John Patrick McEnroe Jr. is an American tennis player. He was known for his shot-making artistry and volleying skills, for confrontational on-court behavior that landed him in trouble with umpires and tennis authorities. McEnroe attained the No. 1 ranking in both singles and doubles, finishing his career with 77 singles and 78 doubles titles. He won seven Grand Slam singles titles, four at the US Open and three at Wimbledon, nine men's Grand Slam doubles titles, his singles match record of 82–3 in 1984 remains the best single season win rate of the Open Era. McEnroe excelled at the year-end tournaments, winning eight singles and seven doubles titles, both of which are records. Three of his winning singles year-end championships were at the Masters Grand Prix and five were at the World Championship Tennis Finals, an event which ended in 1989. Since 2000, there has been only the ATP Finals, he was named the ATP Player of the Year and the ITF World Champion three times each: 1981, 1983 and 1984. McEnroe contributed to five Davis Cup titles for the U.
S. and was team captain. He has stayed active in retirement competing in senior events on the ATP Champions Tour, he has worked as a television commentator during the majors. McEnroe was born in Wiesbaden, West Germany to American parents, John Patrick McEnroe and his wife Kay, née Tresham, his father, the son of Irish immigrants, was at the time stationed with the United States Air Force. McEnroe's Irish paternal grandfather was from Ballyjamesduff in County Cavan and his maternal grandmother was from County Westmeath; when he was about nine months old, the family moved to the Stewart Air Force Base in Newburgh, New York when his father was transferred back to the US. In 1961, they moved to Flushing, Queens to Douglaston in 1963. After leaving the Air Force, McEnroe's father worked daytime as an advertising agent while attending Fordham Law School by night. John has two younger brothers: former professional tennis player Patrick. McEnroe grew up in Douglaston, New York City, he started playing tennis.
When he was nine, his parents enrolled him in the Eastern Lawn Tennis Association, he soon started playing regional tournaments. He began competing in national juniors tournaments, at twelve—when he was ranked seventh in his age group—he joined the Port Washington Tennis Academy, Long Island, New York. McEnroe attended Trinity School and graduated in 1977; as an 18-year-old amateur in 1977, McEnroe won the mixed doubles at the French Open with Mary Carillo, made it through the qualifying tournament at Wimbledon and into the main draw, where he lost in the semifinals to Jimmy Connors in four sets. It was the best performance by a qualifier at a Grand Slam tournament and a record performance by an amateur in the open era. After Wimbledon in 1977, McEnroe was recruited by Coach Dick Gould and entered Stanford University, where, in 1978, he led the Stanford team to an NCAA championship, won the NCAA singles title. In 1978, he joined the ATP tour and signed his first professional endorsement deal, with Sergio Tacchini.
He again advanced to the semifinals at this time the US Open, losing to Connors. Following which, he proceeded to win five titles that year, including his first Masters Grand Prix, beating Arthur Ashe in straight sets, as well as Grand Prix events at Stockholm and Wembley, his late-season success allowed him to finish as the number four ranked player for the year. In 1979, McEnroe and partner Peter Fleming won the Wimbledon Doubles title, followed shortly by a win in the US Open Doubles; that same week, McEnroe won his first Grand Slam singles title. He defeated his friend Vitas Gerulaitis in straight sets in the final to become the youngest male winner of the singles title at the US Open since Pancho Gonzales, 20 in 1948, he won the prestigious season-ending WCT Finals, beating Björn Borg in four sets. McEnroe won 10 singles and 17 doubles titles that year finishing at number 3 in the ATP year-end rankings. At Wimbledon, McEnroe reached the 1980 Wimbledon Men's Singles final—his first final at Wimbledon—where he faced Björn Borg, gunning for his fifth consecutive Wimbledon title.
