click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jeju uprising

The Jeju Uprising was an uprising that occurred on Jeju Island in South Korea from April 1948 to May 1949. Residents of Jeju opposed to the Division of Korea had protested and struck since 1947 against elections scheduled by the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea to be held only in the territory controlled by the United States Army Military Government in Korea; the Workers' Party of South Korea and its supporters launched an anti-imperialist, communist-linked insurgency in April 1948, attacking the police and Northwest Youth League members stationed on Jeju to violently suppress the protests. The First Republic of Korea under President Syngman Rhee escalated the suppression of the uprising from August 1948, declaring martial law in November and beginning an "eradication campaign" against rebel forces in the rural areas of Jeju in March 1949, defeating them within two months. Many rebel veterans and suspected sympathizers were killed upon the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, the existence of the Jeju Uprising was censored and repressed in South Korea for several decades.

The Jeju Uprising was notable for its extreme violence with between 14,000 and 30,000 people killed and another 40,000 fled to Japan. Atrocities and war crimes were committed by both sides, but historians have noted that the methods used by the South Korean government to suppress protesters and rebels were cruel, with violence against civilians by pro-government forces contributing to the Yeosu-Suncheon rebellion in South Jeolla during the conflict; some historians and scholars, including military historian Allan R. Millett, regard the Jeju Uprising as the authentic beginning of the Korean War. In 2006 60 years after the Jeju Uprising, the South Korean government apologized for its role in the killings and promised reparations. In 2019, the South Korean police and defense ministry apologized for the first time over the massacres. After Imperial Japan surrendered to Allied forces on August 15, 1945, the 35-year Japanese occupation of Korea came to an end. Korea was subsequently divided at the 38th parallel north, with the Soviet Union assuming trusteeship north of the line and the United States south of the line.

In September 1945, Lt. General John R. Hodge established a military government to administer the southern region, which included Jeju Island. In December 1945, U. S. representatives met with those from the Soviet Union and United Kingdom to work out joint trusteeship. Due to lack of consensus, the U. S. took the "Korean question" to the United Nations for further deliberation. On November 14, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed UN Resolution 112, calling for a general election on May 10, 1948, under UNTCOK supervision. Fearing it would lose influence over the northern half of Korea if it complied, the Soviet Union rejected the UN resolution and denied the UNTCOK access to northern Korea. UNTCOK went through with the elections, albeit in the southern half of the country only; the Soviet Union responded to these elections in the south with an election of its own in the north on August 25, 1948. Residents of Jeju island were some of the most active participants in the Korean independence movement against colonial Japanese occupation.

Due to the island's relative isolation from the mainland peninsula, Jeju experienced relative peace after the Japanese surrender, contrasting with the period of heavy unrest in the southern region of mainland Korea. As with the mainland, the period following the Japanese surrender was characterized by the formation of People's Committees, local autonomous councils tasked with coordinating the transition towards Korean independence; when the American military government arrived on Jeju in late 1945, the Jeju People's Council was the only existing government on the island. As a testament to this relative stability, the US military governor under the United States Army Military Government in Korea John R. Hodge stated in October 1947 that Jeju was "a communal area, peacefully controlled by the People's Committee without much Comintern influence."The Jeju People's Council had come under the directive of the South Korean Labor Party by late 1946. The SKLP encouraged the People's Council to establish military and political committees, as well as mass organizations.

The 1946 USAMGIK dissolution of the provisional People's Republic of Korea and their associated People's Committees on the mainland sparked the Autumn Uprising of 1946, which did not spread to Jeju but did contribute to rising tensions on the island. Residents of Jeju began protesting against the elections a year. Concerned about permanently dividing the peninsula, the SKLP planned gatherings on March 1, 1947 to denounce the elections and celebrate the anniversary of the March 1st Movement. An attempt by the security forces to disperse the crowds only brought more citizens of Jeju out in support of the demonstrations. In a desperate attempt to calm the boisterous crowd, Korean police fired indiscriminate warning shots above their heads, some of which went into the crowd. Although these shots pacified the demonstrators, six civilians were killed, including a six-year-old child. On March 8, 1947, a crowd of about a thousand demonstrators gathered at the Chong-myon jail, demanding the release of SKLP members the military government had arrested during the Sam-Il demonstrations.

