Sir John Major is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. Major was Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Thatcher Government from 1989 to 1990, was Member of Parliament for Huntingdon from 1979 until his retirement in 2001. Since the death of Margaret Thatcher in 2013, he has been both the oldest and earliest-serving of all living former prime ministers. Born in St Helier, Major grew up in Brixton, he worked as an insurance clerk, at the London Electricity Board, before becoming an executive at Standard Chartered. He was first elected to the House of Commons at the 1979 general election as MP for Huntingdon, he served as a Parliamentary Private Secretary, Assistant Whip and as a Minister for Social Security. In 1987, he joined the Cabinet as Chief Secretary to the Treasury, was promoted to foreign secretary two years later. Just three months in October 1989, he was appointed chancellor of the Exchequer, where he presented the 1990 budget.
Major became prime minister after Thatcher resigned in November 1990. He presided over British participation in the Gulf War in March 1991, negotiated the Maastricht Treaty in December 1991, he went on to lead the Conservatives to a record fourth consecutive electoral victory, winning the most votes in British electoral history with over 14 million votes at the 1992 general election, albeit with a reduced majority in the House of Commons. Shortly after this, in what came to be known as Black Wednesday, his government was forced to withdraw the pound sterling from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism; this event led to a loss of confidence in Conservative economic policies and Major was never able to achieve a lead in opinion polls again. Despite the eventual revival of economic growth amongst other successes such as the beginnings of the Northern Ireland peace process, by the mid-1990s, the Conservative Party was embroiled in scandals involving various MPs. Criticism of Major's leadership reached such a pitch that he chose to resign as party leader in June 1995, challenging his critics to either back him or challenge him.
By this time, the Labour Party had moved toward the centre under the leadership of Tony Blair and won many by-elections depriving Major's government of a parliamentary majority in December 1996. Major went on to lose the 1997 general election five months in one of the largest electoral defeats since the Great Reform Act of 1832. Major was succeeded by William Hague as Leader of the Conservative Party in June 1997, he went on to retire from active politics, leaving the House of Commons at the 2001 general election. In 1999, a BBC Radio 4 poll ranked. Major was born on 29 March 1943 at St Helier Hospital and Queen Mary's Hospital for Children in St Helier, the son of Gwen Major and former music hall performer Tom Major-Ball, sixty-three years old when Major was born, he was christened "John Roy Major" but only "John Major" was recorded on his birth certificate. He used his middle name until the early 1980s. Major grew up in Longfellow Road, Worcester Park, where he attended primary school at Cheam Common and from 1954, he attended Rutlish School, a grammar school in the London Borough of Merton.
In 1955, with his father's garden ornaments business in decline, the family moved to Brixton. The following year, Major watched his first debate in the House of Commons, where Harold Macmillan presented his only Budget as Chancellor of the Exchequer, has attributed his political ambitions to that event, he credited a chance meeting with former Prime Minister Clement Attlee on the King's Road shortly afterwards. Major left school just before his 16th birthday in 1959 with three O-levels in History, English Language and English Literature, he gained three more O-levels by correspondence course, in the British Constitution and Economics. Major's first job was as a clerk in the London-based insurance brokerage firm Pratt & Sons in 1959. Disliking this job, he resigned. Major joined the Young Conservatives in Brixton at this time. Major was nineteen years old when his father died, at the age of 82 on 27 March 1962, his mother died eight years in September 1970, at the age of 65. After Major became Prime Minister, it was misreported that his failure to get a job as a bus conductor resulted from his failing to pass a maths test.
He had been passed over owing to his height. After a period of unemployment, Major started working at the London Electricity Board in 1963, where incidentally his successor as Prime Minister, Tony Blair worked when he was young, he decided to undertake a correspondence course in banking. Major took up a post as an executive at the Standard Chartered Bank in May 1965 and he rose through the ranks, he was sent to work in Jos, Nigeria, by the bank in 1967 and he nearly died in a car accident there. Major was interested in politics from an early age. Encouraged by fellow Conservative Derek Stone, he started giving speeches on a soap-box in Brixton Market, he stood as a candidate for Lambeth London Borough Council at the age of 21 in 1964, was elected in the Conservative landslide in 1968. While on the Council he was Chairman of the Housing Committee, being responsible for overseeing the building of several large council housing estates, he lost his seat in 1971. Major was an active Young Conservative
Bangır Bangır is the ninth studio album by Turkish singer Gülşen. It was released on 29 April 2015 by Doğan Music Company. Initial information about the album was first discussed in February 2014, its release date was postponed as Gülşen wrote and composed songs for her colleagues; the recording began in the second half of 2014 at studios in Istanbul and London, continued until early 2015. Like her previous album Beni Durdursan mı?, Gülşen wrote and composed all of the songs on the album. The songs's arrangements were done by Ozan Çolakoğlu. A pop album that contains dance songs, Bangır Bangır's lyrics feature phrases of Turkish slang; the album received mixed reviews from critics. Many accused the singer of repeating the music style of her previous album and some pointed out that she was inspired by Sezen Aksu, reflected in the lyrics of the songs. For the album's cover and image, Gülşen took inspiration from Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda's appearance and Mexican artist Frida Kahlo's art works.
