SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

John A. Macdonald

Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned half a century. Macdonald was born in Scotland; as a lawyer he was involved in several high-profile cases and became prominent in Kingston, which elected him in 1844 to the legislature of the Province of Canada. By 1857, he had become premier under the colony's unstable political system. In 1864, when no party proved capable of governing for long, Macdonald agreed to a proposal from his political rival, George Brown, that the parties unite in a Great Coalition to seek federation and political reform. Macdonald was the leading figure in the subsequent discussions and conferences, which resulted in the British North America Act, 1867 and the birth of Canada as a nation on 1 July 1867. Macdonald was the first Prime Minister of the new nation, served 19 years. In 1873, he resigned from office over a scandal in which his party took bribes from businessmen seeking the contract to build the Canadian Pacific Railway.

However, he was re-elected in 1878, continuing until he died in office in 1891. Macdonald's greatest achievements were building and guiding a successful national government for the new Dominion, using patronage to forge a strong Conservative Party, promoting the protective tariff of the National Policy, completing the railway, he fought to block provincial efforts to take power back from the national government in Ottawa. His most controversial move was to approve the execution of Métis leader Louis Riel for treason in 1885, he died in 1891, still in office. Macdonald remains a controversial figure in Canadian Politics, he is criticized for his role in the Chinese Head Tax in Canada and the Canadian Pacific Railway Scandal. However, historical rankings have placed Macdonald as one of the highest rated Prime Ministers in Canadian history. John Alexander Macdonald was born John Alexander Mcdonald in Ramshorn parish in Glasgow, Scotland, on the 10th or 11th of January 1815, his father was named Hugh, an unsuccessful merchant, who had married John's mother, Helen Shaw, on 21 October 1811.

John Alexander Macdonald was the third of five children. After Hugh's business ventures left him in debt, the family immigrated to Kingston, in Upper Canada, in 1820, where there were a number of relatives and connections; the family lived with another, but resided over a store which Hugh Macdonald ran. Soon after their arrival, John's younger brother James died from a blow to the head by a servant, supposed to look after the boys. After Hugh's store failed, the family moved to Hay Bay, west of Kingston, where Hugh unsuccessfully ran another shop, his father, in 1829, was appointed a magistrate for the Midland District. John Macdonald's mother was a lifelong influence on her son, helping him in his difficult first marriage and remaining a force in his life until her 1862 death. John attended local schools; when he was aged 10, his family scraped together the money to send him to Midland District Grammar School in Kingston. Macdonald's formal schooling ended at 15, a common school-leaving age at a time when only children from the most prosperous families were able to attend university.

Macdonald regretted leaving school when he did, remarking to his secretary Joseph Pope that if he had attended university, he might have embarked on a literary career. Macdonald's parents decided; as Donald Creighton wrote, "law was a broad, well-trodden path to comfort, influence to power". It was "the obvious choice for a boy who seemed as attracted to study as he was uninterested in trade." Besides, Macdonald needed to start earning money to support his family because his father's businesses were again failing. "I had no boyhood," he complained many years later. "From the age of 15, I began to earn my own living." Macdonald travelled by steamboat to Toronto, where he passed an examination set by The Law Society of Upper Canada, including mathematics and history. British North America had no law schools in 1830. Between the two examinations, they were articled to established lawyers. Macdonald began his apprenticeship with George Mackenzie, a prominent young lawyer, a well-regarded member of Kingston's rising Scottish community.

Mackenzie practised corporate law, a lucrative speciality that Macdonald himself would pursue. Macdonald was a promising student, in the summer of 1833, managed the Mackenzie office when his employer went on a business trip to Montreal and Quebec in Lower Canada; that year, Macdonald was sent to manage the law office of a Mackenzie cousin who had fallen ill. In August 1834, George Mackenzie died of cholera. With his supervising lawyer dead, Macdonald remained at the cousin's law office in Hallowell. In 1835, Macdonald returned to Kingston, though not yet of age nor qualified, began his practice as a lawyer, hoping to gain his former employer's clients. Macdonald's parents and sisters returned to Kingston, Hugh Macdonald became a bank clerk

