Joan de Beauvoir de Havilland, known professionally as Joan Fontaine, was a British-American actress, best known for her starring roles in cinema during the Classical Hollywood era. Fontaine appeared in more than 45 feature films in a career, she was the younger sister of actress Olivia de Havilland. She began her stage career in 1935. Fontaine received her first major role in The Man Who Found Himself and in 1939 was in the adventure Gunga Din, her career prospects improved after her starring role in the Alfred Hitchcock-directed suspense drama Rebecca, for which she received her first of three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress. The following year, she won that award for her role in another Hitchcock suspense drama. A third Oscar nomination came with the film The Constant Nymph, she appeared in drama films through the 1940s—including Letter from an Unknown Woman, now considered a classic. In the next decade, after her role in the historical adventure Ivanhoe, her film career began to decline and she moved into stage and television roles.
She appeared in fewer films in the 1960s, films which included Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea and her final feature film, The Witches. She released an autobiography, No Bed of Roses, in 1978, she continued to act until her last performance in 1994. Having won an Oscar for her role in Suspicion, Fontaine is the only actor to have won an Academy Award for acting in a Hitchcock film. Furthermore and her sister remain the only siblings to have won major acting Academy Awards, although it is well-known that they were estranged for many decades. Joan de Beauvoir de Havilland was born on 22 October 1917, in Tokyo, in the Empire of Japan to English parents, her father, Walter de Havilland, was educated at the University of Cambridge and served as an English professor at the Imperial University in Tokyo before becoming a patent attorney. Her mother, Lilian Augusta Ruse de Havilland Fontaine, was educated at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, became a stage actress who left her career after going to Tokyo with her husband.
Her mother returned to work with the stage name "Lillian Fontaine" after her daughters achieved prominence in the 1940s. Joan's paternal cousin was Sir Geoffrey de Havilland, an aircraft designer known for the de Havilland Mosquito, founder of the aircraft company which bore his name, her paternal grandfather, the Reverend Charles Richard de Havilland, was from a family from Guernsey, in the Channel Islands. De Havilland's parents married in 1914 and separated in 1919 when she was two, when Lilian decided to end the marriage after discovering that her husband used the sexual services of geishas. Taking a physician's advice, Lilian de Havilland moved Joan—reportedly a sickly child who had developed anaemia following a combined attack of the measles and a streptococcal infection—and her elder sister, Olivia, to the United States; the family settled in Saratoga and Fontaine's health improved by her teen years. She was educated at nearby Los Gatos High School, was soon taking diction lessons alongside her elder sister.
When she was 16 years old, de Havilland returned to Japan to live with her father. There she attended the Tokyo School for Foreign Children, graduating in 1935. Fontaine made her stage debut in the West Coast production of Call It a Day and made her film debut in MGM's No More Ladies in which she was credited as Joan Burfield, she was Herman Brix's leading lady in A Million to One. Fontaine signed a contract with RKO Pictures, her first film for the studio was Quality Street starring Katharine Hepburn, in which Fontaine had a small unbilled role. The studio considered her a rising star, touted The Man Who Found Himself with John Beal as her first starring role, placing a special screen introduction, billed as the "new RKO screen personality" after the end credit. Fontaine said it had "an A budget but a Z story."RKO put her in You Can't Beat Love with Preston Foster and Music for Madame with Nino Martini. She next appeared in a major role alongside Fred Astaire in his first RKO film without Ginger Rogers, A Damsel in Distress.
Despite being directed by George Stevens, audiences were disappointed and the film flopped. She was top billed in the comedies Maid's Night Out and Blond Cheat was Richard Dix's leading lady in Sky Giant. Edward Small borrowed her to play Louis Hayward's love interest in The Duke of West Point Stevens used her at RKO in Gunga Din as Douglas Fairbanks Jr.'s love interest. The film was a huge hit, but Fontaine's part was small. Republic borrowed her to support Dix in Man of Conquest but her part was small. George Cukor gave her a small role in MGM's The Women. Fontaine's luck changed one night at a dinner party when she found herself seated next to producer David O. Selznick. Selznick and she began discussing the Daphne du Maurier novel Rebecca, Selznick asked her to audition for the part of the unnamed heroine, she endured a grueling six-month series of film tests, along with hundreds of other actresses, before securing the part sometime before her 22nd birthday. Rebecca, starring Laurence Olivier alongside Fontaine, marked the American debut of British director Alfred Hitchcock.
The film was released to glowing reviews, Fontaine was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Fontaine did not win that year
Honor Diaries is a 2013 documentary film by producer Paula Kweskin. Honor Diaries explores violence against women in honor-based societies, with particular focus on female genital mutilation, violence against women and honor killings and forced marriage, lack of access to education; the film profiles nine women’s rights activists with origins in the Muslim world, follows their efforts to effect change, both within their communities and beyond. Honor Diaries premiered at the Chicago International Film Festival in October 2013 and won the Interfaith Award for Best Documentary at the St. Louis International Film Festival in November 2013, it was featured from December 2013 through April 2014 on DirecTV’s Audience Network as part of the Something to Talk About film series. Honor Diaries traces the work of nine women’s rights advocates who came together to engage in a discourse about gender inequality and honor-based violence. Combining in-depth interviews and round-table discussions with archival footage, the film examines human rights violations in honor-based societies, the growing trend of honor crimes in Western societies.
