Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Lynn Redgrave, OBE was an English actress. A member of the Redgrave family, Lynn trained in London before making her debut in 1962. By the mid-1960s, she had appeared in films, including Tom Jones and Georgy Girl which won her a New York Film Critics Award and nominations for an Academy Award. In 1967, she made her Broadway debut and performed in stage productions in New York while making frequent returns to Londons West End. She performed with her sister Vanessa in Three Sisters in London and she made a return to films in the late 1990s in films such as Shine and Gods and Monsters for which she received another Academy Award nomination. Redgrave is the person to have been nominated for all of the Big Four American entertainment awards without winning any of them. Redgrave was born in Marylebone, London, to actors Sir Michael Redgrave and her sister is actress Vanessa Redgrave, her brother was actor and political activist Corin Redgrave. Her grandfather was silent screen leading man Roy Redgrave, after training in Londons Central School of Speech and Drama, Redgrave made her professional debut in a 1962 production of A Midsummer Nights Dream at the Royal Court Theatre.
Following a tour of Billy Liar and repertory work in Dundee, she made her West End debut at the Haymarket, hunters The Tulip Tree with Celia Johnson and John Clements. During that time, she appeared in such as Tom Jones, Girl with Green Eyes, The Deadly Affair. For the last of these roles, she gained the New York Film Critics Award, the Golden Globe, in 1967, she made her Broadway debut in Black Comedy with Michael Crawford and Geraldine Page. London appearances included Michael Frayns The Two of Us with Richard Briers at the Garrick, David Hares Slag at the Royal Court, in 1974, she returned to Broadway in My Fat Friend. There soon followed Knock Knock with Charles Durning, Mrs. Warrens Profession with Ruth Gordon, and Saint Joan. In the 1985-86 season, she appeared with Rex Harrison, Claudette Colbert, in 1983, she played Cleopatra in an American television version of Antony and Cleopatra opposite Timothy Dalton. In 1988, she narrated a television documentary, Silent Mouse. In the early winter of 1991, she starred with Stewart Granger, highlights of her early film career include The National Health, Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex*, The Happy Hooker, and Getting It Right.
In the United States, she was seen on television series as Teachers Only, House Calls, Centennial. She starred in BBC productions such as The Faint-Hearted Feminist, A Woman Alone, Death of a Son, Calling the Shots, and Fighting Back
Scotland Yard is a metonym for the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, the territorial police force responsible for policing most of London. The name derives from the location of the original Metropolitan Police headquarters at 4 Whitehall Place, the Scotland Yard entrance became the public entrance to the police station, and over time the street and the Metropolitan Police became synonymous. The New York Times wrote in 1964 that just as Wall Street gave its name to New Yorks financial district, Scotland Yard became the name for police activity in London. The force moved from Great Scotland Yard in 1890, to a completed building on the Victoria Embankment. An adjacent building was completed in 1906, a third building was added in 1940. In 1967, the MPS moved its headquarters from the complex to a tall. In November 2016, MPS moved to its new headquarters, which continues to bear the name of New Scotland Yard. the sign spins around non stop and it has a camera inside it. The Metropolitan Police Service is responsible for law enforcement within Greater London, excluding the square mile of the City of London, the London Underground and National Rail networks are the responsibility of the British Transport Police.
The Metropolitan Police was formed by Robert Peel with the implementation of the Metropolitan Police Act, with the help of Eugène-François Vidocq, selected the original site on Whitehall Place for the new police headquarters. The first two commissioners, Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne, along with police officers and staff. Previously a private house,4 Whitehall Place backed onto a street called Great Scotland Yard, in 1888, during the construction of the new building, workers discovered the dismembered torso of a female, the case, known as the Whitehall Mystery, was never solved. In 1890, police moved to the new location, which was named New Scotland Yard. By this time, the Metropolitan Police had grown from its initial 1,000 officers to about 13,000 and needed more administrative staff, further increases in the size and responsibilities of the force required even more administrators and space. Therefore, new buildings were constructed and completed in 1906 and 1940, the first two buildings are now a Grade I listed structure known as the Norman Shaw Buildings.