When the demonstrators started throwing rocks and subsequently rushed the jail, the police inside shot at them in a panic, killing five. In response, SKLP members and others called on the military government to take a

Allen Eager

Allen Eager was an American jazz tenor and alto saxophonist who competed in auto racing and took part in LSD experiments. Allen Eager was born in New York City on January 10, 1927, he grew up in the Bronx. According to Denise McCluggage, Eager could read aged 3, learned to drive at the age of 9 with the help of his mother, after she caught him driving a garbage truck near the hotels that his parents owned in the Catskill Mountains, he took clarinet lessons with David Weber of the New York Philharmonic at the age of 13. Eager played with Woody Herman at the age of 15. At the same age, he took heroin for the first time. Aged 16, he played in the band of Bobby Sherwood went on to play with Sonny Dunham, Shorty Sherock, Hal McIntyre. Eager was with Herman again in 1943–44, Tommy Dorsey, Johnny Bothwell in 1945. After World War II he became a regular on the scene around 52nd Street in New York, his recording debut as leader was for Savoy Records in February 1946. His band consisted of Ed Finckel, Bob Carter, Max Roach.

His playing style on tenor saxophone was, along with contemporary saxophonists Zoot Sims, Stan Getz, Al Cohn and others influenced by Lester Young. Young's assessment was that "Allen Eager is the best of the grey boys ". At the same time as following Young in sound, Eager adopted the musical forms pioneered in bebop, he adopted the drug dependency of a lot of the bebop players in the 1940s. Unusually for a white saxophonist of the time, Eager was a member of several bands led by black musicians; these included Coleman Hawkins, with whom he recorded in 1946, beboppers Fats Navarro and Charlie Parker in 1947. Eager recorded with trumpeter Red Rodney for Keynote Records in 1947. In the late 1940s, Eager recorded with saxophonist Stan Getz. Eager played with Tadd Dameron at the Royal Roost in New York in 1948; some of these concerts were broadcast on the radio. Critic Ira Gitler commented positively on the concerts: "Whatever he played swung with a happy, light-footed quality and pure-toned beauty".

From around this period, some rich women "sought out jazz musicians for a connection to a way of life otherwise denied them". One of these, heiress Peggy Mellon Hitchcock, became associated with Eager, the pair appeared in newspaper gossip columns. One instance was much when a court case that highlighted the fact that Eager had borrowed $48,500 from her attracted publicity. Eager played with Gerry Mulligan in 1951, with Terry Gibbs in 1952, shortly after with Buddy Rich, he briefly abandoned music and became a ski and horse riding instructor. Eager's drug addiction could be linked to his music career, as Ira Gitler noted: "when he was skiing or horseback riding and away from music, he was healthy, but every time he returned to his tenor, the demon that pursued Bird found him again". From 1953 to 1955 he again led his own ensemble as a saxophonist, he played with Howard McGhee, including in Chicago in early 1956. He lived in Paris from 1956 to 1957, continued playing there. Back in the U. S. in 1957, Eager recorded The Gerry Mulligan Songbook under Mulligan's leadership, his last recording for 25 years.

After this, he retired from jazz. Eager mentioned the death of Charlie Parker and his own problems with drug addiction as reasons for his withdrawal from the scene. Eager appears in Jack Kerouac's 1958 book The Subterraneans as the character Roger Beloit. Eager went on to pursue other activities such as skiing, competitive auto racing, LSD experiments with Timothy Leary, he became a ski patroller when the Hunter Mountain ski resort opened, was there introduced to racing car driver Denise McCluggage. After some instruction from McCluggage, the pair raced in the 12 Hours of Sebring in 1961 in a Ferrari 250 GT, finishing tenth overall, first in GT and first in class. Encouraged by their success, they took part in the 1000 km Nürburgring, they entered an O. S. C. A. for the 1962 Sebring race, in which Eager and Ken Miles collided, for a race at the Bridgehampton Race Circuit, at which McCluggage crashed. In July 1963 a serious crash left Eager with broken bones. Eager dabbled in music again, playing alto saxophone with Charles Mingus at the rival Newport Jazz Festival in 1960.

