Jean Cocteau

Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau was a French poet, novelist, filmmaker, visual artist and critic. Cocteau is best known for his novels Le Grand Écart, Le Livre Blanc, Les Enfants Terribles, he was described as "one of avant-garde's most influential filmmakers" by AllMovie. Cocteau was born in Maisons-Laffitte, Yvelines, a town near Paris, to Georges Cocteau and his wife, Eugénie Lecomte, his father was a lawyer and amateur painter. From 1900–1904, Cocteau attended the Lycée Condorcet where he met and began a physical relationship with schoolmate Pierre Dargelos who would reappear throughout Cocteau's oeuvre, he left home at fifteen. He published his first volume of Aladdin's Lamp, at nineteen. Cocteau soon became known in Bohemian artistic circles as The Frivolous Prince, the title of a volume he published at twenty-two. Edith Wharton described him as a man "to whom every great line of poetry was a sunrise, every sunset the foundation of the Heavenly City..." In his early twenties, Cocteau became associated with the writers Marcel Proust, André Gide, Maurice Barrès.

In 1912, he collaborated with Léon Bakst on Le Dieu bleu for the Ballets Russes. During World War I Cocteau served in the Red Cross as an ambulance driver; this was the period in which he met the poet Guillaume Apollinaire, artists Pablo Picasso and Amedeo Modigliani, numerous other writers and artists with whom he collaborated. Russian impresario Sergei Diaghilev persuaded Cocteau to write a scenario for a ballet, which resulted in Parade in 1917, it was produced by Diaghilev, with sets by Picasso, the libretto by Apollinaire and the music by Erik Satie. The piece was expanded into a full opera, with music by Satie, Francis Poulenc and Maurice Ravel. "If it had not been for Apollinaire in uniform," wrote Cocteau, "with his skull shaved, the scar on his temple and the bandage around his head, women would have gouged our eyes out with hairpins." He denied being in any way attached to the movement. Cocteau wrote the libretto for Igor Stravinsky's opera-oratorio Oedipus rex, which had its original performance in the Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt in Paris on 30 May 1927.

An important exponent of avant-garde art, Cocteau had great influence on the work of others, including a group of composers known as Les six. In the early twenties, he and other members of Les six frequented a wildly popular bar named Le Boeuf sur le Toit, a name that Cocteau himself had a hand in picking; the popularity was due in no small measure to the presence of his friends. In 1918 he met the French poet Raymond Radiguet, they collaborated extensively and undertook many journeys and vacations together. Cocteau got Radiguet exempted from military service. Admiring of Radiguet's great literary talent, Cocteau promoted his friend's works in his artistic circle and arranged for the publication by Grasset of Le Diable au corps, exerting his influence to have the novel awarded the "Nouveau Monde" literary prize; some contemporaries and commentators thought there might have been a romantic component to their friendship. Cocteau himself was aware of this perception, worked earnestly to dispel the notion that their relationship was sexual in nature.

There is disagreement over Cocteau's reaction to Radiguet's sudden death in 1923, with some claiming that it left him stunned and prey to opium addiction. Opponents of that interpretation point out that he did not attend the funeral and left Paris with Diaghilev for a performance of Les noces by the Ballets Russes at Monte Carlo. Cocteau himself much characterised his reaction as one of "stupor and disgust." His opium addiction at the time, Cocteau said, was only coincidental, due to a chance meeting with Louis Laloy, the administrator of the Monte Carlo Opera. Cocteau's opium use and his efforts to stop profoundly changed his literary style, his most notable book, Les Enfants Terribles, was written in a week during a strenuous opium weaning. In Opium: Journal of drug rehabilitation, he recounts the experience of his recovery from opium addiction in 1929, his account, which includes vivid pen-and-ink illustrations, alternates between his moment-to-moment experiences of drug withdrawal and his current thoughts about people and events in his world.

Cocteau was supported throughout his recovery by his friend and correspondent, Catholic philosopher Jacques Maritain. Under Maritain's influence Cocteau made a temporary return to the sacraments of the Catholic Church, he again returned to the Church in life and undertook a number of religious art projects. Cocteau's experiments with the human voice peaked with his play La Voix humaine; the story involves one woman on stage speaking on the telephone with her departing lover, leaving her to marry another woman. The telephone proved to be the perfect prop for Cocteau to explore his ideas, "algebra" concerning human needs and realities in comm

San Juan Basin

The San Juan Basin is a geologic structural basin located near the Four Corners region of the Southwestern United States. The basin cover 7,500 square miles and resides in northwestern New Mexico, southwestern Colorado, parts of Utah and Arizona; the basin occupies space in the San Juan, Rio Arriba, McKinley counties in New Mexico, La Plata and Archuleta counties in Colorado. The basin extends 100 miles N-S and 90 miles E-W; the San Juan Basin is an asymmetric structural depression in the Colorado Plateau province, with varying elevation and nearly 3,000 feet in topographic relief. Its most striking features include Chacra Mesa; the basin lies west of the Continental Divide, its main drainage is the southwest- to west-flowing San Juan River, which joins the Colorado River in Utah. Climate of the basin is arid to semiarid, with an annual precipitation of 15inches and an average annual temperature of around ConvertTemplate:50; the San Juan Basin has been a major producer of oil and natural gas since the early 20th century, with more than 300 oil fields and over 40,000 drilled wells throughout the area.

