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John Entwistle

John Alec Entwistle was an English bass guitarist, singer and film and music producer. In a music career that spanned more than 40 years, Entwistle was best known as the original bass guitarist for the English rock band the Who, he was the only member of the band to have formal musical training. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Who in 1990. Entwistle's instrumental approach used pentatonic lead lines, a then-unusual treble-rich sound created by roundwound RotoSound steel bass strings, he was nicknamed "The Ox" and "Thunderfingers". In 2011, he was voted as the greatest bass guitarist of all time in a Rolling Stone magazine readers' poll, in its special "100 Greatest Bass Players" issue in 2017, Bass Player magazine named Entwistle at number seven. John Alec Entwistle was born on 9 October 1944 in a suburb of London, he was an only child. His father, played the trumpet and his mother, played the piano, his parents' marriage failed soon after he was born, he was raised by his mother at his grandparents' house in South Acton.

Divorce was uncommon in the 1940s, this contributed to Entwistle becoming reserved and socialising little. His musical career began aged seven, he did not enjoy the experience and after joining Acton County Grammar School aged 11, switched to the trumpet, moving to the French horn when he joined the Middlesex Schools Symphony Orchestra. He met Pete Townshend in the second year of school, the two formed a trad jazz band, the Confederates; the group only played one gig together, before they decided that rock'n' roll was a more attractive prospect. Entwistle, in particular, was having difficulty hearing his trumpet with rock bands, decided to switch to playing guitar, but due to his large fingers, his fondness for the low guitar tones of Duane Eddy, he decided to take up the bass guitar instead, he made his own instrument at home, soon attracted the attention of Roger Daltrey, the year above Entwistle at Acton County, but had since left to work in sheet metal. Daltrey was aware of Entwistle from school, asked him to join as a bass guitarist for his band, the Detours.

After joining the Detours, Entwistle played a major role in encouraging Pete Townshend's budding talent on the guitar, insisting that Townshend be admitted into the band as well. Roger Daltrey fired all the members of his band with the exception of Entwistle and the drummer, Doug Sandom, a semi-pro player, several years older than the others. Daltrey relinquished the role of guitarist to Townshend in 1963, instead becoming frontman and lead singer; the band considered several changes of name settling on the name The Who while Entwistle was still working as a tax clerk. When the band decided that the blond Daltrey needed to stand out more from the others, Entwistle dyed his light brown hair black, it remained so until the early 1980s. Around 1963, Entwistle played in a London band called the Initials for a short while. In 1967, Entwistle married his childhood sweetheart Alison Wise and bought a large semi-detached home in Stanmore Middlesex filling it with all sorts of extraordinary artefacts, ranging from suits of armour to a tarantula spider.

His eccentricity and taste for the bizarre was to remain with him throughout his life, when he moved out of the city in 1978, to Stow-on-the-Wold in Gloucestershire, his 17-bedroom mansion, resembled a museum. It housed one of the largest guitar collections belonging to any rock musician. Entwistle picked up two nicknames during his career as a musician, he was nicknamed "The Ox" because of his strong constitution and seeming ability to "eat, drink or do more than the rest of them". He was later nicknamed "Thunderfingers". Bill Wyman, bass guitarist for the Rolling Stones, described him as "the quietest man in private but the loudest man on stage". Entwistle was one of the first to make use of Marshall stacks in an attempt to hear himself over the noise of his band members, who famously leapt and moved about on the stage, with Townshend and Keith Moon smashing their instruments on numerous occasions. Townshend remarked that Entwistle started using Marshall amplification to hear himself over Moon's rapid-fire drumming style, Townshend himself had to use them just to be heard over Entwistle.

They both continued expanding and experimenting with their rigs, until they were both using twin stacks with new experimental prototype 200 watt amps, at a time when most bands used 50–100 watt amplifiers with single cabinets. All of this gained the Who a reputation for being "the loudest band on the planet"; the band had a strong influence at the time on their contemporaries' choice of equipment, with Cream and the Jimi Hendrix Experience both following suit. Although they pioneered and directly contributed to the development of the "classic" Marshall sound, they only used Marshall equipment for a few years. Entwistle switched to using a Sound City rig, with Townshend following suit as well. Townshend points out that Jimi Hendrix, their new label mate, was influenced beyond just the band's volume. Both Entwistl


