John F. Kennedy International Airport is an international airport in Queens, New York, USA, it is the primary international airport serving New York City. The airport is the busiest international air passenger gateway into North America, the 21st-busiest airport in the world, the sixth-busiest airport in the United States, the busiest airport in the New York airport system, having handled just over 61 million passengers in 2018. More than ninety airlines operate from the airport, with nonstop or direct flights to destinations into five inhabited continents. JFK is located in the Jamaica neighborhood of Queens in New York, 16 miles southeast of Midtown Manhattan; the airport features four runways. It serves as a hub for both American Airlines and Delta Air Lines, it is the primary operating base for JetBlue. JFK was formerly a hub for Pan Am, TWA, Eastern and Tower Air; the facility opened in 1948 as New York International Airport and was known as Idlewild Airport. Following John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963, the airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport as a tribute to the 35th President.
John F. Kennedy International Airport was called Idlewild Airport after the Idlewild Beach Golf Course that it displaced, it was built to relieve LaGuardia Field. Construction began in 1943, about US$60 million was spent with governmental funding, but only 1,000 acres of the Idlewild Golf Course site were earmarked for use. In 1943, the project was renamed Major General Alexander E. Anderson Airport, after a Queens resident who had commanded a Federalized National Guard unit in the southern United States and died in late 1942. In March 1948, the New York City Council changed the name to New York International Airport, Anderson Field, but the common name was "Idlewild" until the end of 1963; the Port of New York Authority leased the Idlewild property from the City of New York in 1947 and maintains this lease today. The first flight from Idlewild was on July 1, 1948. S. President Harry S. Truman; the Port Authority canceled foreign airlines' permits to use LaGuardia, forcing them to move to Idlewild during the next couple of years.
Idlewild opened with a seventh under construction. Runway 31R is still in use. Runway 4 opened June 1949 and runway 4R was added ten years later. A smaller runway 14/32 was built after runway 7R closed and was used until 1990 by general aviation, STOL, smaller commuter flights; the Avro Jetliner was the first jet airliner to land at Idlewild on April 16, 1950. A Sud Aviation Caravelle prototype was the next airliner to land at Idlewild, on May 2, 1957. In 1957, the USSR sought approval for two Tupolev Tu-104 flights carrying diplomats to Idlewild; the airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport on December 24, 1963, a month and two days after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy; the IDL and KIDL codes have since been reassigned to Indianola Municipal Airport in Mississippi. The Port of New York Authority planned a single 55-gate terminal, but the major airlines did not agree with this plan, arguing that the terminal would be far too small for future traffic. Architect Wallace Harrison designed a plan for each major airline at the airport to be given its own space to develop its own terminal.
This scheme made construction more practical, made terminals more navigable, introduced incentives for airlines to compete with each other for the best design. The revised plan met airline approval in 1955, with seven terminals planned. Five terminals were for individual airlines, one was for three airlines, one was for international arrivals; the airport was designed for aircraft up to 300,000-pound gross weight The airport had to be modified in the late 1960s to accommodate the Boeing 747's weight. The International Arrivals Building, or IAB, was the first new terminal at the airport, opening in December 1957; the building was designed by Skidmore and Merrill. The terminal stretched nearly 700 meters and was parallel to runway 7R; the terminal had "finger" piers at right-angles to the main building allowing more aircraft to park, an innovation at the time. The building was expanded in 1970 to accommodate jetways. However, by the 1990s the overcrowded building was showing its age and it did not provide adequate space for security checkpoints.
It was demolished in 2000 and replaced with Terminal 4. United Airlines and Delta Air Lines opened Terminal 7, a Skidmore design similar to the IAB, in October 1959, it was demolished in 2008. Eastern Airlines opened their Chester L. Churchill-designed Terminal 1 in November 1959; the terminal was demolished in 1995 and replaced with the current Terminal 1. American Airlines opened Terminal 8 in 1960, it was designed by Kahn and Jacobs and had a 317-foot stained-glass façade designed by Robert Sowers, the largest stained-glass installation in the world until 1979. The fa
David Miller was a notable New Zealand entomologist, university lecturer and scientific administrator. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on 21 February 1890. Miller's career in entomology started at the Biological Laboratory in Levin, New Zealand, where he investigated the insect fauna of New Zealand flax for the New Zealand Department of Agriculture, he worked with the Department of Health to study mosquitos. Miller's research was fundamental to timber preservation in controlling insect pests. Miller spent the final years of his career as director of the Cawthron Institute. In the 1958 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Via Manzoni, is a busy and fashionable street in the Italian city of Milan which leads from the Piazza della Scala north-west towards Piazza Cavour. Notable buildings include the Museo Poldi Pezzoli, the elegant Grand Hotel et de Milan, the place of Giuseppe Verdi’s death in 1901, several fine palazzi. Via Manzoni was called Corsia del Giardino before the crossroad with Via Monte Napoleone and Corso di Porta Nuova up until Piazza Cavour. In 1990, when the Montenapoleone station was opened, a fountain designed by Aldo Rossi was placed in Via Croce Rossa, as a monument to Sandro Pertini; the Museo Poldi Pezzoli at Via Manzoni 12, which specialises in Northern Italian and Netherlandish/Flemish artists, originated as the private collection of Gian Giacomo Poldi Pezzoli which he bequeathed to the city in 1879. At Via Manzoni 12 was the art gallery of Alexander Iolas. A part of the street forms the approximate north-western boundary of the quadrilatero della moda, Milan’s up-market fashion district.
Fashion retailers here include Anna Rita N, Armani Casa, Bolaffi, Bottega del Cashmere, Coccinelle, E. Marinella, Gattinoni, Les Copains, Mila Schön, Pal Zileri, Patrizia Pepe, Paul Smith, Scappino and El Ganso. Media related to Via Manzoni at Wikimedia Commons