The original building at 4 Whitehall Place still has an entrance on Great Scotland Yard. Stables for some of the branch are still located at 7 Great Scotland Yard. By the 1960s the requirements of modern technology and further increases in the size of the force meant that it had outgrown its three-building complex on Victoria Embankment. In 1967 New Scotland Yard moved to a newly constructed building on Broadway, from 1967 to 2016, the third building of the first New Scotland Yard was partly used as the base for the Mets Territorial Support Group
Jeffrey Charles William Michael Jeff Conaway was an American actor, and singer known for playing Kenickie in the movie Grease, and for his roles in two American television series and Babylon 5. Conaway was featured in the first and second seasons of the reality television series Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew, Conaway was born in the New York City borough of Manhattan and raised in the Astoria and Forest Hills neighborhoods of the borough Queens. His father, was an actor and publisher and his mother, Helen, an actress who went by the stage name Mary Ann Brooks, taught music at New York Citys Brook Conservatory. They divorced when he was three, and Conaway and his two sisters lived with his mother. The 1961 Pulitzer Prize-winning play was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Play and ran 333 performances and one preview from November 29,1960, Conaway remained for the entire run, toured with the national company of the play Critics Choice. Conaway worked as a model, and attended high school at the Quintano School for Young Professionals.
After playing with the rock band 3 1/2 beginning at age 15, he attended the North Carolina School of the Arts, while at NYU he appeared in television commercials and had the lead in a school production of The Threepenny Opera. He made his debut in the 1971 romantic drama Jennifer on My Mind. He played the role for 2 1/2 years while his friend John Travolta, with whom he shared a manager, joined the show, the two would reunite in the 1978 motion picture musical Grease, in which Travolta played Zuko and Conaway his buddy Kenickie. And said they had been thinking along the lines, so I read again. Later I got a call from Joel Thurm, who says, its not good news, but its not bad news either. He says Im the only choice for an actor, but that theyd had a meeting and thought that maybe Bobby should be black. So I went back to read, and it was me, Cleavon Little, I ended up reading with Judd Hirsch and it went really well. Conaway left Taxi after the third season, part of the reason was his drug abuse after season one.
This caused the producers to realize that he was expendable. Conaway was reported at the time to be dissatisfied with being typecast as a blond bimbo and he felt creatively stymied, I wanted to do things with Bobby, but as the show went on, I could see I wasnt going to get that chance. Lemme tell you – I loved Bobby, I identified with Bobby, so, yeah, I kind of took everything personally. I had a lot of meetings with because I was unhappy, partially it was ego, but let me do what I do best
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County, although the county government was disbanded on July 1,1999. The city proper covers 48 square miles with a population of 667,137 in 2015, making it the largest city in New England. Alternately, as a Combined Statistical Area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.1 million people, One of the oldest cities in the United States, Boston was founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education, through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston has expanded beyond the original peninsula. Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing over 20 million visitors per year, Bostons many firsts include the United States first public school, Boston Latin School, first subway system, the Tremont Street Subway, and first public park, Boston Common.
Bostons economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings. Bostons early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the renaming on September 7,1630 was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest of fresh water. Their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC, in 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colonys first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history, over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America.
Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century, Bostons harbor activity was significantly curtailed by the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. Foreign trade returned after these hostilities, but Bostons merchants had found alternatives for their investments in the interim. Manufacturing became an important component of the economy, and the citys industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the mid-19th century. Boston remained one of the nations largest manufacturing centers until the early 20th century, a network of small rivers bordering the city and connecting it to the surrounding region facilitated shipment of goods and led to a proliferation of mills and factories. Later, a network of railroads furthered the regions industry. Boston was a port of the Atlantic triangular slave trade in the New England colonies
Astin was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for his directorial debut, a comedic short film entitled Prelude. Astin was born in Baltimore, Maryland, to Margaret Linnie and Dr. Allen Varley Astin, at that time and his family resided on Battery Lane in Bethesda, Maryland. He graduated from Johns Hopkins University in 1952, after transferring from Washington & Jefferson College and he studied mathematics at Washington & Jefferson and drama at Johns Hopkins, he was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity at Johns Hopkins. Astin started in theater, making his first Broadway appearance as an understudy in Major Barbara and his first big break in film came with a small part in West Side Story in 1961. In 1961, he appeared in the episode of the ABC police drama The Asphalt Jungle. In 1962–1963, Astin starred with Marty Ingels in the unusual ABC sitcom Im Dickens, Hes Fenster, from 1964 to 1966, he starred in The Addams Family as Gomez Addams, the head of the macabre family.
