José de Gálvez y Gallardo, 1st Marquess of Sonora was a Spanish lawyer and Visitador generál in New Spain. He was one of the prime figures behind the Bourbon Reforms, he belonged to an important political family that included his brother Matías de Gálvez and nephew Bernardo de Gálvez. Following the death of his noble but impoverished father, Gálvez became a shepherd studied at an elite Catholic seminary in Málaga. After he realized he was not cut out for a priestly vocation, the local bishop sent him to study law at Salamanca, he received his law degree at the University of Alcalá. Practicing law in Madrid, he handled many legal cases involving the Indies, he gained the attention of powerful people in Madrid, including the marqués de Equilache and the marqués de Grimaldi, ministers of Charles III. Gálvez married María Magdalena de Grimaldo, he married Lucía Romet y Pichelín, an elite woman of French origin, well connected at the royal court. Lucía's connections enabled Gálvez to work as legal adviser at the French embassy in Madrid.
Climbing the social and political ladder, he secured a job as personal secretary to Jerónimo Grimaldi, minister to the newly ascended king Carlos III. In 1762, Gálvez secured a position as attorney to prince Carlos, the future king Carlos IV. In 1765, he was appointed visitador of New Spain, where he both gathered information and implemented royal policy to increase crown revenues. In 1765 at the age of 45, Gálvez arrived in New Spain; as visitador del virreinato de Nueva España he exercised sweeping powers. The visitador served as the king's special deputy, with special powers overlapping and sometimes exceeding those of the viceroy. Gálvez was given the task of reforming the finances of New Spain to increase its revenues for the crown — part of the energetic attempts to reorganize king Carlos III's government after the costly Seven Years' War, which had in 1762 seen the British capture both Havana, Spain's main Caribbean port, Manila, Spain's governmental and commercial center in the Philippines and resulted in Spain ceding Florida to Britain.
As visitador, Gálvez instituted quick and decisive changes in tax collection and jailed corrupt officials. He imposed new taxes on pulque and flour, he took measures to combat contraband and reformed the system of customs collection in Veracruz and Acapulco. He established general accounting offices in the municipal governments. Government revenues rose from 6 million pesos in 1763 to 8 million in 1767 and 12 million in 1773. In 1765 Gálvez assisted in reorganizing the army, a project of viceroy Joaquín de Montserrat, marqués de Cruillas under the direction of general Juan de Villalva; when Cuillas opposed Gálvez's actions, he was soon replaced by a new viceroy, Carlos Francisco de Croix. Gálvez privileged peninsular-born Spanish merchants over American born, which had the effect of funneling capital into mining, he boosted the mining industry further by reducing the price of mercury, a crown monopoly, which allowed a greater volume of silver ore to be refined. In 1767, Spain's king Carlos III decreed expulsion for the Jesuits throughout his empire.
In Mexico, this decree led to other disturbances. Gálvez suppressed these by summary trials and sentences of life imprisonment in San Luis Potosí, Guanajuato and parts of Michoacán. With the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Baja California peninsula, Gálvez engaged the Franciscan Order to take over the spiritual affairs of the missions there. After the arrival of Junípero Serra and his fellow Franciscan friars, the Spanish military — having evicted the Jesuits from the missions they had established — continued running the missions' practical business. In 1768, Gálvez toured the Baja chain of missions. Angered over the sloppy administration he found there, he reprimanded the soldier commissioners stationed at the missions. In August, he signed a decree turning all of Baja's missions — except mission Loreto — over to the Franciscan friars, he banned gambling at mission settlements. Overruling the Franciscans' appeal for clemency for miscreant soldiers, Gálvez punished most of them by assigning them to the upcoming expedition to Alta California — and discharged the rest from military service.
