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Jean Chr├ętien

For other people with the name Chrétien, see Chrétien Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien is a Canadian politician who served as the 20th prime minister of Canada from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003. Born and raised in Shawinigan, Chrétien is a law graduate from Université Laval, he was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in 1963. He served in various cabinet posts under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, most prominently as Minister of Justice, Minister of Finance, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, he served as Deputy Prime Minister in John Turner's short-lived government. He became leader of the Liberal Party of Canada in 1990, led the party to a majority government in the 1993 federal election, he was reelected with further majorities in 1997 and 2000. Chrétien was opposed to the Quebec sovereignty movement and supported official bilingualism and multiculturalism, he won a narrow victory as leader of the federalist camp in the 1995 Quebec referendum, pioneered the Clarity Act to avoid ambiguity in future referendum questions.

He advanced the Youth Criminal Justice Act in Parliament. Although his popularity and that of the Liberal Party were unchallenged for three consecutive federal elections, he became subject to various political controversies in the years of his prime-ministership, he was accused of inappropriate behaviour in the Sponsorship scandal, although he has denied any wrongdoing. He became embroiled in a protracted struggle within the Liberal Party against long-time political rival Paul Martin, he resigned as prime minister in December 2003, left public life altogether in order to spend more time with his grandchildren. In retrospective polling, Chrétien ranks among scholars and the public. Chrétien was born on January 11, 1934, in Shawinigan, Quebec, as the 18th of 19 children, of Marie and Wellie Chrétien; the working-class Chrétien family was poor, Chrétien had to wear clothing, worn by his siblings as his parents were too indigent to buy new clothing for him. Chrétien's parents wanted their children to escape a working-class life in Shawinigan by attending classical colleges, which were the only way one could attend university in Quebec at the time.

Chrétien's older brother Maurice won a scholarship at the insurance company he was working for, which allowed him to attend medical school, with the profits from his medical practice to allow his younger siblings to attend the classical colleges. Wellie Chrétien was a staunch Liberal who once got to shake hands as a young man with his hero, Sir Wilfrid Laurier; the local parish priest, Father Auger, a supporter of the Union Nationale who hated all Liberals as "ungodly," spread malicious rumours about the Liberal Chrétien family, saying he would never let a teenage girl go on a date unchaperoned with any of the Chrétien boys, which caused the young Jean Chrétien to have troubled relations with the Catholic church. Chrétien's father made. During the Second World War, the Canadian nationalist Wellie Chrétien had attracted much public disapproval by being a staunch supporter of the war effort, by being one of the few French-Canadians in Shawinigan willing to publicly support sending the conscripts to fight overseas.

Under the 1940 National Resources Mobilization Act, the federal government could conscript Canadians only for the defence of Canada, until late 1944, only volunteers went to fight overseas. In 1940s Quebec, where many French-Canadians were opposed to Canada fighting in the war, to sending the "Zombies" overseas, this made Wellie Chrétien and his family outcasts. Furthermore, during the Grande Noirceur when Quebec society was dominated by the corrupt Union Nationale patronage machine, the Chrétien family were excluded because of Wellie Chrétien's support for the war; the Union Nationale Premier Maurice Duplessis had been an outspoken opponent of Canadian participation in World War Two. Until 1964, Quebec had no public schools, Chrétien was educated in Catholic schools. Chrétien disliked the Catholic priests who educated him and in turn was disliked by them with one of Chrétien's former teachers, Father François Lanoue, recalling that Chrétien was the only student he had to beat up in his classroom as he was too unruly.

Chrétien in an interview called his education "unnatural" as he recalled an strict regime where the priests beat anyone bloody who dared to question their authority while teaching via rote learning. One of Chrétien's classmates recalled "We didn't have the right to have feelings or express them"; as a young man, Chrétien was well known for his love of violence, as someone who relished his reputation as a local tough guy, most happy when punching out his fellow students. One of Chrétien's classmates recalled that he was much feared on account of his "atrocious temper". Chrétien studied law at Université Laval; as a student at Trois-Rivières, Chrétien recalled that his best day at that school was his first day when he attacked without provocation another student taller than himself, leading him to proudly remember that: "I socked it to him bad. In front of everybody!" Chrétien recalled that his assault was meant to send the message to the other students: "Don't mess with Chrétien!" When asked in an interview by his biographer Lawrence Martin what subject he was best at in high school, Chrétien replied: "It was street fighting that I was best at".

