Jorge Chávez International Airport

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Jorge Chávez International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez
Airp0rt lima peru.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public international
Operator Lima Airport Partners
Serves Lima, Peru
Location Callao, Peru
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 34 m / 113 ft
Coordinates 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444Coordinates: 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444
Website www.lima-airport.com
Map
LIM is located in Lima
LIM
LIM
Location of airport in Lima
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 3,507 11,506 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 22,025,704
Freight (tonnes) 370,450,587
Aircraft movements 178,578
Source: corpac s.a. statistics[1]

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIM, ICAO: SPJC, formerly SPIM), (Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez), is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) from Lima, the nation's capital city and 17 km (11 mi) from Miraflores. Callao, a port city, has integrated transport connections with Lima. During 2017, the airport served 22,025,704 passengers. Historically, the airport was the hub for Compañía de Aviación Faucett and Aeroperú. Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies. The airport was named after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez (1887 - 1910).

History[edit]

Lima Airport in 1972 with a SATCO Douglas DC-4 operating an internal flight

Lima's first airport was the Limatambo Airport in San Isidro. It ceased operations in 1960 due to a lack of space and capacity, and was replaced by the Lima-Callao International Airport. In June 1965, the Lima-Callao airport was renamed the "Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez" after the famous Peruvian aviator, Jorge Chávez Dartnell. In December 1965, the terminal building was officially opened.

When it was in operation, Compañía de Aviación Faucett had its corporate headquarters on the airport grounds.[2]

In 2001, in order to improve and expand its infrastructure, the government of Peru placed the airport under the management of Lima Airport Partners (LAP). LAP is now composed of Fraport and two other minor partners. The air traffic control is managed by the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC). The Peruvian government engaged Jaime Malagón, Jerome Jakubik, Paul Slocomb, and Víctor M. Marroquín of Baker and McKenzie international law firm, to oversee the changes.

Expansion[edit]

Main terminal

In February 2005, the first phase of a new renovation and expansion project was completed. This included the Peru Plaza Shopping Center and a new concourse. In June 2007, a four-star hotel, Ramada Costa del Sol, opened at the airport.

In January 2009, the second phase of the terminal expansion was commenced. The terminal has 28 gates, 19 with boarding bridges. In August 2009, the LAP announced that in 2010, the airport would have a new Instrument Landing System (ILS CAT III) to help with fog landings.[3] 'Arquitectonica", a Miami-based architectural office and Lima Airport Partners planned a second terminal and expansion of the main terminal.

Accolades[edit]

From 2010 to 2012, the LAP received the annual Best Airport in South America 2010 award from Skytrax.[4][5][6][7] [8]

In March 2010, the Sumaq VIP lounge at the airport received its second annual Priority Pass "Lounge of the Year 2010".[9][10][11][12][13]

Transport and facilities[edit]

Food court

Transportation between the airport and the city is provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. Airport Express Lima is the official bus of Jorge Chávez Airport and operates between the airport and Miraflores. Line 2 and Line 4 of the Lima Metro is currently under construction, with an airport rail station terminal expected to be open by 2019.

The airport hosts the Wyndham Costa del Sol hotel which is located adjacent to the control tower and the arrivals exit. The hotel is built with noise canceling panels. The Peru Plaza Shopping Center is located near the passenger terminal in the Grand Concourse area. The food court is located near the entrance of the passenger terminal on the second floor and is always open. There is an ice cream vendor selling some special Peruvian flavours such as Chirimoya and Lucuma.

The airport has various premium lounges in the departures terminal, such as VIP Peru. For passengers in First class, there is an exclusive salon near the gates, the VIP Club.

On 12 May 2009, the airport opened Lima Cargo City, a hub for cargo airlines.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Rouge Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Amaszonas ParaguayAsunción, Iquique
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ATSA[14] Atalaya, Chachapoyas, Tingo María
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica Porto Alegre, San José (CR), Santiago de Chile
Avianca Ecuador Guayaquil, La Paz, Quito, Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador
Avianca Peru Arequipa, Asunción, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali, Cancún, Cuzco, Havana, Juliaca, Medellín–JMC, Mendoza, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, Orlando,[15] Piura, Porto Alegre, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San Salvador, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Santiago de Chile, Trujillo
Avior Airlines Caracas[16]
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick[17]
Copa Airlines Panama City
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Estelar Latinoamerica Caracas
Iberia Madrid
Interjet Mexico City
JetBlue Airways Fort Lauderdale
JetSmart Santiago de Chile
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
LATAM Brasil Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Colombia Bogotá
LATAM Ecuador Guayaquil, Quito, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
LATAM Paraguay Asunción
LATAM Perú Antofagasta, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Barcelona, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cajamarca, Cancún, Cartagena, Chiclayo, Córdoba, Cuzco, Foz do Iguaçu, Havana, Iquitos, Jaén, Jauja, Juliaca, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC, Mendoza, Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, New York–JFK, Orlando, Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rosario, Salta, San José (CR), San Miguel de Tucumán, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tacna, Talara, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes
LC Perú Andahuaylas, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Chachapoyas (begins August 30, 2018)[18][19], Chiclayo, Cuzco, Huánuco, Pucallpa, Huaraz, Jauja, Tingo María, Trujillo
Peruvian Airlines Arequipa, Cuzco, Iquitos, Jauja, La Paz, Piura, Pucallpa, Tacna, Tarapoto
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Madrid
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale
Star Perú Cuzco, Huánuco, Iquitos, Ilo, Pisco, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Tarapoto
TAME Quito
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark
Viva Air Peru Arequipa, Cuzco,[20] Iquitos, Piura, Tarapoto
Viva Air Colombia Bogotá
Wayraperú Rioja

