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Jell-O

Jell-O is a registered trademark of Kraft Foods for varieties of gelatin desserts, no-bake cream pies. The original Jell-O gelatin dessert is the signature of the brand; the original gelatin dessert began in Le Roy, New York, in 1881 after Pearle Bixby Wait and wife May trademarked the name for a product made from strawberry, orange, or lemon flavoring added to sugar and granulated gelatin, which had just been patented in 1845 in its powdered form for the masses. The dessert was popular in the 1930s and 1950s. Jell-O is sold prepared, or in powder form, is available in various colors and flavors; the powder flavorings, including sugar or artificial sweeteners. It is dissolved in hot water chilled and allowed to set. Fruit and whipped cream can be added to make elaborate snacks that can be molded into shapes. Jell-O is put in a refrigerator to set, after which it is eaten; some non-gelatin pudding and pie-filling products are sold under the Jell-O brand. Ordinary pudding is cooked on the stove top eaten warm or chilled until set, whereas instant pudding is mixed with cold milk and chilled.

To make pie fillings, the same products are prepared with less liquid. Gelatin, a protein produced from collagen extracted from boiled bones, connective tissues, other animal products, has been a component of food desserts, since the 15th century. Gelatin was popularized in New York in the Victorian era with complex jelly moulds. Gelatin was sold in sheets and had to be purified, time-consuming. Gelatin desserts were the province of royalty and the well-to-do. In 1845, a patent for powdered gelatin was obtained by industrialist Peter Cooper, who built the first American steam-powered locomotive, the Tom Thumb; this powdered gelatin was easier to use in cooking. In 1897, in LeRoy, New York and cough syrup manufacturer Pearle Bixby Wait trademarked a gelatin dessert called Jell-O, his wife May and he added strawberry, raspberry and lemon flavoring to granulated gelatin and sugar. In 1899, Jell-O was sold to Orator Francis Woodward, whose Genesee Pure Food Company produced the successful Grain-O health drink.

Part of the legal agreement between Woodward and Wait dealt with the similar Jell-O name. Various elements were key to Jell-O becoming a mainstream product: new technologies, such as refrigeration, powdered gelatin and machine packaging, home economics classes, the company's marketing. Woodward struggled to sell the powdered product. Beginning in 1902, to raise awareness, Woodward's Genesee Pure Food Company placed advertisements in the Ladies' Home Journal proclaiming Jell-O to be "America's Most Famous Dessert." Jell-O was a minor success until 1904, when Genesee Pure Food Company sent armies of salesmen into the field to distribute free Jell-O cookbooks, a pioneering marketing tactic. Within a decade, three new flavors, chocolate and peach, were added, the brand was launched in Canada. Celebrity testimonials and recipes appeared in advertisements featuring actress Ethel Barrymore and opera singer Ernestine Schumann-Heink; some Jell-O illustrated. In 1923, the newly rechristened Jell-O Company launched D-Zerta, an artificially sweetened version of Jell-O.

Two years Postum and Genesee merged, in 1927 Postum acquired Clarence Birdseye's frozen foods company to form the General Foods Corporation. By 1930, there appeared a vogue in American cuisine for congealed salads, the company introduced lime-flavored Jell-O to complement the add-ins that cooks across the country were combining in these aspics and salads. Popular Jell-O recipes included ingredients like cabbage, green peppers, cooked pasta. By the 1950s, salads became so popular that Jell-O responded with savory and vegetable flavors such as celery, mixed vegetable, seasoned tomato; these flavors have since been discontinued. In 1934, sponsorship from Jell-O made comedian Jack Benny the dessert's spokesperson. At this time Post introduced a jingle, familiar over several decades, in which the spelling "J-E-L-L-O" was sung over a rising five-note musical theme; the jingle was written by Don Bestor, the bandleader for Jack Benny on his radio program. In 1936, chocolate returned as an instant pudding made with milk.

It proved enormously popular, over time other pudding flavors were added such as vanilla, coconut, butterscotch, egg custard and rice pudding. Though much of the elaborate and dainty tea time fare served between the 1920s and 1950s was luxurious and decorative, using fancy ingredients like caviar or lobster, Jell-O became an affordable ornamental ingredient that women were able to use to create feminine, delicate dishes that were the standard of refined tea time fare during that period. By the Jazz Age nearly 1/3 of salad recipes in an average cookbook were gelatin-based recipes including varied fillings of fruit, vegetables or cream cheese. Typical recipes from the early 20th century included exotic fruits like figs and bananas, or lemon flavored jello paired with maraschino cherries and other ingredients like marshmallows and almonds. One sweet gelatin-based fruit dessert called only "Good Salad" includes vanilla pudding, tapioca pudding, mandarin oranges and orange gelatin; the pudding mixes are made with the reserved juice from the canned fruit and the flavored gelatin, the fruits are added and the dessert salad is allowed to set in the