Ira Gitler noted. In the late 1960s he settled in Florida with his family, he played with Frank Zappa in the 1970s. In 1982 Eager made a comeback with an album for entitled Renaissance; the pianist for this quartet session, Hod O'Brien, remembers Eager making a slow start: "it was as though he had never blown a sax before and the lines got clearer and longer. It was as though he learned to play again in the space of half an hour". O'Brien described Eager as "a temperamental guy" who, during a first-night concert around the time of their recording, fired the rhythm section, hired to play with him, because he wanted to change from playing straight-ahead jazz to free. Eager toured with Dizzy Gillespie in 1983. Eager played in England in May of the same year, playing jazz standards in his familiar 1940s style that included "terse, sidelong phrases"; some other tours in Europe were with Chet Baker. He died from liver cancer on April 13, 2003, in Florida. H

Mine roller

A mine roller or mine trawl is a demining device mounted on a tank or armoured personnel carrier, designed to detonate anti-tank mines. It allows engineers to clear a lane through a minefield, protected by enemy fire; the device is composed of a fork or two push arm assemblies fitted to the front of a tank hull, with two banks of rollers that can be lowered in front of the tank's tracks. Each roller bank has several heavy wheels studded with short projecting steel girders, which apply a higher ground pressure than the tank's tracks; this ensures the explosion of pressure-fused anti-tank mines, which would otherwise explode under the track itself. At the end of the First World War, the British Army Engineers Major Giffard LeQuesne Martel and Major Charles Inglis experimented with tank bridges and mine rollers based on the Mark V tank. Three special tank battalions were mustered for trials at Christchurch in Hampshire, England, in 1918; because of the Armistice, these were never tested in battle, but some development work continued with the Experimental Bridging Company until 1925.

After great difficulties caused by minefields in the Winter War against Finland, the Soviet Red Army assigned P. M. Mugalev at the Dormashina Factory in Nikolaev to design a mine-clearing vehicle. Prototypes were tested based on the T-28 medium tank in 1940. Development was interrupted by the start of World War II, but resumed in 1942. T-60 and KV tank chassis underwent trials, but only the T-34 was deemed to have a sufficiently robust transmission and clutch. Experimental detachments of PT-34 mine roller tanks were formed in May 1942, saw action at Voronezh in August; the first Independent Engineer Tank Regiment with eighteen mine rollers was fielded in October 1943. At least five regiments were formed during the war; the PT-34's huge roller fork was semi-permanently mounted on a T-34-85 tank. The rollers were removed for travel, only installed for mine clearing operations. Adaptations for tanks consisted of two lighter arms; the Mugalev system was adopted by U. S. and Israeli forces in the 1980s.

The British developed the Anti Mine Roller Attachment for their Matilda II, Crusader tanks in the desert. The rollers only covered the width of each track rather than clearing a tank-width path for subsequent vehicles and troops. To these were added a Churchill tank with the evocatively named "Canadian Indestructible Roller Device"; the British used mine rollers to detect the presence of minefields and used mine flails for the clearance. During World War II the mine roller most used by US forces was the T1E3 Mine Exploder unit, attached to the M4 Sherman medium tank. Nicknamed "Aunt Jemima", from the pancake-like appearance of its two sets of five disc rollers, of 10 foot diameter each. Demining Mine plow Mine flail Combat engineering vehicle GlobalSecurity.org's page on Mine Clearing Roller System Photo of an APC with mine roller

Harrah's Las Vegas

Harrah's Las Vegas is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. It is operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation, it has over 1,200 slot machines. The hotel offers 2,540 rooms with an attached casino providing 90,637 sq ft of space; the hotel consists of two towers, Mardi Gras and Valley Towers, the taller of which, has 35 stories. There is the Harrah's & The Linq station, at the rear of the property. A shuttle service to the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino was discontinued in late 2017. On July 2, 1973, Shelby and Claudine Williams, former owners of the Silver Slipper casino, opened the Holiday Casino, a small riverboat themed casino in front of the Holiday Inn Las Vegas Center Strip. In 1979, Holiday Inn bought a 40% share of the casino's parent company, Inc. By 1982, the hotel had grown to over 1,000 rooms making it the largest in the chain. Holiday Inn bought out the remaining 60% in 1983. In April 1992, the property was renamed Harrah's Las Vegas, after William F. Harrah.