As of 2009, cumulative production reached 42.6 trillion cubic feet of gas and 381 million barrels of oil. The area is known for gas reservoirs from its coal-bed methane formations; the San Juan Basin contains the largest coal-bed methane field in the world and ranks second in total gas reserves. During the mid-Paleozoic, the San Juan Basin was part of the ancient landmass called Laurentia; the ancient landmass called Gondwana contained most of the southern continents, e.g. South America and Africa. During the late-Mississippian, the landmasses of Laurentia and Gondwana collided to form the giant landmass of Pangea; this continental collision resulted in several pivotal orogenic episodes. The collision of supercontinents Gondwana and Laurentia resulted in the Alleghanian and Ouachita orogenies; the Alleghanian Orogeny was the collision of Africa with the current-day southeastern United States, resulted in the Appalachian Mountains. The Ouachita Orogeny was the collision of South America with the current-day Gulf-region, resulted in the Ancestral Rockies - a northwest trending intercontinental mountain belt through Texas, New Mexico, Colorado.

The Ancestral Rockies gave way to the Uncompahgre Mountain Range, which bound the San Juan Basin on the northeast. During the late Jurassic, continental collision of the Farallon and North American plates resulted in low-angle subduction beneath the western margin of the United States. Pressure on the underlying lithosphere resulting in a "depression" of the continents interior, this allowed for the formation of the Inner Cretaceous Seaway; this began the transition from terrestrial sedimentation during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic to a shallow marine basin, as waters from the Arctic and Gulf regions poured into the center of the continent. During late-Cretaceous to early-Tertiary, compressional forces continued to act and caused the uplift of the modern Rocky Mountains via the Laramide Orogeny. Early-Tertiary tilting towards the northwest resulted in over 2,000 feet of erosion in the southeast; as compression shifted to extension and the formation of the Rio Grande Rift began, volcanism dominated the area throughout much of the Eocene and Oligocene.

Uplift in the northwest and continued deposition brought the basin to its current-day configuration. The San Juan Basin is an asymmetrical syncline with three components: the Central Basin Platform, the Four Corners Platform, the Chaco Slope; the basin is bound on the northwest by the Hogback Monocline, on the northeast by the Archuleta Anticlinorium, on the east by the Nacimiento Uplift, on the south by the Zuni Uplift. Prior to collision, Mississippian- and Pennsylvanian-aged units were deposited during various marine environments, e.g. the Leadville Limestone and the Pinkerton Trail Formations. Once the supercontinents collided, the subsidence of the Paradox Basin and the uplift of the Uncompahgre highlands allowed for enormous amounts of sediment to shed of the highlands via Permian fluvial systems; the Rico Formation represents the transition from Pennsylvanian marine deposits to Permian terrestrial deposits of the Cutler Formation. The Permian continued to be a time including late-Permian eolian deposits.

The Cretaceous was a time of three major transgressive-regressive cycles, as eustatic changes in sea-level caused fluctuations on the Western Interior Seaway's shoreline. The San Juan Basin was conveniently located in the western margin of the seaway and recorded these cycles in the stratigraphy; the western-most extent of the seaway was recorded by the Lewis Shale, which graded into the Pictured Cliffs and the Fruitland Formation as the shoreline made its final retreat. The Western Interior Seaway's shoreline regression resulted in ample swamps and flood plains. Eocene/Oligocene volcanism resulted in large volcanic aprons that covered thousands of square-kilometers, these volcanic fields sourced the Cenozoic units the Ojo Alamo, the Animas and Nacimiento formations


Hōfu is a city located in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. As of September 30, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 117,387 and a population density of 622.44 people per km². The total area is 188.59 km². Hōfu means "the capital of Suō Province"; the eastern part of Yamaguchi Prefecture was called Suō Province. The city was founded on August 25, 1936; the city's change over the past fifty years is shown in the animated film Mai Mai Miracle, with its story taking place in the year of 1955. Mazda maintains a large automobile factory in Hōfu. Yamaguchi Junior College Hōfu Tenman-gū Hofu Keirin venue Akitakata, Japan since July 16, 1971 Chuncheon, Gangwon-do, South Korea since October 29, 1991 Monroe, United States, since May 29, 1993 Taneda Santōka Hōfu City official website - Google translation embedded Hōfu City official website at the Wayback Machine Oidemase Hōfu website Geographic data related to Hōfu at OpenStreetMap