click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jervis Bay Territory

The Jervis Bay Territory is a territory of the Commonwealth of Australia. It was surrendered by the state of New South Wales to the Commonwealth Government in 1915 so that the Australian Capital Territory would have access to the sea, it was administered by the Department of the Interior as if it were part of the Australian Capital Territory, although it has always been a separate Commonwealth territory. The perception that it is part of the ACT stems from the fact that under the terms of the Jervis Bay Territory Acceptance Act, the laws of the ACT apply to the Jervis Bay Territory. In 1989, when the ACT achieved self-government, the Department of The Arts, The Environment and Territories took over responsibility for the JBT's administration, it has since been administered by various Commonwealth Departments responsible to the Minister for Territories. Jervis Bay has a long history of Indigenous Australian settlement. Booderee, the name of the national park that covers the majority of the Jervis Bay Territory, means ‘bay of plenty’ or ‘plenty of fish’ in the local Aboriginal language.

The Yuin people have a continuing connection to the Jervis Bay area. It was decided in December 2016 to apply for Native Title, to recognise the long and ongoing connection; the bay was sighted by Lieutenant James Cook aboard HMS Endeavour on 25 April 1770 and he named the southern headland Cape St George. In August 1791 the bay was entered and named by Lieutenant Richard Bowen aboard the convict transport ship Atlantic of the Third Fleet in honour of Admiral John Jervis, under whom he had served. In November 1791 Master Matthew Weatherhead aboard the Matilda entered the bay to undertake repairs. Survivors of the Sydney Cove shipwreck in 1797 reached the area by foot. Explorer George Bass entered the bay on 10 December 1797, he named Bowen Island. John Oxley, an English explorer and surveyor, travelled from Sydney by sea to explore the bay in 1819. At the time of federation, to allay fears that it would have too much influence in the federal government, New South Wales had agreed to surrender territory to the Australian Capital Territory and to allow it to have access to the sea.

Jervis Bay was selected to be that federal port. The crown land in the area was granted by New South Wales to the Commonwealth in 1909 at the same time that the ACT was surrendered to the Commonwealth. In 1915 the jurisdiction over the Jervis Bay Territory was surrendered to the Commonwealth. NSW granted to Commonwealth permission to build a rail corridor linking the two territories but this was never implemented. At the 2016 census, 391 people lived in the territory, the majority working and living at the Royal Australian Navy base, HMAS Creswell; the area of land and water owned by the Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council in the JBT is 68 km2, about 90% of the land. The remaining land in the JBT is managed by the Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities. There is an Aboriginal community at Wreck Bay in the Booderee National Park. Vincentia is the nearest town 3 km north of the border. Jervis Bay Territory is administered by the Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities.

However, it is counted as part of the ACT for the purpose of the ACT's representation in the Senate, it forms part of the Division of Fenner for House of Representatives purposes. For most purposes, the territory is governed under the laws of the Australian Capital Territory, by the Jervis Bay Administration, which handles matters concerned with local or state government, it provides primary school teachers and Australian Federal Police staffing. Residents have access to the courts of the ACT, but are not separately represented in the ACT Legislative Assembly; the Jervis Bay Territory is in the Commonwealth Electoral Division of Fenner. However, Jervis Bay Territory residents are not represented at the local or State government level but have access to the decision-making process through community organisations; the Defence Force Discipline Act Section 61 makes all Australian Defence Force members and "Defence Civilians" subject to the criminal laws of the Jervis Bay Territory regardless of where the offence occurred.

This is a legal mechanism which makes Defence personnel subject to the Crimes Act 1914, the Criminal Code Act 1995 and offences against the criminal law of the ACT, as military law if the offence is committed elsewhere outside Australia. The Commonwealth contracts the ACT government to provide various services like courts and welfare, the Government of New South Wales for rural fire services and community health, Shoalhaven City Council for waste collection and library services, commercial providers for electricity and water supplies. Having 65.7 km2 of land and 8.9 km2 marine reserve, Jervis Bay Territory is the smallest of all the mainland states and territories of Australia. Jervis Bay is a natural harbour 16 km north-south and 10 km east-west, opening to the east onto the Pacific Ocean; the bay is situated about 198 km south of the city of Sydney, on the southern coast of New South Wales. The nearest city is about 40 km on the Shoalhaven River to the north; the majority of Jervis Bay embayment is part of Jervis Bay Marine Park but the waters within JB Territory are part of Booderee National Park.

