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John Constable

John Constable, was an English landscape painter in the Romantic tradition. Born in Suffolk, he is known principally for his landscape paintings of Dedham Vale, the area surrounding his home – now known as "Constable Country" – which he invested with an intensity of affection. "I should paint my own places best", he wrote to his friend John Fisher in 1821, "painting is but another word for feeling". Constable's most famous paintings include Dedham Vale and The Hay Wain. Although his paintings are now among the most popular and valuable in British art, he was never financially successful, he became a member of the establishment after he was elected to the Royal Academy at the age of 52. His work was embraced in France, where he sold more than in his native England and inspired the Barbizon school. John Constable was born in East Bergholt, a village on the River Stour in Suffolk, to Golding and Ann Constable, his father was a wealthy corn merchant, owner of Flatford Mill in East Bergholt and Dedham Mill in Essex.

Golding Constable owned a small ship, The Telegraph, which he moored at Mistley on the Stour estuary, used to transport corn to London. He was a cousin of Abram Newman. Although Constable was his parents' second son, his older brother was intellectually disabled and John was expected to succeed his father in the business. After a brief period at a boarding school in Lavenham, he was enrolled in a day school in Dedham. Constable worked in the corn business after leaving school, but his younger brother Abram took over the running of the mills. In his youth, Constable embarked on amateur sketching trips in the surrounding Suffolk and Essex countryside, to become the subject of a large proportion of his art; these scenes, in his own words, "made me a painter, I am grateful". He was introduced to George Beaumont, a collector, who showed him his prized Hagar and the Angel by Claude Lorrain, which inspired Constable. While visiting relatives in Middlesex, he was introduced to the professional artist John Thomas Smith, who advised him on painting but urged him to remain in his father's business rather than take up art professionally.

In 1799, Constable persuaded his father to let him pursue a career in art, Golding granted him a small allowance. Entering the Royal Academy Schools as a probationer, he attended life classes and anatomical dissections, studied and copied old masters. Among works that inspired him during this period were paintings by Thomas Gainsborough, Claude Lorrain, Peter Paul Rubens, Annibale Carracci and Jacob van Ruisdael, he read among poetry and sermons, proved a notably articulate artist. In 1802 he refused the position of drawing master at Great Marlow Military College, a move which Benjamin West counselled would mean the end of his career. In that year, Constable wrote a letter to John Dunthorne in which he spelled out his determination to become a professional landscape painter: For the last two years I have been running after pictures, seeking the truth at second hand... I have not endeavoured to represent nature with the same elevation of mind with which I set out, but have rather tried to make my performances look like the work of other men...

There is room enough for a natural painter. The great vice of the present day is an attempt to do something beyond the truth, his early style has many qualities associated with his mature work, including a freshness of light and touch, reveals the compositional influence of the old masters he had studied, notably of Claude Lorrain. Constable's usual subjects, scenes of ordinary daily life, were unfashionable in an age that looked for more romantic visions of wild landscapes and ruins, he made. By 1803, he was exhibiting paintings at the Royal Academy. In April he spent a month aboard the East Indiaman Coutts as it visited south-east ports while sailing from London to Deal before leaving for China. In 1806 Constable undertook a two-month tour of the Lake District, he told his friend and biographer, Charles Leslie, that the solitude of the mountains oppressed his spirits, Leslie wrote: His nature was peculiarly social and could not feel satisfied with scenery, however grand in itself, that did not abound in human associations.

He required villages, churches and cottages. To make ends meet, Constable took up portraiture, which he found dull, though he executed many fine portraits, he painted occasional religious pictures but, according to John Walker, "Constable's incapacity as a religious painter cannot be overstated."Constable adopted a routine of spending winter in London and painting at East Bergholt in summer. In 1811 he first visited John Fisher and his family in Salisbury, a city whose cathedral and surrounding landscape were to inspire some of his greatest paintings. From 1809, his childhood friendship with Maria Elizabeth Bicknell developed into a deep, mutual love, their marriage in 1816 when Constable was 40 was opposed by Maria's grandfather, Dr Rhudde, rector of East Bergholt. He threatened Maria with disinheritance. Maria's father, Charles Bicknell, solicitor to King George IV and the Admiralty, was reluctant to see Maria throw away her inheritance. Maria pointed out to John that a penniless marriage would detract from any chances he had of making a career in painting.

