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John Alden

John Alden was a crew member on the historic 1620 voyage of the Mayflower which brought the English settlers known as Pilgrims to Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts. He was hired in Southampton, England, as the ship's cooper, responsible for maintaining the ship's barrels. Although he was a member of the ship's crew and not a settler, Alden decided to remain in Plymouth Colony when the Mayflower returned to England, casting his lot with the Pilgrims, he was a signatory to the Mayflower Compact. He married fellow Mayflower passenger Priscilla Mullins, whose entire family perished in the first winter in Plymouth Colony; the marriage of the young couple became prominent in Victorian popular culture after the 1858 publication of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's fictitious narrative poem The Courtship of Miles Standish. The book inspired widespread depictions of John and Priscilla Alden in art and literature during the 19th and 20th centuries. Alden was one of Plymouth Colony's most active public servants and played a prominent role in colonial affairs.

He was annually elected to the Governor's Council nearly every year from 1640 to 1686. He served as Treasurer of Plymouth Colony, Deputy to the General Court of Plymouth, a member of the colony's Council of War, a member of the colony's Committee on Kennebec Trade, among other posts, he was the last surviving signer of the Mayflower Compact upon his death in 1687. The approximate location of his grave in the Myles Standish Burial Ground was marked with a memorial stone in 1930; the site of his first house in Duxbury is marked with interpretative signage. The Alden Kindred of America, which began as a society of John and Priscilla's descendants, maintains the Alden House Historic Site in Duxbury, Massachusetts—a home built by Alden's son Capt. Jonathan Alden. Historians and genealogists have advanced many theories as to the English origins of John Alden. According to the "American Ancestors" project of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, Alden genealogical expert Alicia Crane Williams has called two of the hypothesized origins "tempting," however she asserts that none are definitively proven.

The only definite primary source evidence regarding John Alden's background comes from Plymouth Colony Governor William Bradford's history, Of Plymouth Plantation. Bradford wrote that Alden "was hired at South-Hampton, wher the ship victuled. Author Charles Edward Banks states that the employment of Alden "at Southampton" does not mean that he was a resident of the seaport and may have only been there to work temporarily when the Mayflower arrived. Banks cited research by certain historians and genealogists who offered theories as to Alden's origins based on inconclusive but relevant evidence. One such theory was proposed by B. Carlyon-Hughes who found evidence of an Alden family living in Harwich in Essex, England during the 17th century. Harwich is an ancient North Sea port, northeast of London, the home port of the ship Mayflower and home of its captain, Christopher Jones. Carlyon-Hughes asserted that the Aldens of Harwich were related to Jones and that a young John Alden of the Harwich Aldens was about the same age as the Mayflower passenger.

A prior association with the captain of the Mayflower could account, according to Banks, for Alden's joining the crew. Historian George F. Willison subscribed to the Harwich origin theory and wrote that Alden's children "remembered him as tall and powerful in physique." Willison, offers no specific source material for this description. Another theory cited by Banks, which he called "a fair presumption," involves a John Alden of Southampton who "may have been the son of George Alden the fletcher, who disappeared – dying in that year – leaving John, an orphan, free to take employment overseas. Jane, the widow, may have been his mother and Richard and Avys his grandparents." The tax list of Holyrood Ward, Southampton in 1602 list the names of George Alden and John's future father-in-law William Mullins. Banks went so far as to postulate that if the Alden and Mullins families both originated from Southampton perhaps the courtship between John Alden and Priscilla Mullins began in Southampton; this is, pure conjecture and in no way proven.

Alicia Crane Williams analyzed several other theories in The Mayflower Descendant. She pointed out that some genealogists have connected John Alden of the Mayflower with John Alden, a gentleman, "son and heir of John Alden of Swanscomb, Kent," who obtained a Patent of Arms in 1607. There is no evidence that John Alden of the Mayflower was connected to this family or inherited this coat of arms. Williams states, "This Alden coat of arms was published in the Encyclopaedia Britannica and has led many unsuspecting astray." Alden was hired by Capt. Christopher Jones in Southampton when he was about 21 years old to work as the ship's cooper during the Mayflower's voyage to America. According to historian Nathaniel Philbrick, due to Alden's useful skills, the colonists encouraged him to remain with them in America during the voyage; the Mayflower departed Plymouth, England, on September 6, 1620. The 100-foot ship had 102 passengers and a crew of about 20 to 30 in cramped conditions. A lack of proper rations and unsanitary conditions for months caused illnesses that would be fatal for many, including the majority of women and children.

