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Joseph Pulitzer

Joseph Pulitzer was a newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the New York World, he became a leading national figure in the Democratic Party and was elected congressman from New York. He crusaded against big business and corruption, helped keep the Statue of Liberty in New York. In the 1890s the fierce competition between his World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal caused both to develop the techniques of yellow journalism, which won over readers with sensationalism, sex and graphic horrors; the wide appeal reached a million copies a day and opened the way to mass-circulation newspapers that depended on advertising revenue and appealed to readers with multiple forms of news, gossip and advertising. Today, his name is best known for the Pulitzer Prizes, which were established in 1917 as a result of his endowment to Columbia University; the prizes are given annually to recognize and reward excellence in American journalism, literature, poetry and drama. Pulitzer founded the Columbia School of Journalism by his philanthropic bequest.

He was born as Pulitzer József in Makó, about 200 km south-east of Budapest in Hungary, the son of Elize and Fülöp Pulitzer. The Pulitzers were among several Jewish families living in the area and had established a reputation as merchants and shopkeepers. Joseph's father was a respected businessman, regarded as the second of the "foremost merchants" of Makó, their ancestors emigrated from Moravia to Hungary at the end of the 18th century. In 1853, Fülöp Pulitzer was rich enough to retire, he moved his family to Pest, where he had the children educated by private tutors, taught French and German. In 1858, after Fülöp's death, his business went bankrupt, the family became impoverished. Joseph attempted to enlist in various European armies for work before emigrating to the United States. Pulitzer arrived in Boston in 1864 at the age of 17, his passage having been paid by Massachusetts military recruiters who were seeking soldiers for the American Civil War. Learning that the recruiters were pocketing the lion's share of his enlistment bounty, Pulitzer left the Deer Island recruiting station and made his way to New York.

He was paid $200 to enroll in the Lincoln Cavalry on September 30. He was a part of Sheridan's troopers, in the First New York Lincoln Cavalry in Company L. where he served for eight months. Although he spoke three languages: German and French, Pulitzer learned little English until after the war, as his regiment was composed of German immigrants. After the war, Pulitzer returned to New York City, he moved to New Bedford, Massachusetts for the whaling industry, but found it was too boring for him. He returned to New York with little money. Flat broke, he slept in wagons on cobblestone side streets, he decided to travel by "side-door Pullman" to Missouri. He sold a white handkerchief, for 75 cents; when Pulitzer arrived at the city, he recalled, "The lights of St. Louis looked like a promised land to me". In the city, his German was as useful as it was in Munich because of the large ethnic German population, due to strong immigration since the revolutions of 1848. In the Westliche Post, he saw an ad for a mule hostler at Benton Barracks.

The next day he got the job, but held it for only two days. He quit due to the poor food and the whims of the mules, stating "The man who has not cared for sixteen mules does not know what work and troubles are." Pulitzer had difficulty holding jobs. He worked as a waiter at a famous restaurant on Fifth Street, it was frequented by members of the St. Louis Philosophical Society, including Thomas Davidson, the German Henry C. Brockmeyer, a nephew of Otto von Bismarck. Pulitzer studied Brockmeyer, famous for translating Hegel, he "would hang on Brockmeyer's thunderous words as he served them pretzels and beer", he was fired after a tray slipped from his hand and a patron was soaked in beer. Pulitizer spent his free time at the St. Louis Mercantile Library on the corner of Fifth and Locust, studying English and reading voraciously. Soon after, he and several dozen men each paid a fast-talking promoter five dollars, after being promised good-paying jobs on a Louisiana sugar plantation, they boarded a steamboat, which took them downriver 30 miles south of the city, where the crew forced them off.

