Eric Reed Boucher, better known by his professional name Jello Biafra, is an American singer and spoken word artist. He is the former lead songwriter for the San Francisco punk rock band Dead Kennedys. Active from 1979 to 1986, Dead Kennedys were known for rapid-fire music topped with Biafra's sardonic lyrics and biting social commentary, delivered in his "unique quiver of a voice." When the band broke up in 1986, he took over the influential independent record label Alternative Tentacles, which he had founded in 1979 with Dead Kennedys bandmate East Bay Ray. In a 2000 lawsuit, upheld on appeal in 2003 by the California Supreme Court, Biafra was found liable for breach of contract and malice in withholding a decade's worth of royalties from his former bandmates and ordered to pay over $200,000 in compensation and punitive damages. Although now focused on spoken word performances, Biafra has continued as a musician in numerous collaborations, he has occasionally appeared in cameo roles in films.
Politically, Biafra is a member of the Green Party of the United States and supports various political causes. He ran for the party's presidential nomination in the 2000 presidential election, finishing a distant second to Ralph Nader. In 1979 he ran for mayor of San Francisco, CA, he is a staunch believer in a free society, utilizes shock value and advocates direct action and pranksterism in the name of political causes. Biafra is known to use absurdist media tactics, in the leftist tradition of the Yippies, to highlight issues of civil rights and social justice. Eric Reed Boucher was born in Boulder, the son of Virginia, a librarian, Stanley Wayne Boucher, a psychiatric social worker and poet, he had a sister, Julie J. Boucher, the Associate Director of the Library Research Service at the Colorado State Library. Biafra is 1/8 Jewish, but was unaware of this until recently and grew up in a secular household; as a child, Boucher developed an interest in international politics, encouraged by his parents.
An avid news watcher, one of his earliest memories was of the John F. Kennedy assassination. Biafra says he has been a fan of rock music since first hearing it in 1965, when his parents accidentally tuned in to a rock radio station. Boucher ignored his high school guidance counselor's advice that he spend his adolescence preparing to become a dental hygienist, he began his career in music in January 1977 as a roadie for the punk rock band The Ravers, soon joining his friend John Greenway in a band called The Healers. The Healers became well known locally for their improvised lyrics and avant garde music. In the autumn of that year, he began attending the University of Santa Cruz. In June 1978, he responded to an advertisement placed in a store by guitarist East Bay Ray, he began performing with the band under the stage name Occupant, but soon began to use his current stage name, a combination of the brand name Jell-O and the short-lived African state Biafra. The band's lyrics were written by Biafra.
The lyrics were political in nature and displayed a sardonic, sometimes absurdist, sense of humor despite their serious subject matter. In the tradition of UK anarcho-punk bands like Crass and the Subhumans, the Dead Kennedys were one of the first US punk bands to write politically themed songs; the lyrics Biafra wrote helped popularize the use of humorous lyrics in punk and other types of hard-core music. Biafra cites Joey Ramone as the inspiration for his use of humor in his songs, noting in particular songs by the Ramones such as "Beat on the Brat" and "Now I Wanna Sniff Some Glue". Biafra attempted to compose music on guitar, but his lack of experience on the instrument and his own admission of being "a fumbler with my hands" led Dead Kennedys bassist Klaus Flouride to suggest that Biafra sing the parts he envisioned to the band. Biafra sang his riffs and melodies into a tape recorder, which he brought to the band's rehearsal and/or recording sessions; this became a problem when the other members of the Dead Kennedys sued Biafra over royalties and publishing rights.
By all accounts, including his own, Biafra is not a conventionally skilled musician, though he and his collaborators attest that he is a skilled composer and his work with the Dead Kennedys, is respected by punk-oriented critics and fans. Biafra's first popular song was the first single by the Dead Kennedys, "California Über Alles." The song, which spoofed California governor Jerry Brown, was the first of many political songs by the group and Biafra. The song's popularity resulted in its being covered by other musicians, such as The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy, John Linnell of They Might Be Giants and Six Feet Under on their Graveyard Classics album of cover versions. Not long after, the Dead Kennedys had a second and bigger hit with "Holiday in Cambodia" from their debut album Fresh Fruit for Rotting Vegetables. AllMusic cites this song as "possibly the most successful single of the American hardcore scene" and Biafra counts it as his personal favorite Dead Kennedy's song. Minor hits from the album included "Kill the Poor" and a satirical cover of Elvis Presley's "Viva Las Vegas."