On the way, there were two deaths, a crew member and a passenger. On November 9, 1620, after a month of delays in E

Bin (computational geometry)

In computational geometry, the bin is a data structure that allows efficient region queries. Each time a data point falls into the frequency of that bin is increased by one. For example, if there are some axis-aligned rectangles on a 2D plane, the structure can answer the question, "Given a query rectangle, what are the rectangles intersecting it?" In the example in the top figure, A, B, C, D, E and F are existing rectangles, so the query with the rectangle Q should return C, D, E and F, if we define all rectangles as closed intervals. The data structure partitions a region of the 2D plane into uniform-sized bins; the bounding box of the bins encloses all candidate rectangles to be queried. All the bins are arranged in a 2D array. All the candidates are represented as 2D arrays; the size of a candidate's array is the number of bins. For example, in the top figure, candidate B has 6 elements arranged in a 3 row by 2 column array because it intersects 6 bins in such an arrangement; each bin contains the head of a singly linked list.

If a candidate intersects a bin, it is chained to the bin's linked list. Each element in a candidate's array is a link node in the corresponding bin's linked list. From the query rectangle Q, we can find out which bin its lower-left corner intersects efficiently by subtracting the bin's bounding box's lower-left corner from the lower-left corner of Q and dividing the result by the width and height of a bin respectively. We can iterate the bins Q intersects and examine all the candidates in the linked-lists of these bins. For each candidate we will check if it does indeed intersect Q. If so and if it was not reported we report it. We can use the convention that we only report a candidate the first time we find it; this can be done by clipping the candidate against the query rectangle and comparing its lower-left corner against the current location. If it is a match we report, otherwise we skip. Insertion is linear to the number of bins a candidate intersects because inserting a candidate into 1 bin is constant time.

Deletion is more expensive because we need to search the singly linked list of each bin the candidate intersects. In a multithread environment, insert and query are mutually exclusive. However, instead of locking the whole data structure, a sub-range of bins may be locked. Detailed performance analysis should be done to justify the overhead; the analysis is similar to a hash table. The worst-case scenario is. Query is O, delete is O, insert is O, where n is the number of candidates. If the candidates are evenly spaced so that each bin has a constant number of candidates, The query is O where k is the number of bins the query rectangle intersects. Insert and delete are O. In practice delete is much slower than insert. Like a hash table, bin's efficiency depends a lot on the distribution of both location and size of candidates and queries. In general, the smaller the query rectangle, the more efficient the query; the bin's size should be such that it contains as few candidates as possible but large enough so that candidates do not span too many bins.

If a candidate span many bins, a query has to skip this candidate over and over again after it is reported at the first bin of intersection. For example, in the figure, E is visited 4 times in the query of Q and so has to be skipped 3 times. To further speed up the query, divisions can be replaced by right shifts; this requires the number of bins along an axis direction to be an exponent of 2. Against k-d tree, the bin structure allows efficient insertion and deletion without the complexity of rebalancing; this can be useful in algorithms that need to incrementally add shapes to the search data structure. K-d tree is another efficient range query data structure Space partitioning Quantization

Artie Singer

Arthur "Artie" Singer was an American songwriter, music producer and bandleader. He was the co-writer and producer of the hit songs "At the Hop" and "Rock and Roll Is Here To Stay" by Danny & the Juniors. Singer began his career as a bass player and performed on WIP radio and on the TV Show Paul Whiteman's Goodyear Revue, he became well known as a vocal coach with his brother Harold, whose students included Frankie Avalon, Chubby Checker, Al Martino and Bobby RydellJames Darren, he was a vocal coach to Danny Kaye in the early 1950s. Singer wrote hundred of songs for the educational children's TV program Gina D's Kids Club, he led the Artie Singer Orchestra. As a songwriter, music producer and orchestra conductor, Singer's most famous songs were the hits "At the Hop" and "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay", released in 1957 and 1958, respectively; the songs were recorded by Danny & the Juniors. "At the Hop", which Singer co-wrote with John Medora and David White, reached number one on the Billboard Top 100 on January 6, 1958, remained there for seven consecutive weeks.