Some critics, left negative comments and compared her image to that of American singer Katy Perry and English singer FKA Twigs. Three music videos were released for the album; the video for the lead single, "Bangır Bangır", was recorded in Havana and released as the first music video of the album. It became the most-viewed music video on YouTube in Turkey in 2015, it became the most-searched song on Google in Turkey. Th songs topped Türkçe Top 20 for thirteen weeks; the music video for "Dan Dan" was recorded in California, the United States, in which Gülşen appeared in a red swimsuit and boots. RTÜK found Gülşen's appearance and acts in the video similar to "women who give sexual service to men on the phone" and concluded that the clip was harmful for children, which resulted in charging the channels that had broadcast the music video; the third and final music video, "Büyük Hatırın Var", was published two years after the album's release. Bangır Bangır ranked first on D&R Best-Selling list following its release and sold 100,000 physical copies by the end of 2015, becoming Turkey's second best-selling album of the year.
Due to its success, DMC awarded the album with a gold certification. To promote the album, Gülşen gave various concerts in Europe; the lead single, "Bangır Bangır", received the Best Music Video and Best Song awards at the 42nd Golden Butterfly Awards, Gülşen performed the former together with "Dan Dan" at the award ceremony. In 2013, Gülşen released her eighth studio album Beni Durdursan mı?, downloaded 366,000 times on digital platforms and sold, 100,000 physical copies, becoming Turkey's best-selling album of the year. She wrote all of the songs on the album by herself, composed a number of them on her own and the others together with her boyfriend Ozan Çolakoğlu. Çolakoğlu did the arrangement for the album's songs. Two of those songs, "Yatcaz Kalkcaz Ordayım" and "Kardan Adam", ranked first on Türkçe Top 20 for weeks. In February 2014, it was reported that Gülşen was working on a new studio album, that it would be released in summer 2015. In the same month, Bugün wrote that due to writing and composing songs for her colleagues she had postponed the album's release date.
In April, Gülşen released the single "İltimas". She performed the song "Namus" on Ozan Doğulu's 2014 album 130 Bpm Moderato and the song "Emrin Olur" on the album Kayahan En İyileri No.1. On 3 September 2014, she published a photograph of Ozan Çolakoğlu's studio on her Twitter account, announced that she had started recording the new album. On 12 September she tweeted: "I'm impatient to share my new songs with you as soon as possible. I'm now writing these words with so much excitement after just finishing another song." In November, she appeared on the cover of Cosmopolitan, said that the album would be released in the first half of 2015. To continue working on the album, she moved periodically to London, where she viewed as a source of inspiration. On 19 March, she announced. Bangır Bangır, an "exciting and cheerful" album in Gülşen's words, is a pop album that contains dance songs. All of the songs were written and composed by Gülşen, except "Büyük Hatırın Var", composed together with Ozan Çolakoğlu.
Çolakoğlu served as the album's producer and arranged all of its songs. The recording was done at Kaya Müzik and Ozinga Productions studios in Istanbul and Matrix Studio Complex in London; the audio mastering was performed in New York at the Tom Coyne Sterling Sound. In many major parts of the lyrics phrases of Turkish slang were used; the album contains 10 songs in total, for its lead single titled "Bangır Bangır", words and phrases of Turkish slang were used. The song's chorus features spoon sounds together with the lyrics "Yavrum kaldır kollarını / Teslim ol etrafın sarılı / Sabret af çıksın sana / Ben öptüreceğim bu evin yollarını", it is followed by the Eurodance song "Bir Fırt Çek", which Yavuz Hakan Tok found similar to the song "Irgalamaz Beni" from her previous album. The third song is titled "Kara Liste", is followed by "Dan Dan", in which Gülşen threatens to kill herself if her lover does not fulfill her wishes; the fifth song "Ellerinden Öper", compared to the song "Kardan Adam", starts with a slow tempo and turns into a vibrant song.
