Kelly Field Annex
Kelly Field Annex is a United States Air Force facility located in San Antonio, Texas. In 2001, pursuant to BRAC action, the former Kelly AFB runway and land west of the runway became "Kelly Field Annex" and control of this reduced size installation was transferred to the adjacent Lackland Air Force Base, part of Joint Base San Antonio; the base is under the jurisdiction of the 802d Mission Support Group, Air Education and Training Command. Kelly Field was one of thirty-two Air Service training camps established after the United States entry into World War I, being established on 27 March 1917, it was used as a flying field. Kelly Air Force Base and its associated San Antonio Air Logistics Center of the Air Force Materiel Command was closed as an independent installation and its assets realigned by the 1995 Base Realignment and Closure Commission. Kelly Field Annex supports flight operations of two tenant commands, the Air Force Reserve Command's 433d Airlift Wing, operating the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy and the Texas Air National Guard's 149th Fighter Wing, operating the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon.
The remaining 1,873 acres of land, including hangars and industrial facilities known as the San Antonio Air Logistics Center, is operated by the Greater Kelly Development Authority as the Port San Antonio business park. As of 2006, there are still some isolated USAF activities on Port San Antonio subordinate to Lackland, as well as a substantial tract of military family housing. Several large warehouses on the grounds of Port San Antonio were cleared and equipped with large mobile air conditioning units to house evacuees from Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita; the first evacuees began to arrive on September 2, 2005. Kelly Field Annex is named in honor of 2d Lieutenant George Edward Maurice Kelly. Lt. Kelly, who after a course of training at the Curtiss Aviation School, Rockwell Field, was ordered to Fort Sam Houston, near San Antonio. While attempting to land on 10 May 1911 in order to avoid running into a tent and thereby injuring several others, Kelly died in a crash, falling into the ground.
In August 1913, U. S. Army Chief Signal Officer Brigadier General George P. Scriven testified before the U. S. House of Representatives concerning the establishment of a military aeronautical center in San Antonio, Texas; the center was to be built for the Aviation Section of the U. S. Army Signal Corps. General Scriven described San Antonio as “the most important strategic position of the South,” in response to the unrest resulting from the Mexican Revolution. In 1916, when Fort Sam Houston was the primary site of the Corps’ aerial equipment and personnel, The San Antonio Light predicted that the city would be “the most important military aviation center in the U. S.”In November 1915, the newly created 1st Aero Squadron arrived at Fort Sam Houston after a cross-country flight from Fort Sill, Oklahoma. However, the squadron remained at the post only until March 1916, whereupon it left to join Brigadier General John J. Pershing’s Punitive Expedition against Pancho Villa on the U. S.-Mexico border.
Problems experienced by the 1st Aero Squadron on that expedition and the ongoing war in Europe persuaded Congress to improve and expand the nation’s air arm. It was apparent that Fort Sam Houston had inadequate space for additional flying operations with newer and more powerful aircraft. Major Benjamin Foulois, with the support of the San Antonio Chamber of Commerce, selected a site five miles southwest of the city for a new aviation airfield on 21 November 1916. Bordered by the Frio City Road on the northwest, the site was adjacent to the Southern Pacific Railroad, providing easy access by road and rail. In addition, the new site was flat, thus suitable for flying operations; the site was called the South San Antonio Aviation Camp. On 5 April 1917, four aircraft took off from Fort Sam Houston, flew across San Antonio and landed on the new airfield, which at the time was a cleared cotton field. Tents had been erected as hangars, however a permanent presence at the airfield was not established until 7 May when 700 men arrived.
A week the population had grown to 4,000. Construction of the facility was rapid, with the United States now at war and the mission of the new airfield was to train aviators to be sent to the Western Front in France; the ground was cleared and scores of buildings - hangars, mess halls, a street system and plumbing systems, machine shops were all constructed during the summer. By the end of June, it was clear that Foulois' original site, known unofficially as Kelly Field #1, was too small to train both new recruits and aviation cadets. A committee of the San Antonio Chamber of Commerce provided the necessary land and presented the proposition to the Aviation Production Board in Washington, D. C. in June 1917. A contract was signed in July 1917, comprising all of what was Kelly Field #2. Two additional tracts of land, planned to be Kelly Field #3 and #4 were released in the fall of 1917 at the suggestion of British and French aviators who were of the opinion that being so close together, would result in accidents and collisions.