Despite the thuggish image that he cultivated at Séminaire Saint-J

Nyasha Matonhodze

Nyasha Matonhodze is a Zimbabwean-British fashion model. Matonhodze won the Elite Model Look UK contest in 2009, she signed with Elite Model Management, walked for brands including Louis Vuitton, LOEWE, Emmanuel Ungaro in her debut season. She walked for Marc Jacobs and Michael Kors, she closed Balenciaga. At age 16, she appeared in a Louis Vuitton campaign, photographed by Steven Meisel; the ensemble campaign starred Daphne Groeneveld, Anais Pouliot, Fei Fei Sun, Zuzanna Bijoch, Gertrud Hegelund. Matonhodze has been on the cover of Love magazine, she has appeared in Harper's Bazaar, Teen Vogue, V. She was ranked on models.com's "Top 50 Models" list in 2011

Meher Bukhari

Meher Abbasi, née Bokhari is a Pakistani television anchorperson and host. After a high-profile stint at Dunya News, Bokhari is employed by Dawn News. Bokhari started her career as a journalist and a host on TV news programs for SAMAA TV, she had a stint with Dunya News after departing from SAMAA. She is employed by Dawn News as a talkshow anchorperson. Bokhari was born during her early years, raised in Pakistan, she went abroad in pursuit of higher education, but returned to pursue her professional career in Pakistan. On the 13th of June, 2012, Bokhari and co-host Mubashir Lucman on Dunya News, interviewed Malik Riaz, Pakistani property tycoon and owner of the Bahria Town Group, who had made a string of corruption accusations against Arsalan Iftikhar, son of the Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. One day after the interview aired, a recording of off-air conversations between Bokhari and Riaz during scheduled breaks of the interview surfaced on YouTube; the nature of the conversation and comments gave credence to the assertion that the entire interview was staged to benefit Malik Riaz by asking guided questions to give Riaz the opportunity to malign the Chief Justice.

SAMAA TV Dunya News About Meher Bukhari – A Short Biography Meher Bukhari's profile

Florida State Seminoles women's soccer

The Florida State Seminoles women's soccer team represents Florida State University in the sport of college soccer. The Seminoles compete in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletics Association and the Atlantic Coast Conference. Florida State has made twenty NCAA Tournament appearances, advancing to the second round on nineteen occasions, the third round on seventeen occasions, to the quarterfinals on fourteen occasions. Florida State has gone on to make ten appearances in the College Cup, advancing to the final on four occasions, finishing as runner-up in 2007 and 2013 and champions in 2014 and 2018; the Seminoles have won the regular season conference title three times and the conference tournament six times. Florida State has had twenty-five All-American players and a Hermann Trophy winner in Mami Yamaguchi. Florida State has sent ten players to the NWSL with six first-round draft picks; the Seminoles play their home games in the Seminole Soccer Complex on the university's Tallahassee, Florida campus, are led by head coach Mark Krikorian.