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Atlas Air Miami
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Medellin-Córdova, Miami
Centurion Air Cargo Miami
Cielos Airlines Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Mexico City, Miami, Quito
KF Cargo Miami
Florida West International Airways Miami
Korean Air Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Los Angeles, Miami, Seoul-Incheon
LATAM Cargo Brasil Campinas Viracopos, Miami
LATAM Cargo Chile Miami
LATAM Cargo Colombia Rio de Janeiro-Galeão
LATAM Cargo Mexico Campinas Viracopos, Mexico City
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Quito
Qatar Airways Cargo Campinas Viracopos, Doha
Sky Lease Cargo Amsterdam, Campinas Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Manaus, Medellin, Montevideo, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Santiago de Chile
UPS Airlines Miami

Statistics[edit]

Year 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2000[21]
Passengers (People) 22,025,704 19,326,781 17,575,919 16,170,035 15,295,809 13,324,379 11,904,553 10,278,493 8,768,973 8,285,688 7,500,000 6,000,000 5,700,000 5,100,000 2,570,000
Cargo (Tons) 308,372,263 TBD 350,844 335,223 321,174 293,675 286,600 271,800 232,400 239,100 225,400 196,900 177,100 171,500 -

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest international routes from/to Lima (LIM) in January-June 2018 [22]
Rank Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1 Chile Santiago de Chile, Chile Increase 799,682 Avianca Costa Rica, JetSmart, LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú, Sky Airline
2 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia Increase 436,142 Avianca, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú, Viva Air Colombia
3 Argentina Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina Decrease 423,058 Avianca Perú, Aerolíneas Argentinas, LATAM Argentina, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
4 United States Miami, United States Decrease 363,353 American Airlines, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
5 Spain Madrid, Spain Increase 318,112 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM Perú, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6 Mexico Mexico City, Mexico Increase 302,621 Aeroméxico, Avianca Perú, Interjet, LATAM Perú
7 Panama Panama City-Tocumen, Panama Increase 264,270 Copa Airlines
8 Brazil Sao Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil Increase 231,811 Avianca Perú, LATAM Brasil, LATAM Perú
9 Mexico Cancún, Mexico Increase 187,310 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
10 Ecuador Quito, Ecuador Increase 155,280 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú, TAME
11 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands Increase 138,947 KLM
12 Dominican Republic Punta Cana, Dominican Republic Increase 132,608 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
13 United States Los Angeles, United States Decrease 123,273 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
14 El Salvador San Salvador, El Salvador Decrease 107,767 Avianca El Salvador, Avianca Perú
15 Cuba Havana, Cuba Increase 93,527 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
16 Uruguay Montevideo, Uruguay Increase 92,884 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
17 Bolivia La Paz, Bolivia Increase 88,332 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú, Peruvian Airlines
18 Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador Decrease 86,530 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
19 United States Atlanta, United States Increase 84,328 Delta Airlines
20 United States New York-JFK, United States Decrease 82,459 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
21 United States Fort Lauderdale, United States Increase 72,702 JetBlue Airways, Spirit Airlines
22 United States Houston-Intercontinental, United States Decrease 72,338 United Airlines
23 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France Increase 72,264 Air France
24 Bolivia Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru, Bolivia Increase 71,979 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú
25 Brazil Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Brazil Increase 69,885 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
26 Paraguay Asunción, Paraguay Increase 68,459 Amaszonas Paraguay, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
27 Argentina Córdoba, Argentina Decrease 68,240 LATAM Perú
28 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica Increase 63,705 Avianca Costa Rica, LATAM Perú
29 United States Dallas-Fort Worth, United States Increase 58,441 American Airlines
30 Argentina Rosario, Argentina Increase 56,120 LATAM Perú
31 Canada Toronto-Pearson, Canada Increase 51,445 Air Canada Rouge
32 Argentina Mendoza, Argentina Increase 47,604 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
33 Colombia Cartagena, Colombia Increase 47,376 LATAM Perú
34 United States Newark, United States Decrease 41,360 United Airlines
35 Brazil Porto Alegre, Brazil Decrease 39,671 Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca Perú
36 Colombia Medellín-Córdova, Colombia Increase 38,873 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
37 Spain Barcelona, Spain Increase 37,654 LATAM Perú
38 United States Orlando, United States Decrease 37,364 LATAM Perú
39 Brazil Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil Increase 32,939 LATAM Perú
40 Argentina Tucumán, Argentina Increase 25,164 LATAM Perú
41 Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Canada Increase 23,439 Air Canada Rouge
42 Argentina Salta, Argentina Decrease 19,902 LATAM Perú
43 United Kingdom London-Gatwick, United Kingdom Decrease 19,439 British Airways
44 Chile Antofagasta, Chile Increase 18,292 LATAM Perú
45 Venezuela Barcelona, Venezuela Increase 17,453 Avior Airlines
46 Colombia Cali, Colombia Decrease 15,361 Avianca Perú
47 United States Washington-Dulles, United States Decrease 9,675 LATAM Perú
48 Venezuela Caracas, Venezuela Decrease 5,877 Avior Airlines, Estelar Latinoamerica