Kelly soldiers organized 250,000 men into "Aero Squadrons" during the hectic months of 1917 and 1918. 326 squadrons were formed at Kelly during World War I, with all but twenty of these moving to other installations in the U. S. or overseas. The majority
149th Fighter Wing
The 149th Fighter Wing is a unit of the Texas Air National Guard, stationed at Kelly Field Annex, Joint Base San Antonio, Texas. If activated to federal service, the Wing is gained by the United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command; the wing traces its history to the establishment of the 149th Fighter-Interceptor Group in 1961, through the wing itself only was established in 1995. It is a F-16 flying training unit that includes a support group with a worldwide mobility commitment; the cornerstone of the 149th’s flying mission is the 182nd Fighter Squadron, whose role is to take pilots, either experienced aircrew or recent graduates from USAF undergraduate pilot training, qualify them to fly the F-16 Fighting Falcon. The 149th Fighter Wing consists of the following units: 149th Operations Group182d Fighter Squadron149th Maintenance Group 149th Mission Support Group 149th Medical GroupIn addition, the 149th has five geographically separated units: Texas Air National Guard Headquarters 204th Security Forces Squadron 209th Weather Flight 217th Intelligence Training Squadron 273d Information Operations Squadron.
In August 1961, as part of an Air Defense Command re-organization, the 182d Fighter Interceptor Squadron's assignment to 136th Air Defense Wing was terminated with 136th being transferred to Tactical Air Command. As a result, the 182d was authorized to expand to a group level, the 149th Fighter-Interceptor Group was established by the National Guard Bureau; the 182d Fighter Interceptor Squadron became the group's flying squadron. Other squadrons assigned into the group were the 149th Headquarters, 149th Material Squadron, 149th Combat Support Squadron, the 149th USAF Dispensary; the 149th was directly assigned to the Texas Air National Guard, being operationally gained by the Air Defense Command 33d Air Division. Equipped with the F-102 Delta Dagger interceptor, as with many other ANG squadrons the 182d temporally operated two TF-102 twin-seat trainers for ANG F-102 pilots while remaining on runway alert status; the squadron operated T-33A Shooting Star jet trainers and a Convair VT-29 transport for courier duties.
In 1968, the Air National Guard began to retire its F-102s and the 182d was ordered to send their aircraft to Davis-Monthan AFB for storage at AMARC. In July, as part of the drawdown of continental fighter air defense, the 149th FIG was transferred from Aerospace Defense Command to Tactical Air Command, with the Group and 182d being re-designated as a Tactical Fighter Group and Squadron; as an interim measure, the 182d Tactical Fighter Squadron was re-equipped with obsolescent F-84F Thunderstreak by TAC. The squadron was the second-to-last ANG squadron to fly the F-84F. During the summer of 1971 the 182d began to receive F-100D/F Super Sabre tactical fighter bombers; the 182d was one of the first ANG squadrons to receive the Super Sabre, as most were being operated in South Vietnam at the time. The F-100s received by the squadron were aircraft being withdrawn from the 20th Tactical Fighter Wing at RAF Wethersfield, when Wethersfield was being closed for flight operations, the wing being re-equipped with the new General Dynamics F-111 at a new base, RAF Upper Heyford.
The Super Sabre was dedicated fighter-bomber, with no concession being made to a secondary air-superiority role and the squadron trained in using the fighter for ground support. Beginning in 1975, the 182d began a NATO commitment, with squadron aircraft and personnel deploying to the United States Air Forces in Europe for Autumn Forge/Cold Fire/Reforger exercises. By 1979, the Super Sabres were being retired, were replaced by McDonnell F-4C Phantom IIs Vietnam War veteran aircraft, that were made available to the Air National Guard. With the Phantom, the 182d continued their tactical fighter mission with the more capable aircraft; the squadron continued its NATO deployments, exercising at USAFE bases in West Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark. In 1986, the Phantoms were reaching the end of the operational service, they were replaced by the F-16A Fighting Falcon; the F-16s were transferred from Moody AFB, Georgia. The squadron began to receive Block 15 single-seat F-16As, a few twin-seat F-16Bs.