The Florida State Seminoles have one of the top women's soccer programs in the nation. The University added women's soccer as its 17th varsity sport in 1998, have qualified for the NCAA tournament every year since 2000, appearing in the Women's College Cup tournament ten times since 2003. In final season rankings, they have been in the top 10 every year since 2005. Florida State finished the 2007 and 2013 seasons as national runner-up with a second-place finish in the polls; the Seminoles finished first in the polls in 2018, winning the national title. Soccer was recognized by the university as a varsity sport beginning with the 1998 season 2019 RosterNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the Seminoles have appeared in the College Cup a total of ten times, the 2nd most appearances of any ACC school and thrird-most nationally behind UNC and Notre Dame. Florida State has made four appearances in the National Championship game: Hermann Trophy Mami Yamaguchi - 2007 Winner Dagný Brynjarsdóttir - 2014 Runner-Up MAC Player of the Year Mami Yamaguchi All-Americans First Team: Kelly Rowland, India Trotter, Mami Yamaguchi, Amanda DaCosta, Becky Edwards, Tiffany McCarty, Ines Jaurena, Kassey Kallman, Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Kristin Grubka, Megan Connolly, Cassie Miller Second Team: India Trotter, Selin Kuralay, Sanna Talonen, Sarah Wagenfuhr, Ines Jaurena, Tiffany McCarty, Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Kirsten Crowley, Deyna Castellanos, Yujie Zhao Third Team: Leah Gallegos, Amanda DaCosta, Tori Huster, Tiffany McCarty, Kelsey Wys, Cheyna Williams, Natalia Kuikka Fourth Team: Toni Pressley All-ACC Players First Team: Emma Breeland, Cindy Schofield, Kristin Boyce, Leah Gallegos, Joy McKenzie, India Trotter, Selin Kuralay, Viola Odebrecht, Katrin Schmidt, Mami Yamaguchi, Amanda DaCosta, Sanna Talnen, Sarah Wagenfuhr, Becky Edwards, Tiffany McCarty, Toni Pressley, Tori Huster, Ines Jaurena, Kassey Kallman, Kelsey Wys, Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Kristin Grubka, Megan Connolly, Cheyna Williams, Kirsten Crowley, Deyna Castellanos, Natalia Kuikka, Yujie Zhao Second Team: Melissa Juhl, Amber Tollefson, Kelly Rowland, Julia Schnugg, Amanda DaCosta, Becky Edwards, Toni Pressley, Jessica Price, Tori Huster, Ines Jaurena, Kassey Kallman, Kelsey Wys, Casey Short, Tiffany McCarty, Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Megan Campbell, Jamia Fields, Cassie Miller, Kirsten Crowley, Deyna Castellanos, Megan Connolly, Natalia Kuikka, Jaelin Howell Third Team: Isabella Schmidt, Berglind Thorvaldsdottir, Emma Koivisto, Carson Pockett, Michaela Hahn, Gloriana Villalobos, Malia Berkely Freshman Team: Megan Connolly, Kaycie Tillman, Natalia Kuikka, Malia Berkely, Deyna Castellanos, Kristen McFarland, Gloriana Villalobos, Yujie Zhao, Jaelin Howell ACC Offensive Player of the Year Mami Yamaguchi Tiffany McCarty Dagný Brynjarsdóttir ACC Defensive Player of the Year Kassey Kallman Kristin Grubka ACC Freshman of the Year Tiffany McCarty Megan Connolly Yujie Zhao ACC Coach of the Year Mark Krikorian NCAA College Cup - All Tournament Team India Trotter, Kelly Rowland, Mami Yamaguchi, Amanda DaCosta, Sanna Talonen, Tori Huster, Tiffany McCarty, Jamia Fields, Kristin Grubka, Kelsey Wys, Cheyna Williams, Cassie Miller, Isabella Schmid, Dagný Brynjarsdóttir, Megan Connolly, Jaelin Howell, Malia Berkely, Gabby Carle, Dallas Dorosy, Caroline Jeffers, Natalia Kuikka NSCAA All-Region Honor Melissa Juhl, Emma Breland, Sarah Crawford, Rachel Watkin, Cindy Schofield, Amber Tollefson, Leah Gallegos, Katie Beal, Kristin Boyce, Joy McKenzie, Kelly Rowland, Julia Schnugg, India Trotter

Ahmed Cevdet Pasha

Ahmed Cevdet Pasha was an Ottoman scholar, bureaucrat and historian, a prominent figure in the Tanzimat reforms of the Ottoman Empire. He was the head of the Mecelle commission that codified Islamic law for the first time in response to the Westernization of law, he is regarded as a pioneer in the codification of a civil law based on the European legal system. The Mecelle remained intact in several modern Arab states in the mid-20th-century. In addition to Turkish, he was proficient in Arabic, Persian and Bulgarian, he wrote numerous books on history, grammar, linguistics and astronomy. Ahmed Cevdet Pasha was born in 1822 in Ottoman Bulgaria, he came from the notable family of Yularkiranoglu that had served the state and the faith as military and religious officials. It was his grandfather's, Hacı Ali Efendi, wish that Ahmed pursued a career in the religious, ranks. Ahmed was his original name. Ahmed Cevdet began his education at a early age, he started with his study of Arabic grammar from Hafız Ömer Efendi, the mufti of Lovech at the time.