When the boat churned away, the men concluded. They walked back to the city, where Pulitzer wrote an account of the fraud and was pleased when it was accepted by the Westliche Post, evidently his first published news story. In the building where the Westliche Post was co-edited by Dr. Emil Pretorius and Carl Schurz, the attorneys William Patrick and Charles Phillip Johnson and surgeon Joseph Nash McDowell worked. Patrick and Johnson referred to Pulitzer as "Shakespeare" because of his extraordinary profile, they helped him secure a job with the Pacific Railroad. His work was to record the railroad land deeds in the twelve counties in southwest Missouri where the railroad planned to build a line; when he was done, the lawyers gave him desk space and allowed him to study law in their library to prepare for the bar. On March 6, 1867, Pulitzer renounced his allegiance to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and became a naturalized American citizen, he still frequented the Mercantile Library, where h

Villa Luburić

The Villa Luburić or Vila Folkert or Colonel Luburić's Centre was the seat of Ustaše headquarters in 1945 Sarajevo, Independent State of Croatia. The address of this Vila was Skenderija street number 49, owned by Milan Sarić. From February–May 1945, the Ustaše killed at least 323 people in this villa. In February 1945, Ante Pavelić sent Vjekoslav Luburić to Sarajevo with instructions to destroy the resistance movement; the real task of Luburić was to use the group of monstrous sadists and killers to create atmosphere of fear which would allow Ustaše to retreat from Bosnia and Herzegovina with their forces without casualties and delays. Luburić established his headquarters in the center of Sarajevo, his headquarter was seated in former Sokolska street, but he soon transferred it to villa known as Folkert or Berković in Skenderija street. Luburić and his forces used the home of a Croatian family surnamed Babunović as well as a restaurant, combined, became known as the "House of Terror", he deliberately chose this villa for symbolic reasons, because it was a seat of Sarajevo's Masonic Lodge, leaving the symbol of freemasonry on its facade.

Luburić turned his headquarters into slaughter house and place for torturing and imprisoning Serbs and political dissidents. After his arrival to Sarajevo, he organized mass arrests. At the end of February 1945 his forces and local police arrested several hundred of people and hunted remaining Jews in Sarajevo, it is estimated that he managed to capture about two hundred Jews. Luburić organized the execution of hundreds of people; this court organized 13 trials to 85 people, 44 of them sentenced to death and rest of them to long-term prison, but only few survived. In March and beginning of April 1945 his forces killed 323 people and hanged 55 of their corps on threes Marijin Dvor to terrify local population, they had placards around their necks with inscription "Long live the Poglavnik". The results of this brutality were witnessed by Landrum Bolling, an American journalist....who arrived in the city on April 7 after its liberation by Partizan forces. He was shown a room containing bodies "stacked like cordwood on top of one another.

We were told these Serbs whom the Ustashs had hanged by barbed wire from lampposts in Sarajevo... Luburic's brief reign of terror constituted the Ustasha's final gruesome legacy in Sarajevo; as his last sadistic acts were being carried out, Sarajevo's destiny was being decided on the field of battle in the hills around the city." After the war the premises of former restaurant Gradski podrum were turned into cinema Romanija

Garfield Todd

Sir Reginald Stephen Garfield Todd was a liberal Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia from 1953 to 1958 and became an opponent of white minority rule in Rhodesia. Todd was born in Invercargill, New Zealand, in 1908, he was educated at Otago University, Glen Leith Theological College, the University of the Witwatersrand. In 1932 he married Jean Grace Wilson. Todd emigrated to Southern Rhodesia from New Zealand in 1934 as a Protestant missionary and ran the Dadaya New Zealand Churches of Christ Mission school. One of the primary-school teachers in his charge was Robert Mugabe. Though he had no formal medical training and his wife, set up a clinic where he delivered hundreds of babies and treated minor injuries, his ranch, was named after the hills in his home province of Southland. In 1948 Todd won election to the colonial parliament, he succeeded Sir Godfrey Martin Huggins as leader of the United Rhodesia Party and Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia in 1953 when Huggins became the inaugural Prime Minister of the newly established Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland in 1953.