It was the number one song of the year. He wrote the score to a Broadway musical, "Dream Weavers" with lyricist Marjorie Badarak, but it was never produced. On the 2008 nationally-televised PBS documentary Wages of Spin: Dick Clark, American Bandstand and the Payola Scandals, Singer claimed that Dick Clark would not play "At the Hop", the hit song Singer co-wrote, without receiving half of the publishing proceeds. Singer agreed to make the payments and called the situation "bittersweet" because although he didn't like having to give the money, he credited his success in the music industry to Clark and therefore was grateful to him. Payola was not illegal at Clark sold the song prior to the 1960 payola hearings. Singer was born in Toronto, Ontario and moved to Buffalo, New York, to Brooklyn, to Philadelphia, where he graduated from Simon Gratz High School; the son of a Jewish cantor, Singer performed at High Holiday services at local synagogues for over 50 years. He was married twice, he and his first wife, deceased, had a son and daughter, Marcy Domosh, two grandchildren.

Singer resided in King of Prussia, when he died on May 2, 2008, at age 89. Artie Singer on IMDb

Crash Parallel

Crash Parallel is a Canadian alternative rock band formed in 2005 in Mississauga who have been compared to Lifehouse, Counting Crows, the Fray and David Gray. Their debut album, World We Know, was released May 6, 2008 and includes the first single and title track, "World We Know". Vocalist, Tim Edwards and guitarist, Danny Saitua, started writing songs together in 2004. Though Saitua was unsure if the project would work out, it was soon conspicuous that the two had a similar chemistry and musical direction after writing the song "Long Night Dreaming", featured on the First Season Finale of the hit drama Falcon Beach on Global TV. Edwards and Saitua were joined by drummer John Vitellaro and bass player Gary Rugala who were drawn by the music, written; the quartet garnered an early following through performing local area gigs, including NXNE where the response was outstanding, led to major buzz for the band at both college and online communities. The band became a five-piece when they were joined by Rob Bezanson shortly after it was announced that the band had signed a deal with Sony BMG Music Canada.

The band made a cross-country Canadian tour with Moist singer, David Usher, from October 8 to November 7, 2008. On September 6, they have finished recording for their second album. In fall 2009, John Vitellaro left the band. Jon Fedorsen joined the band as their new drummer shortly after. Just days before the release of World We Know, the band hit the No. 1 spot on The Billboard Canadian Emerging Artist Chart. The album was recorded at Chalet Studios in Ontario and produced by Dan Weston, who helped co-write "Not That Simple" and "Save Yourself" on the album and mixed by Mark Makoway The band released a video for the first single and title track, "World We Know", on April 14, 2008; the song and video both reflect powerful imagery and emotion that act as a call to arms that challenges our generation to take action and protect our world. Because of this, the video received media attention surrounding Earth Day 2008. Tim Edwards Dan Saitua Gary Rugala Rob Bezanson The band has created three music videos, for "Rain Delays", "World We Know" and "Casualties of War".