Palakkodu is a panchayat town in Dharmapuri district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Palakkodu is located at 12.3°N 78.08°E / 12.3. It has an average elevation of 533 metres; as of 2001 India census, Palakkodu had a population of 20,959. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Palakkodu has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, female literacy is 57%. In Palakkodu, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Palacode has its own State constituent assembly. For Lok Saba it belongs to Dharmapuri Constituency State Bank of India Indian Bank Indian Overseas Bank Lakshmi vilas Bank Union bank of India 1. Govt polytechnic college palacode was Dharmapuri District Co-op Sugar Mills Polytechnic College, 2. Govt arts and science college,Palacode 3.arunachalam arts and sciece college palacode LIBRARY:- Palacode has the public library,opposite to BDO office, not being properly utilised by the general public of palacode region though this Library having over 16,000 Books and various journals for its readers, due to its inadequate Place for Books arrangement the people could not be used this Library, the current Constituent Member has not taken any action on this Library issue since over 10 years, the people demanding to shift the library in a new constructed building that which every common people and young generation can be Utilised.

Palacode railway station, Marandahalli railway station Rayakottai railway station. 1. Palacode bus stand, 2. Bikkanahalli falls, 3. Chendraya Perumal Temple or Sendraya Swamy Temple located over the hills and one of the best tourist places to visit and it's located around 4km from Marandahalli and 15km from Palacode. 4.murukkalnatham bolumalai temple. 5.murukkalnatham mariamman temple. 6. CSI Christ church. Panjapalli Dam one of the biggest dam in this taluk located near thenkanikottai. Kesarkuli Dam, Thumbalahalli Dam are the other major dams. Panjapalli falls located below the panjapalli dam, one of the best places to spend your valuable time and Fish farming present here. Bodrahalli sivan temple. Somanahalli or Somballi is a village of this Taluk, it is known for its old Mystic Ankola tree. Chinnaru Anai - Panjapalli dam is located around 30km from Palacode which serves as a major water source for agriculture. Kannada superstar Uday kumar was born in Palakodu


WWWC known as 3WC, is a 24-hour Southern Gospel radio station located in Wilkesboro, North Carolina, United States, serving Wilkes County, North Carolina. The station is owned by Foothills Media, Inc. and broadcasts with 1 kilowatt at 1240 kHz on the AM band, as well as over the internet. On November 20, 1968, Paul Cashion and J. B. Wilson, doing business as Wilkes County Radio, obtained the construction permit for a new 100-watt radio station in Wilkesboro. WWWC signed on January 1970 with a country format. Power was increased to 500 watts day/250 night that year. Not long after, the station shifted toward a Top 40 format, which remained for most of the next 30 years. Tomlinson Broadcasting acquired WWWC in 1983 for $410,000; the station went silent on November 11, 1992 until the station was purchased by Ken Byrd, Alan Combs and John Wishon and adopted its Southern Gospel format on July 11, 1994. 3WC is owned by John Wishon, who bought out the station from co-owner Alan Combs in 2006 for $200,000.

In addition to the main station, WWWC is relayed by translators to widen its broadcast area. Cumberland Communities Communications Corporation, owner of WDVX, sold the Wilkesboro frequency to Foothills Media Inc. for $20,000. In July 2019, a second transmitter was put in place near Elkin, adding an FM signal to the northeast of Wilkesboro. Official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WWWC Radio-Locator Information on WWWC Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WWWCQuery the FCC's FM station database for W261CG Radio-Locator information on W261CG Query the FCC's FM station database for W278CZ Radio-Locator information on W278CZ

Inca plan

The Inca plan was a proposal formulated in 1816 by Manuel Belgrano to the Congress of Tucumán, aiming to crown an Inca. After the Declaration of Independence of the United Provinces of South America, the Congress discussed the form of government that should be used. Belgrano proposed; the proposal was supported by José de San Martín, Martín Miguel de Güemes and the northern provinces, but found strong resistance from Buenos Aires. The Congress would reject it, creating instead a Republican government; the king Ferdinand VII of Spain was overthrown by French armies during the Peninsular War. The Spanish overseas colonies, like the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, found themselves with a power vacuum. At the same time, the ideas of the Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution were spreading, as the captive king had overthrown his absolutist father Charles IV shortly before, it was thought that he shared the new ideas; this led to many riots and rebellions, the Viceroyalty engaged in the Argentine War of Independence.