With his demonstrated rapid progress, Ahmed was soon introduced to the Islamic sciences. In 1836, he started reading with Hacı Esref Efendi, the deputy judge of Lovech who had a son, Ahmed Cevdet's age; these two boys, who were both named Ahmed, went on to become famous as Ahmet Cevdet Pasha and Ahmed Midhat Pasha. So far, his elementary education had followed the traditional Muslim Ottoman pattern, being acquired through informal study with the local ulema. In 1839, having finished primary school in Lofça, Ahmed's education took a more advanced turn, he moved to Constantinople, studied theology, mathematics and astronomy. He learned Arabic literature in several medreses, received a diploma, which qualified him to serve in an Ilmiye position. Ahmed studied Persian under Mehmed Murad Efendi and Süleyman Fehim Efendi, studying the divans of Orfi Shirazi and Showkat. In 1844, Ahmed was granted the permission to teach the Masnavi of Rumi. Following the death of his tutor Süleyman Fehim Efendi in 1845, Ahmed completed a Turkish commentary for the Persian divan of Saib Tabrizi.

Ahmed studied the mathematical sciences at the Imperial Military Engineering School. In addition, he developed an interest in the science of history as a study of the human experience by means of critical evaluation of the sources, he went on to supplement his interests with studies of Islamic and international law, before the age of 30. After graduation, Ahmed made a contact that would fundamentally alter the rest of his career, Mustafa Reşid Pasha, about to enter his first term as grand vizier. Mustafa Reşid was seeking a member of the ulema that could teach him enough about Islamic religious law so that he could avoid immediate open conflict when introducing reforms, he needed someone, open-minded and willing to discuss problems. Ahmed Cevdet was assigned to Mustafa's house, where he tutored Mustafa and his children and stayed at this position until his patron's death in 1858. Ahmed Cevdet's new association with leaders of the Tanzimat exposed him to novel influences and ideas that drew him into the world of bureaucracy and politics.

Though Ahmed retained his connection with the ulema until 1866, he functioned as a bureaucrat, taking a prominent role in education and provincial reform. In 1850–51, Mustafa Reşid appointed Cevdet as director of a school established to train teachers for the new secular school system. Ahmed became chief scribe to the Council on Education, which would prepare new laws and regulations for the secular schools, his career as a historian began in 1852 with the Society of Knowledge. He was assigned to compile a history of the Ottoman Empire from the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca to the destruction of the Janissary corps, so from 1774-1826. Ahmed served as state chronicler from 1855 to 1861. In 1856, he achieved his first Ilmiye position, becoming kadı of Galata, in addition to his secular duties; when Mustafa Reşid rose to his sixth term as grand vizier, he made Ahmed a member of the Council of the Tanzimat. The Council was established to codify the actions sanctioned by the Tanzimat reforms. Ahmed played a prominent role in preparing laws writing the new regulations on landownership and cadastral surveys.

His role as a member of Council of the Tanzimat influenced his history projects. He abandoned the old annalistic approach for one emphasizing problems and topics, with an critical examination of the sources. Additionally, Ahmed was the principal author of the regulation that created the new Supreme Council of Judicial Ordinances, of which he became a member, in place of the Council of the Tanzimat in 1861. Ahmed Cevdet recognized that military and administrative reforms were necessary, but being a conservative, was reluctant to use European law as an example, opting for Islamic law, his proposed answer was two-fold. The first step was to appeal to traditional values of improving communication; the second part involved creating conditions which would eliminate corruption and increase efficiency, while preserving the fundamental political and social concepts upon which the Ottoman Empire was based. His attempts at reconciling modernization with Islamic law are most notably present in his drafting of the Mecelle.