Marcia Barbosa

Márcia Cristina Bernardes Barbosa is a Brazilian physicist known for her research on the properties of water, for her efforts for improving the conditions for women in academia. She is a professor at UFRGS, a director of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. Born in Rio de Janeiro, she did her high school studies at the Colégio Marechal Rondon, in Canoas, Rio Grande do Sul and her undergraduate and graduate studies at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. After getting her PhD she spent two years as a postdoc at the research group of Michael Fisher at the University of Maryland. Back in Brazil she got a permanent position at the UFRGS where she works now, as Full Professor of Physics. A molecule of water – two parts hydrogen, one part oxygen – seems simple enough, but the properties of this mysterious substance have baffled scientists for generations. Throughout her career, Barbosa has sought to unlock the secrets of water's anomalies from a theoretical perspective and by focusing her insights on practical applications for medicine and the life sciences.

Barbosa's work has helped explain why many characteristics of water – the motion of its molecules, its reaction to changes in temperature and pressure – make it different from other liquids in vast and important ways, how biomolecules such as DNA, proteins and fats interact with water within the human body. She has furthermore developed a series of models about the properties of water that have contributed to our understanding of water's interactions with biological molecules and geological processes. In 1998 she became involved with the gender issue in physics, she worked as chair of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Working Group on Women in Physics. This group organized a number of conferences on women in physics. In 2008 she became vice-president of the Union of Pure and Applied Physics and director of the Instituto de Física da UFRGS. For her activities on gender issues she was awarded with the 2009 Nicholson Medal given by the American Physical Society. 2013 L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science Awards Laureate for Latin America.2009 Dwight Nicholson Medal for Outreach Recipient from the American Physical Society Marcos Pivetta, "The bizarre side of water", Revista Fapesp, 2013 Google Scholar Profile

North & South (TV serial)

North & South is a British television historical drama programme, produced by the BBC and broadcast in four episodes on BBC One in November and December 2004. It follows the story of Margaret Hale, a young woman from southern England who has to move to the North after her father decides to leave the clergy; the family struggles to adjust itself to the industrial town's customs after meeting the Thorntons, a proud family of cotton mill owners who seem to despise their social inferiors. The story explores the issues of class and gender, as Margaret's sympathy for the town mill workers clashes with her growing attraction to John Thornton; the serial is based on the 1855 Victorian novel North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell and takes place in the years surrounding the Great Exhibition of 1851. It was directed by Brian Percival. Margaret Hale and her parents Maria and Richard live in the idyllic town in Helstone in Hampshire. At the wedding of her cousin, Margaret is approached by Edith's new brother-in-law, Henry Lennox.

Lennox visits Helstone a while and proposes marriage to Margaret. Margaret's father, a clergyman, decides to leave the Church of England and become a Nonconformist when he realises his doubts of the doctrines of the Church. To avoid gossip, the family move to the industrial town of Milton, Darkshire, in the north of England. Thanks to his friend, Mr. Bell, Mr. Hale is able to find a house and gains employment as a private tutor. One of his pupils is local mill-owner John Thornton, who gets off to a bad start with Margaret when she witnesses him beating a worker whom he has caught smoking in the mill, thus endangering all the workers. Margaret gets used to Thornton, but his mother Hannah and sister Fanny disapprove of her, believing her haughty and alien to the customs of the North. In the meantime, Margaret attempts to do charitable work among the working classes, thus comes into contact with Nicholas Higgins and his daughter, who contracted Byssinosis from exposure to the cotton-fibres in the mills.

When Bessy became ill at Hamper's Mill, her father moved her to Marlborough Mills, Thornton's mill, because the working environment is better there. In a meeting with fellow mill owners, Thornton says he had a wheel for ventilation installed in all of the rooms of his factory in order to maintain a healthier workforce, despite the fact that it costs a great deal of money; the other industrialists had refused to install a wheel because of the expense. Margaret's mother is falling ill. Mrs. Hale desires to see her son, before she dies. Frederick, a naval officer, was involved in a mutiny and he cannot return to England without risking his life. However, without telling her father, Margaret writes to her brother in Cádiz, Spain, to tell him that their mother is dying. Margaret calls on the Thorntons to borrow a water mattress for her mother and is trapped while mill workers riot during a strike; when the angry mob threatens John's safety as he confronts them after Margaret's goading, Margaret defends him from the rioters and is injured by a thrown stone.

