Pauline Collins is an English actress of stage and film, who first came to prominence portraying Sarah Moffat in Upstairs and its spin-off, Thomas & Sarah. In 1992, she released titled Letter to Louise. Collins played the title role in the play Shirley Valentine, for which she won an Olivier Award in 1988, Drama Desk and Tony Awards in 1989, she reprised the role in the 1989 film adaptation, winning the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role and receiving Golden Globe and Academy Award nominations. She starred in the television dramas Forever Green and The Ambassador, her other film appearances include City of Joy, Paradise Road, Albert Nobbs and The Time of Their Lives. Collins was born in Exmouth, the daughter of Mary Honora, a schoolteacher, William Henry Collins, a school headmaster, she is of Irish extraction, was brought up as a Roman Catholic in Wallasey near Liverpool. Her great-uncle was Irish poet Jeremiah Joseph Callanan. Collins was educated at Sacred Heart High School, and studied at the Central School of Speech and Drama in London.
Before turning to acting, she worked as a teacher until 1962. She made her stage debut at Windsor in A Gazelle in Park Lane in 1962 and her West End debut in Passion Flower Hotel in 1965. During the play's run, she made her first film, Secrets of a Windmill Girl, released in 1966. More stage roles followed. Collins played Samantha Briggs in the 1967 Doctor Who serial The Faceless Ones and was offered the chance to continue in the series as a new companion for the Doctor, but declined the invitation. Other early TV credits include the UK's first medical soap Emergency - Ward 10, the pilot episode and first series of The Liver Birds, both in 1969. Collins first became well known for her role as the maid Sarah in the 1970s ITV drama series Upstairs, Downstairs; the character appeared throughout the first two series, the second of which starred her actor husband, John Alderton, with whom she starred in a spin-off, Thomas & Sarah, the sitcom No, Honestly written by Terence Brady and Charlotte Bingham, as well as in a series of short story adaptations called Wodehouse Playhouse.
She co-narrated the animated British children's TV series Little Miss with husband John Alderton in 1983. In connection with her Upstairs, Downstairs role, Collins recorded a 1973 single for Decca: What Are We Going to Do with Uncle Arthur? b/w With Every Passing Day. She was a subject of the television programme This Is Your Life in April 1972 when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews. In 1988, Collins starred in the one-woman play Shirley Valentine in London, reprising the role on Broadway in 1989 and in the 1989 film version; the film won a number of nominations. Both the play and the feature film utilized the technique known as "breaking the fourth wall," as the character Shirley Valentine directly addresses the audience throughout the story. After Shirley Valentine, Collins again starred alongside her husband in the popular ITV drama series Forever Green created and written by Terence Brady and Charlotte Bingham in which the fictitious couple escape the city with their children to start a new life in the country.
It ran from 1989 to 1992 over 18 episodes. Collins was voted sexiest woman in Britain in 1990. Collins' film credits include 1992's City of Joy, 1995's My Mother's Courage, 1997's Paradise Road, 2002's Mrs Caldicot's Cabbage War, which featured Alderton. In 1999 and 2000, Collins starred as Harriet Smith in the BBC television drama Ambassador, where she played the lead role of the British ambassador to Ireland. Other television credits include The Saint, The Wednesday Play, Armchair Theatre, Play for Today, Tales of the Unexpected, Country Matters and The Black Tower. In 2002, she guest starred in Boy, the dramatisation of Tony Parsons' best-seller. In 2005 she appeared as Miss Flite in the BBC production of Charles Dickens' Bleak House. In 2006, she became only the third actor to have been in both the original and new series of Doctor Who, appearing in the episode "Tooth and Claw" as Queen Victoria. In 2006, she appeared in Extinct, a programme where eight celebrities campaigned on behalf of an animal to save it from extinction.