The Block 15 was the major production model of the F-16A. The F-16s received were modified the Air National Guard's new priority in the 1980s, when it was assigned the primary responsibility of the aerial defense of the continental United States; the aircraft received were the F-16A Air Defense variant, being equipped with HF radio and an improved APG-66 radar, compatible with the AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-120 AMRAAM radar-guided missiles for air-to-air interceptor missions. A spotlight was installed on the side of the nose to aid in the identification of nighttime intruders. At its peak, the ANG ADF force equipped a defensive chain which surrounded the entire perimeter of the continental United States. Higher-performance Block 25 F-16C/D aircraft replaced the Block 15 A/B model aircraft in 1996. Although similar in appearance to the earlier models, the Block 25 aircraft were a considerable advancement with the Westinghouse AN/APG-68 multi-mode radar with better range, sharper resolution, expanded operating modes.
The planar array in the nose provides numerous air-to-air modes, including range-while-search and velocity search, single target track, raid cluster resolution, track-while-scan for up to 10 targets. The radar was capable of handling the guidance of the AGM-65 Maverick air-to-surface missile. Upgraded engines made the aircraft capable of Mach-2 performance. However, the Block 25 aircraft were all powered by the Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-200 turbofan, which were prone to engine stalls. In 1998, the
United States Under Secretary of the Air Force
The Under Secretary of the Air Force is the second-highest ranking civilian official in the Department of the Air Force of the United States of America, serving directly under the Secretary of the Air Force. In the absence of the Secretary, the Under Secretary exercises all the powers and duties of the Secretary and serves as Acting Secretary when the position of Secretary is vacant; the Under Secretary of the Air Force is appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent the Senate, to serve at the President's pleasure. The Secretary and Under Secretary, together with two military officers, constitute the senior leadership team of the Department of the Air Force; the Under Secretary of the Air Force supervises the following officials: Assistant Secretary of the Air Force Assistant Secretary of the Air Force Assistant Secretary of the Air Force Assistant Secretary of the Air Force General Counsel of the Air ForceThe current Under Secretary of the Air Force is Matthew Donovan, confirmed by the United States Senate on August 1, 2017.
Leadership of the National Reconnaissance Office HAF MISSION DIRECTIVE 1–2, UNDER SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE, 8 SEPTEMBER 2008, accessed on 2011-01-10. Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2004. Washington, D. C.: Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 2004 Office of the Secretary of the Air Force – Organizational and Functional Charts 1947–1984. Washington, D. C.. Washington, D. C.. Washington, D. C..
Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force
The Chief of Staff of the Air Force is a statutory office held by a four-star general in the United States Air Force, is the most senior uniformed officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Air Force, as such is the principal military advisor and a deputy to the Secretary of the Air Force. The Chief of Staff is the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Air Force unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are Air Force officers; the Chief of Staff of the Air Force is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, while the Chief of Staff does not have operational command authority over Air Force forces, the Chief of Staff does exercise supervision of Air Force units and organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Air Force. The current Chief of Staff of the Air Force is General David L. Goldfein. Under the authority and control of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief of Staff presides over the Air Staff, acts as the Secretary's executive agent in carrying out approved plans, exercises supervision, consistent with authority assigned to Commanders of the Combatant Commands, over organizations and members of the Air Force as determined by the Secretary.
