Jean Nicolet

Jean Nicolet, Sieur de Belleborne was a French coureur des bois noted for exploring Lake Michigan, Mackinac Island, Green Bay, being the first European to set foot in what is now the U. S. state of Wisconsin. Nicolet was born in Cherbourg-Octeville, France, in the late 1590s, the son of Thomas Nicollet, "messenger ordinary of the King between Paris and Cherbourg", Marguerite de Lamer, they were members of the Roman Catholic Church. He was a known friend of Samuel de Champlain and Étienne Brûlé, he was attracted to Canada to participate in Champlain's plan to train young French men as explorers and traders by having them live among Native Americans. The French were setting up fur trading under the Compagnie des Marchands. In 1618, Nicolet immigrated to Quebec as a clerk to train as an interpreter for the Compagnie des Marchands, a trading monopoly owned by members of the French aristocracy; as an employee, Jean Nicolet was a faithful supporter of the Ancien Régime. To learn the language of the First Nations, Nicolet was sent to live with the Algonquins on Allumette Island, a friendly settlement located along the important Ottawa River fur trade route.

Upon his return to Quebec in 1620, he was assigned to live among the Odawa and Algonquin people in the Lake Nipissing region. During his nine-year stay, he traded with the native peoples in the area, he had a relationship with a Nipissing native Jeanne-Gisis Bahmahmaadjimiwin, they had a daughter, whom he named Madeleine Euphrosine Nicolet. When Nicolet returned to Quebec, he brought his daughter Madeleine with him to educate her among the French. On July 19, 1629, when Quebec fell to the Kirke brothers who took control for England, Jean Nicolet fled with his daughter to the safety of the Huron country, he worked from there against English interests. Nicolet is noted for being the first European to explore Lake Michigan. In 1634 he became the first European to explore. Jean Nicolet landed at Red Banks, near modern-day Green Bay, Wisconsin, in search of a passage to the Orient, he and other French explorers had learned from their native contacts that the people who lived along these shores were called Ho-Chunk, which some French mistakenly translated as "People of the Sea".

In the Ho Chunk language, it means people of the big voice, because they believe their language was the original language of their family of tribal languages. However, the Ojibwe had a less appealing name for them, Puants or Puans, or "people of the fragrant waters." This exonym was derogatory, not knowing that, Nicolet concluded that the people must be from or near the Pacific Ocean, would provide a direct contact with China. Nicolet became the French ambassador to the Ho-Chunk people, he carried two pistols, to convey his authority. The Ho-Chunk people appreciated his ritual display. With some Ho-Chunk guides, Nicolet ascended the Fox River, portaged to the Wisconsin, travelled down it until it began to widen. So sure was he that he was near the ocean, that he stopped and went back to Quebec to report his discovery of a passage to the "South Sea," unaware that he had just missed finding the upper Mississippi River. In the last couple decades, some have questioned the traditional account of Nicolet's arrival in Green bay, saying that Nicolet was not looking for a route to China, did not wear a Chinese robe, did not meet the Puans at Red Banks.

Ronald Stiebe proposed that Nicolet didn't go to Lake Michigan, but that the Puans were Algonquin people and Nicolet met them at Keweenaw Bay, Michigan. Nancy Oestreich Lurie, of the Milwaukee Public Museum—followed by Patrick J. Jung, of the Milwaukee School of Engineering —concluded that Nicolet met the Puans near Menominee, Michigan. Although the Menominee people and the Puans were different tribes, they were allies who jointly controlled access to Green Bay; the Menominee would have been able to serve as interpreters for Nicolet in negotiations with the Puans. Lurie and Jung propose that the main purpose of Nicolet's mission was to establish peace between New France and the Puans and an alliance against the Iroquois people. Jean Nicolet drowned; the city of Nicolet, Quebec was named after him. Nicolet Area Technical College in Rhinelander, Wisconsin bears his name. Nicolet High School in suburban Milwaukee was named after him. In 1950, a statue of him was erected and is now located at Wequiock Falls County Park, about 10 miles northeast of Green Bay and a mile from where it is believed he landed.

Nicolet's landing at Red Banks is commemorated by a 1910 mural at the Neville Public Museum in Green Bay, Wisconsin. In 1906, the Jean Nicolet Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution was organized. Nicolet National Bank bears his name. Nicolet National Forest in northern Wisconsin bears his name. Nicolet Beach in Peninsula State Park, bears his name. Nicollet Avenue in Winnipeg, Canada, bears his name. Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online The Canadian Encyclopedia - Jean Nicollet de Belleborne Jean Nicollet de Belleborne "MHS Resources: History in Winnipeg Streets" Brook, The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China, Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-22154-0

Antonio Bautista

Antonio M. Bautista was an F-86 Sabre pilot who served in the Philippine Air Force, he served in the aerobatic display team the Blue Diamonds and fought against rebels in the south of the country. He was killed in action in January 1974. Lieutenant Colonel Antonio "Tony" Marfori Bautista was a combat pilot of the Philippine Air Force. Tony Bautista was a former aviation cadet of the Philippine Air Force Flying School Class of 1958, he fought against government insurgents in the south of the Philippines in the 1970s. He was a member of the Blue Diamonds Aerial Demonstration Team from 1964 to 1966, the team leader of the 9th Tactical Fighter Squadron Aerobatic team "Golden Sabres" in 1972, the team leader of the "Sabres", the combined 7th TFS "Red Aces" and 9th TFS "Golden Sabres" aerobatic teams in 1973. Antonio Bautista graduated from The University of the Philippines in Los Baños in 1957 with a degree in Agriculture, he signed up for the Philippine Air Force Flying School in Fernando Air Base, Batangas, graduating in 1958, was sent to the 5th Fighter Wing stationed at Basa Air Base, Pampanga.

