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John Heartfield

John Heartfield was a German visual artist who pioneered the use of art as a political weapon. Some of his most famous photomontages were anti-fascist statements. Heartfield created book jackets for book authors, such as Upton Sinclair, as well as stage sets for contemporary playwrights, such as Bertolt Brecht and Erwin Piscator. John Heartfield was born Helmut Herzfeld on 19 June 1891 in Berlin-Schmargendorf, Berlin under the German Empire, his father was Franz Herzfeld, a socialist writer, his mother was Alice, a textile worker and political activist. In 1899, his brother Wieland Herzfelde, his sisters Lotte and Hertha were abandoned in the woods by their parents; the four children went to live with an uncle in the small town of Aigens. In 1908, he studied art in Munich at the Royal Bavarian Arts and Crafts School. Two commercial designers, Albert Weisgerber and Ludwig Hohlwein, were early influences. While living in Berlin, he began styling himself "John Heartfield," an anglicisation of his German name, to protest against anti-British fervour sweeping during the First World War, during which Berlin street crowds shouted "Gott strafe England!".

During the same year, his brother Wieland and George Grosz launched publishing house Malik-Verlag in Berlin. In 1916, he and George Grosz had experimented with pasting pictures together, a form of art named photomontage, which would be a central characteristic of their works. In 1917, Heartfield became a member of Berlin Club Dada. Heartfield would become active in the Dada movement, helping to organise the Erste Internationale Dada-Messe in Berlin in 1920. Dadaists were provocateurs who ridiculed the participants, they labeled traditional art bourgeois. In January 1918, Heartfield joined the newly founded German Communist Party. In 1919, Heartfield was dismissed from the Reichswehr film service because of his support for the strike that followed the assassination of Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. With George Grosz, he founded a satirical magazine. Heartfield met Bertolt Brecht in 1924, became a member of a circle of German artists that included Brecht, Erwin Piscator, Hannah Höch, a host of others.

Though he was a prolific producer of stage sets and book jackets, Heartfield's main form of expression was photomontage. Heartfield produced the first political photomontages, he worked for two publications: the daily Die Rote Fahne and the weekly Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung, the latter of which published the works for which Heartfield is best remembered. He built theatre sets for Erwin Piscator and Bertolt Brecht. During the 1920s, Heartfield produced a great number of photomontages, many of which were reproduced as dust jackets for books such as his montage for Upton Sinclair's The Millennium, it was through rotogravure, an engraving process whereby pictures and words are engraved into the printing plate or printing cylinder, that Heartfield's montages, in the form of posters, were distributed in the streets of Berlin between 1932 and 1933, when the Nazis came to power. His political montages appeared on the cover of the communist magazine Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung from 1930 to 1938, a popular weekly whose circulation rivaled any other contemporary German magazine.

Since Heartfield's photomontages appeared on this cover, his work was seen at newsstands. Heartfield lived in Berlin until April 1933. On Good Friday, the SS broke into his apartment, but he escaped by jumping from his balcony and hiding in a trash bin, he fled Germany by walking over the Sudeten Mountains to Czechoslovakia. He rose to number five on the Gestapo's most-wanted list. In 1934, he combined four bloody axes tied together to form a swastika to mock the "Blood and Iron" motto of the Reich. In 1938, given the imminent German occupation of Czechoslovakia, he was forced once again to flee from the Nazis, this time to England, he was interned as an enemy alien, his health began to deteriorate. Afterward, he lived in London, his brother Wieland was refused a British residency permit in 1939 and instead left for the United States with his family. In the aftermath of World War II, Heartfield was denied his written applications to remain in England for "his work and his health", was convinced in 1950 to join Wieland, living in East Berlin, East Germany.

