click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jimmy Fallon

James Thomas Fallon is an American comedian, television host, singer and producer. He is known for his work in television as a cast member on Saturday Night Live and as the host of late-night talk show The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon and before that Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, he grew up with an interest in comedy and music, moving to Los Angeles at 21 to pursue opportunities in stand-up comedy. He was commissioned to join NBC's Saturday Night Live as a cast member in 1998, fulfilling a lifelong dream. Fallon remained on SNL for six years between 1998 and 2004, co-hosting the program's Weekend Update segment and becoming a celebrity in the process, he left the program for the film industry. Following his film career, Fallon returned to television as the host of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on NBC studios in 2009, where he became well known for his emphasis on music and video games, he moved from that program to become the sixth permanent host of the long-running The Tonight Show in 2014.

In addition to his television work, Fallon has released five books. James Thomas Fallon was born on September 19, 1974, in the Bay Ridge neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, the son of Gloria and James W. Fallon, he is of German and Norwegian descent. His paternal grandmother, Luise Schalla, was a German immigrant from Osterholz-Scharmbeck, while one of his maternal great-grandfathers, Hans Hovelsen, was a Norwegian immigrant from Fredrikstad. Another set of great-great-grandparents were Thomas Fallon, an Irishman from County Galway, Louisa Stickever, the daughter of an Irishman born in France and his Irish wife. Fallon's father spent his adolescence singing in street-corner doo-wop groups served in the Vietnam War. Shortly after his son's birth, he started working as a machine repairman for IBM in Kingston, New York. In preparation, the family moved nearby to New York. Fallon has described his childhood as "idyllic," while his parents have been described as overprotective, he and his sister, were unable to leave their home and had to ride their bicycles in the backyard.

Fallon attended the Roman Catholic school St. Mary of the Snow, he considered being a priest, inspired by his experiences as an altar boy, but became more interested in comedy instead. He spent many nights listening to the radio program The Dr. Demento Show, which exposed him to both comedy and music; as a teenager, Fallon developed an obsession with the late-night comedy program Saturday Night Live. He watched it religiously, although he was only allowed to see "the clean parts" that his parents taped for him, he and Gloria would re-enact sketches such as "The Festrunk Brothers" with friends. In his teens, he impressed his parents with impersonations, including of actor James Cagney and comedian Dana Carvey, he was musically inclined, started playing guitar at age 13. He would go on to perform music in contests and shows. By his junior high years, he was labeled a class clown, but was described as "nice and well-mannered."At Saugerties High School, he was a performer in most stage productions, was twice a class social director.

He won a young comedian's contest with an impression of Pee-wee Herman. He graduated in 1992 attended The College of Saint Rose in Albany, New York, where he was a computer science major before switching to communications in his senior year, he was an average student. On weekends, he would perform stand-up comedy. Fallon would board buses from his aunt's house in Fort Hamilton to perform sets at Caroline's Comedy Club in Times Square, he did not graduate. In May 2009, 14 years he returned to receive a Bachelor of Arts in communications, awarded by Saint Rose officials who granted him experiential learning credits for his television work, he joined his classmates at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center to collect his degree. Fallon dropped out of the College of Saint Rose a semester shy of a degree in communications in 1995 to move to Los Angeles and pursue comedy full-time, he secured a manager and got bookings by the age of 21. He did stand-up at the Improv, earning $7.50 per set, he joined classes with the Groundlings, an improv comedy troupe.

He appeared in the feature film The Scheme. His one line in the 1996 film Father's Day was cut. In 1998, Fallon appeared on the show Spin City in the second season as a man selling photographs, he remained fixated on joining Saturday Night Live. After two years of working with the Groundlings, he auditioned for the program in 1997, but was unsuccessful; when he was cast in a pilot presentation for The WB, Fallon made sure to include a clause in his contract specifying that if he were to join SNL he would be released from his contract. His manager sent videotapes to Marci Klein and Ayala Cohen, producers for SNL; this was my ultimate goal. If I cut into a birthday cake and made a wish, I would wish to be on SNL. If I threw a coin into a fountain, I would wish to be on SNL. If I saw a shooting star, I would wish to be on SNL.... I remember saying to myself,'If I don't make it on before I'm 25, I'm going to kill myself.' It's crazy. I had no other plan. I didn't have friends, I didn't have a girlfriend, I didn't have anything going on.