His first assignment was with the 8th Fighter Squadron, Nicknamed "Scorpions", flying piston driven North American F-51 Mustangs. At about the same time, the Philippine Air Force was in the process of transitioning to Jets, so in 1959, in preparation for jet training, he was sent to Kadena Air Force Base in Okinawa, for Altitude Physiological Training. In 1961 to 1962, he took the U. S. Air Force's Jet Qualification Course at San Antonio, Texas. In 1962, he continued his training at Luke Air Force Base, for aerial gunnery and combat training; when Bautista returned from overseas training, he was posted at Basa Air Base, but was reassigned to the 6th Tactical Fighter Squadron flying the North American F-86 Sabre. In 1971, he assumed command of the 9th Tactical Fighter "Limbas" Squadron, his last assignment was as Commander of the joint 7th and 9th Tactical Fighter Squadrons of the Sulu Air Task Group, deployed in Edwin Andrews Air Base, for Counter-insurgency operations against insurgent separatists in Mindanao.

Antonio Bautista is the only airman known to have served with all five fighter squadrons in the Philippine Air Force 5th Fighter Wing. On 11 January 1974 he took off from Edwin Andrews Air Force Base leading an element of two F-86 Sabres to support government troops that were under attack by a large number of armed rebels in Parang on Jolo Island, 200 miles away. During the engagement he made several low attack runs, exposing himself and his aircraft to heavy rifle fire; when he broke off after two bombing runs and five strafing passes, his fighter was damaged. He tried to divert to the nearby Jolo airstrip, but when his nose landing gear failed to deploy, he ejected at a low altitude of 1000 feet. Despite having bailed out over government controlled territory, his parachute drifted back over enemy lines. Rescue helicopters led by Col. Luis Diano landed a kilometer away from him due to severe hostile fire. Despite the rescue attempts and efforts by Bautista to defend his position using his service pistol, he was overwhelmed by moro rebels and killed before rescue forces could reach him.

Philippine Air Force TSgt Nonito Calizo and Airman Benjamin Lojo were the first rescuers to arrive at scene and secure Bautista's body, were decorated for retrieving Bautista's body. For his "uncommon bravery and tenacity in the face of overwhelming odds," the Armed Forces of the Philippines, under General Order 519, posthumously awarded Bautista the Distinguished Conduct Star on April 29, 1974, his widow, Alice Jane Rigor received the awards on behalf of her husband from Philippine President, Ferdinand Marcos. For his gallantry, the Philippine Air Force base at Puerto Princesa, Palawan was named Antonio Bautista Air Base in his honor when it opened on 21 March 1975, it is now home to the Air Force's 570th Composite Tactical Wing. "Soldier Heroes, A handbook on the winners of the Major Medals Awarded By the Philippine Constabulary and the Armed Forces since 1902-1980", National Media Production Center, Pages 110, 143 Bio of Antonio Bautista on Philippine Air Force website On The Wings of Angels: The Last Flight of Lt Col Antonio M Bautista Global Antonio Bautista Airbase

Patrick Eggle

Patrick James Eggle is a British guitar designer and luthier. The company he founded in the 1990s, Patrick Eggle Guitars, first based in Coventry and in Birmingham, is known for designing and releasing such guitar ranges as the Berlin and the Fret King Espirit; the company was producing 2,000 acoustic guitars per year by the mid-1990s. Eggle’s guitars have been used by artists such as Tony Iommi, Brian May, Bruce Watson, Bill Nelson, Midge Ure, Tony Remy, Oliver Leiber, Ali and Robin Campbell. On 11 April 2014, the "JS Berlin Legend" made for Rory Gallagher sold for £25,000 at auction. Eggle left the company in 1994, moved to the USA to begin trading independently building acoustic and archtop guitars. In 2004 he returned to the UK, started producing acoustic guitars from workshops in Oswestry under the brand name Patrick James Eggle Guitars. Notable artists of these guitars include guitarists such as Frank Turner. Turner played. During this time he was asked to re-develop and design the range of acoustic guitars for Faith Guitars.

Various Eggle-designed models went on to be awarded'The UK's Best Acoustic Guitar' Award at the MIA Music Awards every year from 2012 to 2016, including the Faith Venus Blood Moon in 2016. In 2016, Eggle and his small team of craftsmen ceased producing acoustics and began focusing on building and developing his own line of electric guitars; these include models such as the 96 and Macon which were both awarded a rare 10/10 Gold rating by Guitarist magazine in 2017. Blues artist Krissy Matthews is a known player of the Macon. In 2017, Eggle helped with the re-launch of the Shergold guitar brand by re-designing the Masquerader model shape, available with three pickup configurations and in four colour finishes. Patrick James Eggle Guitars Faith Guitars Website Shergold Guitars website