In 1997, it completed a renovation intended to make it the company's flagship property, replacing the old riverboat theme with a Mardi Gras and Carnival theme. They extended the 35 story tower by adding 986 rooms. Included in the renovations were six 22,000 lb 23-karat gold-leaf sculptures. Built from steel and glass reinforced polyester resin, the sculptures stand 32 ft high and wear size 43 shoes. At the grand re-opening Harry Connick, Jr. entertained at the Carnaval Court. Tino Wallenda, the son of the legendary tight-rope walker Karl Wallenda, walked 139 ft across a 1-inch steel cable, 99 ft above the ground. Other celebrities who appeared included Sidney Poitier, Sandra Bullock, Minnie Driver, Stephen Baldwin, Lea Thompson, Dick Butkus, Steve Wynn. On November 29, 2017, Caesars announced it is selling the property to Vici Properties while Caesars continues operating it; the sale was completed the following month. Performers at Harrah's include: Ray Charles in'95, Burt Bacharach in'98, Little Feat in'03, Vince Neil in'07, Donny & Marie Osmond in'14, the Righteous Brothers in'16, Fastball in'18, Vertical Horizon in'18, Sin City Sinners in'18.

List of casinos in Nevada List of Caesars Entertainment properties Media related to Harrah's Las Vegas at Wikimedia Commons Official website

CILV-FM

CILV-FM is a radio station licensed to Ottawa, Ontario. Owned by Stingray Group, it broadcasts an alternative rock format, its studios are located on Antares Drive in Nepean, while its transmitter is located in Greely, Ontario. The station was licensed by the CRTC in 2005. CILV-FM began testing its signal and streaming online on November 30, signed at Noon on December 26, 2005. On May 27, 2015, the CRTC approved an application to move CILV-FM's transmitter and increase its maximum effective radiated power from 12,000 to 90,000 watts and decreasing the antenna's effective height above average terrain from 254.6 to 130.7 metres. However, a second-adjacent station in Perth, CHLK-FM 88.1, filed an intervention, specifying that such an increase could hamper their station's ability to improve its signal in the future. The station sponsors an annual "Big Money Shot" contest to develop and promote emerging local musicians. Past winners of the Live 88.5 Big Money Shot have included Hollerado, Amos the Transparent, The Balconies, Autumns Canon, The Love Machine, My Favourite Tragedy, Down in Ashes, Amanda Rheaume, The Goodluck Assembly, The Cardboard Crowns and Loudlove.

In 2011, the station partnered with the Rideau Valley Conservation Foundation to begin an annual program of planting trees in the suburban township of Beckwith, to offset its energy consumption. In 2013, the station paid to replace the fraying Flag of Canada flying at the gravesite of former Prime Minister Lester Pearson. LiVE 88.5 CILV-FM history – Canadian Communications Foundation Query the REC Canadian station database for CILV-FM

Kalasipalya (film)

Kalasipalya is a 2004 Indian Kannada romantic action film directed by Om Prakash Rao. It was produced by Ramu under his Ramu Films banner; the film features Rakshita in the lead roles. The music is composed by sadhu kokila; the movie had comedy scenes copied from Tamil film Dhool. Darshan as Kencha Rakshita as Priya Mohan Raj as Underworld Don Munnabhai Raju Ananthaswamy Avinash as Seetharam, kencha's father Sadhu Kokila Ramesh Bhat Bullet Prakash as Govinda Chitra Shenoy as Janaki Shailaja Joshi Sunitha shetty Anitha Kote Prabhakar as kote, Gangster M. N. Lakshmi Devi Anantha velu as MLA krishnappa Jeeva as Jaleel Rajashekhar kotian as police Sub-inspector Rajashekhar Tharakesh patel as Gilli Sai prakash Kempe gowda Srinivas Murthy as police commissioner Stunt Siddu John Ramesh Pandith Escorts Srinivas Badri Narayan Guru Murthy Venkata Rao Ramesh Babu Srinivas Prabhu The film was released on 15 October 2004 all over Karnataka coinciding the Dasara festival; the film was a blockbuster at completed 250days in many Centers.

This is the huge success for actor darshan. This is the 2nd highest collection movie in 2004, Apthamithra is in 1st place in collection In 2004. All the songs are scored by Venkat-Narayan and Sadhu Kokila; the song "Suntaragaali" is recreated from the famous Tamil song "Manmatha Rasa" from the film Thiruda Thirudi. Movie review https://web.archive.org/web/20131213112440/http://wiki.gandhadagudi.com/index.php?title=Abhay