Collins won the public vote. In December 2007, she appeared as the fairy godmother in the pantomime Cinderella at the Old Vic in London. In 2011, she was cast as part of Sky 1's new comedy-drama Mount Pleasant, she played the role of Sue, Lisa's mum, in the first two series running into 2012. She didn't return to the third series in 2013, her character was killed off in the fourth series in 2014. In late 2015, she appeared as Mrs Gamp in the BBC TV series Dickensian. Collins was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2001 Birthday Honours for services to drama. Collins married actor John Alderton in 1969 and lives in Hampstead, with her husband and their three children, Nicholas and Richard, she has an older daughter with actor Tony Rohr, whom she gave up for adoption. They were reunited. Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress Tony Award in 1989 for Best Actress in a Play Theatre World Award for Outstanding Broadway Debut Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Play Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Actress Academy Award for Best Actress Golden Globe Award for Best Actress, Comedy or Musical BAFTA for Best Film Actress Pauline Collins at the Internet Broadw
P. G. Wodehouse
Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse was an English author and one of the most read humorists of the 20th century. Born in Guildford, the third son of a British magistrate based in Hong Kong, Wodehouse spent happy teenage years at Dulwich College, to which he remained devoted all his life. After leaving school, he was employed by a bank but disliked the work and turned to writing in his spare time, his early novels were school stories, but he switched to comic fiction, creating several regular characters who became familiar to the public over the years. They include the jolly gentleman of his sagacious valet Jeeves. Most of Wodehouse's fiction is set in England, although he spent much of his life in the US and used New York and Hollywood as settings for some of his novels and short stories, he wrote a series of Broadway musical comedies during and after the First World War, together with Guy Bolton and Jerome Kern, that played an important part in the development of the American musical. He began the 1930s writing for MGM in Hollywood.
In a 1931 interview, his naïve revelations of incompetence and extravagance in the studios caused a furore. In the same decade, his literary career reached a new peak. In 1934 Wodehouse moved to France for tax reasons. After his release he made six broadcasts from German radio in Berlin to the US, which had not yet entered the war; the talks were comic and apolitical, but his broadcasting over enemy radio prompted anger and strident controversy in Britain, a threat of prosecution. Wodehouse never returned to England. From 1947 until his death he lived in the US, taking dual British-American citizenship in 1955, he was a prolific writer throughout his life, publishing more than ninety books, forty plays, two hundred short stories and other writings between 1902 and 1974. He died at the age of 93, in Southampton, New York. Wodehouse worked extensively on his books, sometimes having two or more in preparation simultaneously, he would take up to two years to write a scenario of about thirty thousand words.
After the scenario was complete he would write the story. Early in his career he would produce a novel in about three months, but he slowed in old age to around six months, he used a mixture of Edwardian slang, quotations from and allusions to numerous poets, several literary techniques to produce a prose style, compared to comic poetry and musical comedy. Some critics of Wodehouse have considered his work flippant, but among his fans are former British prime ministers and many of his fellow writers. Wodehouse was born in Guildford, the third son of Henry Ernest Wodehouse, a magistrate resident in the British colony of Hong Kong, his wife, daughter of the Rev John Bathurst Deane; the Wodehouses, who traced their ancestry back to the 13th century, belonged to a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Kimberley. Eleanor Wodehouse was of ancient aristocratic ancestry, she was visiting her sister in Guildford. The boy was baptised at the Church of St Nicolas and was named after his godfather, Pelham von Donop.
Wodehouse wrote in 1957, "If you ask me to tell you frankly if I like the name Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, I must confess that I do not.... I was named after a godfather, not a thing to show for it but a small silver mug which I lost in 1897." The first name was elided to "Plum", the name by which Wodehouse became known to family and friends. Mother and son sailed for Hong Kong, where for his first two years Wodehouse was raised by a Chinese amah, alongside his elder brothers Peveril and Armine; when he was two, the brothers were brought to England, where they were placed under the care of an English nanny in a house adjoining that of Eleanor's father and mother. The boys' parents became virtual strangers to their sons; such an arrangement was normal for middle-class families based in the colonies. The lack of parental contact, the harsh regime of some of those in loco parentis, left permanent emotional scars on many children from similar backgrounds, including the writers Thackeray, Saki and Walpole.