The song that follows it, "Yıkım Kararı" has a slow tempo, according to Naim Dilmener, with its lyrics it's the most striking part of the album. The seventh song, "Büyük Hatırın Var", is a Eurodance song on which Çolakoğlu, is listed as the featuring
Éric Stauffer, born on October 24, 1964 in Carouge, is a Swiss politician coming from Homberg. He chairs the Genevan Citizens Movement from 2008 to 2012. Stauffer was born in Caprioli on 24 October 1964, to a Genevan father and an Italian-born mother, grew up in Homberg, Bern, he married when he was 21, married his current wife when he was 38. He has two children, his wife was born in Mauritius, he has Italian and Mauritian as well as Swiss citizenship. Éric Stauffer claims to have collaborated in the 1990s with the Federal Military Department, in particular the Spiez Laboratory, which specializes in the study of atomic and chemical threats and risks related to weapons of mass destruction. Contacted by the newspaper Tribune de Genève as part of an investigation, the laboratory and the Federal Office of Police refuse to comment on this statement, neither confirming nor contradicting the statements of Eric Stauffer, in this case; the newspaper Le Temps contacted the Swiss Confederation, quoting from the article: "On the other hand, we must insist that it give information on its activities in the years 1992 to 1994.
It takes pleasure to play the suspense. "I collaborated with the Federal Military Department, I was active in everything related to weapons of mass destruction," he breathes. Should we believe it, when we know that the character revel in staging and is not afraid of overbidding? In Bern, we do not deny the information. Around the year 2000, Éric Stauffer is active on the island of Mauritius where he advises his friend the Minister of Industry and Commerce Xavier Luc Duval, he leaves the island after being wrongly accused of heavy charges by Prime Minister Navim Ramgoolam. When he left, he transmitted information to the Mauritian media denouncing Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam, he states that he collaborated with the Swiss Confederation in 2002 in organizing a peace conference in Switzerland between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. In October 2003, he participated in the creation of the airline Helvetic Wings and became the chief financial officer, in disagreement with the shareholders of the company on the strategy of development he resigned in April 2004 after only 6 months of activity.
In March 2006 Helvetic Wings goes bankrupt. In 2010, Éric Stauffer founded with Carlos Medeiros a company active in the field of mobile telephony. Affiliated with the operator Sunrise, the company offered discounted offers to its customers. In January 2018, Sunrise acquired the Medinex brand. At the end of 2018, Éric Stauffer created a new telephone services company based in Valais. Partisan Path Member of the Swiss Liberal Party in the 1980s he was first elected as City Councilor of the city of Onex during the legislature 1987-1991. Subsequently he joined the Democratic Union of the Center in the spring of 2005. A few weeks he founded with Georges Letellier, the June 6, 2005, the Blochérien Genevois Movement, which decided to change its name by adopting the Mouvement des citoyens genevois; the new formation of Eric Stauffer is quickly known by two broadcasts of the RTS Infrared where he is invited against Joseph Deiss Federal Councilor. In October 2005, the CWM reached a quorum of 7% and won 9 deputies, Eric Stauffer is elected Deputy to the Grand Council of the Republic and Canton of Geneva under the label of the Mouvement Citizens Genevois.
Éric Stauffer is elected on February 2008 by the General Assembly of the CWM as President. Roger Golay replaces him on April 28, 2012. In 2016, he again seeks the presidency of the movement against Ana Roch, he announces in the wake his withdrawal from politics. In 2017 Éric Stauffer launches the "Geneva on the move" movement with a view to the cantonal elections of 2018. Following his non-reelection at the Geneva Grand Council, Eric Stauffer announces the dissolution of his "Geneva on the Move" movement and its withdrawal from political life. In 2018, he moved to Valais. Political activities - commune of Onex Councilor of the municipality of Onex, during the municipal elections of April 29, 2007 and for the first time in the political history of Geneva Eric Stauffer candidate for the Administrative Council in Onex, causes a second round where he is preceded by the Christian Democrat candidate Philippe Rochat; the April 17, 2011 he was elected to the Onex Administrative Council by ousting Rochat.
He is mayor of the commune for the year 2013 - 2014. The April 19, 2015 in the first round of the municipal elections, he was only in fourth position in the election of the Administrative Council, behind the PLR candidate François Mumenthaler. In the second round, an unprecedented alliance between the PLR-Radical Liberal Party and the Socialist Party with the Greens and the PDC, which make a joint list against Eric Stauffer, alone, achieves 38% of the vote, on May 10 he is beaten and loses his seat. Political activities - Grand Council of the Canton of Geneva He presents his candidacy for the election of the Grand Council of the Canton of Geneva in October 2005. Elected deputy, he unsuccessfully quarrels on November 13 a seat in the Council of State but ahead of the two candidates of the Democratic Union of the center of several thousand votes; the October 11, 2009 he is re-elected by leading the list of his party, which doubles his representation to become the third party of the canton. In the process, he launched his candidacy for the Council of State alongside Mauro Poggia: both are not elected on November 15, Stauffer being preceded by Poggia by some 2,400 votes.
In October 2010 Eric Stauffer designs a poster as part of a federal vote on the removal of foreign criminals or is pictured Colonel Gaddafi with