Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime but evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death because he produced few paintings. Vermeer worked and with great care, used expensive pigments, he is renowned for his masterly treatment and use of light in his work. Vermeer painted domestic interior scenes. "Almost all his paintings are set in two smallish rooms in his house in Delft. He was mentioned in Arnold Houbraken's major source book on 17th-century Dutch painting, was thus omitted from subsequent surveys of Dutch art for nearly two centuries. In the 19th century, Vermeer was rediscovered by Gustav Friedrich Waagen and Théophile Thoré-Bürger, who published an essay attributing 66 pictures to him, although only 34 paintings are universally attributed to him today. Since that time, Vermeer's reputation has grown, he is now acknowledged as one of the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age.
Like some major Dutch Golden Age artists such as Frans Hals and Rembrandt, Vermeer never went abroad. Similar to Rembrandt, he was dealer. In Dutch, Vermeer is pronounced, Johannes Vermeer as, with the /v/ changed to an /f/-sound by the preceding /s/; the usual English pronunciation is. An attempt to closer approximate the Dutch with is heard. A third pronunciation, is attested from the UK. Little was known about Vermeer's life until recently, he seems to have been devoted to his art, living out his life in the city of Delft. Until the 19th century, the only sources of information were some registers, a few official documents, comments by other artists. John Michael Montias added details on the family from the city archives of Delft in his Artists and Artisans in Delft: A Socio-Economic Study of the Seventeenth Century. Johannes Vermeer was baptized within the Reformed Church on 31 October 1632, his father, named Reijnier Janszoon, was a middle-class worker of caffa. As an apprentice in Amsterdam, Reijnier lived on fashionable Sint Antoniesbreestraat, a street with many resident painters at the time.
In 1615, Reijnier married Digna Baltus. The couple moved to Delft and had a daughter named Gertruy, baptized in 1620. In 1625, Reijnier was involved in a fight with a soldier named Willem van Bylandt who died from his wounds five months later. Around this time, Reijnier began dealing in paintings. In 1631, he leased an inn, which he called "The Flying Fox". In 1635, he lived on Voldersgracht 25 or 26. In 1641, he bought a larger inn on the market square, named after the Flemish town "Mechelen"; the acquisition of the inn constituted a considerable financial burden. When Reijnier died in October 1652, Vermeer took over the operation of the family's art business. In April 1653, Johannes Reijniersz Vermeer married Catharina Bolenes; the blessing took place in the quiet nearby village of Schipluiden. Vermeer's new mother-in-law Maria Thins was wealthier than he, it was she who insisted that Vermeer convert to Catholicism before the marriage on 5 April. According to art historian Walter Liedtke, Vermeer's conversion seems to have been made with conviction.
His painting The Allegory of Faith, made between 1670 and 1672, placed less emphasis on the artists' usual naturalistic concerns and more on symbolic religious applications, including the sacrament of the Eucharist. Walter Liedtke in Dutch Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art suggests that it was made for a learned and devout Catholic patron for his schuilkerk, or "hidden church". At some point, the couple moved in with Catharina's mother, who lived in a rather spacious house at Oude Langendijk next to a hidden Jesuit church. Here Vermeer lived for the rest of his life, producing paintings in the front room on the second floor, his wife gave birth to 15 children, four of whom were buried before being baptized, but were registered as "child of Johan Vermeer". The names of 10 of Vermeer's children are known from wills written by relatives: Maertge, Cornelia, Beatrix, Gertruyd, Franciscus and Ignatius. Several of these names carry a religious connotation, the youngest was named after the founder of the Jesuit order.