I had my career, it. Fallon landed his second audition at the age of 23. At the "notoriously difficult audition," he was told by several people that creator Lorne Michaels never laughed during auditions, he feared being outshined by the comic before him, who ca

Sandra J. Rosenthal

Sandra J. Rosenthal is the Jack and Pamela Egan Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Pharmacology and Biomolecular Engineering, Materials Science at Vanderbilt University, she is a joint faculty member at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the Materials Science and Technology Division and the Director of the Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering. Rosenthal is an acclaimed researcher in the field of nanoscience and nanomaterials, she has received national awards for her research endeavors and has been engaged in STEM outreach programs which have benefitted students throughout the Middle Tennessee Region. Rosenthal's independent scientific career has been distinguished by her innovative studies on nanomaterials, most notably quantum dots and nanoclusters, she is the leader of a interdisciplinary research team based at Vanderbilt University, focused on endeavors that span the fundamental study of quantum dots at the atomic scale to the development of designer nanomaterials for applications in diverse research areas spanning solid-state lighting to biological imaging.

A major focus of Rosenthal's current research is "to develop and use nanotechnology to elucidate molecular mechanisms of mental illness". Rosenthal received her B. S. with Honors in the field of Chemistry from Valparaiso University. Rosenthal played 4 years of Division 1 basketball for Valparaiso University while receiving her undergraduate degree, she went on to receive her Ph. D. in Chemistry from the University of Chicago with Graham Fleming where her thesis was on "Femtosecond solvent dynamics: observation of the inertial contribution to the solvent response". From 1993–1995, Rosenthal was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and UC Berkeley where she worked with Paul Alivisatos and Charles Shank. During her time as a postdoctoral fellow, Rosenthal began her involvement with spectroscopic studies on quantum dots. In 1996, Rosenthal began her independent faculty position on the Chemistry faculty at Vanderbilt University, her independent research career has continued to be distinguished by her studies on quantum dots and nanomaterials.

At Vanderbilt University, Rosenthal is the Director of the Vanderbilt Institute of Nanoscale Science and Engineering and has served in that role for the past 12 years. During her tenure, the program has grown from 24 to 55 faculty members who have been awarded more than $250 million in funding for nanoscience research at the university; the efforts of the Institute have served to benefit opportunities and access to education in the field nanoscience education at the level of both undergraduate and graduate studies at Vanderbilt. At her undergraduate alma mater Valparaiso University, Rosenthal serves as a member of the Valparaiso University College of Arts and Sciences National Council. Charles Herty Medal, 2018 Valparaiso University Distinguished Alumni Award, Valparaiso University Alumni Association 2015 Faculty Achievement Award, Southeastern Conference Universities 2014 Inaugural Jack & Pamela Egan Chair of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, 2011 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2011 Jeffrey Nordhaus Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, 2009 Popular Mechanics Breakthrough Award, 2006 Distinguished Faculty Award, 2004 Madison-Sarrat Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching, 2004 NSF CAREER Award, 1999 NSF Postdoctoral Fellowship, 1993 Prior to her independent research career: Rosenthal, S. J..

V.. Barbara, Paul F.. "Size Dependent Absorption Anisotropy Measurements of CdSe Nanocrystals: Symmetry Assignments for the Lowest Electronic States". Ultrafast Phenomena X. Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 62: 431–432. Doi:10.1007/978-3-642-80314-7_188. ISBN 9783642803147. Fleming, G. R.. "Femtosecond spontaneous-emission studies of reaction centers from photosynthetic bacteria". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 89: 8517–8521. Bibcode:1992PNAS...89.8517D. Doi:10.1073/pnas.89.18.8517. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 49951. PMID 1528856. Rosenthal's independent research career has been focused on the development of nanomaterials for applications in the energy sciences and the biosciences, she has notably been one of the earliest advocates and leaders in support of utilizing in electron microscopy for the purpose of advancing understanding of structure-function relationships relevant to the design of nanomaterials towards targeted technological applications. Some select publications from her research efforts are listed below

Data vault modeling

Data vault modeling is a database modeling method, designed to provide long-term historical storage of data coming in from multiple operational systems. It is a method of looking at historical data that deals with issues such as auditing, tracing of data, loading speed and resilience to change as well as emphasizing the need to trace where all the data in the database came from; this means that every row in a data vault must be accompanied by record source and load date attributes, enabling an auditor to trace values back to the source. Data vault modeling makes no distinction between bad data; this is summarized in the statement that a data vault stores "a single version of the facts" as opposed to the practice in other data warehouse methods of storing "a single version of the truth" where data that does not conform to the definitions is removed or "cleansed". The modeling method is designed to be resilient to change in the business environment where the data being stored is coming from, by explicitly separating structural information from descriptive attributes.