Margaret recovers and returns home, telling nobody about what had happened at the Mill to protect the health of her mother. When Thornton proposes to her the next day, she scorns him, thinking he believes himself superior because of the difference in their financial circumstances, he denies this and tells her that he is in love with her, but she insists that her actions were not personal. Meanwhile, Bessy Higgins dies and Thornton stops coming for lessons from Mr. Hale; as a distraction for Mrs. Hale and for herself, Margaret visits the Great Exhibition with her Aunt Shaw, her cousin Edith and Edith's husband. Margaret meets Thornton at the exhibition, where he is discussing the machinery with a group of gentlemen, all of whom are listening with great respect and admiration for his simple good sense. Margaret is embarrassed to meet Thornton so soon after her rejection but defends him when Henry Lennox, Edith's brother-in-law and an admirer of Margaret, tries to belittle him for being in trade.

As Margaret observes them together, Henry's sophistication and reliance on fashionable wit and sarcasm compares unfavourably with Thornton's honesty. When Margaret returns home, her mother has taken a turn for the worse. Margaret's brother arrives just in time to see his mother, she dies shortly after. While Frederick is in the house, Thornton comes to visit his friend Mr. Hale, but he cannot be allowed in, in case he sees Fred. Thornton interprets this as Margaret refusing to see him; the family's servant, Miss Dixon, bumps into Leonards, a former member of Frederick's crew in Milton town, who offers to split the reward money for Frederick's capture with her. Dixon refuses, he and Margaret are seen together at the railway station by Thornton, who mistakenly assumes that Frederick is Margaret's lover. Leonards spies him and Margaret at the station, in the brief scuffle Fred pushes him down the stairs, it is revealed that he died in hospital. Margaret denies to the police that she was at the station, in order to protect Fred, but Thornton, the magistrate and saw her there, is morally tested, but calls off the impending inquiry for the sake of Margaret.

Thornton gives employment to Higgins who seeks work to care for Boucher's children after his death, master and hand get along surpri

Yo Majesty

Yo! Majesty is an American hip hop group consisting of singer Jwl B and rappers Shunda K and Shon B, produced by UK-based electro group HardfeelingsUK. Yo! Majesty was mentioned as one of the'Top 11 new bands of 2008' by NME magazine as well as one of the'25 Most Exciting Bands in America'. Yo! Majesty's current members are Windy Baynham, who goes by Jwl B, Shon Burt, stage name Shon B, LaShunda Flowers, known as Shunda K; the group members are lesbian and self-identify as Christian. Their sound is a hybrid of crunk, Baltimore club music, electro, they have garnered comparisons to punk for their defiance of labels and creation of new sounds. Rappers Shunda K and Shon B started out as a duo named Yeah Majesty before they were rounded out circa 2001 by gospel-raised vocalist Jwl B, they started collaborating with London-based electronica duo HardfeelingsUK, who supplied Yo! Majesty with their electro-rap club beats, in 2002. After a hiatus during Shunda K's marriage, Yo! Majesty regrouped. Once they established a name for themselves on the underground club circuit, both in the US and the UK, Yo!

Majesty self-released their first official release, the Yo EP, in 2006. They "made a splash" at SXSW in 2007 and that year toured alongside CSS and Gossip. Yo! Majesty has toured with Peaches and was featured in her parody video of The Black Eyed Peas' "My Humps" called "My Dumps" The group signed with Domino Records in 2007, the label released an EP and full-length record by the band in 2008, which included a track produced by Basement Jaxx. A documentary based on the band, Das Wassup, directed by Johannes Schaff, was released in 2017. 2009: "Don't Let Go" Official website Archive of Official website on Archive.org from 2009

International Civil Rights Center and Museum

The International Civil Rights Center & Museum is located in Greensboro, North Carolina, United States. Its building housed the Woolworth's, the site of a non-violent protest in the civil rights movement. Four students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University started the Greensboro sit-ins at a "whites only" lunch counter on February 1, 1960; the four students were Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair, Jr. and David Richmond. The next day there were twenty students; the aim of the museum's founders is to ensure that history remembers the actions of the A&T Four, those who joined them in the daily Woolworth's sit-ins, others around the country who took part in sit-ins and in the civil rights movement. The Museum is supported by earned admissions and Museum Store revenues; the project receives donations from private donors as a means of continuing its operations. The museum was founded in 1993 and opened its doors just fifty years to the day after the sit-in movements in Greensboro NC.

