Jodhpur is the second-largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the second metropolitan city of the state. It was the seat of a princely state of the same name. Jodhpur was the capital of the Kingdom of Marwar, now part of Rajasthan. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert, it is popularly known as Sun city among people of Rajasthan and all over India. The city is said to be the cultural capital of Rajasthan state; the old city is bounded by a wall with several gates. However, the city has expanded outside the wall over the past several decades. Jodhpur lies near the geographic center of the Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists; the city is home to several educational institutions, the most prominent being AIIMS Jodhpur, IIT Jodhpur, SNMC Jodhpur, DSRRAU Jodhpur, NLU Jodhpur, NIFT Jodhpur. Many research institutes like Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Arid Forest Research Institute, Desert Medicine Research Centre are located in the city.

According to the Rajasthan district Gazetteer Ahirs were the inhabitants of Marwar and on the Rajputs established their rule in Marwar. There may have been small settlements before Rathore rule; the Jodhpur city was founded in 1459 by a Rajput chief of the Rathore clan. Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a kingdom which came to be known as Marwar; as Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town served as the capital of this state. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat; this enabled it to profit from a flourishing trade in opium, silk, sandalwood and other tradeable goods. After the death of Rao Chandrasen Rathore in 1581, the kingdom was annexed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Marwar thus became a Mughal vassal owing fealty to them while enjoying internal autonomy. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to the wider world as new styles of art and architecture made their appearance and opportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark across northern India.

Aurangzeb sequestrated the state after the death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, but the prior ruler Maharaja Ajit Singh was restored to the throne by Veer Durgadas Rathore after Aurangzeb died in 1707 and a great struggle of 30 years. The Mughal empire declined after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue; this did not make for stability or peace, however- 50 years of wars and treaties dissipated the wealth of the state, which sought the help of the British and entered into a subsidiary alliance with them. There was a major revolt in 1857 by some Rathore nobles of Pali led by Thakur Kushal Singh of Auwa, the rebels were defeated by the British army under colonel Holmes and peace was restored. During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur had the largest land area of any in the Rajputana. Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stability, a hallmark of this era; the land area of the state was 93,424 km2 its population in 1901 was 44,73,759. It enjoyed an estimated revenue of £3,529,000, its merchants, the Marwaris and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade across India.

In 1947, when India became independent, the state merged into the union of India and Jodhpur became the second largest city of Rajasthan. At the time of division, the ruler of Jodhpur, Hanwant Singh, did not want to join India, but due to the effective persuasion of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Home Minister at the time, the state of Jodhpur was included in the Indian Republic. After the State Reorganisation Act, 1956 it was included within the state of Rajasthan; as per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Jodhpur is 1,033,918 in 2011, where males constitute 52.62 percent of the population and females constitute 47.38 percent. The average literacy rate of Jodhpur is 80.56 percent, with a male literacy rate of 88.42 percent and a female literacy rate of 73.93 percent. 12.24 percent of the population is under six years of age. Jodhpur city is governed by Municipal Corporation; the Jodhpur Urban/Metropolitan area include Jodhpur, Kuri Bhagtasani, Mandore Industrial Area, Pal Village and Sangariya.

Its Urban/Metropolitan population is 1,137,815 of which 599,332 are males and 538,483 are females. According to population of Jodhpur city on 10/02/2020 is 1,480,000. The climate of Jodhpur is hot and semi-arid during its nearly yearlong dry season, but contains a brief rainy season from late June to September. Although the average rainfall is around 362 millimetres, it fluctuates greatly. In the famine year of 1899, Jodhpur received only 24 millimetres, but in the flood year of 1917 it received as much as 1,178 millimetres. Temperatures are extreme from March to October, except when the monsoonal rain produces thick clouds to lower it slightly. In the months of April and June, high temperatures exceed 40 degrees Celsius. During the monsoon season, average temperatures decrease slightly. However, the city's gen

Adriano Banchieri

Adriano Banchieri was an Italian composer, music theorist and poet of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras. He founded the Accademia dei Floridi in Bologna, he was died in Bologna. In 1587 he became a monk of the Benedictine order, taking his vows in 1590, changing his name to Adriano. One of his teachers at the monastery was Gioseffo Guami. Like Orazio Vecchi he was interested in converting the madrigal to dramatic purposes, he was one of the developers of a form called "madrigal comedy" — unstaged but dramatic collections of madrigals which, when sung consecutively, told a story. Madrigal comedy was considered to be one of the important precursors to opera, but most music scholars now see it as a separate development, part of a general interest in Italy at the time in creating musico-dramatic forms. In addition, he was an important composer of canzonettas, a lighter and hugely popular alternative to the madrigal in the late 16th century. Banchieri disapproved of the monodists with all their revolutionary harmonic tendencies, about which he expressed himself vigorously in his Moderna Practica Musicale, while systematizing the legitimate use of the monodic art of figured bass.