Data vault is designed to enable parallel loading as much as possible, so that large implementations can scale out without the need for major redesign. In data warehouse modeling there are two well-known competing options for modeling the layer where the data are stored. Either you model according to Ralph Kimball, with conformed dimensions and an enterprise data bus, or you model according to Bill Inmon with the database normalized. Both techniques have issues. For conformed dimensions you have to cleanse data and this is undesirable in a number of cases since this will lose information. Data vault is designed to avoid or minimize the impact of those issues, by moving them to areas of the data warehouse that are outside the historical storage area and by separating the structural items from the descriptive attributes. Dan Linstedt, the creator of the method, describes the resulting database as follows: "The Data Vault Model is a detail oriented, historical tracking and uniquely linked set of normalized tables that support one or more functional areas of business.

It is a hybrid approach encompassing the best of breed between 3rd normal star schema. The design is flexible, scalable and adaptable to the needs of the enterprise" Data vault's philosophy is that all data is relevant data if it is not in line with established definitions and business rules. If data are not conforming to these definitions and rules, a problem for the business, not the data warehouse; the determination of data being "wrong" is an interpretation of the data that stems from a particular point of view that may not be valid for everyone, or at every point in time. Therefore the data vault must capture all data and only when reporting or extracting data from the data vault is the data being interpreted. Another issue to which data vault is a response is that more and more there is a need for complete auditability and traceability of all the data in the data warehouse. Due to Sarbanes-Oxley requirements in the USA and similar measures in Europe this is a relevant topic for many business intelligence implementations, hence the focus of any data vault implementation is complete traceability and auditability of all information.

Data Vault 2.0 is the new specification, it is an open standard. The new specification contains components which define the implementation best practices, the methodology, the architecture, the model. Data Vault 2.0 has a focus on including new components such as Big Data, NoSQL - and focuses on performance of the existing model. The old specification is focused on data vault modeling, it is documented in the book: Building a Scalable Data Warehouse with Data Vault 2.0. It is necessary to evolve the specification to include the new components, along with the best practices in order to keep the EDW and BI systems current with the needs and desires of today's businesses. Data vault modeling was conceived by Dan Linstedt in the 1990s and was released in 2000 as a public domain modeling method. In a series of five articles on The Data Administration Newsletter the basic rules of the Data Vault method are expanded and explained; these contain a general overview, an overview of the components, a discussion about end dates and joins, link tables, an article on loading practices.

An alternative name for the method is "Common Foundational Integration Modelling Architecture."Data Vault 2.0 has arrived on the scene as of 2013 and brings to the table Big Data, NoSQL, semi-structured seamless integration, along with methodology and implementation best practices. According to Dan Linstedt, the Data Model is inspired by a simplistic view of neurons and synapses – where neurons are associated with Hubs and Hub Satellites, Links are dendrites, other Links are synapses. By using a data mining set of algorithms, links can be scored with strength ratings, they can be created and dropped on the fly in accordance with learning about relationships that don't exist. The model can be automatically morphed and adjusted as it is used and fed new structures. Another view is that a data vault model provides an ontology of the Enterprise in the sense that it describes the terms in the domain of the enterprise

Dimension theorem for vector spaces

In mathematics, the dimension theorem for vector spaces states that all bases of a vector space have many elements. This number of elements may be finite or infinite, defines the dimension of the vector space. Formally, the dimension theorem for vector spaces states that Given a vector space V, any two bases have the same cardinality; as a basis is a generating set, linearly independent, the theorem is a consequence of the following theorem, useful: In a vector space V, if G is a generating set, I is a linearly independent set the cardinality of I is not larger than the cardinality of G. In particular if V is finitely generated all its bases are finite and have the same number of elements. While the proof of the existence of a basis for any vector space in the general case requires Zorn's lemma and is in fact equivalent to the axiom of choice, the uniqueness of the cardinality of the basis requires only the ultrafilter lemma, weaker; the theorem can be generalized to arbitrary R-modules for rings R having invariant basis number.