The Chief of Staff may perform other duties as assigned by either the President, the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the Air Force. The Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force a four-star general, is the Chief of Staff's principal deputy; the Chief of Staff of the Air Force is a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as prescribed by 10 U. S. C. § 151. When performing his JCS duties the Chief of Staff is responsible directly to the Secretary of Defense. Like the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the CSAF is an administrative position, with no operational command authority over the United States Air Force; the CSAF is nominated for appointment by the President and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate. By statute, the CSAF is appointed as a four-star general; the Chief of Staff is authorized to wear a special service cap with clouds and lightning bolts around the band of the hat. This cap is different from those worn by other general officers of the Air Force and it is for use by the Chief of Staff and Air Force officers serving as Chairman or Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Prior to the creation of this position, General Henry H. Arnold was designated first Chief of the Army Air Forces and Commanding General of the Army Air Forces during World War II. *Three former chiefs of staff would serve as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Twining served as the Chairman from August 1957 to September 1960. Brown served as the Chairman from July 1974 to June 1978. Jones served as the Chairman from June 1978 to June 1982; the fourth Air Force officer to have served as the Chairman, General Richard B. Myers, did not serve as Chief of Staff of the Air Force. McPeak is the only Chief of Staff of the Air Force to date who has served as Acting Secretary of the Air Force, thus being the only uniformed Air Force officer to have been the "head of the Air Force". Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Department of Defense Key Officials 1947–2015. Washington, D. C.: Office of the Secretary of Defense, Historical Office. 2015. HAF MISSION DIRECTIVE 1-4 - CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE AIR FORCE.
Washington, D. C.: Secretary of the Air Force. 7 March 2012. Headquarters United States Air Force Key Personnel. Washington, D. C.: Air Force Historical Studies Office. January 2013. Air Force History Support Office: Air Force Chiefs of Staff
Texas Air National Guard
The Texas Air National Guard is the air force militia of the State of Texas, United States of America. It is, along with the Texas Army National Guard, an element of the Texas National Guard. No element of the Texas Air National Guard is under United States Air Force command, they are under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Texas through the office of the Texas Adjutant General unless they are federalized by order of the President of the United States. The Texas Air National Guard is headquartered at Camp Mabry and its commander is Major General John F. Nichols. Under the "Total Force" concept, Texas Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components of the United States Air Force. Texas ANG units are trained and equipped by the Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the Texas Air National Guard forces are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment tasking orders along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts in their assigned cycle deployment window.
Along with their federal reserve obligations, as state militia units the elements of the Texas ANG are subject to being activated by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, preserve peace and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes and forest fires and rescue, protection of vital public services, support to civil defense; the Texas Air National Guard consists of the following major units: 136th Airlift WingEstablished 27 January 1947. Gained by: Air Mobility Command The 136th AW mission is tactical airlift; the aircraft is capable of operating from rough, dirt strips and is the prime transport for air dropping troops and equipment into hostile areas.147th Attack WingEstablished 29 June 1923. In conducting combat support sorties, the 147 ATKW provides theater and national-level leadership with critical real-time Intelligence and Reconnaissance and air-to-ground munitions and strike capability. A collocated Air Support Operations Squadron provides terminal control for weapons employment in a close air support scenario integrating combat air and ground operations.149th Fighter WingEstablished 27 January 1947.
Support Unit Functions and Capabilities: Texas Air National Guard HeadquartersTexas Air National Guard Headquarters at Camp Mabry in Austin includes the state headquarters staff whose mission is to provide command and control of Texas Air Guard units. Air Component Command - TXSGThe Air Component Command of the Texas State Guard directly supports and extends the mission and operations of the Texas Air National Guard and serves the State of Texas directly as a volunteer command in the Texas Military Forces. AirCC units are embedded with their parent Texas Air National Guard units in San Antonio, Austin, Ft. Worth, Houston and La Porte.254th Combat Communications GroupThe 254th Combat Communications Group is located in Grand Prairie and provides worldwide command, control and computer systems, information management and combat support critical to war fighting capabilities. The 254th's primary mission is to provide planning and engineering for Combat Communications Squadrons that provide tactical communications and terminal air traffic control services to support emergency U.
S. Air Force requirements; the 254th provides a staff element for management of communications personnel and equipment when deployed in support of Air Force missions worldwide in locations where these capabilities don't exist, are prepared to do so under hostile conditions and during peacetime as well. The 254th commands six squadrons across Texas and Louisiana - the 221st and 236th Combat Communications Squadrons and the 205th, 214th, 219th and 272nd Engineering and Installation Squadrons.204th Security Forces SquadronThe 204th Security Forces Squadron located at Biggs Army Airfield, Fort Bliss, El Paso. They are the only heavy weapons security forces unit in the Air National Guard. Since the September 11 attacks, members of the 204th SFS have seen duty in central and southwest Asia, in Africa and onboard ship in the Persian Gulf, they have served on installations in several states in the U. S. and taught military base defense in Latin American countries.217th Training SquadronThe 217th TRS is an intelligence training unit, subordinate to the 149th Fighter Wing at Lackland AFB, Texas.