Heartfield moved at 129A Friedrichstrasse. However, his return to Berlin was seen with suspicion by the East German government due to his 11-year stay in England and the fact his dentist was under suspicion by the Stasi, he was interrogated and released having narrowly avoided a trial for treason, but was denied admission into the East German Akademie der Künste. He was denied health benefits. Due to the intervention of Bertolt Brecht and Stefan Heym, Heartfield was formally admitted to the Academy of the Arts in 1956. Although he subsequently produced some montages warning of the threat of nuclear war, he was never again as prolific as in his youth. In East Berlin, Heartfield worked with theatre directors such as Benno Besson and Wolfgang Langhoff at Berliner Ensemble and Deutsches Theater, he created innovative stage set designs for David Berg. Using Heartfield's minimal props and stark stages, Brecht interrupted his plays at key junctures to have the audience to be part of the action and not to lose


Timoleague is a village in the eastern division of Carbery East in County Cork, Ireland. Located along Ireland's southern coast between Kinsale and Clonakilty. Nearby is the village of Courtmacsherry, it is about 17 km south of 48 km from Cork on the R600 coastal road. Timoleague gets its name from its original Irish name Tigh Molaga, meaning the Home/House of Molaga. St. Molaga was reputed to have brought beekeeping/honey to Ireland. Honey production is still evident in the area; the village was spelt Tagumlag, Tymoleague. The town of Timoleague and much of the adjacent country belonged to the Hodnetts, an English family who settled in the area from Shropshire. Prior to this, it belonged to the O'Cowigs. In the reign of Henry III, a great battle was fought at Timoleague, between the Hodnetts, under Lord Phillip Hodnett, the Barrys, under Lord Barrymore; the Hodnetts were routed, their leader was killed. The Barrymores became the owners of Timoleague, they and their descendants retained possession until the 1800s, when it was purchased by the Travers family.

Timoleague Friary was founded by the Franciscan order in 1240. The abbey was built on the site of a monastic settlement founded by Saint Molaga in the 6th century; the Four Masters state that the Monastery of Timoleague was founded by MacCarthy Reagh, who lived near Kinsale, in 1240. The McCarthys were over-lords of Corca Laidhe, at least since the 13th century, received tribute from the chiefs of the district; the abbey was extended by Donal Glas McCarthy in 1312, by Irish and Norman patrons in the 16th century. The monks were dispersed by the Reformation, but returned in 1604. In 1612, the abbey was sacked by English soldiers who smashed all of the stained glass windows, but much of the significant architecture remains; the friars remained in the abbey until 1642 when the friary and town were burnt by English soldiers under Lord Forbes. In Abbeymahon, on the road to Courtmacsherry is the ruins of a Cistercian Abbey – Abbeymahon Abbey; the abbey was founded in 1172 by King of Desmond. The site was at Aghamanister and was colonized with a group of monks from Baltinglass.

A century lapsed before the monks decided to move to a new site. The monks moved to Abbeymahon in 1278 when Diarmuit MacCarthaig, son of Domnall Cairbreach, was buried in the new monastery; the Church of Ireland church is decorated internally in mosaic work carried out and paid for by the Maharajah of Gwalior of India about 1920 in memory of his doctor, Dr Crofts, who came from Timoleague. The church itself dates from 1811; some of the local industries are based around tourism and craft. One of the main employers in the local area is Stauntons Food a local producer of Pork/Bacon products. There are many other small and medium-sized businesses in the area including a small local maker of bespoke kitchens/furniture. Timoleague Brown Pudding, a type of blood sausage, has been granted Protected Geographical Status under European Union law. Timoleague has the highest proportion of Polish people of any settlement in Ireland at 25% of the population of the village, according to the 2011 census; the Timoleague Harvest Festival is held every year in August.

In 2006 it attracted acts like Mundy and The Walls, hosts events in the village. The local GAA club, Argideen Rangers, have won the 2005 Cork Intermediate Hurling Championship as well as a number of Junior Football and Hurling County Championships; the club was home to Mark Foley, who scored an unprecedented 2–7 from play during the 1990 All-Ireland Hurling championship against All-Ireland champions in the "Donkeys Don't Win Derbies" Munster Final in Thurles. He went on to score 1–1 in the All-Ireland Final against Galway in September of that year and brought the Liam MacCarthy Cup to the streets of Timoleague a few days later. Timoleague railway station once connected the village to the West Cork Railway, by a branch onto the Clonakilty railway line, opened by the Ballinascarthy & Timoleague Junction Light Railway in 1890; the Timoleague & Courtmacsherry Extension Light Railway extended this to Courtmacsherry in 1891 and its pier in 1892. It had Slaney, St. Molaga and Argadeen. Regular passenger traffic ceased in 1947 with post-war fuel shortages, the line was closed by CIÉ in 1961.