At the start of the final, McEnroe was booed by the crowd as he entered Centre Court following heated exchanges with officials during his semifinal victory over Jimmy Connors. In a fourth-set tiebreaker that lasted 20 minutes, McEnroe saved five match points and won 18–16. McEnroe, could not break Borg's serve in the fifth set, which the Swede won 8–6; this match was called the best Wimbledon final by ESPN's countdown show "Who's Number One?" McEnroe exacted revenge two months beating Björn Borg in the five-set final of the 1980 US Open. He was a finalist at the season-ending WCT Finals and finished as the number 2 ranked player for the year behind only Borg. McEnroe remained controversial when he returned to Wimbledon in 1981. Following his first-round match against Tom Gullikson, McEnroe was fined U. S. $1,500 and came close to being thrown out after he called umpire Ted James "the pits of the world" and swore at tournament referee Fred Hoyles. He made famous the phrase "you cannot be serious", which years became the title of McEnroe's autobiography, by shouting it after several umpires' calls during his matches.
This behavior was in sharp contrast to that of Borg, painted by the pr
Struga Poetry Evenings is an international poetry festival held annually in Struga, North Macedonia. During the several decades of its existence, the Festival has awarded its most prestigious award, the Golden Wreath, to some of the most notable international poets, including: Mahmoud Darwish, Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan Agyey, W. H. Auden, Joseph Brodsky, Allen Ginsberg, Bulat Okudzhava, Pablo Neruda, Eugenio Montale, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Artur Lundkvist, Hans Magnus Enzensberger, Nichita Stănescu, Ted Hughes, Ko Un, Makoto Ooka, Miroslav Krleža, Yehuda Amichai, Seamus Heaney, Tomas Gösta Tranströmer, Bei Dao, domestic authors such as Blaže Koneski and Mateja Matevski; the festival began in 1961 in Struga People's Republic of Macedonia with Macedonian poets only, while in 1963 it expanded its list of participants with poets from all around the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Miladinov Brothers Award was established for the best poetry book published between two consecutive festivals.
By 1966 the event turned into an international cultural festival. The Golden Wreath international award was established in the same year and its first recipient was Robert Rozhdestvensky. In 2003, in close cooperation with UNESCO, the Festival established another international award called The Bridges of Struga, for a best debut poetry book by a young author. During its long successful existence, the festival has hosted about 4,000 poets, translators and literary critics from about 95 countries of the world; the festival has awarded some of the world's most eminent literary figures, including several Nobel Prize for Literature winners such as Joseph Brodsky, Eugenio Montale, Pablo Neruda and Seamus Heaney, the first African member of the French Academy Léopold Sédar Senghor, a President of Senegal, the official royal Poet Laureate Ted Hughes, W. H. Auden, regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century and many others. A point of interest is that the festival awarded foreign poets who were considered dissidents in their countries, including for example the Russian exiled poet Joseph Brodsky, the Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, the American beatnik Allen Ginsberg, the Soviet bard Bulat Okudzhava and many others.
In memory of the laureates, the Park of Poetry featuring memorial boards dedicated to each of them was established near the Struga Cultural Center. The festival has offices in Struga and in Skopje and is organized by a Festival Board, which consists of knowledgeable professionals in the field of poetry; the festival consists of several events held at different locations: Opening ceremony on the plateau in front of the Cultural Centre in Struga including a traditional reading of Taga za Jug the famous nostalgic lyrical poem written by the Struga-born poet Konstantin Miladinov during his life in Imperial Russia. Meridijani a poetry reading by various international poets in the Cultural Centre following the opening ceremony. Portret na Laureatot an event devoted to the year's main award recipient traditionally held in the church of St. Sofia in the nearby city of Ohrid accompanied by classical music, opera or domestic or foreign ethnic music performance. Noći bez interpukcija multimedia artistic events featuring experimental forms of poetic presentations, which can include other arts like music and video art.