In the finitely generated case the proof uses only elementary arguments of algebra, does not require the axiom of choice nor its weaker variants. Let V be a vector space, be a linearly independent set of elements of V, be a generating set. One has to prove that the cardinality of I is not larger than that of J. If J is finite, this results from the Steinitz exchange lemma. If J is finite, a proof based on matrix theory is possible. Assume that J is infinite. If I is finite, there is nothing to prove. Thus, we may assume that I is infinite. Let us suppose that the cardinality of I is larger than that of J. We have to prove. By Zorn's lemma, every linearly independent set is contained in a maximal linearly independent set K; this maximality implies that K spans is therefore a basis. As the cardinality of K is greater than or equal to the cardinality of I, one may replace with K, that is, one may suppose, without loss of generality, a basis. Thus, every bj can be written as a finite sum b j = ∑ i ∈ E j λ i, j a i, where E j is a finite subset of I.

As J is infinite, ⋃ j ∈ J E j has the same cardinality as J. Therefore ⋃ j ∈ J E j has cardinality smaller than that of I. So there is some i 0 ∈ I which does not appear in any E j; the corresponding a i 0 can be expressed as a finite linear combination of b j s, which in turn can be expressed as finite linear combination of a i s, not involving a i 0. Hence a i 0 is linearly dependent on the other a i s, which provides the desired contradiction; this application of the dimension theorem is sometimes. Let T: U → Vbe a linear transformation. Dim + dim = dim,that is, the dimension of U is equal to the dimension of the transformation's range plus the dimension of the kernel. See rank–nullity theorem for a fuller discussion

Jorge Cortez

Jorge Cortez is a baseball pitcher, on Panama's roster in the 2006 World Baseball Classic and the 2009 World Baseball Classic. His last name is spelled Cortes. In the 2001 Baseball World Cup, Cortez got a start against the Canadian team, holding them to four hits in ​7 1⁄3 innings, he pitched in the 2002 Intercontinental Cup, going 1–1 with a 9.39 ERA. Along with three other players, Cortez was caught doping during the Intercontintal Cup, thus costing Panama their bronze medal. Cortez was banned from international play for two years, he was signed by the Cincinnati Reds and he played in their farm system in 2003. He played for the GCL Reds, Potomac Cannons, Chattanooga Lookouts and Louisville Bats, going a combined 1–3 with a 4.28 ERA in 17 games. Cortez pitched for the Sinon Bulls of the Chinese Professional Baseball League in 2005, going 3–1 with a 2.96 ERA. In the 2006 World Baseball Classic, he appeared in one game, allowing two earned runs in two innings of work and earning the loss, he pitched for the Bulls in 2006, with whom he went 5–4 with a 2.48 ERA.

In the 2006 qualifier for the 2008 Olympics, Cortez went 1–1 with an 11.74 ERA. He made one appearance in the 2008 Americas Baseball Cup, he did not make an appearance in the 2009 World Baseball Classic. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference

John Robertson (Paisley MP)

John Robertson was a British politician, who sat as a Labour Member of Parliament before co-founding the Scottish Labour Party in 1976. Robertson was a toolmaker and engineer and was assistant divisional organiser of the Amalgamated Engineering Union 1954-61 and secretary of the Scottish Iron and Steel Trades Joint Committee, he served as a councillor on Lanarkshire County Council and Motherwell and Wishaw Council from 1946. At the 1951 general election Robertson stood as the Labour candidate in the marginal Conservative-held seat of Glasgow Scotstoun, losing by 625 votes, he was elected to the House of Commons ten years at the 1961 by-election in the Paisley constituency, following the appointment of sitting MP Douglas Johnston as a judge in the Court of Session. He was re-elected at five subsequent general elections, sitting as a Labour MP until 1976, for the SLP between 1976 and 1979, he did not contest the 1979 general election. On 18 January 1976 Robertson, along with another Labour MP, Jim Sillars and Labour's senior Scottish researcher, Alex Neil established the Scottish Labour Party.

The formation of the SLP was prompted as a left-wing split from the mainstream Labour Party over distrust about how strong the Labour government's stated commitment to Scottish devolution was in reality. Robertson was a leading figure in the SLP, along with Sillars, but unlike Sillars he stood down at the 1979 general election, deciding not to contest his Paisley seat; the Scottish Labour Party was disbanded in 1981, after failing to win any seats at the 1979 general election. The Times Guide to the House of Commons, Times Newspapers Ltd, 1951, 1966 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Robertson