Timoleague railway station opened on 20 December 1890, closed for passenger traffic on 24 February 1947 and closed altogether on 1 April 1961. Timoleague railway station Timoleague and Courtmacsherry Railway List of towns and villages in Ireland Market Houses in Ireland List of Harvest Festivals Timoleague Web Site Timoleague Harvest Festival - Details Courtmacsherry Bay Area web site

Nathaniel Hodges

Nathaniel Hodges M. D. was an English physician, known for his work during the Great Plague of London and his written account Loimologia of it. The son of Dr. Thomas Hodges, vicar of Kensington, he was born there on 14 September 1629. A king's scholar of Westminster School, he obtained a scholarship at Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1646. In 1648 he migrated to Oxford, was appointed by the parliamentary visitors a student of Christ Church where he graduated B. A. 1651, M. A. 1654, M. D. 1659. While there he took part in the activities of the Oxford Experimental Philosophy Club. Hodges took a house in Walbrook and began practice there, he was admitted a candidate or member of the College of Physicians 30 September 1659. When the bubonic plague raged in London in 1665, Hodges remained in residence, attended all who sought his advice. During the Christmas holidays of 1664–5 he saw a few doubtful cases, in May and June several certain cases, he rose early, took a dose of anti-pestilential electuary as large as a nutmeg.

After transacting his household affairs he entered his consulting room. Crowds of patients were always waiting, for three hours he examined them and prescribed, finding some who were ill, others only affected by fear; when he had seen all he breakfasted, visited patients at their houses. On entering a house he had a disinfectant burnt on hot coals, if hot or out of breath rested till at his ease put a lozenge in his mouth and proceeded to examine the patient. After spending some hours in this way, he returned home and drank a glass of sack, dining soon after off roast meat with pickles or other relish, he drank more wine at dinner. Afterwards he saw patients at his own house, paid more visits, returning home between eight and nine o'clock, he spent the evening at home, never smoking, but drinking old sack till he felt cheerful. After this he slept well. Twice during the epidemic he felt as if the plague had infected him, but after increased draughts of sack he felt well in a few hours, he escaped without serious illness.

In recognition of his services to the citizens during the plague, the authorities of the city granted him a stipend as their authorised physician. The College of Physicians recognised the merit of his book, elected him a fellow 2 April 1672. In 1682 he was censor, in 1683 delivered the Harveian oration; when censor he gave the college a fire-engine. His practice did not continue to increase, he became poor, was imprisoned in Ludgate Prison for debt, there died 10 June 1688, he was buried in St Stephen's, a bust and inscription were to be seen there. He was a contributor to the Oxford volume of verse issued in 1654 to celebrate the peace with the Dutch. In 1666, he published an attack on quacks, ‘Vindiciæ Medicinæ et Medicorum, an Apology for the Profession and Professors of Physic.’ The 1656 translation of the Aurea Themis of Michael Maier was by Nathaniel Hodges and Thomas Hodges. In 1671, he completed an account of the plague, published in 1672 as Loimologia, sive Pestis nuperæ apud Populum Londinensem grassantis Narratio Historica.

Hodges was an observer both of the results of treatment. Bezoar, unicorn's horn, dried toads he tried and found useless, but he recognised the merit of serpentary as a diaphoretic, of hartshorn as a cardiac stimulant, he described pericarditis in a case of plague. A translation of Loimologia by Dr. John Quincy was published in 1720. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Moore, Norman. "Hodges, Nathaniel". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 26. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Works by Nathaniel Hodges at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Nathaniel Hodges at Internet Archive


Cryptochromes are a class of flavoproteins that are sensitive to blue light. They are found in animals. Cryptochromes are involved in the circadian rhythms of plants and animals, also in the sensing of magnetic fields in a number of species; the name cryptochrome was proposed as a portmanteau combining the cryptic nature of the photoreceptor, the cryptogamic organisms on which many blue-light studies were carried out. The two genes Cry1 and Cry2 code for the two cryptochrome proteins CRY1 and CRY2. In insects and plants, CRY1 regulates the circadian clock in a light-dependent fashion, whereas, in mammals, CRY1 and CRY2 act as light-independent inhibitors of CLOCK-BMAL1 components of the circadian clock. In plants, blue-light photoreception can be used to cue developmental signals. Besides chlorophylls, cryptochromes are the only proteins known to form photoinduced radical-pairs in vivo. Although Charles Darwin first documented plant responses to blue light in the 1880s, it was not until the 1980s that research began to identify the pigment responsible.