It is unclear where. There is some speculation that Carel Fabritius may have been his teacher, based upon a controversial interpretation of a text written in 1668 by printer Arnold Bon. Art historians have found no hard evidence to support this. Local authority Leonaert Bramer acted as a friend. Liedtke suggests that Vermeer taught himself, using information from one of his father's connections; some scholars think. Vermeer's style is similar to that of some of the Utrecht Caravaggists, whose works are depicted as paintings-within-paintings in the backgrounds of several of his compositions. On 29 December 1653, Vermeer became a member of the Guild of Saint Luke, a trade association for painters; the guild's records make clear that Vermeer did
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 627 referred to as Highway 627, is a highway in the province of Alberta, Canada. It runs west to east through rural parts of Parkland County, beginning at Highway 759 about 12 km south of Seba Beach and heads due east until terminating at Winterburn Road in Edmonton; the road continues a short way as Maskêkosihk Trail to Anthony Henday Drive. Portions of 23 Avenue NW and 184 Street NW between Winterburn Road and Anthony Henday Drive were renamed Maskêkosihk Trail in February 2016 to honour Cree heritage. Starting from the west end of Highway 627: Transportation in Edmonton Maskêkosihk Trail – City of Edmonton Naming Committee
Moldovan cuisine is a style of cooking related to the people of Moldova and its breakaway region of Transnistria. It consists of traditional European foods, such as beef, potatoes, a variety of cereal grains. Moldova's fertile soil produces plentiful grapes, vegetables, grains and milk products, all of which have found their uses in the national cuisine; the fertile black soil combined with the use of traditional agricultural methods permits the growth of a wide range of foods in Moldova. The local cuisine is similar to Romanian, can be best described as drawing inspiration and elements from other cuisines in the region, including Greek, Polish and Russian, with a great influence left by the Ottoman cuisine; the best known Moldovan dish is a well-known Romanian dish, mămăligă. This is a staple polenta-like food on the Moldovan table, served as an accompaniment to stews and meat dishes or garnished with cottage cheese, sour cream, or pork rind. Regional delicacies include ghiveci. Local wines accompany most meals.
Traditional for the Moldovan cuisine are dishes combining diverse vegetables, such as tomatoes, bell peppers, cabbage, onions and leek. Vegetables are used in salads and sauces, they are baked, pickled, salted, or marinated; the various kinds of borș include a wide range of soups with a characteristic sour taste. These may be meat and vegetable soups, or fish soups, all of which are soured by borș, or lemon juice. Chicken soup with meat, known as zeamă, is popular. Meat products hold a special place in traditional Moldovan cuisine as an appetizer or the first course. Roasted and grilled pork, beef meatballs, steamed lamb are common. Meat and fish are marinated and grilled. Traditional holiday dishes include stuffed cabbage rolls with minced meat, pork jelly, chicken, etc; the holiday table is decorated with baked items, such as pastries, cakes and buns, with a variety of fillings, known as cozonac, pască, brânzoaice, sfințișori, papanași, colțunași, cornulețe. In certain areas, the cuisine of various ethnic minorities is predominant.
In the Eastern areas, Ukrainians eat borscht. Various dishes served at the New Year's Eve table include Russian-influenced dishes such as shuba and Salată de boeuf. Other popular dishes include a variant of pierogi called colțunași, filled with fresh white cheese, meat, or cherries. Non-alcoholic beverages include fruit juice. Popular alcoholic beverages are divin and local wine. European grapes are used in the wine making. Popular grapes include Sauvignon and Muscat; the main domestic Moldovan varieties include Fetească, Rara neagră, Busuioacă albă. Sparkling wine has a special place in Moldovan cuisine; the country produces large quantities of classic white and pink sparkling wines, as well as red sparkling wines that were introduced in Moldova. The most famous sparkling wines are those made in the Cricova winery. Well-known brands of Moldovan sparkling wines are Negru de Purcari, Chişinău, Muscat spumant, Nisporeni, etc, they are made from a wide range of European grape varieties, including Chardonnay, Pinot blanc, Pinot gris, Pinot menie, Aligote, Traminer pink, Muscat blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot noir.
The local variety Feteasca Albă used in sparkling wines, has been cultivated in Moldova since the times of ancient Dacia. Romanian cuisine