Booderee National Park was known as Jervis Bay National Park. A wide variety of flora and fauna are native to the Booderee National Park with 206 species of birds, 27 species of mammals, 15 species

Movin' (Brass Construction song)

"Movin'" is a song by R&B/disco band Brass Construction. The song was culled together from a 16-minute jam session by the band. Released from their self-titled 1976 album, the single spent a week at number one on the R&B singles chart in the spring of that year, it was successful on the pop charts, peaking at number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100. On the disco dance charts, "Movin'" went to number one for four weeks and spent a total of twelve weeks on the chart; the song is heard playing in the background in the Good Times episode "The Big Move", Part One, at the Evanses' going-away party, where they receive the news that the Evanses' patriarch, had been killed in an automobile accident. "Got Myself Together" by the Bucketheads sampled the song

Tim Giago

Tim Giago known as Nanwica Kciji, is an American Oglala Lakota journalist and publisher. In 1981, he founded the Lakota Times at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, where he was born and grew up, it was the first independently owned Native American newspaper in the United States. In 1991 Giago was selected as a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University. In 1992 he changed his paper's name to Indian Country Today, to reflect its national coverage of Indian news and issues. Giago sold the paper in 1998. Two years he founded The Lakota Journal, which he sold in 2004 while thinking of retirement. In 2009, he founded the Native Sun News, based in Rapid City, South Dakota, he is a columnist for the Huffington Post. He served as its first president; when hired in 1979 to write a column for the Rapid City Journal, Giago was the first Native American writer for a South Dakota newspaper. Giago, whose Lakota name is Nanwica Kciji, was born in 1934 and grew up at the Oglala Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

He attended the Holy Rosary Indian Mission school. He wrote poetry and articles about the anger he felt at having his Lakota identity and culture suppressed, he attended the University of Nevada, Reno. Giago served with the US Navy at the San Francisco Naval Shipyard, where he started writing because his commander noticed "he typed well" and assigned him to produce the base newspaper. Giago wrote personal articles and poems about his mission school experience, first published in the monthly journal Wassaja, run by Jeannette and Rubert Costo of San Francisco during the 1970s. Jim Carrier an editor of the Rapid City Journal, saw his work and offered Giago a column for $10 a week. In 1979, his "Notes from Indian Country" became the first American Indian voice in a South Dakota newspaper. Giago's hiring had followed Wounded Knee incident in 1973 at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, which received international attention, near civil war on the reservation during the next few years, but, as Carrier wrote "none of the state's 11 daily newspapers or 145 weeklies covered the mayhem in any depth, relying instead on the Associated Press or printing nothing at all."

A year the paper offered Giago a full-time position and he began to learn the newspaper business. As a young reporter, he was sometimes told that he could not cover events at the Pine Ridge Reservation because he could not be "objective", an opinion which he questioned. In 1981, Giago moved back to the reservation to begin the Lakota Times as a weekly community newspaper to represent his neighbors' lives, it was the first independently owned Native American newspaper. In the beginning, he earned revenue by publishing the most complete list of pow-wows nationally and selling related advertising; this gave. He wrote editorials criticizing US and state policy related to Native Americans, his columns were soon syndicated by Knight-Ridder. After his criticism of AIM's violence on the reservation, his offices were fire-bombed. Despite his criticism of programs, he earned the respect of tribal governments, gained their support for his independence during difficult years. Through the years, Giago hired and trained numerous Native Americans, some of whom moved on to other papers and media to become successful in journalism.

He founded the Native American Journalists Association and served as its first president. To encourage American Indian participation in the media, the NAJA Foundation provides scholarships and summer internships to journalism students who are Indian; the foundation holds three major seminars a year for working Indian journalists and the business side. Giago expanded his paper's coverage to all the Indian reservations in South Dakota to American Indian issues nationwide. To reflect its national coverage, in 1992 he changed the name of the paper to Indian Country Today. In 1998, Giago sold the paper based in New York. At the time it was grossing $1.9 million annually in ad sales. As of 2005, it was the largest Native American paper, reaching 17 countries. In 2000, Giago founded The Lakota Times and sold it in 2004 to the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, thinking he would retire. After the Times stopped publishing, Giago founded the Native Sun News in 2009 in Rapid City, South Dakota, committing to his style of investigative journalism as well as broad coverage of Indian news.