The 217th TRS is located on Goodfellow AFB, Texas. The unit stood up on August 15, 2008 as a unit that works directly for and with the following active duty units: 315 Training Squadron, 316 Training Squadron, 17 Training Support Squadron, under the 17th Training Group. 217 TRS instructors are integrated into the existing courses taught within the 17 TRG - the 315 TRS. The main purpose of the unit is to provide additional instructors to Air Education and Training Command and the 1
12th Flying Training Wing
The 12th Flying Training Wing is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Education and Training Command as part of AETC's Nineteenth Air Force. It is headquartered at Texas; the wing is the parent organization for the 479th Flying Training Group, a geographically separated unit located at NAS Pensacola, Florida. The wing is the parent organization for the 306th Flying Training Group, a geographically separated unit located at The United States Air Force Academy, Colorado; the 12 FTW is the only unit in the Air Force conducting both pilot instructor training and combat systems officer training. The wing's predecessor unit, the 12th Tactical Fighter Wing, fought in combat during the Vietnam War and was the host unit at two major air bases in South Vietnam, its McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II aircraft flew thousands of combat missions between 1965 and 1971 before being withdrawn as part of the U. S. withdrawal from Vietnam and Southeast Asia. Its World War II predecessor unit, the 12th Bombardment Group, as part of Twelfth Air Force, supported the Allied drive from Egypt to Tunisia during the North Africa Campaign reassigned to Tenth Air Force in India and flew most of its missions in Burma between April 1944 and May 1945, supporting the British Fourteenth Army.
The commander of the 12th Flying Training Wing is Col Mark S. Robinson; the Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Tony Goldstrom. In 1992, due to the impending closure of Mather Air Force Base, the 12 FTW assumed responsibility for Undergraduate Navigator Training and Interservice Undergraduate Navigator Training from the 323d Flying Training Wing at Mather when that organization inactivated, with most T-43A aircraft and some of the 323 FTW squadrons reforming at Randolph AFB under the 12 FTW. In 2009, with the transition of UNT to undergraduate Combat Systems Officer training and pursuant to earlier Base Realignment and Closure Commission |BRACdirectives, the 12 FTW established a new organization, the 479th Flying Training Group, with two new flying training squadrons and an operations support squadron, as a GSU at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. Although NAS Pensacola is the principal base for student Naval Flight Officer training for the U. S. Navy and U. S. Marine Corps, the 479 FTG operates independently of this program with its own USAF T-6 Texan II and T-1 Jayhawk aircraft.
Upon establishment of the 479 FTG at NAS Pensacola, the remaining "legacy" navigator training squadrons that had relocated from the former Mather AFB to Randolph AFB in 1992 were inactivated. In the second decade of the 21st century, the wing's mission is to provide instructor pilot training in the Raytheon-Beech T-6A Texan II, the Northrop T-38 Talon and the Beech T-1A Jayhawk jet trainers; the wing conducted Introduction to Fighter Fundamentals in the Northrop AT-38 Talon, a role now performed with T-38s. Until late 2010, the wing conducted Joint Specialized Undergraduate Navigator Training and electronic warfare officer training in the T-1A Jayhawk and Boeing T-43A medium-range turbofan jet at Randolph AFB. With the retirement of the T-43 in September 2010, this training merged with extant USAF weapons systems officer training, conducted jointly with the U. S. Navy and U. S. Marine Corps at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida since 1990; the navigator, EWO and WSO training tracks were merged and all three specialties became known as Combat Systems Officer.
