John Dewey

John Dewey was an American philosopher and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. He is regarded as one of the most prominent American scholars in the first half of the twentieth century; the overriding theme of Dewey's works was his profound belief in democracy, be it in politics, education, or communication and journalism. As Dewey himself stated in 1888, while still at the University of Michigan, "Democracy and the one, ethical ideal of humanity are to my mind synonymous." Known for his advocacy of democracy, Dewey considered two fundamental elements—schools and civil society—to be major topics needing attention and reconstruction to encourage experimental intelligence and plurality. Dewey asserted that complete democracy was to be obtained not just by extending voting rights but by ensuring that there exists a formed public opinion, accomplished by communication among citizens and politicians, with the latter being accountable for the policies they adopt.

Dewey was one of the primary figures associated with the philosophy of pragmatism and is considered one of the fathers of functional psychology. His paper "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology," published in 1896, is regarded as the first major work in the functionalist school. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Dewey as the 93rd most cited psychologist of the 20th century. Dewey was a major educational reformer for the 20th century. A well-known public intellectual, he was a major voice of progressive liberalism. While a professor at the University of Chicago, he founded the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, where he was able to apply and test his progressive ideas on pedagogical method. Although Dewey is known best for his publications about education, he wrote about many other topics, including epistemology, aesthetics, logic, social theory, ethics. John Dewey was born in Vermont to a family of modest means, he was one of four boys born to Lucina Artemisia Rich Dewey.

Their second son was named John, but he died in an accident on January 17, 1859. The second John Dewey was born October 20, 1859, forty weeks after the death of his older brother. Like his older, surviving brother, Davis Rich Dewey, he attended the University of Vermont, where he was initiated into Delta Psi, graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1879. A significant professor of Dewey's at the University of Vermont was Henry Augustus Pearson Torrey, the son-in-law and nephew of former University of Vermont president Joseph Torrey. Dewey studied with Torrey between his graduation from Vermont and his enrollment at Johns Hopkins University. After two years as a high-school teacher in Oil City and one year as an elementary-school teacher in the small town of Charlotte, Dewey decided that he was unsuited for teaching primary or secondary school. After studying with George Sylvester Morris, Charles Sanders Peirce, Herbert Baxter Adams, G. Stanley Hall, Dewey received his Ph. D. from the School of Arts & Sciences at Johns Hopkins University.

In 1884, he accepted a faculty position at the University of Michigan with the help of George Sylvester Morris. His unpublished and now lost dissertation was titled "The Psychology of Kant." In 1894 Dewey joined the newly founded University of Chicago where he developed his belief in Rational Empiricism, becoming associated with the newly emerging Pragmatic philosophy. His time at the University of Chicago resulted in four essays collectively entitled Thought and its Subject-Matter, published with collected works from his colleagues at Chicago under the collective title Studies in Logical Theory. During that time Dewey initiated the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, where he was able to actualize the pedagogical beliefs that provided material for his first major work on education, The School and Society. Disagreements with the administration caused his resignation from the university, soon thereafter he relocated near the East Coast. In 1899, Dewey was elected president of the American Psychological Association.

From 1904 until his retirement in 1930 he was professor of philosophy at Columbia University. In 1905 he became president of the American Philosophical Association, he was a longtime member of the American Federation of Teachers. Along with the historians Charles A. Beard and James Harvey Robinson, the economist Thorstein Veblen, Dewey is one of the founders of The New School. Dewey's most significant writings were "The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology", a critique of a standard psychological concept and the basis of all his further work.

Machites Doxas Pefkon B.C.

Machites Doxas Pefkon B. C. or Machites B. C. is a Greek professional basketball team, located in Pefka, Greece. The athletic club's full name is Athlitikos Syllogos Machites Doxas Pefkon, abbreviated as A. S. Machites Doxas Pefkon; the club's name can be translated in English to "Glory Fighters Pines". Doxa Retzikiou played in the 4th-tier level Greek C Basket League during the 2011–12 season. In 2012, Doxa Retzikiou and Machites Pefkon merged, to form the club of Machites Doxas Pefkon, in its current form; the club played in the 3rd-tier level Greek B Basket League during the 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15 seasons. The club moved up to the 2nd-tier level Greek A2 Basket League, where it played in the 2015–16 and the 2016–17 seasons. Petros Geromichalos Dimitris Gravas Nikos Diplaros Sakis Tataris Sigurður Þorsteinsson Karamo Jawara Official website Team Page

Hourglass (Dave Gahan album)

Hourglass is the second solo album by Depeche Mode singer Dave Gahan. It was released by Mute Records on 22 October 2007 in Europe, received favourable reviews. Most critics complimented its electronica sound, while some criticised it for sounding too similar to Depeche Mode. At Metacritic, that assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 64, based on 18 critical reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Ben Hogwood of musicOMH wrote "... Gahan, it seems, is progressing into a well-rounded, mature songwriter who plays to all his strengths, in particular the cracked voice, its ability to move from a confidential whisper to a rabble rousing bellow; these songs show him in a newly redemptive prime, will satisfy both short and long term devotees". All songs composed by Dave Gahan, Andrew Phillpott and Christian Eigner. "Saw Something" – 5:14 "Kingdom" – 4:34 "Deeper and Deeper" – 4:34 "21 Days" – 4:35 "Miracles" – 4:38 "Use You" – 4:48 "Insoluble" – 4:57 "Endless" – 5:47 "A Little Lie" – 4:53 "Down" – 4:34 All bonus tracks appear on the iTunes edition of Hourglass.

"Kingdom" – 5:36 "Deeper and Deeper" – 4:43 "Use You" – 6:03 "Hourglass – A Short Film" – 17:52 "Kingdom" – 4:33 "Hourglass – The Studio Sessions" – 20:03 "Saw Something" "Miracles" "Kingdom" "A Little Lie" "Endless from Hourglass. The Studio Sessions" – 3:44 The following people contributed to Hourglass: Dave Gahan Andrew Phillpott Christian Eigner Tony Hofferguitar on "A Little Lie", mixing John Frusciante – guitar on "Saw Something" Graham Finn – bass on "Kingdom", guitar on "21 Days" Niko Stoessl – additional guitar and editing on "Kingdom" and "Use You", backing vocals on "Use You" Kevin Murphycello on "Saw Something" Karl Ritterdobro on "Down" Jenni Muldaur – backing vocals on "Down" Kurt Uenala – engineering, editing Ryan Hewitt, Andy Marcinkowski – engineering Stephen Marcussenmastering Anton Corbijn – photography, logo design These are the formats of major album releases of Hourglass. Official website The Second Supper Review of Hourglass Hourglass Album Lyrics