Wodehouse was more fortunate. His recollection was that "it went like a breeze from start to finish, with everybody I met understanding me perfectly"; the biographer Robert McCrum suggests that nonetheless Wodehouse's isolation from his parents left a psychological mark, causing him to avoid emotional engagement both in life and in his works. Another biographer, Frances Donaldson, writes, "Deprived so early, not of maternal love, but of home life and a stable background, Wodehouse consoled himself from the youngest age in an imaginary world of his own."In 1886 the brothers were sent to a dame-school in Croydon, where they spent three years. Peveril was found to have a "weak chest". In 1891 Wodehouse went on to Malvern House Preparatory School in Kent, which concentrated on preparing its pupils for entry to the Royal Navy, his father had planned a naval career for him, but the boy's eyesight was found to be too poor for it. He was unimpressed by the school's
John Boorman, is an English filmmaker, best known for his feature films such as Point Blank, Hell in the Pacific, Zardoz, Exorcist II: The Heretic, The Emerald Forest and Glory, The General, The Tailor of Panama and Queen and Country. He has received five Academy Award nominations, twice for Best Director, he is credited with creating the first Academy Award screeners to promote The Emerald Forest. In 2004 Boorman received the BAFTA Fellowship for lifetime achievement from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Boorman was born in Shepperton, England, the son of Ivy and George Boorman, he was educated at the Salesian School in Surrey. Boorman first began by working as a journalist in the late 1950s, he ran the newsrooms at Southern Television in Southampton and Dover before moving into TV documentary filmmaking becoming the head of the BBC's Bristol-based Documentary Unit in 1962. Capturing the interest of producer David Deutsch, he was offered the chance to direct a film aimed at repeating the success of A Hard Day's Night: Catch Us If You Can is about competing pop group Dave Clark Five.
While not as successful commercially as Lester's film, it drew good reviews from distinguished critics such as Pauline Kael and Dilys Powell and smoothed Boorman's way into the film industry. Boorman was drawn to Hollywood for the opportunity to make larger-scale cinema and in Point Blank, based on a Richard Stark novel, brought a stranger's vision to the decaying fortress of Alcatraz and the proto-hippy world of west coast America. Lee Marvin gave the then-unknown director his full support, telling MGM he deferred all his approvals on the project to Boorman. After Point Blank, Boorman re-teamed with Lee Marvin and Toshiro Mifune for the robinsonade of Hell in the Pacific, which tells a fable story of two representative soldiers stranded together on an island. Returning to the United Kingdom, he made Leo the Last; this film exhibited the influence of Federico Fellini and starred Fellini regular Marcello Mastroianni, won him a Best Director award at Cannes. Boorman achieved much greater resonance with Deliverance, the ordeal of four urban men, played by Jon Voight, Burt Reynolds, Ronny Cox and Ned Beatty, who encounter danger from an unexpected quarter while whitewater rafting through the Appalachian backwoods.
The film became Boorman's first true box office success. At the beginning of the 1970s, Boorman was planning to film The Lord of the Rings and corresponded about his plans with the author, J. R. R. Tolkien; the production proved too costly, though some elements and themes can be seen in Excalibur. A wide variety of films followed. Zardoz, starring Sean Connery, was a post-apocalyptic science fiction piece, set in the 23rd century. According to the director's film commentary, the "Zardoz world" was on a collision course with an "effete" eternal society, which it accomplished, in the story must reconcile with a more natural human nature. Boorman was selected as director for Exorcist II: The Heretic, a move that surprised the industry given his dislike of the original film. Boorman declared: "Not only did I not want to do the original film, I told the head of Warner Brothers John Calley I'd be happy if he didn't produce the film too." The original script by Broadway playwright William Goodhart was intellectual and ambitious, based around the metaphysical nature of the battle between good and evil, the writings of Catholic theologian Pierre Teilhard De Chardin, "I found It compelling.
It was based on Chardin's intoxicating Idea that biological evolution was the first step In God's plan, starting with inert rock, culminating In humankind." Despite Boorman's continued rewriting throughout shooting, the film was rendered incomprehensible. The film, released in June 1977, was a critical and box office disaster. Boorman was denounced by author William Peter Blatty, the author of the original novel The Exorcist, William Friedkin, director of the first Exorcist film. Boorman admitted that his approach to the film was a mistake; the Heretic is considered not just the worst film of The Exorcist series, but one of the worst films of all time. Excalibur, a long-held dream project of Boorman's, is a retelling of the Arthurian legend, based on Le Morte D'Arthur. Boorman cast actors Nicol Williamson and Helen Mirren against their protests, as the two disliked each other intensely, but Boorman felt their mutual antagonism would enhance their characterizations of the characters they were playing.