However, Ferdinand VII was restored in the throne of Spain in 1816, started the Absolutist Restauration. The patriots, who were so far fighting to replace the absolutist form of government with one closer to the new ideas, became Independentist by this point. Contemporary to the War of Independence, the Argentine Civil War confronted Buenos Aires with provincial caudillos. Buenos Aires had been the capital of the viceroyalty and intended to keep exerting that power, but in the lack of a king and its vertical authority, the provinces felt themselves capable to rule themselves. Caudillos manifested the strong anti-Buenos Aires sentiment present at many provinces; the Inca Empire had been conquered by the Spanish centuries ago, the last Sapa Inca, was executed in 1533. The Incan heritage was still strong among the indigenous populations of the Upper Peru and Inca nobility was not extinct. After the return of Ferdinand VII to the Spanish throne, Manuel Belgrano and Bernardino Rivadavia were sent to Europe in a diplomatic mission, seeking support for the local governments.

They couldn't get it, but Belgrano realized that, unlike previous years, the republican form of government was not esteemed, monarchies were preferred again. He pointed out that the European superpowers looked favorably to the Revolution, until it led to anarchy; this led him to propose. He reasoned that if the country was ruled by a monarchy, the European powers would be more to recognize their independence, and by restoring the Inca monarchy the pro-independence movement would gather support from the northern provinces and the indigenous populations. The proposal included as well to designate the city of Cuzco, former capital of the Inca Empire, as the capital of the country, replacing Buenos Aires as such; the idea, was not a new one: as early as 1790 Francisco de Miranda had plans for an Empire where a descendant of the Inca Emperors would reign. His proposal was a constitutional monarchy with a Legislative branch divided in a lower house and an upper house - the latter with lifelong members taken from local caciques.

A possible candidate to be crowned after this proposal was Dionisio Inca Yupanqui, colonel in Spain and deputee at the Courts of Cadiz in 1812, mentioned in a mail from Chamberlain to Castlereagh. He had a high social position, by representing Peru at Cadiz he was politically notable. Another possible candidate was Juan Bautista Tupamaro known as Túpac Amaru; as well as his brother Túpac Amaru II, he claimed to be a descendant of the former Inca ruler Túpac Amaru. Belgrano's proposal was discussed again on July 12, being raised by Manuel Antonio de Acevedo, representative of the Catamarca Province. There was a strong support from the representatives of the provinces of the Upper Peru and the north west, the ones from Cuyo were divided, the ones from Buenos Aires were against it; the representatives of Buenos Aires - who disliked the idea of losing power and being governed by a distant central government in Cusco - proposed instead as a monarch the young Prince Don Sebastián. Sebastián was a member of the Spanish Royal House but lived in Rio de Janeiro with his maternal grandparent, the Portuguese King Dom João VI.

A few years before, in 1808, Hispanic-American patriots tried to convince Sebastián's father, Prince Don Pedro Carlos, to accept the regency under the name of then-captive Spanish king. His mother-in-law and aunt Dona Carlota Joaquina eagerly supported the plan hoping that she could rule the former Spanish colonies through her nephew. João VI saw the ambitious plan as a threat to Portugal and Brazil and convinced his nephew to refuse the proposal. Nonetheless Carlota was adamant on leaving Rio de Janeiro to establish herself as regent with her younger son Miguel as her heir. In May 1809 her husband managed to destroy her project by sending away Percy Smythe, 6th Viscount Strangford, the British Admiral who supported her would take her to Buenos Aires on his fleet. In 1810 the Buenos Aires junta, in conflict with the government of Cádiz, proposed Carlota as constitutional queen of the United Provinces, she wanted to rule as an absolutist monarch. The discussion was extended during July, by August 6 Tomás de Anchorena stated his rejection to the proposal.

He considered that there were conflicting perspectives between the peoples at the North and at the Pampas, with the opposing the monarchic form of government. However, Anchorena woul


Yacc is a computer program for the Unix operating system developed by Stephen C. Johnson, it is a Look Ahead Left-to-Right parser generator, generating a parser, the part of a compiler that tries to make syntactic sense of the source code a LALR parser, based on an analytic grammar written in a notation similar to Backus–Naur Form. Yacc is supplied as a standard utility on AT&T Unix. GNU-based Linux distributions include a forward-compatible Yacc replacement. In the early 1970s, Stephen C. Johnson, a computer scientist at Bell Labs / AT&T, developed Yacc because he wanted to insert an exclusive or operator into a B language compiler, but it turned out to be a hard task; as a result, he was directed by Bell Labs colleague Al Aho to Donald Knuth's work on LR parsing, which served as the basis for Yacc. Yacc received its name in reference to TMG compiler-compiler. Yacc was written in the B programming language, but was soon rewritten in C, it appeared as part of Version 3 Unix, a full description of Yacc was published in 1975.

