Saturday Night Live is an American late-night live television sketch comedy and variety show created by Lorne Michaels and developed by Dick Ebersol. The show premiered on NBC on October 1975, under the original title NBC's Saturday Night; the show's comedy sketches, which parody contemporary culture and politics, are performed by a large and varying cast of repertory and newer cast members. Each episode is hosted by a celebrity guest, who delivers the opening monologue and performs in sketches with the cast as with featured performances by a musical guest. An episode begins with a cold open sketch that ends with someone breaking character and proclaiming, "Live from New York, it's Saturday Night!", properly beginning the show. In 1980, Michaels left the series to explore other opportunities, he was replaced by Jean Doumanian, replaced by Ebersol after a season of bad reviews. Ebersol ran the show until 1985. Since Michaels' return he has held the job of show-runner. Many SNL cast members have found national stardom while appearing on the show, achieved success in film and television, both in front of and behind the camera.
Others associated with the show, such as writers, have gone on to successful careers creating and starring in television and film. Broadcast from Studio 8H at NBC's headquarters in the Comcast Building at 30 Rockefeller Plaza, SNL has aired 885 episodes since its debut, began its forty-fifth season on September 28, 2019, making it one of the longest-running network television programs in the United States; the show format has been developed and recreated in several countries, meeting with different levels of success. Successful sketches have seen life outside the show as feature films including The Blues Brothers and Wayne's World; the show has been marketed in other ways, including home media releases of "best of" and whole seasons, books and documentaries about behind-the-scenes activities of running and developing the show. Throughout four decades on air, Saturday Night Live has received a number of awards, including 71 Primetime Emmy Awards, four Writers Guild of America Awards, two Peabody Awards.
In 2000, it was inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame. It was ranked tenth in TV Guide's "50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time" list, in 2007 it was listed as one of Time magazine's "100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME." As of 2018, the show had received 252 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, the most received by any television program. The live aspect of the show has resulted in several controversies and acts of censorship, with mistakes and intentional acts of sabotage by performers as well as guests. From 1965 until September 1975, NBC ran The Best of Carson reruns of The Tonight Show, airing them on either Saturday or Sunday night at local affiliates' discretion. In 1974, Johnny Carson announced that he wanted the weekend shows pulled and saved so they could be aired during weeknights, allowing him to take time off. In 1974, NBC president Herbert Schlosser approached his vice president of late night programming, Dick Ebersol, asked him to create a show to fill the Saturday night time slot.
At the suggestion of Paramount Pictures executive Barry Diller and Ebersol approached Lorne Michaels. Over the next three weeks and Michaels developed the latter's idea for a variety show featuring high-concept comedy sketches, political satire, music performances that would attract 18- to 34-year-old viewers. By 1975, Michaels had assembled a talented cast, including Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Michael O'Donoghue, Gilda Radner, George Coe; the show was called NBC's Saturday Night, because Saturday Night Live was in use by Saturday Night Live with Howard Cosell on the rival network ABC. After the cancellation of the Cosell show, NBC purchased the rights to the name in 1976 and adopted the new title on March 26, 1977; the show was conceived with three rotating permanent hosts: Lily Tomlin, Richard Pryor, George Carlin. When Pryor dropped out because his brand of comedy was not censor-friendly, the concept was dropped. Debuting on October 11, 1975, the show developed a cult following becoming a mainstream hit and spawning "Best of Saturday Night Live" compilations that reached viewers who could not stay awake for the live broadcasts.
But during the first season in 1975 and 1976, according to a book about the show authored by Doug Hill and Jeff Weingrad, some NBC executives were not satisfied with the show's Nielsen ratings and shares. Lorne Michaels pointed out to them that Nielsen's measurement of demographics indicated that baby boomers constituted a large majority of the viewers who did commit to watching the show, many of them watched little else on television. In 1975 and 1976, they were the most desirable demographic for television advertisers though Generation X was the right age for commercials for toys and other children's products. Baby boomers far outnumbered Generation X in reality but not in television viewership with the exception of Michaels's new show and major league sports, advertisers had long been concerned about baby boomers' distaste for the powerful medium. NBC executives understood Michaels's explanation of the desirable demographics and they decided to keep the show on the air despite many angry letters and phone calls that the network received from viewers who were offended by certain sketches.
