot of reforms in the management of Tirumala temple to make it more people friendly. He continued to be an advisor of this temple after retiring as an executive officer, he wrote several books about his experience working in with P. V. Narasimha Rao and working as an executive officer of Tirumala temple, he worked hard to get selected for prestigious civil services. Prasad is survived by his wife Gopika, a son, a daughter. Though a Telugu native, he knew Tamil, he belongs to 1966 I. A. S Batch, he worked as a secretary to Chief minister. During his tenure as an executive officer with TTD from 1978–82, as an advisor took up several reforms and important projects. Prasad held several important positions throughout his career, among the most important of them were media advisor of former Indian prime minister P. V. Narasimha Rao, executive officer of Tirumala Tirupati Devesthanams.

Executive Officer of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams Additional secretary of Prime Minister's office Chairman of Hindu Dharma Parirakshana Trust Chairman of Visakhapatnam Port trust Prasad died on 21 August 2017 of cardiac arrest in a private hospital in Hyderabad. Asalem Jarigindante: This book is about his experiences in various posts in the center and state administrative divisions; this book was translated to English with the title Wheels behind the veil. Naham Kartah Hari Kartah: This books is about his spiritual experiences when he was working as an executive officer of T. T. D. Tirumala Leelamrutham Tirumala Charitamrutham


Austroencyrtus is a genus of parasitic wasps. In 1923, Alexandre Arsène Girault described the species A. annulicornis and circumscribed the new genus Austroencyrtus for it. In 1941, Girault created Zamenhofella for another new species, Z. voltai. The genus Zamenhofella was classified as a junior synonym of Austroencyrtus in 1997 by Edward Dahms and Gordon Gordh. Liao Dingxi and Tetsusaburo Tachikawa circumscribed the genus Paracerchysius for their new species P. ceresii in 1984. As of 2017, the following species are recognized: Austroencyrtus annulicornis Girault, 1923 Austroencyrtus ceresii Austroencyrtus voltai In 1984, John S. Noyes and Mohammad Hayat included A. guamensis, which they had transferred from Cerchysius. Noyes and Hayat claimed there were at least three additional undescribed species in Austroencyrtus from Papua New Guinea and New Hebrides. Species in this genus are found in Australia and China

Freedom Song (Oscar Peterson album)

Freedom Song is a 1982 live album by Oscar Peterson, recorded in Japan. "'Round Midnight" – 6:41 Medley: "Watch What Happens"/"Waltz for Debby" / – 8:43 "Easy Living" – 5:42 "Move" – 4:03 Medley: "Hymn to Freedom"/"The Fallen Warrior" / – 10:34 "Sweet Lorraine" – 7:17 "You Look Good to Me" – 6:27 "Now's the Time" – 8:15 "Future Child" – 1:51 "Mississauga Rattler" – 7:45 "Nigerian Marketplace" – 7:12 Medley: "Emily"/"Tenderly" / – 11:28 "Night Child" – 10:51 "The Cakewalk" – 6:25 Martin Drewdrums Joe Passguitar Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen – double bass Oscar Peterson – piano

Memorial for Victims of the German Occupation

The Memorial for Victims of the German Occupation is a monument created in memory of the German invasion of Hungary, located in Budapest's Liberty Square. The memorial has sparked controversy and angered Jewish community organizations, with critics alleging that the monument absolves the Hungarian state and Hungarians of their collaboration with Nazi Germany and complicity in the Holocaust. First announced in late 2013 and approved in a closed cabinet session on New Year's Eve of 2013, the memorial was built on the night of July 20/21, 2014; the memorial features a stone statue of the Archangel Gabriel, a national symbol of Hungary, being attacked by an eagle with extended claws that resembles the German coat of arms, the eagle representing the Nazi invasion and occupation of Hungary in March, 1944. The date "1944" in on the eagle's ankle; the inscription at the base of the monument reads "In memory of the victims."