The Lancair 200 and Lancair 235 are a family of American amateur-built aircraft that were designed by Lance Neibauer and produced by his company, Lancair of Redmond, Oregon. The Lancair 200 was called the Lancer 200, but the name was changed due to a naming conflict, it was first shown at AirVenture in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in July 1985. Now out of production, when it was available the aircraft was supplied as a kit, for amateur construction; the design evolved into the Lancair 320, Lancair 360 and the Lancair Legacy, all ancestors of the Lancair Barracuda. Neibauer, a fine arts graduate from Michigan State University, designed the 200 because he found the existing production aircraft in the 1980s uninteresting. "That was my primary motivation for starting on the Lancair 200 in the first place, to build what I hoped would be an aesthetically more pleasing design with better performance and handling." The prototype was intended as a "one-off" aircraft for his own use and not for production. Neibauer bought a Cessna 150 and salvaged the engine and avionics, selling the airframe.
After displaying the Lancair 200 at Oshkosh in 1985, the design generated a high degree of interest and he began selling kits under the company name of Neico. The aircraft features a cantilever low-wing, a two-seats-in-side-by-side configuration enclosed cockpit under a bubble canopy, retractable tricycle landing gear and a single engine in tractor configuration; the prototype was made of urethane and hot wire cut styrofoam, all covered with wet lay-up fiberglass skin. The production aircraft is made from composite materials, including DuPont Nomex honeycomb structure, some graphite parts and epoxy-impregnated fiberglass cloth for covering, its 23.5 ft span wing mounts flaps. The standard engines used are the 100 hp Continental O-200 on the Lancair 200 and the 100 to 115 hp Lycoming O-235 powerplant on the Lancair 235; the 125 to 140 hp Lycoming O-290 engine has been used. The two models are otherwise identical; the manufacturer estimated the kit construction time as 600 person-hours. By April 2019, there were two examples of the Lancair 200, registered in the United States with the Federal Aviation Administration, plus 50 Lancair 235s.
In April 2019 there were six Lancair 235s registered with Transport Canada and one Lancair 235 registered with the British Civil Aviation Authority. Lancair 200 Model first flown in 1984, powered by a 100 hp Continental O-200 engine. Overall length is 19.75 ft. Lancair 235 Model introduced in 1985, powered by a 100 to 115 hp Lycoming O-235 engine. Overall length is 20.00 ft longer than the 200, due to the engine and mount dimensions. EAA Aviation Museum, Wisconsin, Prototype Lancair 200 Planes of Fame Air Museum, California, Lancair 235 Data from All AeroGeneral characteristics Crew: one Capacity: one passenger Length: 20 ft 0 in Wingspan: 23 ft 6 in Airfoil: NASA NLF-0215F Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-235 four cylinder, air-cooled, four stroke aircraft engine, 100 hp Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitchPerformance Maximum speed: 160 kn Cruise speed: 140 kn Stall speed: 55 kn Never exceed speed: 235 kn Range: 870 nmi g limits: +9/-4.5 g ultimate load Rate of climb: 1,300 ft/min
Doris Jessie Carter, was an Australian military officer, public servant, athlete who specialised in the high jump. She was the first Australian female field athlete to make an Olympic Games final. Carter placed 6th in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin and competed in the 1938 British Empire Games in Sydney, she won five National Championships at high jump and two at discus throw in her career. Following her competitive career, Carter became involved in the administration of women's athletics both at State and National levels, she was President of the Victorian Womens Amateur Athletic Association from 1945 to 1948. Carter served twice as President of the Australian Women's Amateur Athletic Union, firstly in 1948 and again between 1952 and 1962. In 1956 Carter was the Assistant Manager to the Australian Olympic Team during the Melbourne Olympic Games. Carter was prominent with the Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force during the Second World War and, on the raising of the Women's Royal Australian Air Force in 1951, she was appointed the service's director.
She retired from the post in 1960. Carter co-lead the Anzac Day Parade at Melbourne in the mid-1990s. Australian athletics champions Athletics Australia Profile Athletics Gold Profile at the Wayback Machine