In 1993, the Woolworth's downtown Greensboro store, open since 1939, the company announced plans to tear down the building. Greensboro radio station 102 JAMZ, began. Morning radio personality Dr. Michael Lynn broadcast in front of the closed store day and night to save the historic building. Eighteen thousand signatures were gathered on a petition. Rev. Jesse Jackson, Jr. visited the location, endorsed the effort, joined the live broadcast. After three days, the F. W. Woolworth company announced an agreement to maintain the location while financing could be arranged to buy the store. County Commissioner Melvin "Skip" Alston and City Councilman Earl Jones proposed buying the site and turning it into a museum; the two founded Inc. a nonprofit organization dedicated to realizing this dream. The group succeeded in renovating the property. In 2001, Sit-in Movement Inc. and NC A&T announced a partnership to facilitate the museum's becoming a reality. The museum project suffered financial difficulties for a number of years, despite millions of dollars in donations.

These included more than $1 million from the State of North Carolina, a contribution from the Bryan Foundation, more than $200,000 each from the City of Greensboro and Guilford County, $148,152 from the U. S. Department of Interior through the National Park Service Agency's Save America's Treasures program in 2005. In fall 2007, Sit-in Movement, Inc. requested an additional $1.5 million from the City of Greensboro. Greensboro residents twice voted down bond referenda to provide money for the project. In 2013, the city agreed to a $1.5 million loan, with the condition that an amount equal to money raised "outside the normal course of business" by the museum from September 2013 to July 2015 would be forgiven. A June 24, 2016 memo from City Manager Jim Westmoreland and Mayor Nancy Vaughn said the museum raised $612,510 and owed $933,155, with the first $145,000 payment due June 30, the remainder by February 2018; the museum claimed it owed $281,805. On August 1, the city council voted not to forgive $800,000 of the debt.

Two weeks the city council gave the museum until February 2018 to raise more money, with an amount equal to money raised to be subtracted from the debt. As the 50th anniversary of the sit-ins grew closer, efforts increased to complete the project. Over $9 million in donations and grants were raised. In addition, the museum qualified for historic preservation tax credits, which were sold for $14 million. Work on the project was completed in time for the 50th-anniversary opening; the ICRCM opened on February 1, 2010, on the 50th anniversary of the original sit-in, with a ribbon-cutting ceremony. A religious invocation was spoken by Rev. Jesse Jackson, Jr.. The three surviving members of the Greensboro Four were guests of honor. Assistant Attorney Thomas Perez represented the White House. Speakers included Perez, U. S. Senator Kay Hagan and N. C. Governor Beverly Perdue. Since 2007 the museum organization has held an annual White Ball; the 2010 theme was "Commemorating Five Decades of Civil Rights Activism."

The 2011 theme was "Make a Change, Make a Difference." The 2013 theme was "Celebrating Our Victories as We Honor Our Past." The museum organization awards an Alston-Jones International Civil and Human Rights Award. The award is given to someone whose life's work has contributed to the expansion of civil and human rights; this is the museum's highest citation. The author Maya Angelou was the winner in 1998; the 2013 Alston-Jones award was presented to Dr. Johnnnetta Betsch Cole, director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African Art. Dr. Cole is cultural anthropologist and humanitarian, she is a former president of Bennett College and of Spelman College. The Museum gave Dr. Joe Dudley Sr. co-founder of the 2013 Trailblazer Award. Gladys Shipman, proprietor of Shipman Family Care, received the 2013 Unsung Hero Award. For their courageous actions in the wake of the Feb. 1, 1960 sit-in protest, ICRCM gave Sit-In Participant Awards to Roslyn Cheagle of Lynchburg, Virginia. In October 2016, the museum denied a request by US presidential candidate Donald Trump's campaign to close the museum for five hours for a proposed visit by Trump.

Architect Charles Hartmann desig

Pravin Rai Mahal

Pravin Rai Mahal was build by prince Indrajeet in 1618 for his love interest - Pravin Rai, a beautiful poet and musician in Orchha, Madhya Pradesh. Pravin Rai is known as Nightingle of Orchha, it is a state protected monument. The other names of this palace are'Anand Mandal Bagh' and'Rai Praveen Manika Bhavan', it is known as'Tope Khana' since in time, it was used to keep vigilance to the fort. The palace has three stories with a central hall on the second floor with multiple paintings and depictions of various moods of Pravin Rai. There is a garden attached to it, divided in two parts.. The palace has a large mansion and alongside, it has small chambers. There is good circulation of air, it is said that Emperor Akbar called upon Pravin Rai in her court after hearing about her beauty and poetry. Pravin Rai said a couplet, "Vinit Rai Praveen ki, suniye sah sujan. Juthi patar bhakat hain, bayas, swan” It translated to -'Oh you great and wise! Please hear the plea of Rai Praveen. Only someone from a low caste, barber or scavengers would eat from a plat, partaken by someone else'.

With this, she indicated that she was in love with Indrajeet. Akbar was impressed from this and she was sent back to Indrajeet with respect