The music video for "Rain Delays" is a white montage of the band performing. The video for "World We Know" features the band playing in front of a screen showing images of the world, reinforcing some of the song's lyrics. A music video for "Change the Weather" was released in October 2009. Canadian Radio Music Awards 2009 - Best New Group of the Year


For the television station in Baton Rouge, Louisiana that used the WRBT callsign, see WVLA-TV. WRBT is a country music radio station broadcasting in Pennsylvania; the station is owned by iHeartMedia, Inc. and broadcasts with a power of 25 kilowatts from a transmitter site in Enola, Pennsylvania. WRBT broadcasts in the HD Radio format; the station signed on the air on September 30, 1962 owned by the Market Square Presbyterian Church, hence the original call letters WMSP. It was run as a volunteer radio station, parishioners volunteered to do air shifts, broadcasting a Classical Music format; the station was sold in 1988 to Barnstable Broadcasting, who changed the format to a bland Adult Contemporary first an Oldies format, KOOL 94.9. In 1995, Barnstable switched formats and call letters with its 99.3 signal, turning the 94.9 signal into WYMJ Magic 94.9. The generic mix format never did well and Barnstable put all of its Harrisburg market stations for sale in late 1996. In 1997, the sale was consummated with Dame Media the call letters were changed to WRBT and Dame launched the country format, heard on the radio today.

Brad Chambers was hired as the program director. Bob 94.9 was well received in the community. Through hard work and many promotions, remote broadcasts and other local involvement, it took over the "top country spot" from; the original staff with the station was as follows: Mornings: Todd Jeffers, Nancy Ryan, Allen Willis Mid-days: Shelly Easton Afternoons: Brad Chambers, PD Evenings: Wes & Ang Overnights: "After Midnite" With Blair Garner Nancy Ryan Newman Holly Love Jeff Hurley Bob Hauer 1979 Broadcasting Year book, page C-186 WRBT official website History of the Market Square Presbyterian Church Query the FCC's FM station database for WRBT Radio-Locator information on WRBT Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WRBT

Lanny Frattare

Lanny Lawrence Frattare is an American former sportscaster. For 33 years he was a play-by-play announcer for Major League Baseball's Pittsburgh Pirates, the longest such tenure in the team's history. In 2008, he was nominated for the Ford Frick Award, given by the Baseball Hall of Fame for broadcasting excellence. Frattare attended Ithaca College, graduating in 1970, he started his career in his home town as a radio disk jockey at the city's top rated station, WBBF. During his time in Rochester radio he expanded his on-air role to include work as a sportscaster and lead play-by-play broadcaster for the American Hockey League's Rochester Americans; as the radio broadcaster for the Pirates' AAA affiliate Charleston Charlies in 1974 and 1975, Frattare was mentored by then-Pirates broadcaster Bob Prince, who invited Frattare to Pittsburgh after the Charlies' seasons concluded and allowed Frattare to take over the microphone on occasion. He moved to Pittsburgh and joined the Pirates major league broadcasting crew on radio and cable television in 1976.

He started as Milo Hamilton's junior partner, calling just two innings of most games and serving as Hamilton's color man. His role began to increase; the Pirates gave Frattare a new contract late in the 2006 season, to keep him on the air through 2009. In August 2008, Frattare announced his 5000th Pirates game, he began sharing primary announcing duties with Greg Brown, as the Pirates evolved toward a transition that will come with Frattare's retirement. On October 1, 2008, Frattare announced he was retiring from the Pirate broadcast booth and would not return for the 2009 season. Frattare was lead announcer on the ESPN broadcast of the February 23, 1985 college basketball game between Indiana University and Purdue University during which Indiana coach Bob Knight threw a chair across the court, a moment, replayed on television to this day. Frattare has two grandchildren from his first marriage, he remarried a few years ago to the former choir director of Upper St. Clair High School, but the couple separated in late 2007.

Over the past twenty years, he has hosted the Family Links Golf Classic which has raised over $1.6 million in support of mentally challenged individuals and their families. As of March 18, 2009, Frattare joined Waynesburg University as an assistant professor in Communications in the Department of Communication and the faculty adviser of University radio station WCYJ-FM, while doing some work with University Relations. In 2010, he hosted the inaugural Sports Announcing Camp at Waynesburg University, featuring a week of programs and instruction for high school students interested in broadcasting. Frattare is a broadcaster with the TribLive High School Sports Network, providing play-by-play coverage and color commentary for WPIAL high school sporting events. Pittsburgh Pirates broadcasters and media MLB Profile Interview Part 1 Interview Part 2 Pittsburgh Broadcasting icon joins Waynesburg sports information staff