It is published on paper only. He is a columnist for the Huffington Post, an online news source, his wife was Doris Giago. They divorced, she became the first Indian journalism professor at South Dakota State University and the first tenured Native American Professor in SDSU history. She retired as professor emeritus in 2014, he is now married to Jackie Giago. The Aboriginal Sin: Reflections on the Holy Rosary Indian Mission School, San Francisco: Indian Historian Press, 1978. OCLC 4710052 Notes from Indian Country, K. Cochran, 1984. Non-fiction; the American Indian and the Media, Minneapolis, MN: National Conference of Christians and Jews, 1991. ISBN 0-9631926-0-4 The Lakota Times/Indian Country Today won more than 50 awards from the South Dakota Newspaper Association while Giago was publisher. "An Ameri

Whalan, New South Wales

Whalan is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Whalan is located 44 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Blacktown and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region. Whalan takes its name from James Whalan, granted 300 acres at Mount Druitt by Governor Ralph Darling in 1831, his father was Sergeant Charles Whalan, Governor Lachlan Macquarie's orderly sergeant and in charge of the Light Horse Guard. James Whalan explored the areas around Jenolan Caves and the Blue Mountains and discovered the rock formation known as Grand Arch pursuing the bushranger McKeown. According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 5,973 people in Whalan. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 8.7% of the population. 63.4% of people were born in Australia. The nextmost common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.0%, Philippines 3.0%, Samoa 2.3%, Fiji 2.2% and England 1.7%. 65.5% of people spoke only English at home.

Other languages spoken at home included Samoan 4.3%, Arabic 2.7%, Hindi 2.3% and Tagalog 1.8%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 24.9%, No Religion 21.1% and Anglican 15.0%. Whalan has an extensive reserve, made up of four soccer fields and four football fields, it has numerous parks and a large go-cart track, available to use every Saturday. As well there are numerous smaller parks and reserves dotted around the leafy suburb including RAAF Park on the eastern boundary; this park is a memorial to the RAAF camp, on the site during WW2. There was an airfield nearby with the runway still in existence as the main road access to Whalan Reserve; the old Mt Druitt motor racing track used to run along this runway and parts of Luxford Road and Kuringai Ave prior to the NSW Housing Commission developing the area in the mid-1960s. Whalan has Whalan Public, Madang Public and the special needs school, Halinda. Whalan High School was closed shortly after the debacle involving the Daily Telegraph newspaper and Mt Druitt High School HSC students who were wrongfully labelled as'failures'.

Several high schools in the area were closed and reorganised as Chifley College with campuses at Dharruk, North St Marys and Bidwill. Halinda and the PCYC offices are now using the grounds and buildings

John Moore House (Sparta, Ontario)

John Moore House is a pioneer home built in 1824 north of the village of Sparta, Ontario on land inherited from the builder's father, Samuel Moore U. E.. It is considered a good example of pioneer architecture and construction in Elgin County, a valuable relic of early settlement days in Southwestern Ontario, if not in the province, it is an example of Georgian architecture, a two-storey structure of stone and brick, it features a symmetrical five bay front façade with a central door and two sets of flanking windows on the main floor, five on the second storey. Fieldstone chimneys connect to fireplaces on each floor; this house, "similar to many early Quaker homes in the Township of Norwich, was built into the side of a hill to accommodate a basement kitchen. This feature provided more space in an otherwise small home and was suitable for baking in the heat of the summer as well as the chill of winter."With the house built into the Sparta moraine, the back of the second storey opens to the ground level.

Local legend has it that this feature allowed one of the rebels of the Rebellions of 1837 to escape pursuing Loyalist forces. Whether or not that story is true, it is documented that John Moore, though a United Empire Loyalist and a Quaker, became a leading advocate of reform in the turbulent 1830s, was charged with treason in the aftermath of the failed rebellion. John’s son, was arrested and died in prison from an infection related to the squalid living conditions. John was continued on as a prominent farmer in the Yarmouth Township area. One brother Elias Moore was the area MPP in the 12th Parliament of Upper Canada and the 13th Parliament of Upper Canada. A third brother, was sentenced to hang for his part in the rebellions. Around this same time, John's younger brother, Lindley Murray Moore was founding an Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, N. Y.. The bricks used in the John Moore house were made on his farm, one of the five springs there supplying water to form a shallow pool, where oxen trod the clay to proper consistency to use as mortar for the walls and foundations.

