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Jomo Kenyatta

Jomo Kenyatta was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who governed Kenya as its Prime Minister from 1963 to 1964 and as its first President from 1964 to his death in 1978. He was the country's first indigenous head of government and played a significant role in the transformation of Kenya from a colony of the British Empire into an independent republic. Ideologically an African nationalist and conservative, he led the Kenya African National Union party from 1961 until his death. Kenyatta was born to Kikuyu farmers in British East Africa. Educated at a mission school, he worked in various jobs before becoming politically engaged through the Kikuyu Central Association. In 1929, he travelled to London to lobby for Kikuyu land affairs. During the 1930s, he studied at Moscow's Communist University of the Toilers of the East, University College London, the London School of Economics. In 1938, he published an anthropological study of Kikuyu life before working as a farm labourer in Sussex during the Second World War.

Influenced by his friend George Padmore, he embraced anti-colonialist and Pan-African ideas, co-organising the 1945 Pan-African Congress in Manchester. He became a school principal. In 1947, he was elected President of the Kenya African Union, through which he lobbied for independence from British colonial rule, attracting widespread indigenous support but animosity from white settlers. In 1952, he was among the Kapenguria Six arrested and charged with masterminding the anti-colonial Mau Mau Uprising. Although protesting his innocence—a view shared by historians—he was convicted, he remained imprisoned at Lokitaung until 1959 and exiled in Lodwar until 1961. On his release, Kenyatta became President of KANU and led the party to victory in the 1963 general election; as Prime Minister, he oversaw the transition of the Kenya Colony into an independent republic, of which he became President in 1964. Desiring a one-party state, he transferred regional powers to his central government, suppressed political dissent, prohibited KANU's only rival—Oginga Odinga's leftist Kenya People's Union—from competing in elections.

He promoted reconciliation between the country's indigenous ethnic groups and its European minority, although his relations with the Kenyan Indians were strained and Kenya's army clashed with Somali separatists in the North Eastern Province during the Shifta War. His government pursued capitalist economic policies and the "Africanisation" of the economy, prohibiting non-citizens from controlling key industries. Education and healthcare were expanded, while UK-funded land redistribution favoured KANU loyalists and exacerbated ethnic tensions. Under Kenyatta, Kenya joined the Organisation of African Unity and the Commonwealth of Nations, espousing a pro-Western and anti-communist foreign policy amid the Cold War. Kenyatta was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi. Kenyatta was a controversial figure. Prior to Kenyan independence, many of its white settlers regarded him as an agitator and malcontent, although across Africa he gained widespread respect as an anti-colonialist. During his presidency, he was given the honorary title of Mzee and lauded as the Father of the Nation, securing support from both the black majority and the white minority with his message of reconciliation.

Conversely, his rule was criticised as dictatorial and neo-colonial, of favouring Kikuyu over other ethnic groups, of facilitating the growth of widespread corruption. A member of the Kikuyu people, Kenyatta was born in the village of Nginda. Birth records were not kept among the Kikuyu, Kenyatta's date of birth is not known. One biographer, Jules Archer, suggested he was born in 1890, although a fuller analysis by Jeremy Murray-Brown suggested a birth circa 1897 or 1898. Kenyatta's father was named Muigai, his mother Wambui, they lived in a homestead near the River Thiririka, where they raised crops and bred sheep and goats. Muigai was sufficiently wealthy that he could afford to keep several wives, each living in a separate nyūmba. Kenyatta was raised according to traditional Kikuyu custom and belief, was taught the skills needed to herd the family flock; when he was ten, his earlobes were pierced to mark his transition from childhood. Wambui subsequently bore another son, shortly before Muigai died.

In keeping with Kikuyu tradition, Wambui married her late husband's younger brother, Ngengi. Kenyatta took the name of Kamau wa Ngengi. Wambui bore her new husband a son, whom they named Muigai. Ngengi was harsh and resentful toward the three boys, Wambui decided to take her youngest son to live with her parental family further north, it was there that she died, Kenyatta—who was fond of the younger Muigai—travelled to collect his infant half-brother. Kenyatta moved in with his grandfather, Kongo wa Magana, assisted the latter in his role as a traditional healer. In November 1909, Kenyatta left home and enrolled as a pupil at the Church of Scotland Mission at Thogoto; the missionaries were zealous Christians who believed that bringing Christianity to the indigenous peoples of Eastern Africa was part of Britain's civilising mission. While there, Kenyatta stayed at the small boarding school, where he learnt stories from the Bible, was taught to read and write in English, he performed chores for the mission, including washing the dishes and weeding the gardens.

He was soon joined at the mission dormitory by his brother Kongo. The longer the pupils stayed, the more they came to resent the patronising way many of the British missionaries treated them. Kenyatta's academic progress was unremarkable, in July 1912 he became an apprentice to the mission's carpe

Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels

Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels is the name of Prom 20 of the 2012 season of The BBC Proms, which features orchestral renditions of Julian Nott's theme from Wallace & Gromit and classical music set to scenes from the Wallace & Gromit films. Wallace is performed by Ben Whitehead, the actor who performed Wallace in the episodic adventure game series, Wallace & Gromit's Grand Adventures. Due to its popularity, it became a full touring show in 2013, premiering at The Plenary in Melbourne, Australia on 9 February 2013. Musical Marvels features new animated footage of Wallace and Gromit that are shown between the orchestral pieces; the animated scenes are made to interact with the conductor on stage through an invention called a Maestromatic. This is a conductor's stand with a plate of cheese and crackers and a chute which receives letters and compositions from Wallace, said to be below the concert hall. A new musical composition by Wallace is slated to be played by the end of the night, called "My Concerto in Ee, Lad".