At the same time the United Rhodesia Party became the United Federal Party. From 1955 to 1960 Todd served as first vice-president of the World Convention of Churches of Christ. Todd introduced modest reforms aimed at improving the education of the black majority by taking tax-money paid by Rhodesian property owners and appropriations from the British colonial authorities, directing it toward black schools, his government introduced a plan to give elementary education to every African of school age. He doubled the number of primary schools and gave grants to missionary-run schools to introduce secondary school and pre-university courses for blacks, he introduced the appellation "Mr" for blacks instead of "AM" and ended the prohibition on the sale of alcohol to black residents of the reserves, who were allowed to drink European beer and wine, though not spirits. Todd pushed a bill through the Legislative Assembly, allowing for multiracial trade unions, thereby undercutting the growing white nationalist influence in the unions.

Lastly, in a bid to increase the number of blacks eligible to vote from 2% to 16% of the electorate, he moved to lower property and education qualifications, but this was rejected. In response, Todd's ministers resigned en bloc, following the appointment of a new cabinet, his party forced him out of power. In a farewell statement, he said "We must make it possible for every individual to lead the good life, to win a place in the sun. We are in danger of becoming a race of fear-ridden neurotics – we who live in the finest country on Earth." Todd formed the new Central Africa Party. Out of power, Todd became critical of white minority rule and was an outspoken opponent of Ian Smith's 1965 Unilateral Declaration of Independence from the United Kingdom. Todd applied for an exit visa to lead a teach-in at the University of Edinburgh to educate British public opinion on the inequities of white rule; the Rhodesian government banned his emigration. In 1972 Todd and his daughter, were imprisoned for a second time.

After publicly backing Roman Catholic Robert Mugabe, in 1973 he had received a medal for his efforts in peace and justice from the Pope. Judith Todd was forced into exile and became an "unperson" in Rhodesia when the media was banned from mentioning her name. Todd himself was confined to his ranch near Bulawayo. After helping to co-ordinate the isolation and embargo of Rhodesia, after his support for legitimising guerrilla activity by black nationalists, Todd was condemned as a traitor by white Rhodesians; when the Smith Government was forced to give up power and the nation became the independent state of Zimbabwe in 1980, Todd was considered for appointment to the new black government for his "collaborating" role. Lord Soames, following the recommendation of Prime Minister-elect Robert Mugabe, appointed Todd to the Senate of Zimbabwe on 8 April 1980, where Todd served until his retirement in 1985. After years of supporting Mugabe, Todd became disillusioned with the new regime due to its blatant violence against political opponents.

He was knighted at the instigation of the New Zealand government. During retirement, Todd donated 3,000 acres of his ranch to former guerillas, maimed in the Rhodesian Bush War. Nonetheless, Todd's criticism of Mugabe intensified and in 2002 he was stripped of Zimbabwean nationality, he died. Sir Garfield Todd – Liberal Rhodesian premier brought down over black reforms, The Guardian, 14 October 2002 Mugabe was rotten from the start Interview with Judith Todd discussing her political activities in Zimbabwe and her father, The Sunday Times, 23 September 2007

Dream Glow

"Dream Glow" is a song by Jin and Jungkook of the South Korean boy band BTS and British singer Charli XCX, released as a single on June 7, 2019. It was produced by Stargate, is the first song from the soundtrack of their BTS World game, released on June 26. "Dream Glow" is a reworked version of an unreleased Charli XCX song, titled "Glow". "Glow" was written in 2016 during writing sessions for XCX's third studio album. XCX planned to include the song on the album, but decided not to as she stated that "it never quite fit in my world in its original form". In 2017, Charli XCX met BTS in Seoul, South Korea, when she was in the country performing for a festival. During their meeting, they decided to work on a song together. XCX would send them her version of "Glow" as a potential song to use, it was chosen as the song for their collaboration; the group "sat with it for a while" in order to tweak the song and adapt it to fit the Korean language. Charli XCX's version of the song leaked in 2018, XCX stated that the song was about "falling in love with someone in the club they had that "glow" about them".