The production was based in the Republic of Ireland. For the film he employed all of his children as actors and crew and several of Boorman's films have been'family business' productions; the film, one of the first to be produced by Orion Films, was a moderate success. Hope and Glory is his most autobiographical movie to date, a retelling of his childhood in London during The Blitz. Produced by Goldcrest Films, with Hollywood financing the film, it proved a box office hit in the US, receiving numerous Oscar, BAFTA and Golden Globe nominations. However, his 1990 US-produced comedy about a dysfunctional family, Where the Heart Is, was a major flop; the Emerald Forest saw Boorman cast his actor son Charley Boorman as an eco-warrior, in a rainforest adventure that included commercially required elements – action and near-nudity – with authentic anthropological detail. Rospo Pallenberg's original screenplay was adapte
Spring and Port Wine
Spring and Port Wine is a stage play by Bill Naughton, turned into a film. The story is set in Bolton and concerns the Crompton family, in particular the father and his attempts to assert his authority in the household as his children grow up, it began life under the title My Flesh, My Blood as a BBC radio play, broadcast on 17 August 1957 in the Saturday Night Theatre strand. By April 1958 a BBC TV version had been broadcast and in October 1959 a stage adaptation was presented at the Bolton Hippodrome. Retitled Spring and Port Wine, the play was first produced in Birmingham prior to opening at London's Mermaid Theatre in November 1965, produced by Allan Davis and Michael Medwin in association with the Mermaid Theatre Trust. In January 1966 the production transferred to the Apollo Theatre on Shaftesbury Avenue, with Alfred Marks, Ruth Dunning, John Alderton,Jennifer Wilson, Ray Mort, Gretchen Franklin and Melvyn Hayes in the cast. Subsequently moving to the New Theatre in July 1967 and the St Martin's in June 1968, it achieved a West End run of 1,236 performances.
Alfred Marks, had left the cast and from 1967-8 played the lead role of Rafe Crompton in an Australian tour. The play was adapted to a setting in the United States under the title Keep It in the Family, which ran on Broadway at the Plymouth Theatre for five performances in September 1967; the play was profiled in the William Goldman book The Season: A Candid Look at Broadway. The play was filmed in 1969 - produced, once again, by Michael Medwin - and the result is a valuable time-capsule in that it depicts a Bolton of large, long-gone chimneys. Other parts of the film show street scenes and wide shots of the town as it was at the time of filming, it was filmed as St. Peters Way was being constructed and whilst many of the old industrial buildings remained; the lives depicted are real for the period and this film captures an industrial town in transformation. In the film, Rafe was played by James Mason, Diana Coupland played his wife Daisy. Susan George, Rodney Bewes, Hannah Gordon and Len Jones played the children, with Keith Buckley as Arthur and Frank Windsor, Avril Elgar and Adrienne Posta as their next-door neighbours, Bernard Smidowicz as the Horsefall & Trott delivery driver.
It was directed by Peter Hammond. Naughton himself provided the adaptation, it was filmed on location in Bolton and at Lee International Studios in Wembley, Middlesex; the movie was the first film shot at Elstree Studios. After the film version, Naughton's play returned to its radio roots no fewer than three times, featuring in the BBC's Afternoon Theatre strand in August 1975, July 1979 and July 1982. James Mason as Rafe Crompton Diana Coupland as Daisy Crompton Susan George as Hilda Crompton Rodney Bewes as Harold Crompton Hannah Gordon as Florence Crompton Len Jones as Wilfred Crompton Adrienne Posta as Betty Duckworth Keith Buckley as Arthur Gasket Avril Elgar as Betsy-Jane Duckworth Frank Windsor as Ned Duckworth Bernard Smidowicz as Delivery Driver Ken Parry as pawnbroker Bernard Bresslaw as lorry driver Arthur Lowe as Mr. Aspinall Marjorie Rhodes as Mrs. Gasket Joseph Greig as Allan Christopher Timothy as Joe Spring and Port Wine on IMDb Keep It in the Family at the Internet Broadway Database Spring & Port Wine Fan Page on 4:3tv - The Retro Forum
Hampstead known as Hampstead Village, is an area of London, England, 4 miles northwest of Charing Cross. Part of the London Borough of Camden, it is known for its intellectual, artistic and literary associations and for Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland, it has some of the most expensive housing in the London area. The village of Hampstead has more millionaires within its boundaries than any other area of the United Kingdom; the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon words ham and stede, which means, is a cognate of, the Modern English "homestead". Early records of Hampstead can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster, it is referred to in the Domesday Book as being in the hundred of Ossulstone; the growth of Hampstead is traced back to the 17th century. Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was most successful and fashionable, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other fashionable London spas.