He appeared in the TV show The New Addams Family as Grandpapa Addams in 1998, Astin joined the retooled The Pruitts of Southampton for the second half of the 1966–1967 season, playing Dillers brother-in-law, Angus Pruitt. He played the Riddler in the season of Batman He played submarine commander Matthew Sherman in the 1970s TV series Operation Petticoat. He made a appearance in the popular mystery show Murder, She Wrote. He had a role on the sitcom Night Court as Buddy, eccentric former mental patient. He played the role of Ed LaSalle in the short-lived Mary Tyler Moore sitcom Mary during the 1985–86 television season. Astin received an Academy Award nomination for Prelude, a film that he wrote, produced. He was nominated for an Ace Award for his work on Tales from the Crypt and he voiced the character Bull Gator on the animated series Taz-Mania. Astin served for four years on the Board of Directors of the Writers Guild of America and he has continued to work in acting, appearing in a string of Killer Tomatoes films as Professor Gangreen and as Professor Wickwire in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr.
He has toured the one-man play Edgar Allan Poe, Once Upon a Midnight, written by Paul Day Clemens, commenting on his dual career, he said in 2007, I dont know one major university that has a known actor teaching every day. He hopes to re-establish a drama major at the university, noting that he is one of only a handful to earn a degree from Hopkins. Astin can be seen singing and playing cowbell in a video from JHU released in December 2009. Astin has five sons, three with his first wife, Suzanne Hahn, two with his wife, actress Patty Duke – one adopted and one biological
Doris Roberts was an American actress and philanthropist whose career spanned six decades of television. She appeared as a guest on talk and variety shows. She was an advocate of animal rights and animal-rights activism, supporting groups such as the United Activists for Animal Rights and she received five Emmy Awards and a Screen Actors Guild award during her acting career, which began in 1951. She achieved continuing success for her role as Raymond Barones mother, Marie Barone, on the long-running CBS sitcom. She played Mildred Krebs in Remington Steele from 1983 to 1987, towards the end of her acting career, she had a prominent role opposite Tyler Perry in Madeas Witness Protection. Doris May Green was born on November 4,1925, in St. Louis and she was raised by her mother and her maternal grandparents in The Bronx, New York, after her father, Larry Green, deserted the family. Roberts stepfather, whose surname she took as her own, was Chester H. Roberts and Roberts mother operated the Z. L. Rosenfield Agency, a stenographic service catering to playwrights and actors, Roberts acting career began in 1951 with a role on the TV series Studio One.
She appeared in episodes of The Naked City, Way Out, Ben Casey, in 1961, she made her film debut in Something Wild. She appeared in such cult 1960s/1970s films as A Lovely Way to Die, No Way to Treat a Lady, The Honeymoon Killers, Such Good Friends, Little Murders, and The Taking of Pelham One Two Three. In 1978, she appeared in a film about John F. Kennedys assassination and Oswald and she appeared very briefly in The Rose, as the mother of the title character. Roberts played Theresa Falco on Angie, and appeared as Mildred Krebs on Remington Steele, after Remington Steele ended, she starred in the TV movie remake of If Its Tuesday, It Still Must Be Belgium and the National Lampoons Christmas Vacation. She appeared on Alice, playing the mother of the character, on Barney Miller as the wife of a man who secretly went to a sex surrogate. She played the unhinged Flo Flotsky on four episodes of Soap, Dorelda Doremus, a healer, on Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman. Roberts achieved much of her fame for her role as Marie Barone on Everybody Loves Raymond and she was reportedly one of 100 actresses considered for the role.
For her work on the series, she was nominated for seven Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series. She had previously won an Emmy for a guest appearance on St. Elsewhere, playing a homeless woman and she was nominated for appearances on Perfect Strangers and a PBS special called The Sunset Gang. In 2003, she made a guest appearance as Gordos grandmother in Lizzie McGuire, the same year, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Royal Typewriter Company
The Royal Typewriter Company was a manufacturer of typewriters headquartered in New York City with its factory in Hartford, Connecticut. The Royal Typewriter Company was founded by Edward B, Myers in January,1904 in a machine shop in Brooklyn, New York. In 1905, with their limited cash running out and Myers turned to Thomas Fortune Ryan, Ryan was impressed and put up $220,000 in exchange for financial control. In March 1906 the first Royal typewriter, the Royal Standard, was sold, the Royal Standard was different from its competition in that it had a flatbed design. With demand increasing, Royal purchased 5¼ acres in Hartford, Connecticut as the new site for its manufacturing facility, original plans called for floor capacity of 250,000 square feet and cost $350,000 to build. In 1908, Royal began manufacturing there, in 1911, Royal introduced the Royal 5 typewriter, which utilized the flatbed design. Royals first model utilizing the design was the Royal 10. Original models had two beveled glass panes on each side, in 1926 Royal introduced the Roytype brand name for its line of typewriter ribbons and carbon paper.