Lime was secured by burning stopes found on the hillside, it is more than probable that John Moore was the first to use Elgin lime for building purposes. The size and pale strawberry tint, prove beyond doubt the old hand-made brick, so distinguished from the product of brickyards of larger size and deeper red as to color; the stones used in combination with bricks were gathered from the farm, the solid face this old home presents to the world today makes this an outstanding example of the skills and determination of Ontario's early pioneers

List of ship launches in 1882

The list of ship launches in 1882 includes a chronological list of some ships launched in 1882. Treneglos: The 2100 ton steamer was launched at the shipyard of John Readhead & Sons of South Shields for Edward Hain and Son of St Ives, Cornwall; the fourth ship in the Hain's fleet was built for the grain trade in the Danube and Sea of Azott, as well as for general trade. Boskenna Bay: The 200 foot steamer was launched at the shipyard of Schlesinger Davis & Co of Wallsend for the Mount's Bay Steam Ship Company; the second ship in the fleet and sister to Mount's Bay. Edinburgh: Colossus-class battleship launched at Pembroke Dockyard. Colossus: Colossus-class battleship launched at Portsmouth Dockyard. Ganges: Launched by Osbourne, Graham & Co Ltd, Sunderland. R P Rithet: Paddle steamer launched by Alexander Watson. Courbet: Ironclad battleship for the Marine Nationale. Zaandam: 6,300t passenger ship launched by Fijenoord for Nederlandsch-Amerikaansche Stoomvaartmaatschappij. Skuzzy: Paddle steamer launched by Andrew Onderdonk at Spuzzum, British Columbia.

Alesia: Ocean liner launched by Thomas Royden and Sons for Fabre line. SS San Juan: Ocean liner launched by the Delaware River Iron Ship Building and Engine Works for Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Hilda: Steamship launched by Aitken & Mansel for London and South Western Railway. Glenorchy: Four-masted sailing ship, with a gross registered tonnage of 2,400 tons, launched by the Sunderland Shipbuilding Company. Was said to be the largest sailing ship built in Great Britain. Albatross: Research vessel launched by Pusey & Jones, Delaware. Eureka: 244 feet steamer launched at the Strand Ship-building Yard, Sunderland for Messrs Osborne and Wallis of Cardiff. Britannia: launched at Short Brothers yard, Sunderland; the 277 feet steamer was the first of the fleet for the United Kingdom Steamship Company and was suitable for either the East Indian, American or Black Sea trade. Trevose: The 2250 ton steamer was launched at the shipyard of John Readhead & Sons of South Shields for Edward Hain and Son of St Ives, Cornwall.

The sixth ship in the Hain's fleet was built for the grain trade in the Danube and Sea of Azott, as well as for the Indian and Atlantic trade. Leander: Cruiser launched by Napier, Glasgow. Carbis Bay: The 2400 ton steamer was launched at the yard of Schlesinger, Davis and Co, Wallsend for the Carbis Bay Steamship Company, she is intended for the Black Sea trade. Collingwood: Admiral-class battleship launched at Pembroke Dockyard. Zhenyuan: Turret ship launched by AG Vulcan Stettin, Stettin for the Beiyang Fleet. Dolcoath: The 2400 ton dead weight screw steamer was launched at the Deptford Ship-building Yard, Sunderland for Messrs Osborne and Wallis of Cardiff. Puritan: Puritan-class monitor launched by John Roach & Son, Pennsylvania. Arethusa: Leander-class cruiser launched by Napier, Glasgow. Georg Stage: Sailing ship launched by Burmeister & Wain, København. John M Osborn: Steamboat launched by Morely & Hill, Marine City, Michigan. Lyn: Torpedo boat launched for Royal Norwegian Navy Saxon Prince: Launched by Swan Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne.

Valencia: Steamship launched by William Cramp & Sons Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Viking: Launched by Nylands Verksted, Kristiania. Vladimir Monomakh: Armoured cruiser launched by Baltic Shipyard, Saint Petersburg. Wairarapa: Steamship launched at Dumbarton for Union Steamship Company of New Zealand W F Babcock: Barge launched by A Sewall & Co, Maine