Sir William Gordon was a British diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1777 to 1783. Gordon was the eldest of William Gordon, a merchant and planter of St Mary’s, Kingston and his wife Susanna Gordon, he was educated at Glasgow University from 1739 to 1745 and at Leyden University from 1745 to 1746. He undertook a Grand Tour with William Dowdeswell from 1746. After his father died, he passed the plantations and mercantile business in the West Indies to his brothers, settled in London. Lord Sandwich appointed Gordon as Minister to the Diet at Ratisbon in April in 1764 and envoy to Denmark on 28 June 1765; however he never took up the post and was instead Minister at Brussels from November 1765 to 1777. He was created Knight of the Bath on 3 February 1775, he married Mary Phillipps, widow of Samuel Phillipps of Garendon Park, daughter of Thomas Allsopp of Ashbourne, Derbyshire on 2 July 1776. Gordon decided to seek a seat in Parliament and when one fell vacant at Portsmouth in 1777, he resigned his post in Brussels.
At a by-election on 26 November 1777 he was returned as Member of Parliament for Portsmouth. He held the seat in the 1780 general election. In September 1780 he was appointed Clerk of the Green Cloth and held the post until it was abolished in March 1782, he vacated his seat in Parliament in July 1783 in exchange for a large government pension. Gordon died on 26 Jan. 1798
Macedonians of Serbia are an recognized ethnic minority in Serbia. During the years 1945–1992, ethnic Macedonians and the Macedonian Language was a constituent part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Many Macedonians, due to economic reasons, migrated during the 1960s and 1970s to the Socialist Republic of Serbia. In 2004, Serbia and Macedonia signed an inter-state agreement on the protection of Macedonians in Serbia and Serbs in Macedonia. According to the 2011 census there were 22,755 Macedonians in Serbia; the Macedonian population living in Serbia is concentrated in two cities and Pančevo. In Belgrade there are 6,970 Macedonians, while in neighboring Pančevo 4,558 - out of which vast majority live in three villages that are within administrative limits of City of Pančevo. Additionally, Macedonians constitute significant population in Plandište municipality in village of Dužine. In 2005 Macedonians in Serbia established a National Minority Council, which represents as a step towards safeguarding their interests.
Jovo Radevski was elected as its president. The Democratic Party of Macedonians is the primary minority party, it is centered in Novi Sad. Macedonian language is in the official use in the municipality of Plandište, where Macedonians constitute 9.2% of population. Macedonian-language print media consists of the monthly political journal Makedonska videlina produced by the Macedonian Information and Publishing Centre in Pančevo. Limited Macedonian-language television is available through regional public broadcaster of Radio Television of Vojvodina and the local station TV Pančevo. Associations such as "The Society of Serbian and Macedonian Friendship Šar – planina" seated in Belgrade, the "Municipal Society of Serbian-Macedonian Friendship" seated in Zrenjanin cover issues related to ethnic and economic cooperation in Serbia. Vladimir Gligorov, Serbian economist, of Macedonian parentage Aleksandar Džambazov, Yugoslav and Macedonian composer, of Macedonian ancestry Ivica Iliev, Serbian footballer, of Macedonian ancestry Maja Odžaklievska, Serbian singer, born in Skopje Zafir Hadžimanov, musician Vasil Hadžimanov, jazz musician Tijana Dapčević, Serbian and Macedonian pop singer, born in Skopje to Macedonian father and Bosnian Serb mother Bogomil Gjuzel, Macedonian poet, writer and translator, born in Serbia to Macedonian Bulgarian father Zoran Vanev and Macedonian turbo-folk singer, born in Štip and lives in Belgrade Aleksandar Ignjovski, Serbian footballer, of Macedonian ancestry Marko Pavlovski, Serbian footballer of Macedonian ancestry Ana Sinicki, famous mezzo-soprano Zvonko Mihajlovski, Serbian sports commentator and former hockey player, born in Štip and lives in Belgrade www.mhrmi.org-Website for Macedonian International Rights Association of Macedonians from Vranje Democratic Party of Macedonians