Access[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • November 27, 1962: Varig Flight 810, a Boeing 707-441 registration PP-VJB flying from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Jorge Chávez International Airport, after initiating an overshoot procedure at the suggestion of the control tower because it was too high, proceeded to start another approach when it crashed into La Cruz peak, 8 miles from the airport. Possibly there was a misinterpretation of navigation instruments. All 97 passengers and crew aboard died.[23][24]
  • May 8, 1964: an Argentine Air Force Douglas C-54 registration T-47 flying from Buenos Aires to Jorge Chávez International Airport crashed into a sand dune during approach in poor visibility conditions, killing 46 of 49 people on board.[25]
  • December 1985: a bomb planted by the Maoist Shining Path insurgent movement, exploded in the parking lot and killed five people, including a child.[26]
  • August 6, 1986: an explosion of unknown origin occurred at a restroom in the domestic terminal.[27]
  • December 8, 1987: a Peruvian Navy Fokker 27-400M registration AE-560 flying from Pucallpa to Jorge Chávez International Airport chartered by the Alianza Lima football team crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly before landing. A malfunctioning cockpit indicator made the crew believe that the landing gear was not properly deployed and locked, so they requested the control tower allow the plane to make a low pass for a visual check by ground personnel. After receiving the confirmation that the landing gear was down, the aircraft circled the airport for another attempt to land, but plunged into the ocean instead, killing all on board except the pilot.[28]
  • March 10, 1989: an Aero Condor Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander registration OB-1271 flying from Nazca to Jorge Chavez International Airport crashed into a building during approach killing all on board, apparently due to fuel exhaustion.[29]
  • January 25, 1991: a car bomb placed by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), killed two Peruvians and wounded several others. The attack occurred in a context of condemnation, by left-wing armed groups and political movements, of Operation Desert Storm; minutes after the attack, the US Embassy in Lima was attacked with an RPG by the MRTA.[30]
  • July 24, 1992: five American Airlines employees, charged with cleaning and baggage loading duties, were wounded by a bomb. This happened during the weekend in which Shining Path enforced a 48-hour nationwide "armed strike" that aimed at paralyzing, among other services, public transportation.[31][32]
  • January 22, 1993: three bullets hit the right side of the fuselage of American Airlines Flight 917 (inbound from Miami) while either landing or taxing on the runway after landing. There were no casualties and damage to the plane was minimal. Despite Shining Path (SP) claiming responsibility for the attack, a subsequent investigation failed to identify the actual assailants. Airport authorities reportedly stated that the source of the shots was accidental, originating in a security guard working in the perimeter.[33] The incident, occurring in the context of a decade-long leftist insurgency against the Peruvian state, happened in the midst of a surge of terrorist attacks and assassinations during that month which also targeted US interests and businesses.[34]
  • October 25, 1993: Months after the shooting of Flight 917, the cargo office of American Airlines suffered moderate property damage after the explosion of a bomb, placed under a minibus parked near the departure terminal. Shining Path involvement was suspected.[35]
  • April 15, 1995: an Imperial Air Tupolev Tu-134A-3 registration OB-1553 flying from Cusco to Jorge Chavez International Airport suffered a tyre failure after departure. The crew decided to continue the flight to Lima, but the left main landing gear did not extend during landing. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[36]
  • October 2, 1996: Flight 603, an AeroPerú Boeing 757-23A registration N52AW flying the Miami-Lima-Santiago, Chile route crashed into the Pacific Ocean some minutes after its take off from Jorge Chávez International Airport, killing all on board. The accident investigation found that masking tape was accidentally left over the static ports during maintenance, rendering the airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator unreliable.[37]
  • On October 11, 2013 an Airbus A320 (registration N492TA) from Taca Airlines, made an emergency landing at 8:20am Local Time. The pilot declared an emergency due to smoke in the cockpit. The aircraft was en route from Jorge Chávez International Airport to El Salvador International Airport, San Salvador, El Salvador. There were 31 passengers plus crew on board. The aircraft landed safely.[38]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.corpac.gob.pe/Main.asp?T=5274