In several editions beginning in 1605, Banchieri published a series of organ works entitled l'Organo suonarino. Banchieri's last publication was the Trattenimenti da villa of 1630. According to Martha Farahat he wrote five madrigal comedies between 1598 and 1628 with "plot and character development", starting with La pazzia senile of 1598, the last of them La saviezza giovenile. Primo libro di Madrigali a 5 voci 6 Libri di canzonette a 3 voci I Libro: Hora prima di ricreazione II Libro: La pazzia senile. Ragionamenti vaghi et dilettevoli III Libro: Il studio dilettevole a 3 voci, nuovamente con vaghi argomenti et spassevoli intermedii fiorito nell'Amfiparnasso commedia musicale dell'Honoratio Vecchi IV Libro: Il Metamorfosi musicale V Libro: Virtuoso ridotto tra signori e dame entr' il quale si concentra recitabilmente in suoni e canti una nuova commedia detta prudenza giovanile... Op.15. Vaga et curiosa concatenatione drammatica In 2008, a group of four composers including Lorenzo Ferrero and Bryan Johanson wrote a collaborative composition for organ and orchestra entitled Variazioni su un tema di Banchieri, first performed in Bologna on August 2 of that same year.

Cinzia Zotti, Le Sourire du moine: Adriano Banchieri da Bologna. Adriano Banchieri, biographie de CInzia Free scores by Adriano Banchieri in the Choral Public Domain Library Free scores by Adriano Banchieri at the International Music Score Library Project The Mutopia Project has compositions by Adriano Banchieri Contraponto bestiale alla mente Original texts of Bertoldino and Caccasenno


EyeOS is a web desktop following the cloud computing concept that seeks to enable collaboration and communication among users. It is written in PHP, XML, JavaScript, it is a private-cloud application platform with a web-based desktop interface. Called a cloud desktop because of its unique user interface, eyeOS delivers a whole desktop from the cloud with file management, personal management information tools, collaborative tools and with the integration of the client’s applications; the first publicly available eyeOS version was released on August 1, 2005, as eyeOS 0.6.0 in Olesa de Montserrat, Barcelona. A worldwide community of developers took part in the project and helped improve it by translating and developing it. After two years of development, the eyeOS Team published eyeOS 1.0. Compared with previous versions, eyeOS 1.0 introduced a complete reorganization of the code and some new web technologies, like eyeSoft, a portage-based web software installation system. Moreover, eyeOS included the eyeOS Toolkit, a set of libraries allowing easy and fast development of new web Applications.

With the release of eyeOS 1.1 on July 2, 2007, eyeOS changed its license and migrated from GNU GPL Version 2 to Version 3. Version 1.2 was released just a few months after the 1.1 version and integrated full compatibility with Microsoft Word files. EyeOS 1.5 Gala was released on January 15, 2008. This version is the first to support both Microsoft Office and file formats for documents and spreadsheets. It has the ability to import and export documents in both formats using server side scripting.eyeOS 1.6 was released on April 25, 2008, included many improvements such as synchronization with local computers and drop, a mobile version and more.eyeOS 1.8 Lars was released on January 7, 2009 and featured a rewritten file manager and a new sound API to develop media rich applications. On April 1, 2009, 1.8.5 was released with a new default theme and some rewritten apps such as the Word Processor or the Address Book. On July 13, 2009, 1.8.6 was released with an interface for the iPhone and a new version of eyeMail with support for POP3 and IMAP. eyeOS 1.9 was released December 29, 2009.

It was followed up with release with minor fixes on February 18, 2010. These last two releases were the last of the "CLASSIC DESKTOP" interface. A major re-work was released completed in March 2010; this new product was dubbed EyeOS 2.x. However, a small group of eyeOS developers still maintain the code within the eyeOS forum, where support is provided but the eyeOS group itself has stopped active 1.x development. It is now available as the On-eye project on GitHub. Active development halted on 1.x as of February 3, 2010. EyeOS 2.0 release took place on March 3, 2010. This was a total re-structure of the OS operating system; the 2.x stable is the new series of eyeOS, in active development and will replace 1.x as stable in a few months. It includes live collaboration and many more social capabilities than eyeOS 1.x. EyeOS released on July 28, 2010. On December 14, 2010, a working group inside eyeOS opensource development community began the structure development and further upgrade of eyeOS 1.9.x.

The group's main goal is to continue. EyeOS released 2.5 on May 17, 2011. This was the last release under an open source license, it is available in SourceForge for download under another project called 2.5 OpenSource Version. On April 1, 2014, Telefónica announced the acquisition of eyeOS, but this acquisition reinforces its future mobile cloud services plans and the development of free software solutions. EyeOS will maintain its headquarters in the Catalan city, where their staff will continue to work but will now form part of Telefónica. After its integration into Telefónica, eyeOS will continue to function as an independent subsidiary, led by its current CEO Michel Kisfaludi. For developers, Eye OS provides the eyeOS Toolkit, a set of libraries and functions to develop applications for eyeOS. Using the integrated Portage-based eyeSoft system, one can create their own repository for eyeOS and distribute applications through it; each core part of the desktop is its own application, using JavaScript to send server commands as the user interacts.

As actions are performed using AJAX, it sends event information to the server. The server sends back tasks for the client to do in XML format, such as drawing a widget. On the server, eyeOS uses XML files to store information; this makes it simple for a user to set up on the server, as it requires zero configuration other than the account information for the first user, making it simple to deploy. To avoid bottlenecks that flat files present, each user's information and settings are stored in different files, preventing resource starvation from occurring. A Professional Edition of eyeOS was launched on September 15, 2011, as a commercial solution for businesses, it uses a new version number and was released under version 1.0 instead of continuing with the next version number in the open source project. The Professional Edition retains the web desktop interface used by the open source version, while targeting enterprise users. A host of new features designed for enterprises like file sharing and synchronization, Active Directory/LDAP connectivity, system wide administration controls and a local file execution tool called eyeRun were introduced.

A new suite of Web Apps was introduced, specific to the enterprise edition for the web desktop. With the e