Golding and Ann Constable, while approving the match, held out no prospect of supporting the marriage until Constable was financially secure. After they died in quick succe

Survivor: Pulau Tiga (British season)

Survivor: Pulau Tiga is the first season of the British ITV reality game show Survivor. The season was broadcast under the name Survivor but it's referred to as Survivor: Pulau Tiga to distinguish it from the subsequent edition of the program; the show premiered on 21 May 2001. The programme was hosted by both journalist Mark Austin and television presenter John Leslie; the programme consisted of 40 days of gameplay with 16 castaways competing for a grand prize of £1,000,000. This season was set in the South China Sea on the remote Malaysian island of Pulau Tiga in the state of Sabah, about 6 miles off the north coast of Borneo, Malaysia; the island hosted the first season of the American Survivor series. The sixteen contestants were separated into two tribes, named Helang and Ular, meaning Eagle and Snake in Malaysian, respectively. On Day 20, the ten remaining players merged into one tribe, named Sekutu, the Malaysian word for "together"; the final nine players remaining made up the Final Two and the seven members of the Tribal Council Jury, who decided who would be the "Ultimate Survivor".

After 40 days of competition, police officer Charlotte Hoborough was named the "Ultimate Survivor", defeating airline industry purchaser Jackie Carey in a 7-0 jury vote. The programme aired 4 times a week. An hour-long show aired on Mondays and Wednesdays which showed the highlights from the island with host Mark Austin while on Tuesdays and Thursdays a studio show hosted by John Leslie aired; this programme included an interview with the castaway voted off the previous episode and included unseen footage from the island. After lower than expected ratings, the schedule changed to allow the programme's viewing figures to grow; the programme only airing twice a week with the island show airing on Monday and studio show airing on Tuesday. For consistency with other Survivor articles, events from the "Studio Show" are not covered in this article; the season premiere began with sixteen people divided into two tribes. They were Helang, wearing yellow, Ular, wearing blue. Throughout the pre-merge portion of the game, Ular appeared to be the superior tribe and was only sent Tribal Council on two different occasions.

At these Tribal Councils, they eliminated Sarah Odell. Helang, on the other hand, was not so fortunate when it came to challenges, winning just two of the six Immunity Challenges; the tribe's failure in challenges sent them to Tribal Council four times, where they voted out J. J. Adams, Uzma Bashir, Jayne Meyler and Adrian Bauckham. On Day 21, the ten remaining castaways were merged into one tribe - Sekutu. Before the merge, the Ular tribe had decided to come together as an alliance and vote off the original members of Helang; the Alliance followed through with their original plan at the first three Tribal Councils and voted out the three men of Helang. At this point, it looked as if Charlotte Hoborough, the last remaining member of Helang, would be the next one to leave. However, Ular decided that it would be a prime opportunity to vote out the biggest physical threat in the game, Pete Farrar, Charlotte was spared. At the next Tribal Council, Charlotte was the target once again, but Richard Owen defected from his alliance with Eve and Zoe Lyons, forming a new counter alliance with the two outsiders of the tribe and Jackie Carey.

The vote was tied 3-3. Eve, angered by the surprise of the vote, began to isolate herself from the group. Back at camp, she began stealing items from the tribe. Due to Eve's "inhumane" behaviour, the tribe voted her out unanimously. Mick Easton, the last remaining member of his alliance with Eve and Zoe, was voted out at the next Tribal Council. At the Final Immunity Challenge, Charlotte came out victorious and had the power to decide who would sit next to her in the Final Two; the decision seemed clear to Charlotte, she eliminated Richard, much more liked by the jury than Jackie. At the Final Tribal Council, the jury praised Charlotte for overcoming so many obstacles to get to the end and criticised Jackie for being "carried" through the game. By a unanimous vote of 7-0, Charlotte became the first Ultimate Survivor. ^1 Combined reward and immunity challenge.^2 Ular appeared to have won the challenge but because they missed a torch to light it, they were disqualified and Helang won reward and immunity.