In 1980, researchers discovered that the HY4 gene of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana was necessary for the plant's blue light sensitivity, when the gene was sequenced in 1993, it showed high sequence homology with photolyase, a DNA repair protein activated by blue light. By 1995, it became clear that the products of the HY4 gene and its two human homologs did not exhibit photolyase activity and were instead a new class of blue light photoreceptor hypothesized to be circadian photopigments. In 1996 and 1998, Cry homologs were identified in mice, respectively. Cryptochromes are evolutionarily old and conserved proteins that belong to the flavoproteins superfamily that exists in all kingdoms of life. All members of this superfamily have the characteristics of an N-terminal photolyase homology domain; the PHR domain can bind to the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor and a light-harvesting chromophore. Cryptochromes are derived from and related to photolyases, which are bacterial enzymes that are activated by light and involved in the repair of UV-induced DNA damage.

In eukaryotes, cryptochromes no longer retain this original enzymatic activity. The structure of cryptochrome involves a fold similar to that of photolyase, with a single molecule of FAD noncovalently bound to the protein; these proteins have variable lengths and surfaces on the C-terminal end, due to the changes in genome and appearance that result from the lack of DNA repair enzymes. The Ramachandran plot shows that the secondary structure of the CRY1 protein is a right-handed alpha helix with little to no steric overlap; the structure of CRY1 is entirely made up of alpha helices, with several loops and few beta sheets. The molecule is arranged as an orthogonal bundle. In plants, cryptochromes mediate phototropism, or directional growth toward a light source, in response to blue light; this response is now known to have its own set of the phototropins. Unlike phytochromes and phototropins, cryptochromes are not kinases, their flavin chromophore is reduced by light and transported into the cell nucleus, where it affects the turgor pressure and causes subsequent stem elongation.

To be specific, Cry2 is responsible for blue-light-mediated leaf expansion. Cry2 overexpression in transgenic plants increases blue-light-stimulated cotyledon expansion, which results in many broad leaves and no flowers rather than a few primary leaves with a flower. A double loss-of-function mutation in Arabidopsis thaliana Early Flowering 3 and Cry2 genes delays flowering under continuous light and was shown to accelerate it during long and short days, which suggests that Arabidopsis CRY2 may play a role in accelerating flowering time during continuous light. Cryptochromes receptors cause plants to respond to blue light via photomorphogenesis. Cryptochromes help control seed and seedling development, as well as the switch from the vegetative to the flowering stage of development. In Arabidopsis, it is shown that cryptochromes controls plant growth during sub-optimal blue-light conditions. Despite much research on the topic, cryptochrome photoreception and phototransduction in Drosophila and Arabidopsis thaliana is still poorly understood.

Cryptochromes are known to possess two chromophores: flavin. Both may absorb a photon, in Arabidopsis, pterin appears to absorb at a wavelength of 380 nm and flavin at 450 nm. Past studies have supported a model by. Under this model of phototransduction, FAD would be reduced to FADH, which mediates the phosphorylation of a certain domain in cryptochrome; this could trigger a signal transduction chain affecting gene regulation in the cell nucleus. A new hypothesis proposes that in plant cryptochromes, the transduction of the light signal into a chemical signal that might be sensed by partner molecules could be triggered by a photo-induced negative charge within the protein - on the FAD cofactor or on the neighbouring aspartic acid; this negative charge would electrostatically repel the protein-bound ATP molecule and thereby the protein C-terminal domain, which covers the ATP binding pocket prior to photon absorption. The resulting change in protein conformation could lead to phosphorylation of inaccessible phosphorylation sites on the C-terminus and the given phosphorylated segment could liberate the transcription factor HY5 by competing for the same binding site at the negative regulator of photomorphogenesis COP1.