The spa was demolished in 1882. Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s, expanded further after the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway opened in 1907 and provided fast travel to central London. Much luxurious housing was created during the 1870s and 1880s, in the area, now the political ward of Frognal & Fitzjohns. Much of this housing remains to this day. In the 20th century, a number of notable buildings were created including: Hampstead Underground station, the deepest station on the Underground network Isokon building Hillfield Court 2 Willow Road Swiss Cottage Central Library Royal Free Hospital Cultural attractions in the area include the Freud Museum, Keats House, Kenwood House, Fenton House, the Isokon building, Burgh House, the Camden Arts Centre; the large Victorian Hampstead Library and Town Hall was converted and extended as a creative industries centre. On 14 August 1975 Hampstead entered the UK Weather Records with the Highest 155-min total rainfall at 169 mm.
As of November 2008 this record remains. The average price of a property in Hampstead was £1.5 million in 2018. Hampstead became part of the County of London in 1889 and in 1899 the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was formed; the borough town hall on Haverstock Hill, the location of the Register Office, can be seen in newsreel footage of many celebrity civil marriages. In 1965 the metropolitan borough was abolished and its area merged with that of the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn and the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras to form the modern-day London Borough of Camden. Hampstead is part of the Kilburn constituency, formed at the 2010 general election, it was part of the Hampstead and Highgate constituency. Since May 2015 the area has been represented on Camden Council by Conservative Party councillors Tom Currie, Oliver Cooper and Stephen Stark; the area has a significant tradition of educated liberal humanism referred to as "Hampstead Liberalism". In the 1960s, the figure of the Hampstead Liberal was notoriously satirised by Peter Simple of the Daily Telegraph in the character of Lady Dutt-Pauker, an immensely wealthy aristocratic socialist whose Hampstead mansion, Marxmount House, contained an original pair of Bukharin's false teeth on display alongside precious Ming vases, neo-constructivist art, the complete writings of Stalin.
Michael Idov of The New Yorker stated that the community "was the citadel of the moneyed liberal intelligentsia, posh but not stuffy." As applied to an individual, the term "Hampstead Liberal" is not synonymous with "champagne socialist" but carries some of the same connotations. The term is rather misleading; as of 2018, the component wards of Hampstead have mixed representation. Hampstead Town and Frognal and Fitzjohns wards elects 3 Conservative councillors, Swiss Cottage elects 3 Labour councillors, while Belsize is represented by 2 Liberal Democrat and 1 Conservative councillor. Swiss Cottage is a competitive Conservative and Labour marginal, Frognal and Fitzjohns is a safe Conservative ward. Hampstead Town has seen a number of tightly-fought Conservative and Liberal Democrat contests, the ward has had mixed representation in recent decades. In the most recent election, the highest scoring candidates for each of the three parties in Belsize were within 200 votes of each other. To the north and east of Hampstead, separating it from Highgate, is London's largest ancient parkland, Hampstead Heath, which includes the well-known and legally-protected view of the London skyline from Parliament Hill.
The Heath, a major place for Londoners to walk and "take the air", has three open-air public swimming ponds. The bridge pictured is known locally as'The Red Arches' or'The Viaduct', built in fruitless anticipation of residential building on the Heath in the 19th century. Local activities include major open-air concerts on summer Saturday evenings on the slopes below Kenwood House and poetry readings, fun fairs on the lower reaches of the Heath, period harpsichord recitals at Fenton House, Hampstead Scientific So
York Theatre Royal
York Theatre Royal is a theatre in St. Leonard's Place, England, which dates back to 1744; the theatre seats 847 people. This reduced capacity takes into account removal of the mixing position seats and the stage side boxes which are not sold. Whilst the theatre is traditionally a proscenium theatre, it was reconfigured for a season in 2011 to offer productions in-the-round; the theatre puts on many of its own productions, under its Artistic Director Damian Cruden, as well as hosting touring companies, one of, Pilot Theatre, a national touring company which co-produces its work with the theatre. Additionally the main stage and studio are used by local amateur dramatic and operatic societies. York Theatre Royal was one of the co-producers of the historic York Mystery Plays 2012 which were staged in York Museum Gardens between 2–27 August; the theatre reopened on Friday 22 April 2016 following a £6million redevelopment, with a new roof, an extended and re-modelled front of house area, a refurbished and redecorated main auditorium and with major improvements to access and environmental impact.