The song is credited as being "part one" of the soundtrack to the Netmarble mobile game BTS World. Sheldon Pearce of Pitchfork gave the track a positive review, saying Jin and Jungkook "don't miss a beat, with Charli filling the vacant spaces to maintain their arranged synchronicity". Pearce said that the four "sing vaguely but assuredly, in English and Korean, about the yet-to-be-realized potential of dreams", calling it "starry-eyed but not fanciful", "nearly pessimist-proof" and "pristine EDM-lite"

Power of Soul (band)

Power of Soul is a Soul/Funk band from Argentina. In 2006, after A. N. I. M. A. L. Disbanded, Titi Lapolla kept on composing material, which became the material in Power of Soul, it was by chance that the songs were recorded, as Titi's friend Sebastián Subirana listened to the songs and proposed him to record them. By the end of the year, this album was in the market, albeit being independent, it is available in important music retail chains as Musimundo and Yenny, their only album to date was recorded exclusively by Titi Lapolla, with guitar solos on six songs by Mariano "El Conde" Vanrafelghem, who became the official electric guitarist of the band. Martín Carrizo provided sequencing on one track as well as drumming for the band on its early days, to become the official drummer. All songs on the first album are in the English language; this project marks a departure for Titi, as he left behind his traditional bass and backing vocals position in other bands to become guitarist and leader of his new project.

From December 2006 to February 2007 Power of Soul embarked on a successful tour of Brazil, playing in cities like Rio de Janeiro and Buzios and sharing the stage with Donavon Frankenreiter. The original formation of Power of Soul was Titi Lapolla on acoustic guitar and vocals, Mariano "El Conde" Vanrafelghem on electric guitar, Guido Duran on bass and Martín Carrizo on drums and percussion. In early 2009, the line up changed, now having Osko on drums, Andy Ramos on electric guitar, Natasha on bass and Olgo on percussions. Both Guido and El Conde left in May and June to focus on their own projects; the band is finishing recording the material that will comprise the next album, featuring many songs in Spanish. Some song titles include Lies, Vagabundo, Tan Fugaz Como La Eternidad and Surf Released August 15, 2006"When The Sun Goes Down" "Making Love" "Power of Soul" "It's Time For Me" "So Hard" "My Plan" "Camila" "Look At Me" "Life Goes On" "It's Time For Me" When The Sun Goes Down A. N. I. M. A. L.

History and Achievements Allmusic - A. N. I. M. A. L. Biography by Drago Bonacich Allmusic Martín Carrizo's partial music credits Martin Carrizo Official Webpage Official Power of Soul website - Power of Soul Fotolog - Power of Soul

The Cat and the Fiddle (film)

The Cat and the Fiddle is a 1934 American pre-Code romantic musical film directed by William K. Howard based on the hit 1931 Broadway musical of the same name by Jerome Kern and Otto A. Harbach, about a romance between a struggling composer and an American singer; the film stars Ramon Jeanette MacDonald in her MGM debut. In this film based on the Broadway musical, Victor Florescu is a composer trying to get his operetta to opening night. First his leading lady leaves; the male lead splits, leaving Victor to fill his role. Next he calls upon an old love, songstress Shirley Sheridan to be his ingénue, but she insists that she is leaving the theater to marry her affluent but unfaithful fiancé. Ramon Novarro as Victor Florescu Jeanette MacDonald as Shirley Sheridan Frank Morgan as Jules Daudet Charles Butterworth as Charles Jean Hersholt as Professor Bertier Vivienne Segal as Odette Brieux Frank Conroy as The Theatre Owner Henry Armetta as the Taxi Driver Adrienne D'Ambricourt as Concierge Joseph Cawthorn as Rodolphe'Rudy' Brieux Sterling Holloway as Flower Messenger The film grossed a total of $1,099,000: $455,000 from the US and Canada and $644,000 elsewhere resulting in a loss of $142,000.

The film was a box office disappointment for MGM. The final reel was filmed in the newly perfected three-strip Technicolor process used only in Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies cartoons; this film received its initial television showings in Chicago Thursday 9 May 1957 on WBBM, followed by Philadelphia Monday 13 May 1957 on WFIL. The finale in 3-strip Technicolor was not restored back into its original hues until the film was shown by Turner Classic Movies on TNT in the late 1980s; the Cat and the Fiddle on IMDb The Cat and the Fiddle at AllMovie