In the 1860s, Ahmed Cevdet transferred from the Ilmiye to the Scribal Institution. In 1861, he was sent as a special agent to Albania to suppress revolts and develop a new administrative system

James Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick

James Francis Fitz-James Stuart, 2nd Duke of Berwick, 2nd Duke of Liria and Xérica was a Jacobite and Spanish nobleman. He inherited titles in the Jacobite and Spanish nobility on the death of his father in battle in 1734 at Philippsburg, during the War of the Polish Succession, he was Consort Duke of Veragua and of la Vega and a Consort-Marquis of four further titles by his Spanish marriage in 1716. His full title was 2nd Duke of Berwick, 2nd Earl of Tinmouth, 2nd Baron Bosworth, 2nd Duke of Liria and Xerica, Grandee of Spain 1st class, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, as well as the holder of several earldoms, his father was James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, an illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough. His mother was Lady Honora Burke, second daughter of William Burke, the seventh Earl of Clanricarde and widow of the Irish Jacobite nobleman Patrick Sarsfield, 1st Earl of Lucan. Sarsfield and Berwick were both veterans of James II's Irish Army and went into continental exile as part of the Flight of the Wild Geese.

His mother died young at Pezenas, in the Languedoc, South of France, on the 16 January 1698, when he was less than 18 months old. His father remarried and so the 2nd Duke of Berwick had 12 younger half brothers and half sisters, the eldest half brother being the origin of the line of French Dukes of Fitzjames. On 31 December 1716, the 2nd Duke of Berwick became the second husband of the dowager Catalina Ventura Colón de Portugal y Ayala-Toledo, 9th Duchess of Veragua. Catalina Ventura was the daughter of Pedro Manuel Colon de Portugal y de la Cueva; this made the 2nd Duke of Berwick duke-consort of Veragua and of la Vega. They had 6 children, of whom 4 survived to adulthood: James Fitz-James Stuart, 3rd Duke of Berwick, who on 26 July 1738 married Maria Teresa De Silva y Haro. Pedro de Alcántara, Captain general of the Spanish Navy, married María Benita de Rozas y Drummond, no issue. Ventura, married María Josefa Gagigal y Monserrat, had 1 son. Maria Guadalupe, married to Francesco Maria Pico, Duca di Mirandola, but no issue.

The Anglo-Franco-Spanish James Fitz-James Stuart was employed by Elizabeth of Parma to achieve her military purposes, being involved in the battles on land and sea from 1717 to 1719 to regain Naples from its Austrian rulers and Sicily from the Duchy of Savoy, thus creating the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. He fought as colonel of the Irish Regiments of Spain and Lieutenant General of the Spanish Royal Armies, being promoted to Field Marshal in February 1724, he served as Spanish ambassador to Russia under Emperor Peter II, taking with him Ricardo Wall a minister in the Spanish government. During his time in Russia he was made a Knight of the Russian Order of Saint Andrew, a Knight of the Russian Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky and a Knight of the Garter. From 1730 to 1733 Stuart was ambassador in Vienna from 1733 to his death in 1738 ambassador to the "recovered" Kingdom of Naples. James Fitz-James Stuart was a grandson of King James II of England by his illegitimate son James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick whom he fathered with his mistress Arabella Churchill.

A. Paz y Meliá. Conquista de Nápoles y Sicilia y relación de Moscovia, por el Duque de Berwick. Precede una noticia de la vida y escritos del autor por A. Paz y Meliá. 468 pages, Madrid. Imprenta y Fundición de M. Tello. Impresor de Cámara de S. M. Duque de Liria y Jérica, Diario de Viaje a Moscovia, edit. by Á. L. Encinas, I. Arranz, M. Rodríguez, ISBN 978-84-7813-324-6, Ed. Miraguano, April 2008. Http://indigo.ie/~wildgees/honora3.htm http://www.tcd.ie/CISS/mmspain.php Research Group on Irish and Spanish Military Migration to Spain by Professor Ciaran Brady, Dr. Declan Downey and Dr. Oscar Morales e-mail at TCD. February 2008