This updated CSO training is now conducted by the 479th Flying Training Group as a Geographically Separated Unit of the 12 FTW at NAS Pensacola utilizing T-6 Texan II and T-1A Jayhawk aircraft. The wing is responsible for numerous aviation training programs; these programs include Pilot Instructor Training, Combat Systems Officer Training, Remotely Piloted Aircraft Pilot Indoctrination, Basic Sensor Operator Qualification, Airmanship programs for U. S. Air Force Academy cadets, Introductory Flight Screening; the wing consists of three flying groups and a maintenance directorate spanning more than 1,600 miles from JBSA-Randolph, Texas to Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida, to Pueblo Memorial Airport and the U. S. Air Force Academy in Colorado; the 12th Operations Group controls all Instructor Pilot Training and airfield operations at Randolph AFB and Randolph AFB Auxiliary Field/Seguin Field. The 479th Flying Training Group is a geographically separated unit located at Naval Air Station Pensacola and conducts Undergraduate Combat Systems Officer Training.
The 306th Flying Training Group is a geographically separated unit located at the United States Air Force Academy, Colorado. The 306 FTG conducts powered flight training and parachute training for Air Force Academy cadets. Established as 12th Fighter-Escort Wing on 27 October 1950Activated on 1 November 1950 Redesignated: 12th Strategic Fighter Wing on 20 January 1953 Redesignated: 12 Fighter-Day Wing on 1 July 1957 Inactivated on 8 January 1958Redesignated 12th Tactical Fighter Wing, activated, on 17 April 1962Organized on 25 April 1962 Inactivated on 17 November 1971Redesignated 12th Flying Training Wing on 22 March 1972Activated on 1 May 1972 by transfer of personnel and equipment from the 3510th Flying Training Wing Groups 12th Fighter-Escort Group: 1 November 1950 – 16 June 1952.
Air Force Historical Research Agency
The Air Force Historical Research Agency is the repository for United States Air Force historical documents. The Agency's collection, begun during World War II in Washington, D. C. and moved in 1949 to Maxwell Air Force Base, the site of Air University, to provide research facilities for professional military education students, the faculty, visiting scholars, the general public. The U. S Air Force History Office in Bolling Air Force Base Building 5681 in Washington, D. C. houses microfilm copies of archival materials in the United States Air Force Historical Research Center at Maxwell Air Force Base. Published guides of the collection include the Air Force Historical Archives Document Classification Guide, Personal Papers in the USAF Historical Research Center compiled.by Richard E. Morse and Thomas C. Lobenstein, U. S. Air Force Oral History Catalog, the United States Air Force History: A Guide to Documentary Sources. Holdings include published and unpublished reports and oral histories on topics including: Col. Bernt Balchen correspondence and articles on polar regions BRIG.
GEN. William N. Best Air Force oral history program interview No. 717. GEOPHYSICS IN CONNECTION WITH THE "INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF THE QUIET SUN" 1964-65 GERMAN METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE, WORLD WAR II report on its organization and responsibilities to the Luftwaffe. 1944. 400TH AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS GROUP. History, 1963-73. AIR WEATHER SERVICE history, 1945-46. AIR WEATHER SERVICE history, 1966-67. ARMY AIR FORCES TRAINING COMMAND history of the weather training program, 1939-1945. CLIMATE AND WEATHER MODIFICATION Air Force History Narrative. EASTERN TECHNICAL TRAINING COMMAND contract meteorology schools report on the experiment ato train Air Force Weather Officers, 1944 FIFTH AIR FORCE, history of participation in Project Grayback 1955 METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE PROGRAM, STUDY OF METEOROLOGY AFFECTING ALMOST EVERY PHASE OF AIR FORCE OPERATIONS, 1961. THIRTEENTH AIR FORCE, history of participation in Project 119-L, which provided for a worldwide meteorological survey between 1 Nov. 1955 and 1 April 1956 GEN Curtis Lemay correspondence on meteorology.
METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS DURING MILITARY OPERATIONS. 1942–present. METEOROLOGICAL EQUIPMENT FOR POLAR ICE PACK STATION. METEOROLOGICAL SOUNDING SYSTEM, AF Global Weather Central. METEOROLOGICAL SURVEY, an aerial photography of Western Europe, etc. 1945. METEOROLOGISTS TO THE BALLOON CORPS, National Association of American Balloon Corps Veterans. Air University Maxwell Air Force Base History of the United States Air Force Fairchild Memorial Hall Air Force History and Museums Program Air Force Historical Research Agency Army Air Forces Research Help Air Force History Support Office U. S. Air Force Museum