Continuing to manage Baja California affairs into 1769, Gálvez sought to balance scarce natural and human resources in the fragile chain of missions: Some missions lacked enough land and water to sustain all their Indian converts. Gálvez ordered Indians moved from one mission to another — despite the Indians' reluctance to leave their home villages — to correct such imbalances, he had some young Indian orphans sent to Loreto for training in handling coastal boats and ships. Gálvez worked with the Franciscan president of the Baja missions, Junípero Serra, in his projects to improve the lives of the natives, whom he called "the poor Israelites." Yet he insisted that Baja Indians pay the royal tax, standing by his order despite Serra's efforts to persuade him that collecting such a tax would prove impractical. Ambitious to reinvigorate the imperial fortunes of New Spain, Gálvez proposed consolidating and developing the far northwest under a huge governmental unit to embrace the regions of Sinaloa, Sonora and the Californias — including claimed but unsettled upper California.
Dan Thomas is a Welsh rugby union player playing for the Bristol Bears, having played for both Llanelli RFC and Gloucester. His position is Flanker, he is a Wales Under-20 international. In January 2013 he was selected in the Wales Under 20 squad for the 2013 Under 20 Six Nations Championship. On 2 May 2017, Thomas left Gloucester to join local rivals Bristol in the RFU Championship ahead of the 2017-18 season. Bristol Head coach Mark Tainton said that Thomas' form and physicality'impressed', whilst at previous club, Gloucester. On 1 March 2019 Thomas scored his first English Premiership try, in a dramatic and close victory, against Gloucester. Bristol Profile
The Ethical Debating Society are a three-piece DIY punk, post-riot grrrl group from London, England. They have been described as "one of the most exciting DIY bands" in the UK. Conceived of as a solo project, The Ethical Debating Society was formed as a band in 2009 by Tegan Christmas with Lauren Darling and Chris Morris, they received an early name-check in The Guardian from Everett True. Recordings were made with producer Ant Chapman but remained unreleased at the time, although two tracks were included on a EP. By 2010 Darling and Morris had left and Tegan continued with a varying line up until the group settled as Tegan with Eli Tupa and Kris Martin in 2013; the band played a number of early gigs around the UK queercore scene, with Ste McCabe, The Younger Lovers and others. A cassette/download EP on Tuff Enuff - "Hens Teeth" - followed in 2014. In 2015, The Ethical Debating Society's debut album New Sense was released on Odd Box Records following audio and video previews, received positive reviews from SoundsXP, Collapse Board, Louder Than War and others, with radio support including BBC Radio 6, Dandelion and Artrocker Radio.
The album was produced by Mark Jasper at Sound Savers studio in Homerton. The band have been likened to other dual male/female vocal DIY indie/punk bands such as Huggy Bear, Red Monkey, Comet Gain and Prolapse, as well as post-hardcore and indie rock groups such as Future of the Left, Sleater-Kinney, Nation of Ulysses and Nirvana, various punk and anarcho-punk bands; the band were chosen by Jessicka to support Jack Off Jill at their final show, at Heaven in London, played with Shonen Knife on the London date of that band's 2016 tour. They played at Indietracks 2015, have played with The Wolfhounds, The Nightingales, The Homosexuals, Hagar the Womb, Dream Nails and Bis; the Ethical Debating Society's album track "Razor Party" was voted #32 in the 2015 John Peel memorial'Festive 50' compiled by Dandelion Radio. In 2017, T. E. D. S. Were included in Clash magazine's list of "favourite new groups" alongside others; the band released a number of new tracks, including a contribution to Loud Women Records' Loud Women - Volume One album and a track on Kobayashi Nights Records' Kobayashi I: Intergalactic Champions compilation.