A different mechanism may function in Drosophila. The true ground st

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Not to be confused with the similarly-named Geneva School of Diplomacy and International RelationsThe Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, or the Graduate Institute (in French: Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement, abbreviated IHEID is a government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland. The institution counts one UN secretary-general, seven Nobel Prize recipients, one Pulitzer Prize winner, numerous ambassadors, foreign ministers, heads of state among its alumni and faculty. Founded by two senior League of Nations officials, the Graduate Institute maintains strong links with that international organisation's successor, the United Nations, many alumni have gone on to work at UN agencies; the school is a full member of the APSIA. Founded in 1927, the Graduate Institute of International Studies is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the world's first graduate institute dedicated to the study of international affairs.

It offered one of the first doctoral programmes in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller postgraduate institution based in Geneva founded in 1961; the merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of Development Studies. Today the school enrols close to a thousand postgraduate students from over 100 countries. Foreign students make up nearly 90% of the student body and the school is a bilingual English-French institution, although the majority of classes are in English. With Maison de la Paix acting as its primary seat of learning, the Institute's campuses are located blocks from the United Nations Office at Geneva, International Labour Organization, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, International Committee of the Red Cross, World Intellectual Property Organization and many other international organisations, it runs joint degree programmes with universities such as Smith College and Yale University, is Harvard Kennedy School's only partner institution to co-deliver double degrees.

The Graduate Institute of International Studies was co-founded in 1927 by two scholar–diplomats working for the League of Nations Secretariat: the Swiss William Rappard, director of the Mandates Section, the Frenchman Paul Mantoux, director of the Political Section. A bilingual institution like the League, it was to train personnel for the nascent international organisation, its co-founder, served as director from 1928 to 1955. The Institute's original mandate was based on a close working relationship with both the League of Nations and the International Labour Organization, it was agreed that in exchange for training staff and delegates, the Institute would receive intellectual resources and diplomatic expertise from the aforementioned organisations. According to its statutes, the Graduate Institute was "an institution intended to provide students of all nations the means of undertaking and pursuing international studies, most notably of a historic, economic and social nature." The institute managed to attract a number of eminent faculty and lecturers from countries mired in oppressive Nazi regimes, e.g. Hans Wehberg and Georges Scelle for law, Maurice Bourquin for diplomatic history, the rising young Swiss jurist, Paul Guggenheim.

Indeed, it is said that William Rappard had observed that the two men to whom the Institute owed its greatest debt were Mussolini and Hitler. Subsequently, more noted scholars would join the Institute's faculty. Hans Kelsen, the well-known theorist and philosopher of law, Guglielmo Ferrero, Italian historian, Carl Burckhardt and diplomat all called the Graduate Institute home. Other arrivals seeking refuge from dictatorships, included the eminent free market economy historian, Ludwig von Mises, another economist, Wilhelm Ropke, who influenced German postwar liberal economic policy as well as the development of the theory of a social market system. After a number of years, the Institute had developed a system whereby cours temporaires were given by prominent intellectuals on a week, semester, or yearlong basis; these cours temporaires were the intellectual showcase of the Institute, attracting such names as Raymond Aron, René Cassin, Luigi Einaudi, John Kenneth Galbraith, G. P. Gooch, Gottfried Haberler, Friedrich von Hayek, Hersch Lauterpacht, Lord McNair, Gunnar Myrdal, Harold Nicolson, Philip Noel Baker, Pierre Renouvin, Lionel Robbins, Jean de Salis, Count Carlo Sforza, Jacob Viner, Martin Wight.

Another cours temporaire professor, Montagu Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, Sir Alfred Zimmern, left a lasting mark on the Institute. As early as 1924, while serving on the staff of the International Council for intellectual Cooperation in Paris, Zimmern began organizing international affairs summer schools under the auspices of the University of Geneva,'Zimmern schools', as they became known; the initiative operated in parallel with the early planning for the launch of the Graduate Institute and the experience acquired by the former helped to shape the latter. Despite its small size, the Institute boasts four faculty members who have received Nobel Prizes for economics – Gunnar Myrdal, Friedrich von Hayek, Maurice Allais, Robert Mundell. Three alumni have been Nobel laureates. For a period of thirty years the school was funded predominantly through the support of the Rockefeller Foundation. Since then