Pavel HuƄka

Pavel Huťka is a former professional tennis player from the Czech Republic who competed for Czechoslovakia, is now a tennis trainer. Hutka held a match point against Italy's Adriano Panatta in the opening round of the 1976 French Open, but lost 10–12 in the fifth set; the Italian went on to win the tournament. He made the third round of the 1977 French Open and appeared in a further three French Opens, without matching that effort. Hutka was a doubles finalist at Kitzbuhel in 1979, he and partner Pavel Složil lost the final to Chris Lewis. On the Grand Prix singles circuit he made three quarter-finals at Munich in 1975, Nice in 1978 Nice and Stuttgart in 1979

Gio Washington

Governor Washington, Jr. known by his stage name Gio Washington, is an American R&B and soul recording artist from Charles City, Virginia. He is best known as a singer-songwriter, once signed to T. I.'s Grand Hustle imprint, under the aegis of Atlantic Records. In 2010, he signed to the newly formed G-Note Records, a subsidiary label of 50 Cent's G-Unit Records. Governor Washington Jr. was born in Virginia. His father was a preacher. After declining an offer to attend the Berklee College of Music, he formed the Jodeci-style R&B group, Case Closed, where he performed under the moniker, Country Boy. After moving to New York City back to Virginia, Washington left the group and returned to New York; when the group disbanded, he tried to make it on its own. Warlock Records signed Washington and released his debut album Another State Of Mind, in 2000. At that time he met the influential music executives and production team, while he changed his style from R&B to hip-hop. 50 Cent was signed to the Trackmasters at that time as well, Washington and 50 Cent recorded about six songs for a prospective album called Best of Both Worlds, never released.

After the split-up with Trackmasters in 2002, Washington met Wyclef Jean, who helped him sign a deal with Atlantic Records. He made a dozen songs with Dr. Dre, for his debut album on Atlantic, but frictions between Dre's Aftermath and Atlantic, made those songs never see the light of the day. In 2005, American rapper T. I. added Washington, to his Grand Hustle Records imprint, after Atlantic Records chose T. I. to act as his mentor. Atlantic Records' plan for Washington, who joined Atlantic's roster four years prior, was to market him a devotee, or a card-carrying member of T. I.'s "camp.". Atlantic first tried to pair him with renowned record producer Dr. Dre, with gangsta rapper 50 Cent. In search of quick jolt of street credibility, the label brokered a deal for the singer to join T. I.'s imprint. In 2006, Washington appeared alongside T. I. performing the song "Hello", from T. I.'s album King, for the Atlanta-based rapper's AOL Sessions. After appearing on several of Grand Hustle'resident disc jockey, DJ Drama's Gangsta Grillz mixtapes, Washington released his Grand Hustle/Atlantic debut, titled Son of Pain, in September 2006.

The album's production was handled by Just Blaze, Scott Storch, Wyclef Jean and Raphael Saadiq, among others. The album debuted at number 50 on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. After signing to G-Unit Records in 2009, Washington was signed to the newly formed subsidiary G-Note Records, where he released the first single off his upcoming album, he had this to say about signing with the label, The song is called "Here We Go Again" and features 50 Cent. The song will be released for digital download on December 27, 2010. In an interview with G-Unit Radio, 50 Cent said that Washington was "extremely talented" and that "he is about to blow". Along with releasing his first single, "Here We Go Again" off his upcoming album, Washington reported that he was working on mixtapes as well as putting out new music on thisis50.com to promote his album. In an interview with HipHopNMore, Washington revealed the title for his upcoming album, called, A Touch of Magic; the album will be released under G-Note Records and was scheduled for a summer 2011 release date.

Washington spoke about upcoming music with 50 Cent on the album and had this to say, "The first two or three collaborations was to allow people to get used to a particular feel and sound, while being connected to one of the most successful rappers on earth. Now, we are focusing on releasing songs that showcase that sound, speaking of myself as a solo artist". In 2013, Washington began performing under Gio Washington. In March 2015, Washington and 50 Cent reunited on a song titled "Annie", recorded for the 50 Cent executive produced Starz series, Power. Gio Washington was injured in a vehicle accident on the night of August 8, 2015; the accident catapulted Washington from his vehicle, leaving him with a collapsed lung, broken ribs and internal injuries. Official website Governor at AllMusic Governor discography at Discogs Governor discography at MusicBrainz