Wallace invented a mechanized petrol powered piano called the pianomatic to play the tune, but the invention backfired on itself and the piano, along with his concerto, was destroyed. Gromit ended up saving the night by composing his own musical piece, "A Double Concerto for Violin and Dog", which he played on a priceless Stradivarius violin found below the concert hall over the monitor with English classical violinist Tasmin Little. In the end, Wallace congratulates Gromit for a job well done, gives him a bouquet of flowers from a mechanized flower dispenser, sits down on the Stradivarius violin. Csárdás with Tasmin Little The Infernal Dance of King Katschei from the Firebird Suite Clair de Lune Overture of The Magic Flute Fugue from 1st Movement of Symphony No. 4 A jazz variation of the Wallace and Gromit theme. I Got Rhythm A Double Concerto for Violin and Dog Ben Whitehead as Wallace Nicholas Collon as Himself Tasmin Little as Herself Thomas Gould as Himself Musical Marvels was performed live at the Royal Albert Hall on 29 July 2012.

It featured the Aurora Orchestra conducted by Nicholas Collon who narrated and'communicated' with Wallace. It was broadcast live on BBC Radio, a video broadcast was made on BBC One on 27 August. Due to its popularity, it became a full touring show in 2013, it premiered at The Plenary in Melbourne, Australia on 9 February 2013. It was performed at other venues throughout 2013 including the Sydney Opera House, with the animated short film A Matter of Loaf and Death screened at each performance. Official website Sydney Opera House Musical Marvels trailer


Eustephieae is a tribe, where it forms part of the Andean clade, one of two American clades. This tribe was resurrected from the Stenomesseae in 1995 by Meerow; the placement of Eustephieae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram, where this tribe is shown as a sister group to the remainder of the tetraploid Andean clade. Four genera: Eustephia Chlidanthus Hieronymiella Pyrolirion The Eustephieae for the southern limit of the Andean clade, they are found in Peru in the southern Andes, the northern Andes of Argentina and Chile. This is distinct from the central Andean distribution of the remainder of the parent clade

Martha A. Sandweiss

Martha A. Sandweiss is an American historian, she is a professor of History at Princeton University, the author of several books. She is the Founder and Project Director of the Princeton & Slavery Project, a large-scale investigation into Princeton University's historical ties to the institution of slavery; the Princeton & Slavery Project began with an undergraduate research seminar Sandweiss taught in spring 2013, has since grown to comprise a website and public programming events in Princeton, New Jersey. The Project website launched on November 6, 2017, includes more than 90 scholarly essays, a digital archive of hundreds of historical sources, video interviews with Princeton University alumni, other multimedia tools and features. A scholarly symposium presenting Project findings was held in November 2017, beginning with a keynote speech by Nobel Laureate Toni Morrison and including panels discussing the Project's research and its implications for the study of slavery in the United States.

As part of the symposium, the McCarter Theatre in Princeton commissioned and premiered seven original short plays based on collaboration with Project researchers

Football Queensland

Football Queensland, is the governing body of football and futsal in Queensland, Australia. The body changed its name to be more in line with the new Football Federation Australia in 2005, it traces its history back to the establishment of the Anglo-Queensland Football Association in Brisbane, in 1884. Football Queensland organises the two statewide competitions - the National Premier Leagues Queensland and the Football Queensland Premier League, which sits underneath the NPL Queensland since 2018. Below the state-wide leagues are regional zones. There are ten regional zones - Brisbane, Central Queensland, Far North Queensland, Gold Coast, North Queensland, North West Queensland, South West Queensland, Sunshine Coast and Wide Bay; each organises its own city and regional competitions with the strongest zone being Brisbane. The state is divided up into 10 administrative areas: Football Gold Coast Football Brisbane Sunshine Coast Football Football Wide Bay Football South West Queensland Football Central Queensland Mackay Regional Football North Queensland Football Far North Queensland Football North West Queensland Soccer Football Queensland official website Football Queensland Facebook Football Queensland Twitter Football Queensland YouTube

Visual (album)

Visual is the third studio album produced by the Dominican based electronic rock band Tabu Tek. This second production was released on the year 2003 in Dominican Republic; the fourth song of the album, Compadre Pedro Juan, is a rock tribute to Luis Alberti, father of merengue music. The song was set to be released in the merengue tribute Rockero Hasta La Tambora made by Dominican rock bands; the album is distinguished by the more rock based sound with less of the electronica aspect found in their previous production Girar. It was well received and played in rock stations around the country. "Andas" "In the Sky" "Palabras Caen" "Se" "Compadre Pedro Juan" "Visual" "Amanecer" "Un Nuevo Sol" "Manto Azul" "Luz" "Deseare"