John W. Rollins

John William Rollins was an American businessman and politician from Greenville, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party, served as the 14th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware. John W. Rollins was born in Keith, Catoosa County, the son of John William Rollins and Claudia Nace Rollins, a farmer father and a schoolteacher mother, he attended school in a one-room schoolhouse nine miles away in Georgia. In 1928, Rollins’s father fell ill and the 12-year-old boy accepted additional responsibilities on the family farm, he worked hard to help his mother provide for the family. As a child, he had an entrepreneurial spirit and tried his hand at an early age selling door to door with things such as bedspreads. In the aftermath of the Great Depression, he left the family farm in Ringgold and moved to Philadelphia, his career was a series of entrepreurial ventures ending up with the formation of 9 NYSE firms and other business ventures. He was married three times, to Kitty Jacob, Linda Kuechler, Michele Metrinko, had ten children including John W. Jr. James, Patrick, Jeff, Monique and Marc, as well as eleven grandchildren, John III, Fontayne, Rachel, Sarah, Kaitlyn and Morgan.

After World War II, Rollins and his wife Kitty moved to Lewes, Delaware where he opened a Ford dealership. Rollins aggressively expanded his business by buying other dealerships in Virginia. During this time, he began to help pioneer the concept of leasing automobiles. In 1947, Rollins’ older brother, O. Wayne Rollins, moved to Lewes from Georgia and joined him in the business in Delaware; the following year, the brothers founded Rollins Broadcasting and bought 1460 WRAD, an AM radio station based in the rural town of Radford, Virginia. As television continued to intrude on the traditional radio market, Rollins Broadcasting took advantage of falling radio station prices by increasing its holdings and launching programming targeted toward African-Americans. Rollins developed a coordinated approach to advertising by buying billboards that allowed him to offer clients multiple advertising venues for their products. In 1956, Rollins Broadcasting expanded its business into television. In 1961 John and Wayne Rollins took their company public.

Over the next three years, annual profits from the company exceeded $9 million. In 1964, they used the proceeds of their public offering to orchestrate the $60 million leveraged buyout of the Atlanta-based Orkin Exterminating Company. Due to the diversifying interests of the business, the company was renamed Rollins, Inc. By 1967, stock in the company was trading on the New York Stock Exchange. In addition to this, John was a pioneer in the automobile leasing business, he started what would become Rollins Truck Leasing. During this time he acquired Matlack Systems, the country's largest bulk trucking company, started Rollins Purle which became Rollins Environmental. All three companies ended up trading on the New York Stock exchange. By 1984, the interests of Rollins, Inc. had become so diverse that the company spun off two new companies, Rollins Communications and RPC Energy Services, Inc. both of which were traded on the New York Stock Exchange. In addition to this, Rollins founded and grew both Dover Motorsports as well as Dover Entertainment and took them public on the New York Stock Exchange.

Although he received many awards including the knights of Malta, The Golden Plate Award, was inducted into the Delaware Sports Hall of Fame to name a few his most prized acknowledgement was in 1963, when he was inducted into the Horatio Alger Association of Distinguished Americans. They honored Rollins’ rise from humble roots to preeminence in the world of business with their Horatio Alger Award. Rollins worked hard in the Horatio Alger Association to help make it into what it is today where it is the largest funded scholarship in the USA for underprivileged college students, his legacy is continued by his wife Michele. Because of his roots in the business community, Rollins became interested in Delaware’s Republican Party, worked as a fund raiser for Republicans running for local and federal office in Delaware and beyond, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Delaware in 1952, defeating Democrat Vernon B. Derrickson of Kent County and served from January 20, 1953 to January 15, 1957. In 1956, Rollins was an alternate delegate to the Republican National Convention that nominated President Dwight D. Eisenhower for reelection.

In the 1960 elections, Rollins ran for Governor of Delaware and defeated his primary opponent, incumbent Lieutenant Governor David P. Buckson. However, he was defeated in the general election by Democrat Elbert N. Carvel, a former Governor of Delaware. In addition to his leadership in business and politics, Rollins became one of the principal philanthropists in Delaware. In addition to contributing to multiple charities, he created the John W. Rollins Foundation, rated in 1999 to be one of the 50 largest charitable organizations in Delaware, he sponsored the John W. Rollins, Sr. Award for health care philanthropy, was a benefactor of the University of Delaware, despite never having attended the school himself. Rollins died in his office suite at the Rollins Building in Delaware. There is a portrait of him hanging at Legislative Hall in the state capitol of Dover. Delaware's Governors The Political Graveyard Rollins Inc.. Delaware Historical Society.