  2. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. March 22–28, 1995. 64 (- 0749.PDF PDF). Retrieved on June 9, 2016. "Compañía de Aviación Faucett[...]Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, Apartado 1429, Lima, Peru"
  3. ^ "Peru this Week". Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Lima Airport: Best Airport in South America 2010 Archived 2010-12-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Jorge Chávez es el Aeropuerto Líder en Sudamérica 2010, según "The Wall Street Journal"". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Airline Rating and Reviews – Airport Rating and Reviews – Seat Reviews". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  7. ^ World Travel Awards 2012 Archived 2012-04-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegido el mejor de Sudamérica por cuarta vez". Perú.com. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Airport Lounge Access Worldwide – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "VIP Club". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Priority Pass Lounge of the Year 2010 – Recent News of Interest – Priority Pass". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  12. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "La sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez fue elegida la mejor del mundo por viajeros". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  13. ^ El Comercio (4 June 2015). "Conozca la sala vip del aeropuerto Jorge Chávez, la mejor del mundo". EL COMERCIO. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  14. ^ https://www.atsaairlines.com/en
  15. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278322/avianca-expands-us-routes-in-august-2018/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ https://www.aviorair.com/NOTICIAS/Avior-Airlines-inaugura-su-hub-de-conexiones-en-maiquetia
  17. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272269/british-airways-removes-lima-nw17-schedule/
  18. ^ http://www.lcperu.pe/en/itinerary
  19. ^ http://tnews.com.pe/lc-peru-inicio-hoy-la-venta-de-boletos-para-su-nueva-ruta-lima-chachapoyas/
  20. ^ https://vivaair.com/pe/vuelos-baratos/pasajes-en-promocion/lima-cusco
  21. ^ Heritage, Andrew (December 2002). Financial Times World Desk Reference. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 462–465. ISBN 9780789488053. 
  22. ^ "https://www.mtc.gob.pe/transportes/aeronautica_civil/estadistica/pasajeros.html"
  23. ^ Harro Ranter (27 November 1962). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-441 PP-VJB Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  24. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Back course". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 217–222. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2. 
  25. ^ Harro Ranter (8 May 1964). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54A-DO (DC-4) T-47 Lima International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  26. ^ https://books.google.com.ec/books?id=55BZmIJ9xd8C&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=lima+airport+bomb&source=bl&ots=JocXh43yrN&sig=vvXkh-ps4ne3QtcFKnauz3VzQVM&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjU09rSuITaAhWBuFMKHXtaC2MQ6AEIGDAF#v=onepage&q=lima%20airport%20bomb&f=false p. 108
  27. ^ https://books.google.com.ec/books?id=Xq9zCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA217&lpg=PA217&dq=lima+airport+bomb&source=bl&ots=nP1Js6gxty&sig=aR1zUGmBX1ZsKlbKOLWiOS22g5U&hl=es-419&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjT0Lb6uYTaAhVJ11MKHYAtDlU4ChDoAQgJMAA p.217
  28. ^ Harro Ranter (8 December 1987). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 400M AE-560 Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  29. ^ Harro Ranter (10 March 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident IRMA/Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander OB-T-1271 Lima". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  30. ^ https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/20308.pdf p.5
  31. ^ http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/1992-07-26/news/9202210624_1_bus-drivers-car-bombs-guerrillas
  32. ^ https://books.google.com.ec/books?id=UIBzCC0c2McC&pg=PA190&lpg=PA190&dq=american+airlines+lima+1992&source=bl&ots=AmQNlvLCIP&sig=OQMncVtQY8dbc-DcnuXkJFgihEU&hl=es&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjOtv7z9NbZAhXKjVkKHbSGBUIQ6AEIZDAM#v=onepage&q=american%20airlines%20lima%201992&f=false p. 190
  33. ^ https://www.upi.com/Archives/1993/01/22/Peruvian-rebels-bomb-Coca-Cola-plant-kill-mayoral-candidates-shots-fired-at-American-Airlines-jet/7707727678800/
  34. ^ https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/19813.pdf p.2-3
  35. ^ ibid; p.11
  36. ^ Harro Ranter (15 April 1995). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A-3 OB-1553 Lima-J Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  37. ^ Harro Ranter (2 October 1996). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 757-23A N52AW Lima, Peru". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "INAC". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Jorge Chávez International Airport at Wikimedia Commons