Daily poetry picnic at Sveti Naum springs near the Ohrid Lake including Ethnic Macedonian music and dances. Mostovi the closing ceremony held at the Bridge of Poetry on the river Drim in Struga including poetry readings and the awarding ceremony. Other events include workshops, round-table discussions on various social topics and their influence on poetry, etc. Another event in the so-called Caravan of Poetry, which consists of poetry performances around the country. After the end of the Festival, the Festival organizes poetry reading in the national capital, Skopje. Zlaten Venec na Poezijata, the main international award given to a world-renowned living poet for life achievement in the field of poetry; the recipient's name is publicized several months in advance. Brakja Miladinovci for a best book published between two festivals; the Bridges of Struga, for a best debuting author. Iselenička gramota, for poets from the Macedonian diaspora; the Struga Poetry Evenings organization is involved in book publishing.
Official website World poetry comes to Struga — Southeast European Times UNESCO DG, Irina Bokova celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Struga Poetry Evenings World Poetry Day — UNESCO official portal Celebration of World Poetry Day — UNESCO official portal Struga Poetry Evenings Festival — UNESCO official website Exploring Macedonia National Tourism Portal Macedonia: Decades-Old International Poetry Festival in Focus - Global Voices
Edward Jenner Steptoe was an officer in the United States Army who served in the Mexican-American War and the Indian Wars. He is remembered for his defeat at the Battle of Pine Creek during the Spokane-Coeur d'Alene-Paloos War, it was at Pine Creek where 164 men were ambushed by over 1,000 Indian warriors. The battle, the subsequent retreat, is known as "the Steptoe Disaster." Steptoe was born in Virginia and graduated from West Point on July 1, 1837. He first saw action in Florida fighting against the Seminoles. From 1838 to 1842, Steptoe fought extensively in the Seminole War. During the Mexican-American War, he participated in the Siege of Vera Cruz, fought in the Battles of Cerro Gordo, San Antonio Garita, Buena Vista, Chapultepec. After Cerro Gordo he was promoted to brevet major, following Chapultepec he was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel. In 1854 he was sent by the War Department to Utah to investigate the recent massacre of John W. Gunnison and his survey party. In particular he was to determine the truth of rumors that Mormons had colluded with the Indians in the ambush.
Steptoe charged eight Paiute Indians for three were convicted of manslaughter. He did not uncover evidence of Mormon involvement. Late in 1854, President Franklin Pierce offered Steptoe the governorship of the Utah Territory to replace Brigham Young. Steptoe did not receive the actual letter from Pierce until March 1855. By that time he had decided to turn down the offer. Instead, he was promoted to Major of the newly formed 9th Infantry Regiment. In May 1858, during the Spokane–Coeur d'Alene–Paloos War, a combined force of about 1,000 Coeur d’Alenes and Palouses attacked and defeated a force of 164 US troops under Steptoe at the Battle of Pine Creek. Steptoe was sent on sick leave after the battle, during which he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, resigned due to ill health in November 1861, he died four years in his home state of Virginia. He is buried in Lynchburg, where his tombstone is marked: "Edward J. Steptoe, Lieut. Col. Army of the United States." Steptoe, Washington Steptoe Butte Steptoe Valley George Armstrong Custer George Wright Indian Wars Battle of Pine Creek Biographical Annals of the Civil Government of the United States.
During its first century. By Charles Lanman. Washington, DC: James Anglim, 1876. Drake's Dictionary of American Biography. Including men of the time, containing nearly 10,000 notices of persons of both sexes, of native and foreign birth, who have been remarkable, or prominently connected with the arts, literature, politics, or history, of the American continent. By Francis S. Drake. Boston: James R. Osgood & Co. 1872. Encyclopedia of American Indian Wars, 1492-1890. By Jerry Keenan. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1997. Bailey, Lynn R.. "Lt. Sylvester Mowry's Report on His March in 1855 from Salt Lake City to Fort Tejon". Arizona and the West. Journal of the Southwest. 7: 329–346. Biography of Edward Steptoe Johnson, Randall A. May 17, 1858; the Ordeal of the Steptoe Command "Saturday is 150th anniversary of Battle of Steptoe" By NICHOLAS K. GERANIOS, AP Posted: 2008-05-17 17:35:15 Edward Steptoe at Find a Grave