York Theatre Royal was built in 1744 on, among, the site of the medieval St. Leonard's Hospital. Parts of the old hospital can still be seen in the modern building, including walls. Under the stage lies a well, believed to be dated from the Roman era of York's history; the 1744 theatre replaced a theatre in Minster Yard, built by Thomas Keregan, with the encouragement of the City Corporation, in 1734. Twenty five years after its construction, in 1769, Tate Wilkinson paid £500 for a Royal Patent, accordingly, it was renamed the Theatre Royal. Wilkinson ran a company that included theatres in Hull, Pontefract and other Yorkshire towns, his company was reckoned to be the leading provincial company, he attracted many of the finest actors of the period, including John Philip Kemble and his sister Sarah Siddons, Dorothea Jordan and Elizabeth Farren, to act in York. Since Wilkinson's time the theatre has undergone several upgrades. In the late 1800s the theatre was refurbished into the Victorian style, including, in 1880, a new Victorian Gothic frontage, decorated with carved heads representing Elizabeth I and characters from Shakespeare's plays.
The latest major redevelopment was an extensive renovation of the theatre, with a new modernist foyer, in 1967. The theatre has been designated a Grade II* listed building by English Heritage; the theatre's annual pantomime has for more than 30 years been written and directed by Berwick Kaler, who stars in the show. Theatre Royal Official website York Mystery Plays 2012
Hannibal Brooks is a 1969 British-American war comedy film directed by Michael Winner and written by Ian La Frenais and Dick Clement based on a story by Winner and Tom Wright. The film follows a prisoner of war's attempt to escape from Nazi Germany to Switzerland during World War II, accompanied by an Asian elephant, it stars Michael J. Pollard and Wolfgang Preiss; the title is a reference to the Carthaginian military commander Hannibal who led an army of war elephants over the Alps. Stephen "Hannibal" Brooks is a British prisoner of war Lance corporal, put to work in Munich zoo, looking after an Asian elephant called Lucy; when the zoo is bombed by the Americans, the zoo's director decides it is unsafe for the elephant to remain there. So he sends Brooks along with hostile German soldier Kurt, a friendly German soldier named Willy, Vronia, a female cook to accompany the elephant to Innsbruck Zoo via a train, they are forced to walk when Colonel von Haller, an SS officer tells Brooks that the elephant is not allowed on the train.
In Austria, Kurt threatens to shoot Lucy while Brooks accidentally kills Kurt. Brooks, Lucy and Vronia are forced to run towards the Swiss border, they are helped along the way by an American escapee named Packy who has formed a group of partisans to fight the Germans in Austria, after many run-ins with the Nazis. Half way there, Lucy gets mumps, so Brooks finds an Austrian doctor to look after her, while Vronia and Willy run to Willy's parents' house. Vronia and Willy are captured, are joined by Brooks. Brooks and Willy continue to race towards Switzerland with Lucy. Along the way Willy is shot by the Nazis while helping Brooks to escape; when Brooks gets close to the border with Lucy, he is met by von Haller, who tells him to walk to Switzerland and Vronia, who has changed sides after being captured. Von Haller proposes the three go together to Switzerland as he intends to defect due to Germany's deteriorating military position, they are joined by his partisans near a German border post. The plan is to use von Haller to bluff their way through, however, he betrays them.
Vronia is shot in the back. After another long fight with the Germans and Lucy get to Switzerland with Packy and his remaining partisans. Oliver Reed as Stephen'Hannibal' Brooks Michael J. Pollard as Packy Wolfgang Preiss as Colonel von Haller Helmuth Lohner as Willi Peter Carsten as Kurt Karin Baal as Vronia Ralf Wolter as Doctor Mendel John Alderton as Bernard Jürgen Draeger as Semi Ernst Fritz Fürbringer as Elephant keeper Kellerman Erik Jelde as Zoo director Stern James Donald as Padre Aida The Elephant as Lucy Location shooting took place in Austria in the early summer of 1968. Releasing it in advance of the film, Lancer Books published a novelization of the screenplay, by Lou Cameron, a ubiquitous and award-winning pulpsmith of the'60s through the'80s, among whose specialties was novels of men at war. Hannibal Brooks on IMDb