Johnson used Yacc to create the Portable C Compiler. Bjarne Stroustrup, on the other hand, attempted to use Yacc for his initial work on C++, but "was defeated by C's syntax". In a 2008 interview, Johnson reflected that "the contribution Yacc made to the spread of Unix and C is what I'm proudest of"; the input to Yacc is a grammar with snippets of C code attached to its rules. Its output is a shift-reduce parser in C that executes the C snippets associated with each rule as soon as the rule is recognized. Typical actions involve the construction of parse trees. Using an example from Johnson, if the call node constructs a binary parse tree node with the specified label and children the rule recognizes summation expressions and constructs nodes for them; the special identifiers $$, $1 and $3 refer to items on the parser's stack. Yacc produces only a parser. Lexical analyzer generators, such as Lex or Flex are available; the IEEE POSIX P1003.2 standard defines the functionality and requirements for both Yacc.

Some versions of AT&T Yacc have become open source. For example, source code is available with the standard distributions of Plan 9. Yacc and similar programs have been popular. Yacc itself used to be available as the default parser generator on most Unix systems, though it has since been supplanted by more recent compatible, programs such as Berkeley Yacc, GNU Bison, MKS Yacc, Abraxas PCYACC. An updated version of the original AT&T version is included as part of Sun's OpenSolaris project; each offers slight improvements and additional features over the original Yacc, but the concept and basic syntax have remained the same. Among the languages that were first implemented with Yacc are AWK, eqn and Pic. Yacc was used on Unix to implement the Portable C Compiler, as well as parsers for such programming languages as FORTRAN 77, Ratfor, APL, bc, m4, etc. Yacc has been rewritten for other languages, including OCaml, Ratfor, ML, Pascal, Python, Ruby, Go, Common Lisp and Erlang. Berkeley Yacc: The Berkeley implementation of Yacc became more popular than AT&T Yacc itself because of its performance and lack of reuse restrictions.

LALR parser: The underlying parsing algorithm in Yacc-generated parsers. Bison: The GNU version of Yacc. Lex, a token parser used in conjunction with Yacc. BNF is a metasyntax used to express context-free grammars:, a formal way to describe context-free languages. PLY is an alternative implementation of Yacc in Python. Compiler-compiler hoc

Abdul Sathar Kunju

M. Abdul Sathar Kunju is a 1963 Batch officer of Indian Police Service who retired as the 21st Chief of Kerala Police in 1997. Sathar Kunju was born into an affluent family in the small town of Ochira to Mohammed Kunju and Saliha Umma, he did his undergraduate and post graduate studies at S. N. College Kollam, University of Kerala, he bagged the prestigious Dr. A. Ramaswamy Mudaliar Gold Medal instituted by University of Kerala for first rank in Political Science, he attended Government Law College Thiruvananthapuram for Bachelors in Law. Sathar Kunju joined the Indian Police Service in 1963, he started his career as Assistant Superintendent of Police of Alwaye, in 1966. He took over as Assistant Commissioner of Police, Kochi. In 1967, he got promoted to the rank of Superintendent of Police, he served as Superintendent of Police of Kottayam, twice. In 1971, he took over as Superintendent of Thiruvananthapuram Rural, he became the Principal of Police Training College, Thiruvananthapuram. He served as Deputy Inspector General with Anti-Corruption Bureau for three years.

He served as D. I. G. Crime Branch C. I. D, his tenure as D. I. G. South Zone saw the effective containment of riots at some other places, he served the Motor Vehicle Department as Joint Transport Commissioner from 1983 to 85. He again went back to Crime Branch C. I. D. and served as Inspector General of Police and Additional Director General of Police, before getting promoted to the rank Director General of Police. He served as Director General of Police Jails from 1996-1997. Sathar Kunju retired as Director General Of Police, Kerala in June 1997, he was instrumental in creating the post of Medico-Legal Adviser for Kerala Police when he was Inspector General of Police. Noted forensic surgeon Dr. B. Umadathan was the first occupant of this post, he as D. I. G. Oversaw the Investigation of the famous Ettumanoor Temple Theft case, it was appreciated by the state Government. 1- President's Medal for Distinguished Service in 1987. 2- President's Medal for Meritorious Service. He is married to Smt. Rafiya and the couple has two daughters.

1- Memoirs of a Forensic Surgeon by Dr. Umadathan discussed in detail about the contribution of Sathar Kunju. 2- Kerala Muslim History and Directory by Dr. C. K. Karim in Volume-3 has a brief biographical write up