Royal entered the portable typewriter market in 1926 - years behind its competitors such as Underwood, LC Smith Corona, and Remington. In order to promote the new portable, Royal president, G. E. Smith and this boxing match was the first nationwide radio hook-up. The Daily News of New York estimated that 20 million fans from coast to coast listened to the broadcast, Royals introduction of its portable line of typewriters was an immediate success and launched the company to become the worlds #1 selling typewriter brand. On October 9,1926, the Hartford Daily Courant reported that Royal had just produced its one millionth typewriter, to promote the ruggedness of its typewriters, George Edward Smith, president of Royal, bought a Ford-Stout tri-motor airplane in August 1927. This plane, commonly called the Royal Airtruck, dropped over 200 typewriters in crates with parachutes to dealers over the seaboard of the USA on its maiden flight. Royal eventually delivered over 11,000 this way with only 10 being damaged, one of Royals founders and vice presidents, died in Orlando, Florida.
Hess was an inventor and held over 140 patents relating to the typewriter. World War II brought tremendous change to Royal, in order to aid the war effort, Royal converted its manufacturing to war work exclusively. Royal would manufacture machine guns, bullets, propellers and it wouldnt be until September 1945 that Royal would start typewriter production full-time again and not until December 1948 that Royal would catch up on its pre-war backlog. In 1947, Royal would produce, in limited quantity, a version of its popular Quiet Deluxe model
A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, Novelists come from a variety of backgrounds and social classes, and frequently this shapes the content of their works. Similarly, some novelists have creative identities derived from their focus on different genres of fiction, such as crime, while many novelists compose fiction to satisfy personal desires and commentators often ascribe a particular social responsibility or role to novel writers. Many authors use such moral imperatives to justify different approaches to writing, including activism or different approaches to representing reality truthfully. Novelist is a derivative from the term novel describing the writer of novels. However, the OED attributes the primary meaning of a writer of novels as first appearing in the 1633 book East-India Colation by C. The difference between professional and amateur novelists often is the ability to publish.
Many people take up writing as a hobby, but the difficulties of completing large scale fictional works of quality prevent the completion of novels. Once authors have completed a novel, they often try to get it published. The publishing industry requires novels to have accessible profitable markets, thus many novelists will self-publish to circumvent the editorial control of publishers, self-publishing has long been an option for writers, with vanity presses printing bound books for a fee paid by the writer. The rise of the Internet and electronic books has made self publishing far less expensive, Novelists apply a number of different methods to writing their novels, relying on a variety of approaches to inspire creativity. Some communities actively encourage amateurs to practice writing novels to develop these unique practices, for example, the internet-based group, National Novel Writing Month, encourages people to write 50, 000-word novels in the month of November, to give novelists practice completing such works.
In the 2010 event, over 200,000 people took part – writing a total of over 2.8 billion words, Novelists dont usually publish their first novels until in life. However, many novelists begin writing at a young age, for example, Iain Banks began writing at eleven, and at sixteen completed his first novel, The Hungarian Lift-Jet, about international arms dealers, in pencil in a larger-than-foolscap log book. However, he was thirty before he published his first novel, the success of this novel enabled Banks to become a full-time novelist. Occasionally, novelists publish as early as their teens, for example, Patrick OBrian published his first novel, The Life Story of a Panda-Leopard, at the age of 15, which brought him considerable critical attention. Occasionally, these works will achieve popular success as well, for example, though Christopher Paolinis Eragon, was not a great critical success, but its popularity among readers placed it on the New York Times Childrens Books Best Seller list for 121 weeks.