Notes Nick: Although Jackie was targeted for being the weakest player, most of Ular voted out Nick as they felt he was taking control of the game too early. J. J.: Both J. J. and Uzma were in the hot seat. An elder alliance of J. J. Jayne and Andy were voting for Uzma for being the weakest member, whereas Charlotte and Uzma were voting for J. J. for being too domineering. At tribal council and James split their votes and there was a 4-4 tie; the other players were sent to a location where they could discuss, revote. A second vote was tied after both Simon and James changed their votes, again cancelling one another out. On the third vote, both James and Simon voted for J. J. Uzma: Uzma's weakness cost her dearly, although Adrian and Charlo

Murder of a Mafia Daughter

Murder of a Mafia Daughter: The Life and Tragic Death of Susan Berman is a nonfiction book by author and journalist Cathy Scott about the 2000 murder of Susan Berman. Murder of a Mafia Daughter was first released in hardcover in 2002 by Barricade Books. A 2nd edition in trade-size paperback was released in June 2015 following the March 2015 arrest of suspect Robert Durst in Berman's murder; the title is her December 23, 2000, murder. A journalist and author of Easy Street, Berman grew up as mob royalty in Las Vegas, she was discovered dead in her rented Beverly Hills home, lying face down in a spare bedroom after her dogs were seen running in and out of an open back door. Los Angeles police thought Berman’s death was a mob hit, because Berman’s father, Davie Berman, was a Jewish mobster with ties to the Chicago syndicate, plus Berman was killed with a single bullet to the back of her head, which at the time was believed to be a contract-style hit. A 2003 review of the book by Las Vegas CityLife pointed out that while Berman’s murder appeared to be a mob-style execution, the author “presents evidence that Susan's killing had nothing to do with her father's Mob connections."The book details a person of interest identified by LAPD detectives as Robert Durst, Berman’s college friend from the University of California, Los Angeles, whose wife, Kathie Durst, disappeared in 1982.

While Durst was a person of interest, he wasn't charged with Berman's death until more than 14 years when the LAPD issued an arrest warrant and Durst was apprehended on March 14, 2015, in New Orleans. True Crime Zine, in a review of the book, wrote that "detectives came to suspect one of long-time friends but have never been able to charge him with murder."The book points out that Berman must have known her assailant, because there was no forced entry, no robbery, nothing missing from her home. At the time of the murder, according to the book and an interview with Durst's attorney, Dick DeGuerin, Durst had traveled to California while awaiting trial in Galveston, for the murder of an elderly acquaintance; the book includes details about the Durst connection and his planned visit to Berman the week she was killed.*Also, "Various suspects are evaluated" in the book, according to Online Nevada Encyclopedia. The book is on display at downtown Las Vegas's The Mob Museum as well as in the Lied Library's Special Collections at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

In 2004, Murder of a Mafia Daughter was optioned for film development by TKO Productions. On November 7 and 8, 2015, the author appeared on a FOX News special about Robert Durst to discuss details Scott covered in the book about Berman's relationship with Durst; the book was used as background sourcing, the author was a consultant, for NBC’s 2010 documentary "Solve My Mystery: The Susan Berman Story." In February 2003, the book was named “Pick of the Week” by Las Vegas CityLife. Las Vegas CityLife reporter Meredith McGhan wrote, in a 2003 critique of the book, " has added new and current information to the library of Mob-related Las Vegas literature. Las Vegas Review-Journal columnist John L. Smith, in his review of the book in 2004, wrote that “The Berman described by Scott was a skilled writer and journalist with a penchant for landing the big story. But, the portrait isn't flattering, she was a former rich kid who lived off a trust fund sponged off friends when the easy money ran out. She won big jobs, but couldn't keep them.”In December 2013, Smith included the book as a gift recommendation in his Las Vegas Review-Journal column, titled "Tales about Las Vegas make good stocking stuffers."in January 2014, True Crime Zine gave the book a five-star review.

The rereleased title, Murder in Beverly Hills, was named a finalist in ForeWord magazine's 2013 Book of the Year Awards in the true crime category. In June 2014, ForeWord Reviews winners were announced at the American Library Association's annual conference where Murder in Beverly Hills was given the silver award in best true crime books of the year. Publisher Barricade's book page AuthorHouse book page BlogTalkRadio.com, True Murder: Cathy ScottMurder of a Mafia Daughter, October 14, 2010 True Crime Uncensored Radio Show, "Murder in Beverly Hills: Cathy Scott Returns Saturday Jan 4th" Psychology Today, "Book Probes New Evidence in Mob Daughter's Murder"