Honor Diaries is divided into five main sections. The film begins with a broad analysis of women’s rights in Muslim-majority countries, drawing attention to issues such as lack of access to education and restrictions on movement. From there, the film expands on three major crimes targeting women: forced marriage, honor killings and female genital mutilation. In the final chapter, the documentary explores the rising trend of honor-based violence in Western societies, efforts to silence voices of opposition by intimidation; the film features in-depth interviews and salon discussions with nine women’s rights activists who represent diverse communities throughout the Muslim and non-Muslim world. The women reside in the United Kingdom, the United States and Sudan. In the documentary, the featured women share their stories from their personal lives, professional work and their struggle to fight for broad-scale change. Ayaan Hirsi Ali - Founder of the AHA Foundation, which works to protect and defend the rights of women in the West from oppression justified by religion and culture.
Ayaan, born in Somalia, escaped an arranged marriage by emigrating to the Netherlands. She served as a member of the Dutch parliament from 2003-2006 Nazanin Afshin-Jam - President and Co-Founder of Stop Child Executions Campaign, an international organization that works to end executions of juveniles worldwide. Nazanin is the recipient of several human rights awards and has spoken at the United Nations and the European Union. In addition to activist work, Nazanin is an author, actor and former Miss World Canada. Dr. Qanta Ahmed – Author of In the Land of Invisible Women, published in 13 countries, details Ahmed’s experience living and working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Qanta is a regular contributor to the Huffington Post, writing articles about political and religious issues pertaining to Islam, the Middle East and global health diplomacy, she is a member of the Board of Directors for Women’s Voices Now. Qanta is an Associate Professor of Medicine at Stony Brook University. Nazie Eftekhari - Founder, Chair and CEO of HealthEZ Inc.
Nazie is a board member of the Iranian-American Political Action Committee and founder of The Araz Group, the first preferred provider organization in the U. S.. In 2011, she established The Foundation for the Children of Iran. Manda Zand Ervin – Founder and President of the Alliance of Iranian Women. Manda is an Iranian political refugee working to bring attention to the plight of Iranian women under Islamic Sharia law. In 2009, Manda was the featured speaker on Iran at the G-8 International Conference on Violence Against Women, she is the winner of the Speaker of Truth award. Fahima Hashim – Director, Salmmah Women’s Resource Centre in Khartoum, Sudan. Fahima is a women’s rights activist and trainer, her work focuses on women’s rights and sexuality, violence against women and youth in conflict and post-conflict situations. She is a member of the Advisory Committee of the International Campaign to Stop Rape and Gender Violence in Conflict, led by the Nobel Women's Initiative, a council member of Women Living under Muslim Laws Network.
Zainab Khan – Clinical psychologist and advocate for global education and gender equality. Zainab has worked with survivors of domestic violence with the South Asian community. An artist, Zainab’s pieces have been featured in numerous exhibitions globally focusing on women’s rights. Raheel Raza – President of The Council for Muslims Facing Tomorrow. Raheel is an author, professional speaker, founder of Forum 4 Learning, which promotes learning in the fields of cultural and religious diversity and interfaith harmony. Raheel is the author of Their Jihad... Not My Jihad, she works as a freelance journalist and documentary filmmaker. Raheel speaks at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, she is the first Muslim woman in Canada to lead mixed gender prayers. Jasvinder Sanghera – Founder and Chief Executive of Karma Nirvana, a UK-based non-profit organization which operates a nationwide helpline supporting all those impacted by forced marriages and honor-based violence. Jasvinder is a survivor of a forced marriage.
She is the author of two bestselling books and Daughters of Shame, as well as the published Shame Travels. She has been credited for her role in bringing about the Forced Marriage Act of 2007. Jasvinder has been recognized as an Ambassador for Peace by the Women’s Federation of Peace and was awarded the Pride of Britain award in 2009. On March 24, 2013, Jasvinder was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire b
Peter McRobbie is a Scottish-born American character actor, best known for his roles as Pop Pop Jamison in the 2015 horror film The Visit and Father Paul Lantom in Daredevil. McRobbie has television series to his credit; the movies include Spider-Man 2, Find Me Guilty, World Trade Center, 16 Blocks, Shaft and Bullets over Broadway. He had a recurring role on the TV series Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and the original Law & Order series, it was on these two shows that McRobbie has played his most famous role to date, Judge Walter Bradley. In 2000, he played the role of Father Felix in "From Where to Eternity", the 9th episode of the second season of The Sopranos and again in 2001 in "Proshai, Livushka" the second episode of the third season of the HBO hit series. McRobbie garnered wide attention for his portrayal of John C. Twist in the motion picture Brokeback Mountain. From 2010 to 2013 McRobbie played the role of FBI Supervisor Frederick Elliot in 9 episodes of the HBO hit series Boardwalk Empire.
McRobbie plays George H. Pendleton in Lincoln, as Lincoln's most virulent and snarling opponent in the House of Representatives in relation to the constitutional amendment outlawing slavery, he appeared in the film Inherent Vice, M. Night Shyamalan's movie The Visit, Steven Spielberg's Bridge of Spies. From 2015 to 2018, McRobbie portrayed Father Paul Lantom in the Netflix series Daredevil. McRobbie was born in Hawick, Scottish Borders, the son of Mary Fleming, a writer, William McRobbie, a storekeeper. Peter McRobbie on IMDb Peter McRobbie at the Internet Off-Broadway Database