First-time novelists of any age often find themselves unable to get published, because of a number of reasons reflecting the inexperience of the author
Aston Martin DB6
The Aston Martin DB6 is a grand tourer made by British car manufacturer Aston Martin. Produced from September 1965 to January 1971, the DB6 had the longest production run up to date of any Aston Martin model. The DB6 succeeded the Aston Martin DB5 and featured improved aerodynamics, after Aston Martin rejected proposals for a replacement for its DB5 from Touring of Milan, the decision was made to focus on their own development car, registered 4 YMC. Wind tunnel testing, begun in February 1965, showed development was necessary to counteract a tendency toward aerodynamic lift causing reduced rear-wheel traction at high speed. Introduced at the 1965 London Motor Show, the DB6 was already a dated design notable as the first model engineered following a relocation from Feltham to Newport Pagnell. The tail, combined with the relocated rear-axle and the 3. 75-inch lengthened wheelbase, though fashionable — the rear-end Kamm-styled design was similar to the Ferrari 250 — it did not prove popular with conservative, tradition oriented Aston clientele when the DB6 was introduced.
The DB6 continued with high-tech Armstrong Selectaride cockpit-adjustable rear shock absorbers as available on the DB5, surprisingly the modifications combined to add only seventeen pounds weight compared to the DB5. The DB6 is powered by the 3,995 cc twin-overhead camshaft, the engine, continued with its triple SU carb setup producing 282 bhp at 5,500 rpm, the Vantage engine option is quoted at 325 bhp against the 314 bhp of the DB5. The rear suspension used coil springs with ride control that was adjustable from inside the car. Available as an extra for the Mark II was AE Brico electronic fuel-injection combined with the higher compression ratio cylinder head. The Mark II edition shared many parts with the then-new DBS, as with previous Aston Martin models, a high-power DB6 Vantage was offered. It was equipped with three Weber carburetors and higher compression cylinder head. A convertible body style was offered, named the Volante. This was introduced at the 1966 London Motor Show, the DB6-based Volante succeeded the earlier Volantes which were built on the last of the DB5 chassis and were known as short chassis Volantes.
Of the DB6-based Volantes just 140 were built, including 29 high-output Vantage Volante versions, Prince of Wales, owns a DB6-based Volante MkII that has been converted to run on bioethanol. The car was given to him by his mother on his 21st birthday, a total of six or seven DB6 Shooting-brakes were produced by British coachbuilder Harold Radford. With a three more by FLM Panelcraft The engine options were the same as for the DB6 Saloon, Panelcraft – information from AMGE Aston Martin German Enthusiasts on www. auto-welt. info
Robert Walker (actor, born 1940)
Robert Hudson Walker Jr. is an American actor who was a familiar presence on TV in the 1960s and early 1970s. He became less active in decades and he is best-remembered today for playing the title role in the Star Trek episode Charlie X. Walker was born in Queens, New York and is the elder son of actors Robert Walker and Jennifer Jones. He attended The Lawrenceville School near Princeton before beginning his acting career, Walker appeared in a 1962 episode of the classic television series Route 66. He has appeared in films and television since the early 1960s, the Blob, or--Son Of Blob in 1972. In 1982 he starred in Angkor, Cambodia Express with Nancy Kwan, Christopher George, Woody Strode, and Sorapong Chatree. In The Big Valley episode, My Son, My Son, aired on November 3,1965, Walker portrayed Evan Miles and he had a memorable role in Star Trek as Charles Charlie Evans in the episode Charlie X, which aired September 15,1966. In addition he played Billy the Kid in episode 22 of The Time Tunnel and he portrayed Nick Baxter, an ill alien who caused the deaths of humans by touch, in the episode Panic in the television series The Invaders, which aired on April 11,1967.
He played Mark Cole in the October 29,1967, episode of Bonanza titled The Gentle Ones. He had a role in an episode of Columbo, Mind Over Mayhem, in the season of the series Combat. in the episode Ollie Joe. In years Walker maintained a presence on TV, he guested in two episodes of Murder, She Wrote with Angela Lansbury broadcast in 1987 and 1990. His last screen performances were on the TV series L. A. Law and In the Heat of the Night and he appeared in a TV series appearance in 1993, and a final film appearance in a small role in the 2012 film Beyond the Darkness. The Hook The Ceremony Ensign Pulver The Happening The War Wagon The Savage Seven Eve Killers Three Easy Rider Young Billy Young The Man from O. R. G. Y. Road to Salina Beware. and friend, Malibu,1965, photograph by Dennis Hopper from 2011 book of Hoppers photographs, via the The Independent