Digital download single "London Particular" was released in June 2017 as a benefit for the victims of the Grenfell Tower fire. New Sense – Odd Box 12" LP/MP3 "Live" EP – self-released, CDr Split EP - HHBTM Records, 7" "Hens Teeth" EP - Tuff Enuff Records, Cassette/MP3 "London Particular" - self-released, DD "Kill You Last" on Why Diet When You Can Diet, Tuff Enuff Records, LP/DD "Kill You Last" on MC12, HHBTM Records, MC "Future Imperfect" on Keroleen Mixtape #1, Keroleen Records, MC/DD "Cover Up" on Indietracks Compilation 2015, DD "Riderrr" on Odd Box Weekender V, DD "Run Rudolph Run" on Riot Grrrl Christmas, Cleopatra Records, CD/DD "List of Requirements" on Odd Box 2015, DD "Creosote Ideas" on Don't Be Left Without Us, 2CD "Poor Liam" on Loud Women - Volume One, Loud Women Records, CD "Paywall" on Kobayashi I: Intergalactic Champions, Kobayashi Nights Records, CD/DD "Yes" on Salvage: A DIY Pop Compilation, Move Under Your Own Power, MC/DD "Emoticon" on #SolidarityNotSilence Compilation Tegan Christmas Eli Tupa Kris Martin Rob Macabre Su Lauren Darling Chris Morris Stereosanctity album review 2015 interview 2015 interview 2015 album review 2016 interview
Jenni Lukac̆ is an audio-visual artist best known for works focusing on the Holocaust and Holocaust survivors. She has been artist-in-residence at several Virginia schools, she graduated from Syracuse University, Maryland Institute College of Art. Lukac̆ won first prize in the 1990 Virginia Commission for the Arts for her "delicate, dark assemblages" titled "Shrines." It is described as combining "the ironies of American assimilation with the loss of traditions and fundamental conflicts of faith." She is best known for her multimedia installation Kaddish, based on photographs saved by Holocaust survivors, displayed in 1995 and 1996 at the National Museum of Women in the Arts. The show focused on artifacts preserved from before the war, to show "what was destroyed in the war - a human happiness and wholeness." Lukac̆ had a show devoted to memory shrines entitled "Votive Shrine", at the Arlington Arts Center in late 1990. In 1993, Lukac̆ was commissioned by the Miami Center for the Fine Arts to do a public piece entitle Port of Miami which juxtaposes photographs of Cuban émigrés arriving in Miami with contemporary images of Haitians and 1938 images of German Jewish refugees.
Shelby Highsmith was an American lawyer and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. Highsmith was born on January 1929, in Jacksonville, Florida, he graduated from Georgia Military College with an Associate of Arts degree in 1949. He served in the United States Army from 1949 to 1955. Highsmith graduated from the University of Kansas with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1958 and from the University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law with a Bachelor of Laws in 1958. Highsmith was in private practice in Kansas City, from 1958 to 1959, before relocating to Florida and entering private practice in Miami from 1959 to 1970. Highsmith served as chief legal advisor to the Governor's War on Crime Program, Florida from 1967 to 1968 and special counsel for the Florida Racing Commission from 1969 to 1970. Highsmith was a member of the Law Enforcement Planning Counsel of Florida from 1969 to 1970 and served as a circuit judge for the 11th Judicial Circuit from 1970 to 1975.
Highsmith resumed private practice in Miami in 1975. President George H. W. Bush nominated Highsmith on June 27, 1991 to the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida, to the seat vacated by Judge Thomas E. Scott. Confirmed by the Senate on September 12, 1991, he received commission on September 16, 1991. Highsmith assumed senior status on March 15, 2002, but stopped hearing cases in 2008, he died on December 2, 2015, at his family's home in Fort Belvoir, from the effects of adrenal cancer. Shelby Highsmith at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Shelby Highsmith on IMDb
The 1958 European Cup Final was a football match which took place at Heysel Stadium in Brussels, Belgium on 28 May 1958. It was contested by Real Madrid of Milan of Italy. Real Madrid won 3–2 after extra time to claim their third European Cup in a row. After the match, the Real Madrid players were presented with their winners' medals by a 23-year-old Albert II of Belgium. 1957–58 European Cup A. C. Milan in European football Real Madrid CF in international football competitions European Cup 1957/58 from UEFA European Cup 1957/58 from RSSSF "European Champion Clubs' Cup – History". UEFA. p. 164. Retrieved 25 May 2011